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9th DSB Kongress, Leipzig Tournament

Siegbert Tarrasch13.5/17(+13 -3 =1)[games]
Paul Lipke13/17(+11 -2 =4)[games]
Richard Teichmann12/17(+10 -3 =4)[games]
Joseph Henry Blackburne11.5/17(+9 -3 =5)[games]
Karl Walbrodt11.5/17(+8 -2 =7)[games]
David Janowski10.5/17(+10 -6 =1)[games]
Georg Marco10.5/17(+7 -3 =7)[games]
Johann Nepomuk Berger9/17(+3 -2 =12)[games]
Emmanuel Schiffers9/17(+5 -4 =8)[games]
Jacques Mieses8.5/17(+7 -7 =3)[games]
Carl Schlechter8/17(+3 -4 =10)[games]
John Washington Baird7.5/17(+6 -8 =3)[games]
Hugo Suechting6.5/17(+4 -8 =5)[games]
Adolf Zinkl6/17(+2 -7 =8)[games]
James Mason5.5/17(+4 -10 =3)[games]
Kasimir De Weydlich5/17(+4 -11 =2)[games]
Paul Seuffert3/17(+2 -13 =2)[games]
Theodor von Scheve2.5/8(+2 -5 =1)[games]
* Chess Event Description
9th DSB Kongress, Leipzig (1894)

Tarrasch entered the 9th German Chess Association Congress under the pseudonym "Altmann", played strongly throughout and won with a round to spare. It was his fourth consecutive first prize. In the three prior events, he had lost only one game, although here he would lose three.

An important novelty, which aroused little comment at the time, was the introduction of chess clocks using knobs to stop one clockwork mechanism and start the other. Until then tumbling pendulum clocks had been used. The new clocks were "superior to and cheaper than our own", said Leopold Hoffer.

At the beginning of the second week, von Scheve, who was suffering from insomnia, withdrew. The rules of the tournament were that if a player had played more than half of his games, his score should stand and his remaining games be forfeited, but otherwise his whole score should be cancelled. This gave the committee difficulties because von Scheve had completed seven games and had three adjourned games. It decided that the unfinished would be considered as lost on time, and therefore von Scheve had completed half the possible number of games. Most of the players accepted this because they were not adversely affected, but Mieses postponed his game against Schiffers to protest, unsuccessfully. This game was still unplayed at the end of the tournament, and recorded as a draw - according to Kenneth Whyld in the tournament book.

Leipzig, German Empire (Saxony), 3-15 September 1894

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 Tarrasch X 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 = 1 1 1 1 13.5 2 Lipke 1 X = 1 0 1 = = 1 0 1 1 = 1 1 1 1 1 13 3 Teichmann 0 = X 1 1 0 0 = = 1 = 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 12 4 Blackburne 1 0 0 X = 0 = = 1 1 1 1 = = 1 1 1 1 11.5 5 Walbrodt 0 1 0 = X 1 = = 1 1 = = 1 = 1 1 1 = 11.5 6 Janowsky 0 0 1 1 0 X 1 1 0 1 = 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 10.5 7 Marco 0 = 1 = = 0 X = = 0 = 1 1 1 1 = 1 1 10.5 8 Berger 0 = = = = 0 = X = = = 1 = = = = 1 1 9 9 Schiffers 0 0 = 0 0 1 = = X = = = 1 = 1 1 = 1 9 10 Mieses 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 = = X 0 1 1 = 0 1 1 0 8.5 11 Schlechter 0 0 = 0 = = = = = 1 X 1 = = = 0 = 1 8 12 Baird 0 0 0 0 = 1 0 0 = 0 0 X 1 1 = 1 1 1 7.5 13 Suechting 0 = 0 = 0 1 0 = 0 0 = 0 X = 1 1 0 1 6.5 14 Zinkl = 0 0 = = 0 0 = = = = 0 = X 0 0 1 1 6 15 Mason 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 = 0 1 = = 0 1 X 0 1 1 5.5 16 de Weydlich 0 0 0 0 0 0 = = 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 X 0 1 5 17 Seuffert 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 = 0 = 0 1 0 0 1 X 0 3 18 von Scheve 0 F F 0 = 0 0 F 0 1 F 0 0 F F F 1 X 2.5

Based on an original collection by User: TheFocus.

