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Einstein 
 
Albert Einstein
Number of games in database: 1
Years covered: 1933

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ALBERT EINSTEIN
(born Mar-14-1879, died Apr-18-1955, 76 years old) Germany (citizen of United States of America)

[what is this?]
Albert Einstein, born March 14, 1879, was a theoretical physicist who is widely regarded as the greatest scientist of the 20th century. He proposed the Special and General Theories of Relativity, which greatly advanced humankind's understanding of the universe. He also made major contributions to the development of quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, and cosmology. He was awarded the 1921 Nobel Prize for Physics for his explanation of the photoelectric effect.

Einstein had an interest in chess. In 1936, he told a reporter that he played chess as a boy. In 1927 Einstein met Emanuel Lasker in Berlin, and they became good friends. Einstein called Lasker "a Renaissance man."

In 1931 a pamphlet was written called "One Hundred Authors Against Einstein." One of the authors was Emanuel Lasker. Lasker thought Einstein's theory of relativity was wrong and that the speed of light was limited due to particles in space. Lasker did not think there was a perfect vacuum.

Einstein is quoted as saying: "Chess grips its exponent, shackling the mind and brain so that the inner freedom and independence of even the strongest character cannot remain unaffected."

See "Einstein and Chess" by Bill Wall http://www.geocities.com/siliconval...

Wikipedia article: Albert Einstein


 page 1 of 1; one game  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Einstein vs Oppenheimer 1-024 1933 Princeton USAC70 Ruy Lopez
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 28 OF 28 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Nov-26-14  zanzibar: <al wazir> ok then, the paper you cite is the Aspect paper.

The wiki use of <local realism> is what I would call <hidden variables> I think.

Mermin's work from 1985 was basically inspired by the recent Aspect et al experiment:

<Experimental Realization of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm Gedankenexperiment: A New Violation of Bell's Inequalities Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 91 Published 12 July 1982>

It is expected to violate Bell's Inequalities if <QM> is correct.

I believe there are other even larger measured violations subsequent to the 1982 result. I have to look it up...

According to this 2013 book:

<The Quantum Divide (2013)> http://books.google.com/books?id=Y1...

The largest observed violation (at 1200 std) is from a 2005 expt by Altepeter, Jeffery, Kwiat at U. Illinois.

The abstract is here:

http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstrac...

<Here we present experimental realizations of two new entanglement detection methods: a three-measurement Bell inequality inequivalent to the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt inequality and a nonlinear Bell-type inequality based on the negativity measure. In addition, we provide an experimental and theoretical comparison between these new methods and several techniques already in use: the traditional Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt inequality, the entanglement witness, and complete state tomography.>

The three measurement idea probably inspired Mermin's more involved gerdankin used in his Berkeley talk.

Nov-26-14  zanzibar: <al> I assume <According to the formalism of quantum theory, the effect of measurement happens instantly.> was copied from a wiki article and not a PRL or other physics paper?
Nov-27-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  al wazir: <zanzibar: I assume <According to the formalism of quantum theory, the effect of measurement happens instantly.> was copied from a wiki article and not a PRL or other physics paper?> Yes. I apologize for leaving that ambiguous.
Nov-27-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  Joshka: <ernieb> That's absurd. We observe what is there cause we CAN SEE IT!! To nail your statement in a very clear example: You are saying the moon is only there cause we can observe?? It's not really there??LOL
Dec-04-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sneaky: <my recommendation steadfastly remains> I agree, that was a good video.

I *still* haven't quite gotten my head around this Bell experiment, but I get the feel for it's nature. What it comes down to is that if you suggest that the particles have definite spins (or "colors" in Mermin's metaphor) then you run into contradiction with empirical evidence.

Here are my takeaways so far:

1. The reason why the "hidden variable" explanation (e.g. my envelope metaphor, or Einstein's left/right glove metaphor) doesn't work is *very* subtle. It can't be explained concisely. You have to get into the guts of a rather complicated experiment and even then it's not obvious until you really reflect on what's going on.

2. Einstein was no dope for suggesting the hidden variable explanation; there was every reason to believe that. It's easy to see why hidden variables cannot explain the classic double-slit experiment, but it took some real ingenuity to show that it can't explain entanglement.

3. 99% of the people who discuss entanglement have only a vague idea of what they are talking about, if even that.

Dec-04-14  ughaibu: Hey Sneaky! Here you go: http://arxiv.org/pdf/0807.3286.pdf
Dec-04-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sneaky: Um, by "Bell experiment" I suppose I meant "Aspect experiment" Mermin wasn't entirely clear on that.

I am also curious as to what he means by "stuff left behind." Surely electrons don't leave skid marks?

And am I to understand that the experiment requires a three-way entanglement?

Dec-04-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sneaky: Thanks ughaibu.
Dec-05-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: Princeton have opened up the Einstein (eLibrary) papers!!! And it's Freeeeeeeee! Wheeeeee.

http://einsteinpapers.press.princet...

