chessgames.com

Philidor 
 
François André Philidor
Number of games in database: 51
Years covered: 1749 to 1795
Overall record: +17 -3 =4 (79.2%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      27 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 King's Gambit Accepted (8) 
    C38 C35 C33
With the Black pieces:
 Bishop's Opening (5) 
    C23 C24
 Sicilian (4) 
    B21 B20
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Philidor vs NN, 1749 1-0
   J Bruehl vs Philidor, 1783 0-1
   Smith vs Philidor, 1790 0-1
   Philidor vs NN, 1790 1-0
   Philidor vs NN, 1790 1-0
   NN vs Philidor, 1749 0-1
   Sheldon vs Philidor, 1790 0-1
   H Conway vs Philidor, 1790 0-1
   Philidor vs NN, 1790 1-0
   Philidor vs NN, 1790 1-0

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Philidor by Runemaster
   a-1749 by wina
   1 by gr2cae
   Chess Prehistory by Joe Stanley
   Blunder check: Francois Andre Philidor by nimh
   lotussutra's favorite games by lotussutra
   equanimus' favorite games by equanimus

GAMES ANNOTATED BY PHILIDOR: [what is this?]
   NN vs Philidor, 1749

Search Sacrifice Explorer for François André Philidor
Search Google for François André Philidor


FRANçOIS ANDRé PHILIDOR
(born Sep-07-1726, died Aug-31-1795) France

[what is this?]
François-André Danican Philidor was born on September 7th, 1726, in Dreux France. He was both a chess and musical prodigy--his first musical composition was played before King Louis XV when he was only 11 years old. He was taught chess by Kermur Sire De Legal, who initially gave him rook odds, until the young Philidor became too strong for his teacher.

In 1744 Philidor played two chess games blindfolded simultaneously in public in Paris, a feat never before known to have been accomplished. In 1749 his "Analysis of Chess" was published in London, the first chess book to explain the openings, the middlegame, and the general strategy of chess. The book claimed that Les pions sont l'ame du jeu, a phrase that became widely known as 'the pawns are the soul of chess', a maxim known to chessplayers ever since.

His name is associated with the endgame commonly called the Philidor position, which is among the most important fundamental endgame positions.(1) Philidor's name is also associated with a fundamental chess tactic commonly known as Philidor's Legacy, a smothered mating pattern involving a queen and knight. However this is only a traditional name, as the tactic first appeared in print by a book by Luis Ramirez de Lucena.

He passed away in London, England in 1795.

(1) 100 Endgames You Must Know, Jesus Maria De La Villa Garcia, New in Chess.

Wikipedia article: François-André Danican Philidor; List of Operas by Philidor: Wikipedia article: List of operas by Philidor; YouTube recording of Philidor's Sancho Pança (1762) / Opéra-bouffon in one act / Opera LaFayette: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OHzP...


 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 51  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. NN vs Philidor 0-132 1749 Analyse du jeu des ÉchecsC41 Philidor Defense
2. Philidor vs NN 1-040 1749 UnknownC23 Bishop's Opening
3. Bernard / Carlier vs Philidor 1-032 1780 Miscellaneous Game000 Chess variants
4. T Bowdler vs Philidor ½-½51 1783 London blind simB20 Sicilian
5. Maseres vs Philidor 0-158 1783 Blindfold Simultaneous000 Chess variants
6. J Bruehl vs Philidor 0-147 1783 Blindfold simulC23 Bishop's Opening
7. J Bruehl vs Philidor ½-½44 1787 LondonC23 Bishop's Opening
8. Nowell vs Philidor 0-160 1788 London Blind Simul000 Chess variants
9. Philidor vs J Bruehl 0-120 1788 London000 Chess variants
10. J Bruehl vs Philidor 0-144 1788 London m/7C38 King's Gambit Accepted
11. Leycester vs Philidor ½-½79 1788 London000 Chess variants
12. Leycester vs Philidor 0-129 1788 Odds London000 Chess variants
13. Leycester vs Philidor 0-124 1788 blind sim.000 Chess variants
14. Philidor vs J Bruehl  ½-½49 1788 London000 Chess variants
15. Leycester vs Philidor 0-135 1788 Odds London000 Chess variants
16. Philidor vs J Bruehl 1-048 1788 London000 Chess variants
17. Philidor vs J Bruehl 1-028 1789 London000 Chess variants
18. Philidor vs J Bruehl 0-139 1789 London000 Chess variants
19. Philidor vs Cotter 1-022 1789 London000 Chess variants
20. Philidor vs J Bruehl 1-019 1789 London000 Chess variants
21. Philidor vs J Wilson 1-044 1789 London000 Chess variants
22. Philidor vs NN 0-144 1790 UnknownC35 King's Gambit Accepted, Cunningham
23. H Conway vs Philidor 0-146 1790 LondonC23 Bishop's Opening
24. Philidor vs NN 1-029 1790 UnknownC30 King's Gambit Declined
25. Philidor vs NN 1-016 1790 UnknownC38 King's Gambit Accepted
 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 51  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Philidor wins | Philidor loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 10 OF 10 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Aug-03-10  vonKrolock: better reading <<ERN->> <<"E<<rn>>elinde, princesse de Norvège">> (Paris 1767, reprise in Versailles 1773) some other titles:
"L'Amant déguisé, ou Le Jardinier supposé" (1769) ; "L'Huître et les plaideurs, ou Le Tribunal de la chicane" (1759) etc

