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William Winter vs Jose Raul Capablanca
"Cold Winter" (game of the day Sep-21-2006)
Hastings (1919), Hastings ENG, rd 5, Aug-15
Four Knights Game: Nimzowitsch (Paulsen) (C49)  ·  0-1
ANALYSIS [x]

FEN COPIED

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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Mar-23-12  notyetagm: Game Collection: LOCKING ENEMY PIECES RIGHT OUT OF THE GAME
Jun-12-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  Noflaps: 9 . . . c5 looks like a strange move, does it not? It turns black's own bishop, at least temporarily, into a big pawn. And it created the possibility that the same bishop, too, could be rendered useless by a later c4. So why was it played? At least two possibilities seem to exist:

1) Capa saw that white's bishop would be sealed up on the king side, and was making what turned out to be a useful pawn move on the opposite (queen's) side. Look what happened with the c pawn later;

and / or

2) Capa was actually trying to INDUCE, indeed lure, white to play the strong LOOKING Nd5. Why would he do that? Because that is the very move that changed white's apparent plan! White seemed to be setting up a knight sac on g5, followed by a bishop retake that would have pinned black's king knight and shattered black's kingside pawns. But white must have realized, just when this plan was about to be launched, that black could simply capture on d5 INSTEAD of cooperating with the sac, and then withdraw black's knight, after capturing white's knight on d5, to protect black's queen from the glare of white's bishop.

Could Capa have actually seen all this -- either or both of these possibilities -- and thus played the strange looking ...c5 ? Well, he was Capa. And he had a humbling strength.

Jun-12-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <Noflaps> An important positional consideration is to prevent d4, without which it is difficult for White to gain activity.
Jun-12-14  john barleycorn: Capablanca wrote:

"9....P-B4
To prevent P-Q4 and to draw White into playing Kt-Q5, which would prove fatal. Black's plan is to play P-KKt4, as soon as the circumstances permit, in order to free his Queen and Knight from the pin by the Bishop.

10.Kt-Q5

White falls into the trap. Only lack of experience can account for this move. White should have considered that a player of my experience and stregth could never allow such a move if it were good."

Chess Fundamentals by Capablanca

Jun-12-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  Noflaps: ""9....P-B4
To prevent P-Q4 and to draw White into playing Kt-Q5"...

From the pen of Capa himself!

Thank you, perfidious and Barleycorn, for both confirming one of my suspicions and enlarging my understanding within moments of my post! This website is a jewel filled with remarkably fine, learned and alert minds! I am astonished at how quickly germane commentary appeared in response to my post.

Jun-12-14  RookFile: With his penchant for knights, I think Anand would have played 9. Bxf6 in about 2 seconds, followed by either Ne1 or Nd2. Even 10. Bxf6 isn't bad, you can argue that ...c5 ensures a closed game, where knights would thrive.
Dec-31-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: In 2014, the annual Hastings tournament has just started. This game is from the 1919 Victory tournament which began the current uninterrupted series.

At the time everyone believed Capablanca that white was lost very early on after his bishop was imprisoned; it took Garry Kasparov to point out that white can build a fortress at move 19 and probably draw.

May-02-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  fredthebear: Take the rooks off the board and Black wins easily. Kasparov, who idolized Alekhine, needs to show more respect for Capablanca. The White rook cannot passively maintain the pin on the black bishop as part of a drawing strategy. Black pushes the passer to reduce the space to blockade, aggressively moves the king to upin and threaten the white rook, and when necessary uses the dark squared bishop to help control the dark promotion square. Capablanca wins this easy against the entire world of computers because he has a protected passer, an "extra" bishop and a more active king. Essentially, it's Black's three more active pieces -- rook, bishop and king against White's active rook and White must avoid rook exchanges. It's not hard to figure that Capa wins in a cake walk.
May-02-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <fredthebear> you should send the findings of your research to GKasparovExworldChamp@hotmail.com.
May-02-15  Howard: Somethin' tells me that's a ficticious email address.
May-02-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <offramp:...At the time everyone believed Capablanca that white was lost very early on after his bishop was imprisoned; it took Garry Kasparov to point out that white can build a fortress at move 19 and probably draw.>

I don't have that book any more, but I know that Kasparov's improvement at move 19 was 19.c2-c4.


click for larger view

Does anyone have an idea of how black might win after that suggestion?

May-02-15  Nerwal: <I don't have that book any more, but I know that Kasparov's improvement at move 19 was 19.c2-c4. >

Really ? What had he planned against c6-b5 ?

May-02-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <Nerwal: <I don't have that book any more, but I know that Kasparov's improvement at move 19 was 19.c2-c4. > Really ? What had he planned against c6-b5 ?>

The idea was to do as little as possible. ♙b3, Ra1-b1-b2, Rh1-b1, Kf1,Ke1... How does black break through?

Sep-11-15  RookFile: Right. White's problem is that his bishop is entombed on g3. 19. c4 says that black's bishop on d6 isn't much better. Now both sides have a problem rather than one.
Feb-19-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: In his notes to this game Capablanca gives some advice. Is it any good?

