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Jan Willem te Kolste
J W te Kolste 

Number of games in database: 180
Years covered: 1895 to 1932
Overall record: +53 -89 =32 (39.7%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 6 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (36) 
    C66 C87 C80 C63 C84
 French Defense (12) 
    C14 C01 C12 C11 C10
 Four Knights (11) 
    C49 C48
 Ruy Lopez, Closed (9) 
    C87 C84 C89 C98
 Ruy Lopez, Open (7) 
    C80 C83 C82
 French (5) 
    C12 C11 C10
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (18) 
    C66 C80 C84 C79 C77
 French Defense (7) 
    C10 C14 C12 C00
 Vienna Opening (6) 
    C29 C26 C25
 Orthodox Defense (6) 
    D63 D67 D61 D60
 Queen's Pawn Game (5) 
    A46 D00 D02
 French (5) 
    C10 C12 C00
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Yates vs J W te Kolste, 1913 0-1
   Lasker vs J W te Kolste, 1908 0-1
   A van Foreest vs J W te Kolste, 1903 0-1
   J W te Kolste vs F W Pelzer, 1899 1-0
   J Davidson vs J W te Kolste, 1921 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Dutch Championship (1912)
   Dutch Championship (1921)
   Scheveningen (1913)
   London Olympiad (1927)
   Scheveningen (1905)
   31st DCA Congress, Hilversum (1903)
   27th DCA Congress, Amsterdam (1899)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Scheveningen 1913 by Phony Benoni

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Jan Willem te Kolste
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(born Sep-11-1874, died Jan-31-1936, 61 years old) Netherlands

[what is this?]

Jan Willem te Kolsté was born in 1874 in Utrecht, the Netherlands. He passed away in The Hague in 1936.

Wikipedia article: Jan Willem te Kolsté

Last updated: 2017-03-09 03:33:29

 page 1 of 8; games 1-25 of 180  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. J W te Kolste vs J F Heemskerk  0-1511895DCA Congress 23rdD00 Queen's Pawn Game
2. J D Tresling vs J W te Kolste  1-0341897AmsterdamA07 King's Indian Attack
3. R Loman vs J W te Kolste  1-0331897UtrechtC25 Vienna
4. N van Lennep vs J W te Kolste  1-0271897AmsterdamC54 Giuoco Piano
5. J W te Kolste vs Olland  1-0441897MatchC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
6. J W te Kolste vs Albin 0-1631898MatchB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
7. J W te Kolste vs Albin 0-1561898MatchA07 King's Indian Attack
8. J W te Kolste vs Swiderski  0-128189927th DCA Congress, AmsterdamC14 French, Classical
9. J W te Kolste vs J Dimer  ½-½25189927th DCA Congress, AmsterdamC63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense
10. J W te Kolste vs J D Tresling  0-148189927th DCA Congress, AmsterdamC01 French, Exchange
11. D Bleijkmans vs J W te Kolste  0-165189927th DCA Congress, AmsterdamC44 King's Pawn Game
12. H E Atkins vs J W te Kolste 1-019189927th DCA Congress, AmsterdamD60 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
13. J W te Kolste vs J F Heemskerk  0-141189927th DCA Congress, AmsterdamC67 Ruy Lopez
14. J Partaj vs J W te Kolste  1-047189927th DCA Congress, AmsterdamC48 Four Knights
15. J W te Kolste vs N Mannheimer  0-134189927th DCA Congress, AmsterdamC01 French, Exchange
16. Olland vs J W te Kolste 1-036189927th DCA Congress, AmsterdamC14 French, Classical
17. J W te Kolste vs W Schwan ½-½65189927th DCA Congress, AmsterdamC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
18. C Trimborn vs J W te Kolste  ½-½41189927th DCA Congress, AmsterdamA07 King's Indian Attack
19. J W te Kolste vs W Meiners  ½-½43189927th DCA Congress, AmsterdamC77 Ruy Lopez
20. A van Foreest vs J W te Kolste  1-028189927th DCA Congress, AmsterdamC50 Giuoco Piano
21. J W te Kolste vs F W Pelzer 1-018189927th DCA Congress, AmsterdamD00 Queen's Pawn Game
22. J Moquette vs J W te Kolste 1-029189927th DCA Congress, AmsterdamC39 King's Gambit Accepted
23. J W te Kolste vs W Meiners  0-134190129th DCA Congress, HaarlemC87 Ruy Lopez
24. J W te Kolste vs Olland  1-0661901ttC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
25. R Loman vs J W te Kolste  1-0451901HaarlemC30 King's Gambit Declined
 page 1 of 8; games 1-25 of 180  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | te Kolste wins | te Kolste loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: The highlight of Te Kolste's internatonal career was Baden-Baden, 1925. How did such a lesser-known player receive an invitation to such a prestigious tournament?
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: I have found out the answer to my own question. Max Euwwe withdrew from the Baden-Baden tournament, and the organisers wanted to replace him with another Dutch competitor, hence Te Kolste receiving the invitation.