Amongst his favorite colaborators, were librettista Michel Jean Sedaine (1719-1797), and prima-donna Marie-Thérèse Laruette (1744-1837)

Aug-03-10  vonKrolock: Some rewiews of the American "Sancho Pança" : the W. P. (by Anne Midgette) <..."a simple but adroit piece of work, with strong ensembles interspersed with set solo arias, and pat verse songs juxtaposed with rambling humorous monologues.".> http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dy...

Tim Smith, 'The Baltimore Sun' <"The score reflects the composer's gift for charming melodic lines and colorful orchestration, not to mention occasionally vivid harmonic turns. Every now and then, the quality of the music really was striking, even -- dare I say? -- almost evocative of Mozart. "> http://weblogs.baltimoresun.com/ent...

Charles Downey, from 'Ionarts', quotes a contemporary criticism: <"on July 15, 1762 -- within days of hearing the premiere -- Baron von Grimm noted in his Correspondance littéraire with Diderot..."> ... <"A poet who could not make something of the governorship of Sancho Pança should be strangled. M. Poinsinet did not know how to provide situations to the composer either. Except for the scene with the coward who fights with Sancho, dying of fear just like him, I hardly see anything in it that merits the name of situation; and worse, most of the airs do not have much effect. M. Philidor spent a lot on harmony and noise, and not much on melody or musical ideas. He repeated himself in several places; in others he borrowed bits from On ne s'avise jamais de tout and even Annette et Lubin. In a word, this new work by M. Philidor will not hold up to the reputation of Le maréchal ferrant."> http://ionarts.blogspot.com/2010/05...

Aug-07-10  vonKrolock: Rating list (avant-la-lettre) of the most popular Comic Operas' composers (public performances in Paris between 1771 and 1780) 1 Grétry 1.222 (17); Monsigny 661 (10); 3 Duni 461 (10); 4 <Philidor> with 458 performances of (11) different titles, then follow Dezède 160 (8), Martini 139 (3), Gossec 102 (2) etc

Ranking, also for the period 1771-80 , of the most performed operas:

1 "Le Déserteur" (Monsigny) 154; 2 "Lucile" (Grétry) 142; 3 "Le Roi et le Fermier" (Monsigny) 141; 4 "Rose et Collas" (Monsigny) 133; "Zémire et Azor" (Grétry) 128; <<"Rom Jones">> <(PhilidoK)> 124; then follow works by Sacchini, Duni , Martini with his "L'Amoureux de 15 Ans" from 1771 with 102 etc

Next to "Tom Jones" (here an extract from an English performance with Brian Burrows etc)

Philidor&id=Z8NL--C4ocA&pos=18">http://www.voobys.com/video/video.p...

Philidor's most popular operas were "Le Maréchal Ferrant" and "Le Sorcier" with sixty performances each. His success was quite standing, was the only title retired from the repertoire was "Le Jardinier de Sidon", while his last work to appear in that period, "Les Femmes Vengées", had forty-six presentations since 1775

"Ernelinde" was a 'serious' opera, and regarded by the critics as an invasion attempt by the Italian style - but nonetheless studied and copied, by Philidor's rivals, for it's novelties. More specificly, the ambitious Grétry, was caught, in post-mortem analysis, borrowing <sic 'unashamedly' - op. cit.> from both Monsigny and Philidor (account based in researches by David Charlton in his important work "Grétry & the Growth of Opéra-Comique (CUP 1986)