Dec-05-14  Jim Bartle: Sure it's not "relatively" free?
Dec-05-14  Shams: <JB> You're going to the timeout room for that one.
Dec-05-14  Jim Bartle: Theoretically.
Dec-12-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sneaky: OK, here's my updated envelope-analogy and the reason why it fails.

To restate the idea: suppose we have 6 playing cards: a red ace and a black ace, a red king and a black king, a red queen and a black queen. We have two envelopes with special three-way pouches, labelled "A Q K", so that each three-way envelope contains an ace, a king, and a queen. Randomly and without looking, I put an ace into the A-pouch on both envelopes, the queens into the Q-pouches, and a king into the K-pouches.

Furthermore, we have to accept the proposition that it's impossible to open one of the pouches without destroying the other two cards. It's booby trapped with incendiaries or something.

Now I mail one of the envelopes to my friend 5000 miles away, and at agree to peek at our ace-pouches at exactly the same time. Obviously, if he sees a red ace I will see a black one, and vice versa. Nothing mysterious is going on there. No reason to invoke "spooky action at a distance."

But here's the big wrinkle:

I look in any of three pouches at random, I have a 50/50 chance of getting a red card, right?

What if my confederate opened his A-pouch before I even received my package, and saw a black ace? Surely then it would be logical to assume that the odds of my finding a red card are more than 50/50, right? He knows that one of my choices must be red, and the other two could be anything, so it must be more than 50%. (If my mental math is right, the odds of getting a red card should be 2/3.)

But that's where my metaphor breaks down with reality. If these envelopes truly behaved in a quantum mechanical way, my chances of getting a red card would *still* be 50/50 even when my friend has discovered I am holding a red ace. This occurs because the odds of my finding a red card in the non-ace slots mysteriously goes down, so that the overall odds are still 50/50.

Could this be because there is some principle that makes a red ace imply less likeliness of a red queen or king? Perhaps the deck isn't very well shuffled, or like-colored cards repel one another, or some weird principle like that is in play?

But that doesn't make any sense, because it was entirely arbitrary which pouch my friend peeked into. He might have said, at the very last moment, "Forget this plan to look at our ace pouches. I'm going to look at my queen pouch on a whim." In that case the color of the queen would be known and the probability of the colors in the other two pouches would shift.

So at this point I have to tear my envelopes and cards to shreds as they are entirely insufficient to model what's going on here. Wow. It's like nature is trolling us.

Dec-23-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  technical draw: It took me a while to get a grip on Quantum uncertainty. But after a while I realized it was actually very simple and logical.
Jan-22-15  N0B0DY: <E=mc2> Rumor has it he also invented gravity, which we have been struggling against ever since.
Jan-22-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Y'all mean it wasn't Newton that invented that there gravity?
Mar-16-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  Marmot PFL: another failure to refute Einstein
http://phys.org/news/2015-03-einste...
Mar-16-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  Marmot PFL: <Sneaky> God does not play cards with the universe.
Apr-30-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: "The World is a dangerous place, not because of those who do evil, but because of those who look on and do nothing."

-- Albert Einstein

May-01-15  TheFocus: <Chess holds its master in its own bonds, shackling the mind and brain so that the inner freedom of the very strongest must suffer> - Albert Einstein.
May-01-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  Jambow: Read the book <"In search of Schrodinger's cat"> several years ago.

I was quite impressed with the historical outline of science it contained and the logical flow of it. Then the author broached the subject of quantum mechanics, uncertainty principal etc... and of course the infamous feline analogy. Everything up until that point could be calculated with math, comprehended with logic, observed in nature and confirmed by experimentation etc... You know science.

Then he invoked some new mystery math that operated apart from the norm and gave no real explanation only that really smart people got it but no understanding was needed and we should just accept it? Even used chess and how the pieces move, not really as an example just an abstract statement. In the end things operate different and have faith?

What started out well reasoned and intelligent became convoluted and unintelligible in an instant. I guess we weren't supposed to notice that the Ferrari was suddenly replaced with a Pinto? I don't think the author even understood the uncertainty principal and thought it just meant he was uncertain?

I felt like I was following a great chess game and then they went no no now the pieces and the rules don't matter black just wins...

Sighhhh

May-02-15  thegoodanarchist: No mention of the photoelectric effect in the bio. That is disappointing.
May-02-15  john barleycorn: <thegoodanarchist: No mention of the photoelectric effect in the bio. ...>

<He was awarded the 1921 Nobel Prize for Physics for his explanation of the photoelectric effect. > from his bio above. Last sentence in the first paragraph.

May-02-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Why is there no mention of Orgone or Oahspe is his bio? And didn't he write a sequel to <The Story of the Vivian Girls>?
May-02-15  thegoodanarchist: <JB> wow, I totally missed that. No more late night reading for me.
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