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Middlegame: Black's Hanging Pawns
Compiled by Baby Hawk
--*--

Like the isolani, the <hanging pawns> are a structural weakness and must not be entered into unless the piece position offers some compensation. The play revolves around Black trying to force one of the pawns to advance. If Black can establish a permanent blockade the game is positionally won. On the other hand, White aims to keep the pawns hanging, trying to generate a kingside attack leveraging off of their superior center control. Other themes for White include tactical possibilities and line opening breaks in the center.

Wikipedia article: Pawn structure

♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙

"A pair of pawns on adjacent files that are separated from all other pawns are known as "Hanging Pawns" (a term coined by Steinitz). Hanging pawns possess strengths and weaknesses.

The elements of strength include the possibility of opening files through their advance and with this comes an increase in space, and the possibility of controlling key squares that can be used as outposts for Knights and Bishops.

On the other hand they can also be weak. They can only be defended by pieces. This vulnerability can be exploited by attacking them with pieces, forcing the opponent to protect them with pieces. The defending pieces can then be attacked and exchanged at a suitable moment and this can often result in the win of a pawn or forcing another pawn weakness elsewhere. They can also be weakened by forcing the advance of one of them leaving the other one backward and a hole into which a piece can be placed. A third way of exploiting their weakness is to attack them with a pawn of your own, this can force a pawn exchange that results in an isolated pawn.

>>The current view is that hanging pawns are weak if their side is behind in development but strong if their side is ahead in development."<<

by User: Benzol , Game Collection: Hanging Pawns

♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙ - ♙♙

Korchnoi vs Karpov, 1981 
(D58) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower (Makagonov-Bondarevsky) Syst, 43 moves, 0-1

Fischer vs Spassky, 1972 
(D59) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower, 41 moves, 1-0

Rubinstein vs Nimzowitsch, 1907  
(D32) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch, 44 moves, 0-1

destroyed hp
Schlechter vs Burn, 1906 
(D61) Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox, Rubinstein Attack, 27 moves, 1-0

O Bernstein vs Capablanca, 1914 
(D63) Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, 29 moves, 0-1

Vaganian vs Karpov, 1970 
(E12) Queen's Indian, 28 moves, 1-0

l8 hp --> QR
Karpov vs Yusupov, 1989
(D31) Queen's Gambit Declined, 58 moves, 1-0

M Bertok vs Fischer, 1962 
(D59) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower, 31 moves, 0-1

Sokolsky vs Botvinnik, 1938 
(D94) Grunfeld, 40 moves, 0-1

crushed
Euwe vs W Winter, 1936
(D46) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 25 moves, 1-0

Petrosjan lectures
Petrosian vs Geller, 1956 
(D34) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch, 73 moves, 1-0

crushin Efim
Korchnoi vs Geller, 1971 
(D58) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower (Makagonov-Bondarevsky) Syst, 26 moves, 1-0

crushin Efim II
Romanishin vs Geller, 1981 
(D58) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower (Makagonov-Bondarevsky) Syst, 28 moves, 1-0

backward hp
Petrosian vs Hort, 1972 
(A13) English, 26 moves, 1-0

Spassky vs Pachman, 1962 
(D59) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower, 32 moves, 1-0

backward hp
Rubinstein vs Salwe, 1908  
(D33) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch, 38 moves, 1-0

who keres
N Padevsky vs Keres, 1956 
(E47) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 O-O 5.Bd3, 36 moves, 1/2-1/2

Karpov lectures (Kingside attack + ...d5-d4 push!)
Vaganian vs Karpov, 1969 
(E50) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 O-O 5.Nf3, without ...d5, 30 moves, 0-1

Capablanca vs Lasker, 1921  
(D63) Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, 50 moves, 1/2-1/2

1st appearance of HP
Steinitz vs Anderssen, 1873 
(D55) Queen's Gambit Declined, 26 moves, 1-0

Petrosian vs A Matanovic, 1956
(A46) Queen's Pawn Game, 24 moves, 1/2-1/2

Hebden vs S Williams, 2010
(A46) Queen's Pawn Game, 123 moves, 1/2-1/2

Taimanov vs Tal, 1983
(A30) English, Symmetrical, 41 moves, 0-1

A Lein vs Korchnoi, 1964 
(D32) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch, 39 moves, 0-1

Kotov vs V Makogonov, 1939
(D58) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower (Makagonov-Bondarevsky) Syst, 50 moves, 1-0

S Siebrecht vs I Stohl, 2006
(D58) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower (Makagonov-Bondarevsky) Syst, 51 moves, 0-1

Timman vs Short, 1993 
(D58) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower (Makagonov-Bondarevsky) Syst, 44 moves, 0-1

Kamsky vs Karpov, 1996 
(E12) Queen's Indian, 59 moves, 1-0

Kramnik vs Ribli, 1993 
(A30) English, Symmetrical, 29 moves, 1-0

M Bartel vs L Mons, 2016
(A13) English, 41 moves, 1-0

Portisch vs Vaganian, 1985 
(A53) Old Indian, 68 moves, 0-1

Korchnoi vs Karpov, 1981 
(D31) Queen's Gambit Declined, 31 moves, 1/2-1/2

Karjakin vs Anand, 2016 
(A06) Reti Opening, 43 moves, 1-0

T Sachdev vs E Kakulidis, 2017
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 35 moves, 1-0

Karpov vs Kasparov, 1984 
(D58) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower (Makagonov-Bondarevsky) Syst, 35 moves, 1/2-1/2

...c5-c4
V Bui vs F Berkes, 2013 
(D59) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower, 36 moves, 0-1

36 games

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