<Only lack of experience can account for this move. White should have considered that a player of my experience and strength could never allow such a move if it were good.>

Does he mean that if we are playing a much stronger player and we think he has made a blunder, that we should just ignore it because he could not possibly blunder?

Feb-19-17  Howard: I've read that little "comment" of Capa's before---if that's not pure arrogance, then I don't know what is.
Feb-19-17  JimNorCal: If you can't see a reason that a move is bad, why not make it? Let the strong player win but learn from the loss.
Feb-19-17  sudoplatov: I would guess that the procedure after 19.c4 would be to play ...c6, then alternate threatening ...b5,...f5, and attacking White's backward d-Pawn. While this plan may not be sufficient, White has no way to oppose it.
Jan-14-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <sudoplatov: I would guess that the procedure after 19.c4 would be to play ...c6, then alternate threatening ...b5,...f5, and attacking White's backward d-Pawn. While this plan may not be sufficient, White has no way to oppose it.>

After 19. c4 c6 20. b3 f5 21. exf5+ Rxf5 22. Rae1...


click for larger view

...Black looks a bit better. But the white bishop is no longer trapped and White has some counterplay.

Aug-18-18  DrGridlock: Capablanca's book includes the remainder of the game after 15 ... f6

"so that the student may see how simple it is to win such a game."

Kasparov's rebuttal of 19 c4 quotes Lee Korso:

"not so fast, my friend"

but I don't have access to any line that Kasparov may have given.

Using some computer aided analysis, Black's best option at 19 appears to be Ra6, which prompts 20 b3 from White (if the pawn does not occupy the b3 square, then black's rook will soon occupy it for black!)

Black's idea now is to prepare the f5 advance:

20 ... Be7
21 Kf1 f5

so that after exchanges one of the doubled pawns on the f-file will fall

22 exf5 Rxf5
23 Ke2 Ra8
24 Rae1 Raf8
25 h4 Rxf3
26 Kd2 Kd6

White has "freed" his entraped bishop, but at the cost of a pawn ("[White} can only free [his bishop] at the cost of a pawn and possibly not even then" - Capablanca.) White will open up the e-file, but black will have a passed pawn on the h-file.

27 Rxe5 gxh4
28 Rhe1 gxh3
29 Re6+ Kd7
30 Rxe7+ Kc8
31 fxg3 Rxg3

William Winter - Jose Raul Capablanca


click for larger view

Analysis by Komodo 5r1 32-bit :

1. (-0.68): 32.Rh7 Rd8 33.Ree7 Rgxd3+ 34.Ke2 R3d7 35.Rxd7 Rxd7 36.Rxh6 Rd6 37.Rh5 b6 38.Ke3 Kb7 39.Ke4 Rd4+ 40.Ke3 Rd1 41.Rh3 Re1+ 42.Kd3 Re8 43.Kc3

All rooks are still on the board, and black has a passed pawn on the h-file. Komodo likes black here, but with all rooks on the board, there's still some chess left to play.

Capablanca was overly-optimistic at black's "simple" win - and Kasparov was overly-optimistic at white's "save."

Aug-18-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <DrGridlock: Capablanca's book includes the remainder of the game after 15 ... f6 "so that the student may see how simple it is to win such a game." Kasparov's rebuttal of 19 c4 quotes Lee Korso:
"not so fast, my friend"
but I don't have access to any line that Kasparov may have given.>

In Kasparov's <My Great Predecessors Part I>. pg. 263 he gives, after 18. Rh1?!: The opening of the h-file does not help White: his Bishop remains unemployed. Much more interesting was the attempt, ignored by all the commentators, to creat a fortress - 18. c4!, for example: 18...c6 19.Rfc1 Rfb8 20.b3 b5 21.Rc3! Rb6 22.Kf1 bxc4 23.dxc4 Rab8 24.Ra3! (but not 24.Rb1? Rb4 with the threat of ...Rxa4) and Ke2-d2-c2.>

Aug-21-18  DrGridlock: Thanks for the line.
Looking at that with a computer, the same themes persist: at some point black is going to try to force f5, and then prey on white's doubled f-pawns. Kasparov's innovation seems to be to defend his b-pawn along the 3rd row (a3 and c3), rather than on the b-file (b1 and b2). I'm not sure what advantage this gives - especially since it "maroons" one of his rooks on a3 where it is rather locked out of the action which is to come on the f-file.
Aug-21-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  maxi: In his writings Capa several times gave as his justification for particular move the idea of tempting or luring his opponent into a weak move or plan.
Aug-22-18  gabriel25: <CG> There is something not clear. Why don't I have a right to see previous pages of comment in this game while in others I can? It is inconsequent.
Other than being curious, it is not unfair I haven't paid any money.
Aug-22-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  beatgiant: <gabriel25>
What exactly happens when you try the "Earlier Kibitzing" link? W Winter vs Capablanca, 1919
search thread:   
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