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Orla Hermann Krause
Number of games in database: 23
Years covered: 1894 to 1927
Overall record: +4 -10 =9 (37.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games.

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C77 Ruy Lopez (2 games)
A28 English (2 games)

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(born Nov-03-1867, died Sep-28-1935, 67 years old) Denmark

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Orla Hermann Krause was born 1867 in Copenhagen as the eldest son of Elsine Søborg and timber merchant Meinert Krause. He educated as a doctor and worked at Frederiks Hospital, St. Hans Hospital (Roskilde) and Vordingborg mental hospital. After the tournament in Gothenburg 1901 he was trusted by Ludvig Collijn to co-author the book on the first three Nordic chess congresses: De nordiska schackkongresserna: Stockholm 1897, Köpenhamn 1899, Göteborg 1901 (Lindström, Stockholm 1902).

He played in Wilhelmshaven 1892* (4th), Copenhagen 1895 (2nd), Copenhagen 1899 (2nd, Jorgen Moeller won), Copenhagen 1907 (5th), Copenhagen 1916 (2nd=, Paul F Johner won), Copenhagen 1924 (4th=, Aron Nimzowitsch won) and Copenhagen 1934 (5th=, Aron Nimzowitsch won). And he played for Denmark on board 1 (+4 –5 =6) in the 1st Chess Olympiad in London 1927 ( where he busted the British Champion Frederick D Yates and won a team silver medal. He was also a theoretician who worked with Aron Nimzowitsch on openings research in the 1920's. His name is attached to variations in the Queen's Pawn Game (D02) (1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 c5), Queen's Gambit Declined Slav (D17) (1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 dxc4 5.a4 Bf5 6.Nh4) and others (see e. g.

Dr. Krause was friendly, gifted and had an unfailing memory, but the work left him little time for more than theory pieces in magazines and sporadic tournament play. Around year 1908 he married to Vilhelmine Jacobine Jensen (born 1877 in Helsingör) whose father was also a timber merchant. They had one son.

Main sources: Wikipedia article: Orla Hermann Krause and Danish population records. Historical rating: or *If the Krause there is really him (

 page 1 of 1; 23 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. A Rosendahl vs O Krause  1-0271894CopenhagenC33 King's Gambit Accepted
2. V Nielsen vs O Krause 0-1381899Nordic Congress 2ndC21 Center Game
3. Maroczy vs O Krause  1-0451907CopenhagenB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
4. O Krause vs Leonhardt 0-1331907CopenhagenC38 King's Gambit Accepted
5. Schlechter vs O Krause 1-0341907CopenhagenD05 Queen's Pawn Game
6. O Krause vs J Moeller ½-½561907CopenhagenB56 Sicilian
7. O Krause vs Schlechter  0-1261907CopenhagenB58 Sicilian
8. O Krause vs Maroczy  ½-½301907CopenhagenC00 French Defense
9. Leonhardt vs O Krause  ½-½321907CopenhagenC63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense
10. J Moeller vs O Krause  1-0391907CopenhagenD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
11. O Krause vs B Leussen 1-0111908CopenhagenC41 Philidor Defense
12. M Marchand vs O Krause  ½-½341916Nordic Congress 7thC49 Four Knights
13. O Krause vs O Loewenborg  ½-½401916Nordic Congress 7thB15 Caro-Kann
14. O Krause vs Nimzowitsch ½-½331924Correspondence match Nimzowitsch - KrauseB13 Caro-Kann, Exchange
15. Nimzowitsch vs O Krause  1-0281924Nordisk SkakforbundA80 Dutch
16. A Nilsson vs O Krause  ½-½5619271st olm finalA28 English
17. O Krause vs Tarrasch  0-12919271st olm finalC77 Ruy Lopez
18. Euwe vs O Krause 1-0431927London olA04 Reti Opening
19. B Kostic vs O Krause  1-02919271st olm finalA28 English
20. O Krause vs Maroczy  ½-½2019271st olm finalC01 French, Exchange
21. O Krause vs Yates 1-05519271st olm finalC77 Ruy Lopez
22. S R Wolf vs O Krause  ½-½2519271st olm finalC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
23. O Krause vs M Golmayo De La Torriente  1-03019271st olm finalB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
 page 1 of 1; 23 games  PGN Download 
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Krause wins | Krause loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Sep-25-07  candide1500: wow no kibitzing or further information on this early chess theorist?? hmmm interesting that he worked with nimzo, i have never come across the name in any of his writings....
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Here is another <Krause> move:

