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Jose Raul Capablanca vs Allies
Lodz consultation (1913), Nov-27
Spanish Game: Open Variations. Classical Defense (C83)  ·  1-0


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Given 39 times; par: 83 [what's this?]

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Kibitzer's Corner
Jul-15-07  Karpova: <1 P-K4 P-K4 2 Kt-KB3 Kt-QB3 3 B-Kt5 P-QR3 4 B-R4 P-QKt4 5 B-Kt3 Kt-B3 6 O-O B-K2 7 P-B3 O-O 8 P-Q4 PxP 9 PxP P-Q3 10 B-K3 B-Kt5 11 QKt-Q2 Kt-QR4 12 P-Q5 KtxB 13 QxKt

In this position Black is lost because after a fairly long series of moves the black queen’s bishop’s pawn will remain backward, its advance being prevented by the white pawn at Q5. White will double his rooks on the open queen’s bishop file and if necessary would advance with his king if queens were exchanged. The black queen’s bishop pawn will be lost sooner or later since it is extremely difficult for Black to defend it without involuntarily creating other weaknesses in his position. On one occasion, back in 1913, I was in Łódź, in Poland, and played a consultation game in which we reached a position similar to this one. People around me asked what I intended to do because they thought the game was drawn, and I told them that Black was lost. When they asked me why, I explained the clear weakness of the backward queen’s bishop pawn.

I have shown you this opening and variation because it was played for many years. In the books you will find that it has been played in countless games, but people played for an attack and not for position. Of course, if one plays for an attack here victory is difficult, whereas by playing positionally and attacking the weak wing, the win cannot be in doubt. Formerly, attention was not paid to these general considerations which I have attempted to explain this evening and which avoid a great deal of unnecessary work and can help you to develop a solid and simple game. In such games one can see the advantages of the endgame principles I have been explaining. Referring to the position just mentioned, with the weak pawn, it can be seen that without queens on the board the question of time is very important. Another very important element is the mobility of the pieces in positions of this kind. White can move his rooks freely, whereas Black is unable to move with ease. Here the element of mobility is of great value and, combined with the element of time, leads to certain victory.>

Jose Raul Capablanca
Club de Comunicaciones de Prado in Cuba on 25 May 1932

Sep-10-07  patzerboy: That's gold.
Premium Chessgames Member
  sleepyirv: According to Irving Chernev, Capablanca claimed it was a win right after 18...0-0
May-17-10  maelith: Instructive game by Capablanca.
May-17-10  TheFocus: The Allies were Aronson, Goldfarb, Gottesdiener, Rosenbaum, and Salwe, G.
May-17-10  BobCrisp: Sounds like a work's party from the local synagogue.
Jul-06-10  Whitehat1963: Isn't there a perpetual check here?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Richard Taylor: Black loses because they move the B several times and then take white's undeveloped B on c1. The White B moves aren't so relevant as Black's (B moves as black plays b5 and thus the weakness on c7 is developed. Because they waste time they cant get c5 in, and are saddled with a permanent weakness on the c file and a potential f5 advance.

10. ... 0-0 or 11. ... 0-0 are better.

Capablanca plays carefully not allowing any breaks by black and then pushes through after tying Black down.

Feb-15-13  chesskador: If we have noticed White's queen moved from left wing to right wing many times to provoke weaknesses in Black's camp. I called this: "Let's do cha-cha" tactic. Patience is important in chess. Fischer said once, "in chess we know when to duck and when to punch."
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