Aug-22-10  vonKrolock: <"Le Diable à quatre, ou La double métamorphose"> text by Michel-Jean Sedaine, was composed partly by Philidor, and the remaining by Jean-Louis Laruette, and staged in 1756. ( <!!> Therefore before 'Blaise')

further titles not quoted in the above posts:
<"Le Quiproquo, ou Le volage fixé"> 1760; <"Le Bûcheron, ou Les trois souhaits"> 1763; <"Les Fêtes de la paix "> 1763; <"Le Tonnelier"> 1765; <"La Nouvelles École des femmes "> 1770; < "Le Bon Fils"> 1773; <"Zémire et Mélide"> 1773 <"Protogène"> 1779 (unfinished score available); <"Persée"> 1780 this one is a 'lyrical tragedy', performed in Paris, at the Académie Royale de Musique in 1780; <"Thémistocle"> , also a tragedy, 1785; <"L'Amitié au village"> comedy 1785; <" La Belle Esclave, ou Valcour et Zéïla"> Philidor music for this 'comédie en prose'>presented in 1787 Paris, in the Théâtre du Comte de Beaujolais, where also wa presented <"Le Mari comme il les faudrait tous, ou La nouvelle école des maris"> in 1788

Philidor's last Opera, <"Bélisaire"> with libretto by Bertin d'Antilly, staged posthumously in October 3th 1796, was finished by composer Henry Berton. (source for this post so far: operone.de)

<"Carmen Saeculare">, with texts in Latin by Horace, is a profane 'Oratorio'. Presented first in London, in 1779, and then in Paris, in 1780

caution <?!> with the title 'Le Sorder' - found just in one amateur french source: more details?!

Aug-31-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  Marmot PFL: Evidently there were several generations of composers in the Philidor family, like the Bachs, but not at that level. Danican was the original family name, the name Philidor was given to one of FAP's ancestors by Louis XIII in the 17th century.
Dec-27-10  myschkin: . . .

"Philidor and the Café de la Régence Chess Masters"

http://publishing.cdlib.org/ucpress...

source:

"Crescendo of the virtuoso"
(P.1, Ch.1, 17ff, by Paul Metzner, 1998)

Jan-29-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  chancho: François-André Danican Philidor - Pavane pour la petite guaire

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jDR7...

Starts at 0:11...

Jan-29-11  Xeroxx: He hasn't been playing much lately.
Feb-22-11  SirChrislov: More Philidor games:

http://www.amazon.com/Analyse-jeu-d...

Jun-24-11  vonKrolock: <"Tom Jones" (here an extract from an English performance with Brian Burrows> correct link http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z8NL... and the Aria <"Ô toi qui ne peux m'entendre"> http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j8SO...

Further pair of arias from Philidor sung by the same C. Eda-Pierre

<"Tout dormait"> From "Mélide ou le navigateur " http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=99ct...

and the comical <"De la Coquette volage"> from "Les Femmes vengées" http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B9EY...

...but that <"Pavane pour la petite guaire">, so typically Seventeenth-century music - is by an older Philidor, for sure

Aug-25-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Quote of the Day

< Skittles are the social glasses of chess - indulged in too freely they lead to inebriation, and weaken the consistent effort necessary to build up a strong game. >

-- André Philidor

???

Sep-01-11  sfm: When asked about the greatest player of all time Larsen said something like: "Philidor! As I can think of no better way to evaluate that question, than to look at how much the greatest player of the time was ahead of their contemporaries".
Sep-07-12  rapidcitychess: Years beyond his time...

Happy birthday, if you can hear me.

Sep-07-12  LoveThatJoker: WC Philidor, today you are remembered!

LTJ

Oct-31-12  Conrad93: I don't think he years beyond his time, more like generations. His ideas are astoundingly modern.
May-21-13  Expendable Asset: You can still obtain a copy of Philidor's book <Analysis of the Game of Chess> here: http://www.amazon.com/Analysis-Ches....