Physically, Te Kolste would have to be one of the most imposing players in chess history - nearly 7 foot tall, weighing near 250 pounds and with hands the size of a chessboard.

Nov-08-09  returnoftheking: His performance at Baden-Baden was less imposing: 1.5/20. Thanks for the info Graham!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Willem Wallekers: The correct spelling is Jan-Willem <t>e Kolst<é>
Oct-17-13  Karpova: Haag (The Hague), 3-player tournament of the Chess Association <Discendo-Discimus>, 1925:

1. Kolste 2.5
2. Fontein 2.0
3. Loman 1.5

Source: Page 312 of the October 1925 'Neue Wiener Schachzeitung'

Nov-01-13  Karpova: J W te Kolste became Discendo Discumus Champion (The Hague Chess Club) in 1924.

He has been a club member for 27 years now.

He writes for the 'Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant'.

1902: Match win over Janowski

1905: Match vs Mieses ends 1.5-1.5

Drew a match against Reti (1-1)

From page 172 of the June 1924 'Neue Wiener Schachzeitung'

Nov-05-13  thomastonk: <Karpova: Drew a match against Reti (1-1)> I tried to find this match, but did not succeed. The WSZ does not explicitly speak here of a match, I would say. So, match or no match is the question.
Nov-06-13  Karpova: <thomastonk>

At least a match is suggested as the passage reads <So gewann er zum Beispiel im Jahre 1902 gegen Janowski ein Match, gegen Mieses spielte er 1905 unentschieden (1 1/2 : 1 1/2) und ebenso gegen Reti 1:1.>

The encounter with Janowski is called a match (I couldn't find info on it so far), the encounter with Mieses was a match

I didn't find anything on the games with Reti also, but as they were speaking of matches in the other two examples, I doubt that they were merely referring to a lifetime score up until 1924 (but possible, for sure). Match probably defined very loosely as merely two connected games minimum. The match against Janowski could have been informal, and also the one against Reti. He may have faced Reti after WWI, when Richard went to the Netherlands.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Stonehenge: Yes, they played two games in June / July 1919. I have been uploading some Reti games lately but I forgot which ones. Both 1919 games were adjourned, the first complete one I've already found.


"What Réti of life in Vienna tells defies all description, and he says, that it is strangely weary for him, to eat bread without ground wood, and butter... of which one couldn't even get no more ersatz, because eventually there was a lack of everything."

Nov-06-13  thomastonk: <Stonehenge> I've 4 games they played in 1919: one game in the Rotterdam tourney (te Kolste lost), one game in D.D. (te Kolste lost after a adjournment), one game from a simul in The Hague (te Kolste lost), and one game with incomplete game score which has been adjourned in this position:

click for larger view

Réti is playing Black and has the move and a clear advantage. Do you have the missing moves for this one?

Premium Chessgames Member
  Stonehenge: No, I couldn't find the missing moves.
Nov-06-13  thomastonk: Hello, <Karpova>! I wrote the message of yesterday, because I thought the quoted passage could be dubois: the match with Janowski has no result, and the result with Réti has no year. I spent much more than one hour with the Réti games, before I felt it is justified to ask the match/no match question.

That you could not find the match with Janowski so far, doesn't make things better. Today I've also tried to find it, but I only found a single game that te Kolsté won(!) against Janowski on October 15, 1901. It was one game of a serious of games that Janowski played against Dutch players like Olland, Speijer, and Leussen. The reports differ (as usual), but with respect to te Kolsté's game they are consistent (which means on the other hand, that there are no signs for more than one game).

Nov-06-13  Karpova: <Stonehenge>

Thanks for the info on the Reti games!

<Stonehenge> <thomastonk>

So these two Reti games from 1919 - could they constitute the match (in the widest sense) that ended 1:1? The link now doesn't work for me.


So it seems that there is no doubt about the Mieses match and we have a likely candidate for a Reti "match", yet the only event, which is clearly stated to have been a match, we cannot find a trace of.

Perhaps it was only a most informal pair of games (maybe the moves haven't even been recorded), or the series of games against Dutch players were mistaken for a match.

Another possibility: Could it be that they meant "game" when writing "match" (and not "match" as an event consisting of more than one game between two players)?

For sure, just because it has been written down does not mean that it is the gospel truth and people make mistakes, even in excellent publications - that's also why I try to always cite the sources.

Nov-06-13  thomastonk: <Karpova> Okay, I forgot the good news: the three games with Mieses are not in question: they were played in January 1905 on three consecutive days; the first game was drawn, the second one was won by te Kolsté, the third one by Mieses (both wins with Black, btw). All games are published in the "Tijdschrift van den KNSB".