 page 1 of 6; games 1-25 of 144  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Blackburne vs G Marco  ½-½3318949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC45 Scotch Game
2. Janowski vs Lipke 0-13718949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC47 Four Knights
3. Tarrasch vs Schlechter 1-04018949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC66 Ruy Lopez
4. J Mieses vs Teichmann 0-13618949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC13 French
5. P Seuffert vs J N Berger 0-13318949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC67 Ruy Lopez
6. K Walbrodt vs Von Scheve  ½-½3718949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
7. J W Baird vs Schiffers  ½-½6118949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC45 Scotch Game
8. H Suechting vs A Zinkl ½-½5918949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC14 French, Classical
9. K De Weydlich vs J Mason 1-04318949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigA20 English
10. Blackburne vs Schlechter 1-04018949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC30 King's Gambit Declined
11. Lipke vs Blackburne 1-04418949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC61 Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defense
12. Schlechter vs Janowski ½-½7218949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC72 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, 5.O-O
13. Janowski vs J N Berger 1-03618949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC67 Ruy Lopez
14. J W Baird vs Lipke 0-12418949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC50 Giuoco Piano
15. J N Berger vs Tarrasch 0-13318949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC77 Ruy Lopez
16. Tarrasch vs A Zinkl ½-½7418949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC82 Ruy Lopez, Open
17. A Zinkl vs P Seuffert 1-05118949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC82 Ruy Lopez, Open
18. P Seuffert vs Teichmann  0-12618949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC13 French
19. Teichmann vs H Suechting 1-03618949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC28 Vienna Game
20. K De Weydlich vs K Walbrodt  0-13518949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigA25 English
21. K Walbrodt vs J Mason  1-05918949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC77 Ruy Lopez
22. J Mason vs Schiffers 0-13118949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigD00 Queen's Pawn Game
23. Schiffers vs G Marco ½-½4018949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
24. Von Scheve vs J Mieses  1-04418949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC78 Ruy Lopez
25. G Marco vs J W Baird 1-04518949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC67 Ruy Lopez
 page 1 of 6; games 1-25 of 144  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Jun-02-15  zanzibar: A very nice historical photograph claims to be from this tournament:

Jun-30-16  zanzibar: The tournament write-up should definitely mention that this was the first DSB held after the death of Zwangzig in Jan. of that year.

He was a monumental figure in DSB history, and replacing him was a great challenge.

Jun-30-16  zanzibar: I'm a bit skeptical about the Altmann story (sorry, but it's my nature).

E.g. DSZ v49 (Aug 1894) p256 lists the planned attendees, and Tarrasch is plainly listed.

<TheFocus> - what's the source for the Altmann pseudonym?

Jun-30-16  zanzibar: Couldn't find any <Altmann>'s mentioned in BCM v14 (1894) either...

(Same for altman)

Jun-30-16  zanzibar: A tidbit - De Weydlich was a substitute for Minckwitz, who despite becoming insane prior to the tournament, was listed as a player at start:

but suddenly withdrew due to "illness":

Jul-01-16  zanzibar: Z-base looks to agree with <Focus>'s xtab...

Which is reassuming since we disagree with xtab published in <DSZ v49 (Oct 1894) p282> and <Reichhelm> both.

(and did I mention <BCM v14 (1894) p409's xtab as well?).

I double-checked the differing games with newspaper reports when I first spotted the disagreements. Then, came here to triple-check.

File under- declare a victory whilst ya can (aka quit while you're ahead).

Jul-01-16  Paarhufer: <zanzibar: I'm a bit skeptical about the Altmann story> See DWS, 16 September 1894.
Jul-01-16  zanzibar: <Paarhufe> Thanks for that ref; it's unfortunately not available on-line (it seems):

* * * * *

Here's the DSZ info:

<DSZ v49 (Aug 1894) p282>

(google translate)

<From Leipzig. The implication of the forthcoming international tournament in our walls promises to be very active. For the Masters tournament have so far been reported, among others: Ans Germany Dr. Tarrasch, A. Walbrcrdt, J. Mieses, C. v Bardeleben, Th v Scheve, P. Lipke;... from England Blackkurne, Gunsberg, Mason, Teichmann; further Janowski from Paris and J. Berger from Graz.

(Over the course of the tournament we will our Revered readers make more communications. D. Red.) <<>>>

<Aus Leipzig. Die Betheiligung an dem bevorstehenden internationalen Turnier in unseren Mauern verspricht sehr rege zu werden. Für das Meisterturnier haben sich bis jetzt unter Anderen gemeldet: Ans Deutschland Dr. Tarrasch, A. Walbrcrdt, J. Mieses, C. v. Bardeleben, Th. v. Scheve, P. Lipke; aus England Blackkurne, Gunsberg, Mason, Teichmann; ferner Janowski aus Paris und J. Berger aus Graz.

(Ueber den Verlauf des Turniers werden wir unseren
verehrten Lesern weitere Mittheilungen machen. D. Red.) >

I'm pretty sure this is on the very last page of the Aug 1894 issue.