<1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 dxc4 5.a4 Bf5 <6.Nh4!?>> (Former world champion Alexander Alekhine gave credit for this knight move to <Orla Hermann Krause>, a Danish analyst who found many new ideas in the Slav defense in the 1920s. White wastes time to eliminate the ominous black's queen bishop at all costs. The leading alternative today is 6.Ne5.) <6...Bg4> (In the game Alekhine-Stolz, Bled 1931, black played 6...e6, which Alekhine considered natural and good. He wrote: "White will enjoy a pair of bishops [after 7.Nxf5 exf5 8.e3], but as long as black is able to control the central squares he should not have much to fear."

Most common is the retreat 6...Bc8. Alekhine advocated 7.e3 e5 8.Bxc4 exd4 9.exd4 "with slightly better prospects for white." Garry Kasparov picked up this line almost 60 years later but without much success. More interesting is the piece sacrifice 7.e4 e5 8.Bxc4 exd4 9.Nf3!?, for example 9...dxc3 10.Bxf7+ Ke7 11.Qb3 with messy prospects.) ....


Oct-20-07  candide1500: ahh nice post whiteshark and thanks for the link!!
Aug-22-08  myschkin: . . .
His name is attached to the <Krause Variation> in the Queen's Pawn Opening (1. d4 d5 2. Nf3 c5!?). He analysed it for the Austrian chess magazine "Wiener Schachzeitung" in 1929. It is essentially a Queen's Gambit Reversed, with Black a tempo behind.

Nov-03-09  Birthday Boy: Happy Birthday!!!Orla Hermann Krause!!!
Feb-28-11  BLarsen1967: Dr.O.H.Krause against Aron Nimzowitsch. Apart from their 1924 corr game another game exists from that year (not in the db)

[Event "Nordisk S. turnering"]
[Site "Copenhagen"]
[Date "1924.08.15"]
[Round "5"]
[White "Nimzowitsch, Aron"]
[Black "Krause, Orla Hermann"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "A46"]

1. d4 f5 2. Nf3 Nf6 3. Bf4 d6 4. e3 h6 5. h4 Nc6 6. d5 e5 7. dxc6 exf4 8. Bb5 b6 9. exf4 d5 10. O-O Bc5 11. g3 Ne4 12. Kg2 g5 13. Ne5 O-O 14. hxg5 hxg5 15. Qh5 Qf6 16. f3 Nd6 17. Nc3 Be6 18. fxg5 Qxe5 19. Qg6+ Qg7 20. Qxe6+ Qf7 21. Qxf7+ Kxf7 22. Bd3 Bd4 23. Nxd5 Bxb2 24. Rae1 Rae8 25. Nxc7 Rxe1 26. Rxe1 Rc8 27. Nd5 Rxc6 28. Re7+ 1-0

Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Krause was responsible for the creation of the Krause Variation in the Slav Defence in the 1920's:

Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <Player of the Day>

He tied for 4-6th at Wilhelmshaven 1892,

took 2nd, behind Andreas Rosendahl, at Copenhagen 1895,

took 2nd at Copenhagen 1899 (the 2nd Nordic Championship, Jorgen Moeller won),

took 5th at Copenhagen 1907 (the 7th Nordic-ch, Paul Saladin Leonhardt won),

shared 2nd, behind Paul Johner at Copenhagen 1916 (the 9th Nordic-ch),

tied for 4-8th at Copenhagen 1924 (the 12th Nordic-ch, Aron Nimzowitsch won),

and tied for 5-8th at Copenhagen 1934 (the 16th Nordic-ch, Nimzowitsch won).

Krause played for Denmark at first board (+4 –5 =6) in the 1st Chess Olympiad at London 1927, and won team silver medal there.

