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George Atwood
Number of games in database: 27
Years covered: 1794 to 1801
Overall record: +17 -9 =1 (64.8%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games.

Repertoire Explorer
Most played openings
C41 Philidor Defense (9 games)
C37 King's Gambit Accepted (4 games)
000 Chess variants (4 games)
B21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4 (3 games)
D20 Queen's Gambit Accepted (2 games)
C23 Bishop's Opening (2 games)
C53 Giuoco Piano (2 games)

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(born 1745, died Jul-11-1807, 61 years old) United Kingdom

[what is this?]
George Atwood was born in London, October, 1745. He was an English mathematician and lecturer at Cambridge. In 1776, he was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of London. William Pitt, British Prime Minister, was one of Atwood’s former students. He gave Atwood a position as a personal secretary and an office in the Treasury. In the 1784, he created the Atwood machine for verifying experimentally the laws of acceleration of motion. Atwood is best known for his work A Treatise on the Rectilinear Motion and Rotation of Bodies, a textbook on Newtonian mechanics.

In 1787, he joined the London Chess Club. At the club, from 1787 to 1800, he recorded his own games and the games of others, including François André Philidor. This was not a common practice at the time. On June 20, 1795, he took part in Philidor’s last blindfold performance.

In 1798, he defeated Jonathan Wilson in a match (3-0). In 1799 he again defeated Wilson, (3-0).

When George Atwood passed away on July 11, 1807, he left his chess notebook to Jonathan Wilson. When Wilson passed away in 1833, Atwood’s notebook was bought by George Walker. In 1835, Walker, based on Atwood’s chess notebook, wrote Selection of Games at Chess, actually played by Philidor and his Contemporaries, published in London. The book contained 47 of Philidor’s games.

Wikipedia article: George Atwood

 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 27  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. G Atwood vs Philidor ½-½401794LondonD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
2. G Atwood vs Philidor 0-1401794LondonB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
3. G Atwood vs Philidor 1-0401794CasualB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
4. Philidor vs G Atwood 1-0221794London000 Chess variants
5. J Wilson vs G Atwood 1-0141795LondonC37 King's Gambit Accepted
6. Philidor vs G Atwood 0-1481795Odds Game a1 Rook and c7 pawnC30 King's Gambit Declined
7. G Atwood vs Cotter 0-1321795CasualC23 Bishop's Opening
8. G Atwood vs Philidor 0-1251795London000 Chess variants
9. Cotter vs G Atwood 0-1281795CasualC23 Bishop's Opening
10. G Atwood vs Philidor 0-1121795LondonC37 King's Gambit Accepted
11. G Atwood vs J Wilson 1-0221795CasualC41 Philidor Defense
12. Philidor vs G Atwood 1-0271795London000 Chess variants
13. Philidor vs G Atwood 0-1141795London000 Chess variants
14. J Wilson vs G Atwood 1-0481795CasualD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
15. G Atwood vs J Bruehl 0-1291796CasualC41 Philidor Defense
16. G Atwood vs J Wilson 1-0221798CasualC41 Philidor Defense
17. J Wilson vs G Atwood 0-1331798London 5C37 King's Gambit Accepted
18. NN vs G Atwood 0-1231798London 5C37 King's Gambit Accepted
19. G Atwood vs J Wilson 1-0211801CasualC41 Philidor Defense
20. G Atwood vs J Wilson 1-0361801CasualC53 Giuoco Piano
21. G Atwood vs Campbell 1-0241801CasualC41 Philidor Defense
22. G Atwood vs J Wilson 1-0201801CasualC41 Philidor Defense
23. G Atwood vs J Wilson 1-0321801CasualC53 Giuoco Piano
24. G Atwood vs J Wilson 1-0191801CasualC41 Philidor Defense
25. G Atwood vs J Wilson 1-0251801CasualC41 Philidor Defense
 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 27  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Atwood wins | Atwood loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Jul-13-05  sneaky pete: Mathematician, Westminster, London, b. October 1745, d. July 11, 1807. More info see
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: <sneaky pete> You should've put yourself forward as a biographer to <>.


Jul-27-06  nescio: <An Englishman: We owe this guy a lot for saving some of Philidor's games.>

But also for his imaginative play. See for instance the game G Atwood vs J Wilson, 1798 in which we see a very early example of a positional sacrifice (8.Ngxe4), evident as it may seem nowadays.

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheTamale: Not everyone can claim a win over bad link--impressive!
Mar-26-09  Open Defence: <Benzol> I think the link to Wilson in this bio needs to be corrected
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: <Open Defence> Thanks for pointing out this error. Hopefully it works now.
Mar-26-09  WhiteRook48: very good AtWood-chopping
Mar-27-09  Open Defence: glad to be of help <Benzol>
Nov-30-09  sigi: George Walker's Book of 1835 is accessible through Google books. If Walker is right, Wilson's forename was Joseph not Jonathan.
Jul-27-10  BIDMONFA: George Atwood

ATWOOD, George

Jul-28-10  Bent75: George Atwood play Chess I like to do;
If Atwood don't find the way to his oponent's King, he construct a way! Mikhail Tal dit it the same way!
Nov-06-11  grasser: I feel some type of retro-active ratings should be issued to these fine players of old.
May-03-17  bobmeadley: Very good bio of George Atwood in Fiske's American Chess Monthly 1859. It is interesting to read a profile of one of Philidor's strongest opponents. Is it time for a modern e-book on Philidor and his chess and music friends or has it been done already?
May-03-17  althus: The only decent newish book on Philidor I know of is Susanna Poldauf's one, in German, which really puts his musical activity in context. No e- or English, unfortunately.
May-04-17  bobmeadley: Thanks Althus for your prompt reply. I have put together some Philidor research from Australian and American chess sources.About 85 pages so far. Mostly about his 1749 games which are 'manufactured' according to von der Lasa.This all started when a friend asked me to help him with his proposed Philidor novel. Now on hold. I can see what stopped him.It is Philidor's music side. Anyway I would like to place this material on a website for sharing. How would you do that Althus? I am old school.
May-04-17  althus: Hi Bob. I've a soft spot for Philidor. He deserves a book, a good one, akin to Michael's Lasker tome. What exists about him is so scattered, yet he's as well-rounded as Lasker. There's the music, and most chessplayers are unaware of his games of draughts. Then there was the fellow a few years back who tracked down his final resting place -- that was interesting.

Anyhow, we can take it to e-mail. I think I recognize your name from the KWA. Are you on their member's contact list?

May-04-17  bobmeadley: Althus, Am in contact with Gordon Cadden who found Philidor's resting place. I have asked him if a book is intended but he has not replied as yet. He's a busy man. Yes let's take it to email. I am friendly with Bert Corneth who is a member of KWA.I know Bert is a great collector and he has our email as does Tony Peterson the UK book dealer. I am not a member of KWA. I don't know Michael's Lasker tome. Am a bit behind there.
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