Members · Prefs · Laboratory · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing

Janowski - Marshall, Match 2 Match

Frank James Marshall10/17(+8 -5 =4)[games]
David Janowski7/17(+5 -8 =4)[games] Chess Event Description
Janowski - Marshall, Match 2 (1905)

Following the Cambridge Springs (1904) tournament, where Marshall came out the victor and Janowski tied for 2nd, there was much interest in arranging a match between the two - not just for its intrisic interest, but as a possible precursor to a challenge to Lasker. This came about in Paris from January 24-March 7, 1905.

The conditions of the match were published in the British Chess Magazine for February, 1905:

"The stakes of 500 dollars each side to be deposited with the President of the Philidor Chess Club. The victory to be decided by attaining the score of eight won games, drawn games not counting. If the scores should be seven each, the match will be prolonged until one of the players wins ten games, which will then be decisive. If the scores come to nine each, the match will be declared drawn.

Three games will be played each week, on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, from 1:30 p.m. to 6 p.m., and from 8:30 p.m. till midnight. Unfinished games will be resumed the next day at the same hours. The time limit is 30 moves in the first two hours, and 15 moves per hour afterwards."

Later, a clause was added allowing each player one postponement, Marshall taking advantage of this on February 4th due to a severe cold.

The match was played in a small room at the Philidor Club of Paris to which only the players, their witnesses, and the director were admitted. Moves were displayed on a large board in the lobby for the public's behalf.

The play saw Marshall twice pop out to two-point leads, and Janowski come back to tie the score. Then Marshall popped out to a three-point lead, which soon settled the matter.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Marshall 1 1 0 = 0 = 1 1 0 0 1 = 1 1 = 0 1 10 Janowski 0 0 1 = 1 = 0 0 1 1 0 = 0 0 = 1 0 7

Marshall had White in the odd-numbered games.

An additional game, played a week after the match ended for a separate stake of 500 francs (300 to the winner, 200 to the loser), was provided by Janowski's patron, Leo Nardus. This game, won by Janowski, is sometimes included as part of this match. See Janowski vs Marshall, 1905.

Janowski accepted the defeat with his usual good grace:

"Mr. F. J. Marshall, Paris

DEAR Sir: - I consider that the result of our match far from proving our respective abilities. On the contrary, as in the great majority of games I allowed the 'win or draw' to escape me, I am persuaded that normally I should have won very easily.

I therefore challenge you to a return match on the following conditions: - The first winner of ten games to be declared the winner, draws not to count. I also offer you the advantage of four points: that is to say, my first four wins are not to count. Stakes are not to exceed 5,000 francs. JANOWSKI"

Foolhardy, to say the least. When Janowski - Marshall, Match 3 (1908) was finally played three years later, Janowski won by only three points. Janowski - Marshall, Match 1 (1899) was the first of five match-play encounters between the two rivals.


American Chess Bulletin, February 1905, p. 24-26.

British Chess Magazine, February 1905, p. 59; March 1905, p. 105.

Marshall v. Janowski: the games of the Paris match with notes by F. J. Marshall; reprinted from the Manchester Guardian. Kegan Paul, 1905. Available at:

Original collection: Game Collection: Janowski vs. Marshall Matches, by User: Phony Benoni.

 page 1 of 1; 17 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Marshall vs Janowski 1-0821905Janowski - Marshall, Match 2D32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
2. Janowski vs Marshall 0-1431905Janowski - Marshall, Match 2D40 Queen's Gambit Declined, Semi-Tarrasch
3. Marshall vs Janowski 0-1501905Janowski - Marshall, Match 2D51 Queen's Gambit Declined
4. Janowski vs Marshall ½-½671905Janowski - Marshall, Match 2D30 Queen's Gambit Declined
5. Marshall vs Janowski 0-1471905Janowski - Marshall, Match 2D51 Queen's Gambit Declined
6. Janowski vs Marshall ½-½521905Janowski - Marshall, Match 2B23 Sicilian, Closed
7. Marshall vs Janowski 1-0311905Janowski - Marshall, Match 2D10 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
8. Janowski vs Marshall 0-1301905Janowski - Marshall, Match 2B23 Sicilian, Closed
9. Marshall vs Janowski 0-1661905Janowski - Marshall, Match 2D60 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
10. Janowski vs Marshall 1-0891905Janowski - Marshall, Match 2C48 Four Knights
11. Marshall vs Janowski 1-0571905Janowski - Marshall, Match 2D67 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, Bd3 line
12. Janowski vs Marshall ½-½471905Janowski - Marshall, Match 2B23 Sicilian, Closed
13. Marshall vs Janowski 1-0701905Janowski - Marshall, Match 2D32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
14. Janowski vs Marshall 0-1541905Janowski - Marshall, Match 2C63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense
15. Marshall vs Janowski ½-½401905Janowski - Marshall, Match 2D63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
16. Janowski vs Marshall 1-0481905Janowski - Marshall, Match 2D02 Queen's Pawn Game
17. Marshall vs Janowski  1-0671905Janowski - Marshall, Match 2D60 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
 page 1 of 1; 17 games  PGN Download 
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

TIP: You can make the above ads go away by registering a free account!

Kibitzer's Corner
There is no kibitzing for this page, yet.
NOTE: You need to pick a username and password to post a reply. Getting your account takes less than a minute, totally anonymous, and 100% free--plus, it entitles you to features otherwise unavailable. Pick your username now and join the chessgames community!
If you already have an account, you should login now.
Please observe our posting guidelines:
  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, or profane language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, or duplicating posts.
  3. No personal attacks against other members.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No posting personal information of members.
Blow the Whistle See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform an administrator.

NOTE: Keep all discussion on the topic of this page. This forum is for this specific tournament and nothing else. If you want to discuss chess in general, or this site, you might try the Kibitzer's Café.
Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of, its employees, or sponsors.
Spot an error? Please suggest your correction and help us eliminate database mistakes!

home | about | login | logout | F.A.Q. | your profile | preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | new kibitzing | chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | Notable Games | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | privacy notice | contact us
Copyright 2001-2018, Chessgames Services LLC