Book description: <This is an EXACT reproduction of a book published before 1923. This IS NOT an OCR'd book with strange characters, introduced typographical errors, and jumbled words. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process, and hope you enjoy this valuable book.>

May-21-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  ketchuplover: Happy birthday and RIP or vice-versa.
May-21-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: <ketchuplover> <Happy birthday and RIP or vice-versa.> Apparently neither :-)

FRANçOIS ANDRé PHILIDOR

(born Sep-07-1726, died Aug-31-1795) France

Sep-07-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: Today is the day.
Sep-07-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  twinlark: <Conrad> Finally something to agree with! Indeed Philidor was ridiculously ahead of his time. The first deep thinker of the game.
Sep-07-13  Penguincw: R.I.P. To one of the best players who ever lived.
Jan-23-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: A question:

In his article on Philidor's Blindfold play on pages 202-206 of the July-August 1912 'Wiener Schachzeitung', Krejcik annotates these three games from a blindfold Simul:

J Bruehl vs Philidor, 1783
T Bowdler vs Philidor, 1783
Maseres vs Philidor, 1783

The games are introduced (p. 203) by a quote from the <London News-Papers vom 8. Mai 1785> and the first sentence reads <Gestern hat Philidor im Schach-Klub in der St. Jamesstreet [...].> which says that Philidor gave a 3-player blindfold Simul yesterday, i. e. May 7, 1785.

Now, the three games here are all dated 1783, only the one against Maseres more detailed as May 8, 1783.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fran%C... has May 9, 1783, but without a source.

Von Mauvillon ('Anweisung zur Erlernung des Schach-Spiels, mit besonderer Rücksicht auf diejenigen, denen das Spiel durchaus unbekannt ist', 1827) has May 8, 1785: http://books.google.de/books?id=7iU...

http://www.chesscafe.com/text/kibit... has 1783, but the date May 8 appears questionable (perhaps Philidor drawing Brühl, beating Jennings and Erskine) and May 26 as the Brühl-Bowdler-Mazieres(Maseres) display according to the 'Whitehall Evening Post'.

<SBC> got a two-game blindfold Simul on May 8, 1783, against Brühl and Bowdler (and possibly Atwood): http://www.edochess.ca/batgirl/Phil... giving the very Brühl game.

So my question: Is 1783 or 1785 correct and what about the exact date? Is it May 8 only because of a newspaper of that day? I wouldn't be surprised if 1785 was a typo or Krejcik followed an incorrect, earlier source, but want to bring up this issue. In my opinion, it seems as if these games were played in May 1783. But the day may not be that clear.

Jan-23-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  thomastonk: <Karpova> I've the "Whitehall Evening Post" of May 27 - 29 (!?), 1783 before me. The text is:

"Monday, at the Chess Club in St.James's street, Mr. Philidor performed one of those wonderful exhibitions for which he is so much celebrated. He played at the same time three different games without seeing either of the tables. His opponents were Compte Bruhl and Dr. Browdler (the two best players in London) and Mr. Mazieres. He defeated Compte Bruhl in an hour and twenty minutes, and Mr. Mazieres in two hours. Dr. Browdler reduced his game to a drawn battle in an hour and three quarters. [...]"

(I've left out the text that you can find in the kibitzer issue.) There are no game scores.

The same article appeared in the "Morning Herald and Daily Advertiser" (London) on May 28, 1783.

Jan-23-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: <thomastonk>

Thank you very much! As the 'Whitehall Evening Post' you quoted refers to Monday, it establishes the date of the 3-player blindfold Simul as May 26, 1783 - as this is the date of Monday of that week according to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Grea...

Mar-11-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: If he were brought forward to the present day he'd need just a couple of minutes to catch up on theory then he'd be straight in settling the hash of these parvenus Carlsen, Aronian and their kith. LOL!
Jump to page #    (enter # from 1 to 10)
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 10 OF 10 ·  Later Kibitzing>
NOTE: You need to pick a username and password to post a reply. Getting your account takes less than a minute, totally anonymous, and 100% free--plus, it entitles you to features otherwise unavailable. Pick your username now and join the chessgames community!
If you already have an account, you should login now.
Please observe our posting guidelines:
  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, or profane language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, or duplicating posts.
  3. No personal attacks against other users.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
Blow the Whistle See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform an administrator.


NOTE: Keep all discussion on the topic of this page. This forum is for this specific player and nothing else. If you want to discuss chess in general, or this site, you might try the Kibitzer's Café.
Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of Chessgames.com, its employees, or sponsors.
Spot an error? Please suggest your correction and help us eliminate database mistakes!


home | about | login | logout | F.A.Q. | your profile | preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | new kibitzing | chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Little ChessPartner | privacy notice | contact us
Copyright 2001-2014, Chessgames Services LLC
Web design & database development by 20/20 Technologies