chessgames.com

  
Kaissa (Computer)
Number of games in database: 10
Years covered: 1974 to 1977
Overall record: +7 -2 =1 (75.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.

Repertoire Explorer
Most played openings
B01 Scandinavian (4 games)

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Kaissa (Computer)
Search Google for Kaissa (Computer)


KAISSA (COMPUTER)
(born 1967) Russia

[what is this?]
Kaissa was a chess program developed at the Institute of Control Sciences in the Soviet Union in the early 1970s. The wane of hardware configurations of the preceding decade saw the Komsomolskaya Pravda (Newspaper) arrange matches for her in their newspaper, who suggested her modernized name - as she now had refined, merged and bug-checked algorithms to test on the international stage.

The program pioneered many techniques which soon became standard in computer chess programs, including the use of bitboards and several sophisticated algorithms. She won the first world computer chess championship in 1974 with a perfect 4/4, and tied for second in the second such event in 1977. She sometimes was run on an English ICL 4/70 computer, & could evaluate ~200 whole positions each second. The last Computer World Championship in which the program participated was the 1980 event, where she tied for fourth. After this, Soviet authorities made the decision to halt new development of the program and devote the programmers' time to more practical work. The chief programmers on the project were Mikhail Donsky, Vladimir Arlazarov and Anatoly Uskov, with assistance from Georgy Adelson-Velsky, Alexander R Bitman , Alexander Brudno, Sasha Resnitsky, Mikhail Botvinnik & Boris Stilman.

Reference: http://correspondencechess.com/marc...


 page 1 of 1; 10 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Kaissa vs Chaos  1-036 1974 World Computer ChampionshipB30 Sicilian
2. Tech 2 vs Kaissa  0-133 1974 World Computer ChampionshipB01 Scandinavian
3. Kaissa vs Frantz 1-034 1974 World Computer ChampionshipC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
4. Chess 4 vs Kaissa ½-½65 1974 World Computer ChampionshipB01 Scandinavian
5. Ostrich vs Kaissa 0-167 1974 World Computer ChampionshipA46 Queen's Pawn Game
6. Chaos vs Kaissa 0-143 1977 World Computer ChampionshipA56 Benoni Defense
7. Kaissa vs Tell 1-016 1977 World Computer ChampionshipC67 Ruy Lopez
8. Duchess vs Kaissa 1-048 1977 World Computer ChampionshipB01 Scandinavian
9. Kaissa vs Chess 4 0-144 1977 World Computer ChampionshipB00 Uncommon King's Pawn Opening
10. Black Knight vs Kaissa 0-157 1977 World Computer ChampionshipB01 Scandinavian
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Kaissa wins | Kaissa loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Jul-17-04  uponthehill: It was the first Soviet chess program. I recommend Bill Wall's article:

http://www.geocities.com/SiliconVal...

Jul-18-04  nikolaas: I was also the first computer worldchampion.
Jul-18-04  Lawrence: <nikolaas>, is that really you or is it <Ferby>?
Jul-18-04  nikolaas: <lawrence> ???
Jul-18-04
Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: <nikolaas> Change your sentence from "I was" to "It was" and prevent confusion. ;>)
Jul-18-04  nikolaas: Oww Sorry, didn't see that. But can I change it?
Feb-28-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: <nikolaas>
no, you can't change it
Feb-04-08  popski: Mikhail Botvinnik was one of the authors of Kaissa, afaik...
Jan-16-09
Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: <Mikhail Vladimirovich Donskoy, (1948 - January 13, 2009) was a Russian computer scientist and chess programmer. In 1971 he joined with Vladimir Arlazarov and Anatoly Uskov to program the successor of the ITEP Chess Program on an ICL System 4/70 at the Institute of Control Sciences, called Kaissa, which became the first World Computer Chess Champion in 1974 in Stockholm. The development of Kaissa was accompanied by Georgy Adelson-Velsky, Alexander Bitman, Alexander Brudno, Sasha Resnitsky, Boris Stilman and Mikhail Botvinnik.

From 1982 Mikhail Donskoy was the chief system programmer for the INES DBMS, the INES archive system original programmer. Since 1989 he was leader of the programmers group later growing into DISCo (Donskoy's Interactive Software Company). Mikhail Donskoy died of cancer at age 60.

Misha Donskoy kept his illness a secret even from his best friends, who were shocked to learn about his death. We contacted two of them who sent us the following brief messages.>

Source: http://www.chessbase.com/newsdetail...

May-12-09  myschkin: . . .

Roots: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaissa

Jun-18-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: Caissa the muse of chess was a nymph who first appeared in a poem composed in 1763 by Sir William Jones.

Part of it runs

"A lovely Dryad rang'd the Thracian wild,
Her air enchanting, and her aspect mild:
To chase the bounding hart was all her joy,
Adverse from Hymen and the Cyprian boy:
O'er hills and valleys was her beauty fam'd,
And fair Caissa was the damsel nam'd."

Jun-10-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  Caissanist: Kaissa is not the first Soviet chess program with a game in the database, that would be M20 (Computer) .
NOTE: You need to pick a username and password to post a reply. Getting your account takes less than a minute, totally anonymous, and 100% free--plus, it entitles you to features otherwise unavailable. Pick your username now and join the chessgames community!
If you already have an account, you should login now.
Please observe our posting guidelines:
  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, or profane language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, or duplicating posts.
  3. No personal attacks against other users.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
Blow the Whistle See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform an administrator.


NOTE: Keep all discussion on the topic of this page. This forum is for this specific player and nothing else. If you want to discuss chess in general, or this site, you might try the Kibitzer's Café.
Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of Chessgames.com, its employees, or sponsors.
Spot an error? Please suggest your correction and help us eliminate database mistakes!


home | about | login | logout | F.A.Q. | your profile | preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | new kibitzing | chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Little ChessPartner | privacy notice | contact us
Copyright 2001-2014, Chessgames Services LLC
Web design & database development by 20/20 Technologies