Premium Chessgames Member
  sfm: He wrote a small book too, about the beginning position in chess! He concluded that it was drawn, which is less obvious than one might think. Never saw the the book, it is hard to find.
Nov-03-11  Shams: <sfm> More interesting than his conclusion (that chess is drawn) is how confident he was in it. Do you recall?
Nov-04-11  Caissanist: Edward Lasker is quite contemptuous towards Krause in his book <Chess Secrets>. Lasker portrays him as a self-important hack who called himself a "theoretician" because he couldn't really play, and whose published variations were unreliable for that reason.
Nov-04-11  TheFocus: Nimzowitsch thought quite highly of Krause.
Nov-04-11  Caissanist: I have heard a lot of criticism of that book over the years so I wouldn't call it 100% reliable; still, I thought his perspective was interesting. Most of Lasker's trash talk comes in the context of a game in which he wiped out Yates thanks to the latter's ill-advised decision to follow some of Krause's published analysis. To hear Lasker tell it, he and Teichmann had thought the Krause analysis ridiculous on its face, sat down to analyze it, and found a bust rather easily. Lasker then used the move to ambush Yates a few months later.

The game's not in the database yet, one of these days I'll get around to uploading it.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: <whiteshark: He ... took 2nd, behind Andreas Rosendahl, at Copenhagen 1895>

Anyone knows about this tournament? The game J Moeller vs J A Ros, 1895 is from Stockholm 1897.

Searching on the Danish words "skak københavn 1895 rosendahl" in Google I get 63.000 hits, mostly in English, all apparently repeating each other.

Jeremy Gaige's index also lists Copenhagen 1895.

Seaching Google advanced for Danish sites only, however, produces nothing (?) and it's not listed in Perhaps I should try harder.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: DeFelice in Chess Results gives a crosstable for "Copenhagen 1895 (1894-95?)". It's a double round event with 8 players. Andreas Christian Rosendahl 11.5, Krause 10, Vielhelm Nielsen 9, J H Giersing 8, Jorgen Moller 8, Axel Carl Martin Pritzel 6.5, F. Schroder 2, Karl Koppel 1.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: <Calli> Thanks. Yes it's the same players as in Gaige's index, and I can't find any games, but perhaps there are some in Skakbladet 1895ff which I believe Rosendahl was the first editor of.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Perhaps someone knows when Krause was the editor of the chess magazine Skakbladet? If he ever was.
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Krause was also responsible for this variation of the Petroff Defence:

1.e4 e5 2. ♘f3 ♘f6 3. ♘xe5 d6 4. ♘f3 ♘xe4 5. d4 d5 6. ♗d3 ♗e7 7. 0-0 ♘c6 8. ♖e1 ♗g4 9. c3 f5 10. c4

Dec-04-13  Yopo: [Event "Heidelberg"]
[Site "?"]
[Date "1921.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Krause"]
[Black "Alapin"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C41"]
[PlyCount "29"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 f5 4. dxe5 fxe4 5. Ng5 d5 6. e6 Nh6 7. Nc3 c6 8. Be2 Qf6 9. Nxd5 cxd5 10. Qxd5 Qf5 11. Bb5+ Ke7 12. Qc4 Bxe6 13. Nxe6 Qxe6 14. Bg5+ Kf7 15. Be8+ 1-0

May-18-14  Caissanist: The game I referred to above (in which Edward Lasker defeated Yates after Yates followed some of Krause's analysis) is in the Chessgames database now: Ed. Lasker vs Yates, 1913 .
Premium Chessgames Member
  Chessdreamer: not in the db

[Event "Nordic Congress 7th"]
[Site "Copenhagen"]
[Date "1916.??.??"]
[Round "6"]
[White "Krause, Orla Hermann"]
[Black "Nyholm, Gustaf"]
[Result "1-0"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[ECO "A53"]
[PlyCount "45"]

1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 d6 3.Nc3 Nbd7 4.Bg5 c6 5.Nf3 Qa5 6.Qc2 g6 7.e3 Bg7 8.Bd3 O-O 9.h4 e5 10.O-O-O b5 11.h5 bxc4 12.Bxc4 e4 13.hxg6 d5 14.Ne5 Nxe5 15.dxe5 Ng4 16.Rxd5 cxd5 17.Nxd5 h6 18.Qxe4 Bxe5 19.gxf7+ Kg7 20.Bxh6+ Kxf7 21.Qh7+ Ke6 22.Qe7+ Kf5 23.Bd3# 1-0

Nov-03-16  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Orla Krause.
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