Now, there is mention of an <Altmann> in a couple of places in the DSZ:

DSZ v49 (Sep 1894) p282 - right after the xtab:

<The first prize (800 ℳ) thus won Dr. S. Tarrasch, who had taken part under thorn pseudonym "Altmann" in the tournament Dr. Tarrasch has now received the first prize in an international tournament for the fourth time. He was at the Vertheüung the prices nor particularly honored by the award of a laurel wreath.<<>>>

<Den ersten Preis (800 dff) gewann demnach Dr. S. Tarrasch, der sich unter dorn Pseudonym „Altmann" an dem Turnier betheiligt hatte. Dr. Tarrasch hat nun zum vierten Male in einem internationalen Turnier den ersten Preis erhalten; er wurde bei der Vertheüung der Preise durch Verleihung eines Lorbeerkranzes noch besonders geehrt.>

I'm at a certain disadvantage in understanding the original text, having to trust google translate is problematic in these matters.

It does seem that the text suggest Tarrasch had entered as Altmann, even though the prior notice would indicate otherwise.

In DSZ v48 (Feb 1893) p58 there is this:

<From Vienna. With 23, mostly from academics are recruited (rekrutireuden) members has a "Club of chess friends" here up than The meeting place is the Cafe Central the Committee form the masters. (XVII district.):... Stud jur Ad Altmann, M. .. Modern, M. Taussig, S. Steiner, stud. med Haslinger, S. Epstein.<<>>>

<Aus Wien. Mit 23, zumeist aus Akademikern sich rekrutieren (rekrutireuden) Mitgliedern hat sich ein „Club der Schachfreunde" hier aufgethan. Das Versammlungslokal ist im Cafe Central (XVII. Bezirk). Den Ausschuss bilden die Herren: stud. jur. Ad. Altmann, M. Modern, M. Taussig, S. Steiner, stud. med. Haslinger, S. Epstein.>

* * * * *

So, I would like to think that Tarrasch might have used the pseudonym at various other times during his stay in Vienna, but not for the international tournament.

The main difficulty, for me, is that if he did enter under the pseudonym, the British press should have made a remark about it in the build-up to the tournament. That's my expectation, admittedly.

And if it did use the pseudonym for the international, the big question is why?

Most unsatisfying to have no answer to that.

Jul-10-16  Paarhufer: <zanziba> Tarrasch played under pseudonym, but chess periodicals and columns ignored this. There were several real chess players named Altmann in Vienna and Munich in those years, and that student was one of them.
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: I think this link has the picture <zanzibar> referred to in the first post on the page -- the link he posted is no longer good.

Sep-08-18  ughaibu: Why on Earth did Tarrasch play under a false name?
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: If playing under a pseudonym, it's not normal practice to publicise the reason why.
Sep-08-18  ughaibu: Not at the time, no. However, a certain amount of time has elapsed since.
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Well, be sure to share, when/if you find it.
Sep-08-18  ughaibu: Well, if I find it, I'll find it here, by virtue of someone answering the question I posted above. Unless the person answering is on your ignore list, sharing by me would be redundant.

So, who is on your ignore list?

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <Well, if I find it, I'll find it here, by virtue of someone answering the question I posted above.>

I'm kindly trying to suggest you won't find it. If nobody cared at the time - since his identity was common knowledge - nobody would have cared later.

Sep-08-18  ughaibu: <I'm kindly trying to suggest you won't find it.>

Very sweet of you, thanks, and I hope someday I'll be able to return the consideration.

<nobody would have cared later>

But I care! And it is later!!

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Taking into accounts all the provisos in the tournament description, it seems there are 2 games missing from the collection - BLACKBURNE - VON SCHEVE and MARCO - VON SCHEVE.

I'll submit the Blackburne game.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: The missing game must be explained thus:

<According to the <Standard>, 13 September, Von Scheve "received a telegram early in his game with Marco, and immediately withdrew from the tournament in consequence." This was further clarified in Hoffer's <Field> column on 15 September, which said:

<On Monday v. Scheve withdrew from the contest, in consequence of pressing family affairs, and after two consultations in committee and with the competitors, his unplayed games were given as won to each of his opponents, and scored as such in the table. As a matter of course, some of the players were not satisfied; but such incidents occur frequently enough, and cannot be avoided. Matters were, however, soon smoothed over, although Mieses is still very sore on the point, as he was chiefly damaged by v. Scheve's retirement.>

Whyld's introduction says that Von Scheve was suffering from insomnia, so perhaps he had arranged for a convenient excuse to be engineered for him.>

Tim Harding, <Joseph Henry Blackburne: A Chess Biography> (McFarland 2015), p.334.

The reference is to Whyld's tournament book, <Leipzig 1894> (Nottingham 1982). No contemporary collection appeared but a games' manuscript was 'preserved and passed down to German IM Heinrich Wagner who, before he died, gave Ken Whyld a copy for publication' (p.332). <Whyld> is missing Blackburne vs Von Scheve, 1894, as well as, presumably, the aborted Marco game.

Oct-25-20  Chessist: MIESES - SCHIFFERS is missing, too.

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