About the Reti match: I think it is possible, but not very likely. (A stupid remark. The correct answer is: it is unknown to me. ;-) )

The details. Behind <stonehenge>'s link I found the newspaper "Algemeen Handelsblad" of June 22, 1919, containing an announcement of a game between Réti and te Kolsté for tuesday. I assume that this is the game which I mentioned as won by Réti after adjournment, because its first part has been published on June 25 (a wednesday) and the remaining moves on July 5. The only game that I see to make a 1:1 possible, is the incomplete one (published on July 15). But if te Kolste managed to win this one, a source must exist. But maybe 1919 is the wrong year?!

The only win of te Kolsté over Réti that I know for sure is from 1922, but it belongs to a small tournament.

<Another possibility:..> No, I don't think so. I know only one prominent example where the German "Schachpartie" (chess game) has been used for "Match" or "Wettkampf" (match), but that's a sad story about translation.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Introduction to Second Edition, p.10, <The Life and Games of Akiva Rubinstein, Volume 2: The Later Years> (Russell Enterprises, 2011):

<These resources proved to be quite reliable but others on the Internet less so. One account described the Dutch master Jan Willem te Kolste as "one of the most imposing players in chess history - nearly 7 foot tall, weighing near 250 pounds and with hands the size of a chessboard." This would be quite fascinating if it was true but we found no evidence to support these claims.>

Jul-16-17  Adriano Saldanha: te Kolste has the first game in this database with 2 ...f6 reply to the Levitsky attack. Does he deserves a "te Kolste!" defense named to it in his honour? I think this would definitely make him more famous. It should be a case to confirm the originality (historically speaking), because the other common requirements ("tournament use" and "consistency of the move") seems to be already proven by time.
Apr-28-18  zanzibar: RE: <... nearly 7 foot tall, weighing near 250 pounds and with hands the size of a chessboard. ...>

He is indeed a rather large man, who can be found seated at the far right of the <Scheveningen (1905)> tournament, hat in hand.

Like many men, his weight probably increased as he aged, so I'd like to see GC's source for context.

The hands as big as a chessboard might be a bit of an exaggeration, unless you're referring to this kind of chessboard:

I'm inclined to think te Kolste could palm it.

* * * * *

Is anybody able to get a high quality scan of <Scheveningen (1905)> group photo (say at 600 dpi)?

If so, care to share? I'd be most appreciative - it's a good source of portraits otherwise hard, or impossible, to find.

Apr-28-18  john barleycorn: <zanzibar: ...

The hands as big as a chessboard might be a bit of an exaggeration, unless you're referring to this kind of chessboard: ...>

just a question on the side. when I hear and read of all the playing through games just in their head ... why does Fischer need a pocket chess set besides the chess magazine?

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Why do people need to look at their phones all the time?
Apr-29-18  john barleycorn: to make sure it is not stolen?
Apr-29-18  WorstPlayerEver: Te Great Kolsté!
Pronounced as 'Kolstay'
Apr-29-18  zanzibar: Moved thread to Fischer...
Dec-05-18  Straclonoor: I find one game te Kolste missed here.
Thanks to <Jean Defuse>!

[Event "Kolste-Albin match"] [Site "Hague"]
[Date "1898.04.15"]
[Round "5"]
[White "Te Kolste, Jan Willem"]
[Black "Albin, Adolf"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "B00"]
[Source "Tijdschrift van den Nederlandse schaakbond, 1898 Vol. 06"] 1.e4 e6 2.d4 b6 3.d5 e5 4.Nf3 Qf6 5.c4 Bc5 6. Nc3 h6 7.a3 a5 8.Nb5 Na6 9.Be2 c6 10.Nc3 Bd4 11.0-0 Bxc3 12.bxc3 c5 13.Rab1 Qd6 14.Nh4 Bb7 15.f4 Ne7 16.Qb3 exf4 17.Bxf4 Qf6 18.Bg3 Qg5 19.Rbe1 Nc8 20.Rf5 Qe3+ 21.Bf2 Qd2 22.Nf3 a4 23.Qxa4 Qxc3 24.Ne5 Nb8 25.Qd1 Nd6 26.Nxf7 Nxf7 27.Rxf7 Kxf7 28.Rf1 Kg8 29.Bh5 Rh7 30.Qg4 g5 31.Bg3 Na6 32.Qf5 Qd4+ 33.Kh1 Qg7 34.Bg6 Qe7 35.Be5 Rg7 36.Bf6 Rf8 37.e5 d6 38.Bxe7 Rxf5 39.Bxf5 Rxe7 40.exd6 Re8 41.Be6+ Kh8 42.Rf7 Bxd5 43.d7 Rd8 44.Bxd5 Nb8 45.Be6 Nc6 46.Kg1 Nd4 47.Bd5 Kg8 48.Re7+ Kf8 49.Rf7+ Kg8 50.Re7+ Kf8 51.Rf7+ Kg8 52.Kf2 b5 53.cxb5 Nxb5 54.a4 Nc3 55.Rf5+ Nxd5 56.Rxd5 Kf7 57.Ke2 Ke6 58.Rd2 h5 59.a5 Rxd7 60.Rxd7 Kxd7 61.Kd3 1-0

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