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🏆 Groningen Candidates (1997)

  PARTICIPANTS (sorted by highest achieved rating; click on name to see player's games)
Viswanathan Anand, Veselin Topalov, Alexander Morozevich, Vasyl Ivanchuk, Boris Gelfand, Peter Svidler, Peter Leko, Michael Adams, Alexey Shirov, Etienne Bacrot, Evgeny Bareev, Judit Polgar, Victor Bologan, Zoltan Almasi, Valery Salov, Loek van Wely, Vladimir Akopian, Nigel Short, Aleksey Dreev, Alexander G Beliavsky, Sergei Rublevsky, Ivan Sokolov, Vadim Milov, Emil Sutovsky, Alexander Khalifman, Julio Ernesto Granda Zuniga, Alex Yermolinsky, Sergei Tiviakov, Kiril Georgiev, Viktor Korchnoi, Gregory Kaidanov, Matthew Sadler, Vadim Zvjaginsev, Joel Lautier, Jan Timman, Artur Yusupov, Zurab Azmaiparashvili, Aleksej Aleksandrov, Andrei Istratescu, Predrag Nikolic, Michal Krasenkow, Vladimir Epishin, Vladislav Tkachiev, Jeroen Piket, Rafael Vaganian, Yasser Seirawan, Alexander Graf, Lajos Portisch, Zbynek Hracek, Eduardas Rozentalis, Xiaomin Peng, Andrei Sokolov, Lembit Oll, Gilberto Milos, Boris Gulko, Friso Nijboer, Miguel Illescas Cordoba, Jaan Ehlvest, Johann Hjartarson, Ulf Andersson, Vasilios Kotronias, Curt Hansen, Utut Adianto, Kevin Spraggett, Igor Miladinovic, Hichem Hamdouchi, Larry Christiansen, Vasily Smyslov, Alexander Chernin, Joel Benjamin, Vladimir Malaniuk, Boris Alterman, Ivan Morovic Fernandez, Giorgi Giorgadze, Ashot Anastasian, Paul van der Sterren, Thomas Luther, Igor Glek, Sarunas Sulskis, Alexander Fominyh, John van der Wiel, Stefan Kindermann, Bojan Kurajica, Wang Zili, Konstantin Lerner, Gilberto Hernandez Guerrero, Roman Slobodjan, Margeir Petursson, Peter K Wells, Helgi Ass Gretarsson, Gildardo Garcia, Dibyendu Barua, Niaz Murshed, Tal Shaked, Hendrik Pieter Hoeksema, Watu Kobese, Alexander Umgaev Chess Event Description
Groningen Candidates (1997)

The 1997 FIDE Candidates tournament was a 97-player knockout held at the Martinihal in Groningen, the Netherlands, 9-30 December. It was the first time the knockout tournament format was used to decide FIDE's World Championship. The winner would earn the right to challenge FIDE World Champion Anatoly Karpov in 1998. Most of the world's strongest players took part, but not Garry Kasparov, who split from FIDE in 1993 and claimed to be the "true" World Champion. The early rounds had two games each, plus tiebreak games if necessary. The final was a match of four games. The players received 100 minutes for the first 40 moves, followed by 50 more minutes for the next 20 moves, and then 10 more minutes for the rest of the game, with 30 seconds added per move from move one. The tiebreaks consisted of two 25 min + 10-sec increment Rapid games, then if necessary two 15+10 Rapid games (these were skipped in Round 1), and if still equal, individual "sudden death" Rapid games with 4+10 for White and 5+10 for Black until there was a win (a draw did not count as a win for Black). If too many draws in the latter the arbiter could decide on a single Armageddon game in which White received 6 minutes with no additions and Black 5 minutes, with a draw counting as a win for Black. The total prize fund was $5 million, with the Round 1 losers taking home $6000 and the final (Round 7) winner no less than $1,370,000 - minus 20% tax to FIDE. Play started each day at 1:30 pm. Chief arbiter: Geurt Gijssen.

Vladimir Kramnik withdrew, mainly in protest against the status given to Karpov, whom he regarded as seeded into the WC match. The Women's World Champion Zsuzsa Polgar also declined to play, and Essam El Gindy did not turn up, so the number of players was reduced from 100 to 97. With 28 players seeded into Round 2, and Boris Gelfand seeded into Round 3, Round 1 had 68 players (34 matches). Round 2 had 34 + 28 = 62 players (31 matches), and with the addition of Gelfand, Round 3 had the usual 32 players (16 matches). A total of 323 games were played (194 Classical games and 129 Rapid games). The results of Rounds 5-7 were as follows:

Quarterfinals, Dec 20-22 Semifinals, Dec 23-25 Final, Dec 26-30

Anand 1½ -- -- - 1½ Shirov 0½ -- -- - ½ Anand ½1 -- -- - 1½ Gelfand ½0 -- -- - ½ Gelfand ½½ ½1 -- - 2½ Dreev ½½ ½0 -- - 1½ Anand ½½½½ ½½ ½½ 1 5 Adams ½½½½ ½½ ½½ 0 4 Adams ½½ ½1 -- - 2½ Van Wely ½½ ½0 -- - 1½ Adams 10 ½½ ½½ 1 4 Short 01 ½½ ½½ 0 3 Short 11 -- -- - 2 Krasenkow 00 -- -- - 0

Viswanathan Anand beat Michael Adams in the first sudden death game of the final (Round 7) and qualified for playing against a rested Karpov three days later in Lausanne, Switzerland, see Karpov - Anand FIDE World Championship Match (1998).

The terms of Groningen was that both Karpov and Kasparov were seeded into the semifinal Round 6 matches. In the event that one of the two declined to participate (Kasparov did), the other would be seeded directly into the Lausanne match. Kasparov dismissed the match between Anand and Karpov as being between "a tired player and an old player". FIDE promised that for subsequent World Championships the reigning champion would enter the elimination matches as seeded into Round 2, and two years later the FIDE champion (Karpov) had to participate in the knockout to fight for the title. But then he declined to play, see FIDE World Championship Knockout Tournament (1999).

Mark Weeks 1:
Mark Weeks 2:
Carolus Chess:
Leidsch Dagblad, 31 December 1997, p. 23:
Tidskrift för Schack, 1/1998, pp. 2-14:
Wikipedia article: FIDE World Chess Championship 1998
Wikipedia article: MartiniPlaza

Previous: Karpov - Gelfand Candidates Final (1995) and Kamsky - Salov Candidates Final (1995). Next: Dortmund Candidates (2002)

 page 1 of 13; games 1-25 of 323  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Adianto vs W Zili  1-0301997Groningen CandidatesA45 Queen's Pawn Game
2. Smyslov vs Morozevich  0-1631997Groningen CandidatesD12 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
3. A Aleksandrov vs Gulko  ½-½281997Groningen CandidatesE55 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Gligoric System, Bronstein Variation
4. B Alterman vs P K Wells 1-0461997Groningen CandidatesE48 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 O-O 5.Bd3 d5
5. D Barua vs Hracek  ½-½371997Groningen CandidatesB58 Sicilian
6. Benjamin vs Zvjaginsev ½-½261997Groningen CandidatesB83 Sicilian
7. Chernin vs A Istratescu  ½-½431997Groningen CandidatesA04 Reti Opening
8. L Christiansen vs Andersson  ½-½521997Groningen CandidatesC02 French, Advance
9. A Fominyh vs Tkachiev  0-1341997Groningen CandidatesE63 King's Indian, Fianchetto, Panno Variation
10. G Giorgadze vs Bacrot  ½-½221997Groningen CandidatesE46 Nimzo-Indian
11. Glek vs Nijboer  1-0381997Groningen CandidatesA07 King's Indian Attack
12. H A Gretarsson vs Illescas Cordoba  ½-½241997Groningen CandidatesD93 Grunfeld, with Bf4 & e3
13. C Hansen vs I Miladinovic  1-0411997Groningen CandidatesB48 Sicilian, Taimanov Variation
14. Hjartarson vs S Sulskis  ½-½351997Groningen CandidatesD60 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
15. H P Hoeksema vs A Graf  ½-½531997Groningen CandidatesE00 Queen's Pawn Game
16. S Kindermann vs Yermolinsky  1-0421997Groningen CandidatesB12 Caro-Kann Defense
17. Korchnoi vs G Hernandez Guerrero  1-0371997Groningen CandidatesA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
18. Kotronias vs Milov  ½-½671997Groningen CandidatesC92 Ruy Lopez, Closed
19. Krasenkow vs Van der Sterren 1-0441997Groningen CandidatesD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
20. B Kurajica vs Granda Zuniga  1-0281997Groningen CandidatesA46 Queen's Pawn Game
21. T Luther vs Portisch  ½-½321997Groningen CandidatesC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
22. V Malaniuk vs H Hamdouchi  1-0321997Groningen CandidatesA03 Bird's Opening
23. G Milos vs N Murshed 1-0331997Groningen CandidatesB47 Sicilian, Taimanov (Bastrikov) Variation
24. Petursson vs Oll  0-1391997Groningen CandidatesE04 Catalan, Open, 5.Nf3
25. X Peng vs Z Almasi  ½-½331997Groningen CandidatesC67 Ruy Lopez
 page 1 of 13; games 1-25 of 323  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

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