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Alexandre Louis Honore Lebreton Deschapelles
Number of games in database: 5
Years covered: 1821
Overall record: +2 -2 =1 (50.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.

Most played openings
000 Chess variants (4 games)

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(born Mar-07-1780, died Oct-27-1847, 67 years old) France

[what is this?]
Alexandre Louis Honoré Lebreton Deschapelles was born in Ville d'Avray and lost his right arm in the Battle of Fleurus (1794)*. He was one of the strongest chessplayers of the world in the first half of the 19th century mainly focusing on Pawn+Move odds matches. Some successes were his 6-1 match win over John Cochrane in 1821 (with the latter receiving odds of pawn and 2) and a tied match with Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint Amant (+1 -1 =1) in 1836 after not having played chess for 14 years. In 1842 he managed to beat Saint Amant +3 -2 =0. Deschapelles was the teacher of Louis Charles Mahe De La Bourdonnais.

*Wikipedia article: Battle of Fleurus (1794)

Wikipedia article: Alexandre Deschapelles

 page 1 of 1; 5 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Cochrane vs A Deschapelles 0-124 1821 Odds game000 Chess variants
2. Cochrane vs A Deschapelles 1-031 1821 casualC44 King's Pawn Game
3. Cochrane vs A Deschapelles 0-127 1821 casual odds game000 Chess variants
4. W Lewis vs A Deschapelles  ½-½35 1821 Pawn and move odds match (3 games)000 Chess variants
5. W Lewis vs A Deschapelles 1-027 1821 Odds Games000 Chess variants
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Deschapelles wins | Deschapelles loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Mar-03-06  LluviaSean: LOL!!! Dave Chapelle!!
Mar-25-06  EmperorAtahualpa: Are these two games in the database the only games we know from Deschapelles nowadays?
Oct-31-06  Gioachino Greco: <Emperor Atahualpa> Deschappelles also has several games at odds recorded against William Lewis in one of Lewis's books.
Dec-12-07  GeauxCool: Some more info on him in this article:

Egomaniacal Prototype

“I never thought, nor do I believe, that a player of my force could ever appear from the chilly regions of the north. A southern sun can alone organize a brain of sufficient chess-genius to cope with me.” -Deschappelles

(also see 'Pawns Game' near the bottom of the article. Strange, no?)

Mar-07-08  brankat: The man certainly had an enormous talent for games, particularly Chess.

Happy Birthday!

Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: C.N. 5764

<The truth of phrenology is strongly borne out by the conformation of Deschapelles' forehead; in which the organ of calculation is more considerably developed than in that of any other human being we ever saw. A high and sharp ridge stands forth as the boundary of his fine, square forehead; attracting, at the first glance, the earnest attention of the disciples of Combe and Spurzheim>

From page 46 of "Chess & Chess-Players" by George Walker (London, 1850). Sent in by Dominique Thimognier (St Cyr sur Loire, France).


He is surely referring to George Combe (1788 - 1858):


Johann Spurzheim (1776-1832):

Jan-06-09  WhiteRook48: that last game surprised me. Just newly added to the database. Hmm. Who submitted it?
Feb-16-09  WhiteRook48: he won 1/2 of his games!!
And lost the other half. :(
Mar-07-09  brankat: R.I.P.Master Deschapelles.
Mar-07-09  Granny O Doul: Dead for 162 years.... Time sure flies.
Premium Chessgames Member
  talisman: only 4 games for this guy?
oh well...happy birthday.
Premium Chessgames Member
  rogge: <talisman: only 4 games for this guy? oh well...happy birthday.>

Yeah, he should at least have more games than names :)

Mar-07-09  WhiteRook48: happy birthday!
Oct-09-09  newzild: <TheAlchemist>

Wow! Thanks for posting that. An awesome mate - up there with the best. Reminds me of the two famous games where Petrosian sacced the queen on h8.

Petrosian vs Spassky, 1966

Petrosian vs Simagin, 1956

Jun-17-10  Needle: <theAlchemist>
After 1...Kh8 2.Qe5 white's attack slows down a bit after 2...e1Q. A more forcing continuation is the beautiful 2.Nf7+ Kg8 3.Qxg7+ Kxg7 4.Bf6+ Kg8 5.Nh6# (don't credit it to me though, this was featured in Shredder chess puzzles today).

click for larger view

Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: <TruthHurts>Perhaps the greatest games-man in history, he was the strongest whist player in France and inventor of the Deschapelles Coup.

Here is a description of the Deschapelles Coup:

Premium Chessgames Member
  talisman: happy birthday d
Apr-08-11  GamerMan: Not only was he the strongest player at chess, he completely dominated the field. He made morphy's dominance look even. Not only did he win vs the best players of his time, he could offer them knight odds and still win. Kudos to you Deschapelles!
Mar-07-12  brankat: Only 5 of his games in the database?

Happy Birthday master Deschapelles.

Mar-07-12  Penguincw: R.I.O. Deschapelles. Enjoy your 232nd birthday or something.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Caissanist: Like most of the wonderful old material in the Chesscafe archives, the Deschapelles article has been moved and can only be found by searching. Here is the current link: .
Premium Chessgames Member
  Caissanist: Spinrad's piece also mentions that very few of Deschapelles' games have survived, so the five in this database are apparently all that still exist, even though he seems to have played a great deal. The article also lacks a picture of Deschapelles, so it would appear that none of those have survived either.
May-27-12  thomastonk: <Caissanist> A few more games of Deschappelles survived as well as some fragments. As an example I mention a game with Dumoncheau played June 21, 1841, and published in La Palamede 1842.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Oliveira: A portrait of Deschapelles:
Oct-13-14  Bubo bubo: <TheAlchemist: This is a famous game (composition, maybe?) attributed to Deschapelles against La Bourdonnais, where only the spectacular finale is known:>

Theo Schuster's book "Unvergessene Schachpartien" also gives only the final, but moreover claims that this game was played at very strange odds; allegedly Black started with 8 additional pawns, but w/o queen: <"Mit Weiß hatte Deschapelles seinem damaligen Schüler Labourdonnais acht Extrabauern für die Dame vorgegeben.">

I think I've seen the initial setup for this type of odds game somewhere:

click for larger view

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