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Marshall 
 
Frank James Marshall
Number of games in database: 1,316
Years covered: 1893 to 1944
Overall record: +523 -329 =412 (57.7%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      52 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Orthodox Defense (132) 
    D53 D51 D63 D60 D61
 Queen's Pawn Game (71) 
    D00 A46 D02 A45 A40
 Tarrasch Defense (64) 
    D32 D33 D34
 Queen's Gambit Declined (41) 
    D31 D37 D30 D06 D38
 French Defense (29) 
    C01 C10 C12 C11 C13
 Center Game (23) 
    C21 C22
With the Black pieces:
 Petrov (91) 
    C42 C43
 Ruy Lopez (76) 
    C63 C62 C89 C77 C90
 Queen's Pawn Game (63) 
    D02 D00 D05 A46 E10
 Four Knights (51) 
    C49 C48 C47
 French Defense (45) 
    C12 C11 C00 C10 C01
 Queen's Gambit Declined (35) 
    D30 D38 D06 D37 D31
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   S Levitsky vs Marshall, 1912 0-1
   Marshall vs G Marco, 1904 1-0
   Marshall vs Burn, 1900 1-0
   Janowski vs Marshall, 1912 0-1
   Marshall vs Stodie, 1920 1-0
   E M Jackson vs Marshall, 1899 0-1
   Marshall vs Von Scheve, 1904 1-0
   Marshall vs H Rogosin, 1940 1-0
   Marshall vs Chigorin, 1905 1-0
   Marshall vs Capablanca, 1909 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Lasker - Marshall World Championship Match (1907)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Monte Carlo (1904)
   Scheveningen (1905)
   15th DSB Kongress (Nuremberg) (1906)
   Cambridge Springs (1904)
   New York Masters (1911)
   Vienna (1903)
   New York Masters (1915)
   Paris (1900)
   Ostend (Championship) (1907)
   Moscow (1925)
   Karlsbad (1911)
   Ostend (1905)
   Monte Carlo (1902)
   Monte Carlo (1903)
   Vienna (1908)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   MARSHALL'S BEST GAMES OF CHESS by hitsujyun
   Janowski vs. Marshall Matches by Phony Benoni
   Marshall Martials by chocobonbon
   Monte Carlo 1904 by suenteus po 147
   New York 1924 by Benzol
   99_Ostende A 1907 (Champion Tourn. to play Laske by whiteshark

GAMES ANNOTATED BY MARSHALL: [what is this?]
   Marshall vs Burn, 1900
   Marshall vs R Short, 1894
   Marshall vs D Gladstone, 1932
   Marshall vs P Gotay, 1936
   Kevitz vs Marshall, 1937
   >> 10 GAMES ANNOTATED BY MARSHALL

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FRANK JAMES MARSHALL
(born Aug-10-1877, died Nov-09-1944, 67 years old) United States of America

[what is this?]
Frank James Marshall, born in New York City on August 10, 1877, was United States champion from 1909-1936 and a respected international competitor for the first quarter of the 20th century.

He began international play by winning the Minor tournament at London 1899. In his major tournament debut at Paris 1900, Marshall finished =3rd with Geza Maroczy, defeating World Champion Emanuel Lasker in their individual game.

Known for an aggressive style and an ability to get out of trouble that earned him the nickname "The Great Swindler", Marshall recorded both high finishes and disappointing results in elite tournaments. For example, his best result came at Cambridge Springs 1904 where he finished 2.0 points ahead of Lasker and David Janowski. On the other hand, he finished in mid-field at Ostend 1905. His other successes at this time, which included 1st at Schevenigen 1905, 3rd at Barmen 1905 (1/2-point behind Janowski and Maroczy), and first at Nuremberg 1906 helped him find backing for the Lasker-Marshall World Championship Match (1907). However, he lost this match heavily by a score of +0 -8 =7. He suffered another disaster in Capablanca - Marshall (1909) (+1 -8 =14), but continued to be a dangerous and respected opponent in international play for many years. One of his best results came when he won the Havana tournament of 1913, edging out Capablanca by half a point.

Marshall won the US Championship by defeating Jackson Whipps Showalter in a 1909 match (+7 -2 =3). He defended the title once, against Edward Lasker in 1923 (+5 -4 =9), finally relinquishing it voluntarily in 1936 to allow the championship to be decided by tournament play.

Several opening variations are named after him, notably Ruy Lopez, Marshall (C89). Though his original use of it in Capablanca vs Marshall, 1918 resulted in a loss, the gambit is still studied today and played occasionally at the highest levels.

notes: Frank played consultation chess on the teams of Lasker/Chigorin/Marshall/Teichmann & Marshall / Allies.


 page 1 of 53; games 1-25 of 1,316  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Steinitz vs Marshall 1-026 1893 SimulC03 French, Tarrasch
2. Pillsbury vs Marshall 0-134 1894 blind-simulD06 Queen's Gambit Declined
3. Pillsbury vs Marshall 0-129 1894 BFX MontrealC31 King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit
4. Marshall vs R Short 1-018 1894 ch Montreal CCC51 Evans Gambit
5. R Short vs Marshall 0-122 1895 freeC51 Evans Gambit
6. V Sournin vs Marshall 0-134 1896 New YorkA80 Dutch
7. Marshall vs W Napier 0-134 1896 Napier - MarshallC45 Scotch Game
8. W Napier vs Marshall 1-047 1896 Napier - MarshallB01 Scandinavian
9. Marshall vs W Napier 0-138 1896 Napier - MarshallA84 Dutch
10. W Napier vs Marshall 1-035 1896 Napier - MarshallB06 Robatsch
11. Marshall vs W Napier 0-123 1896 Napier - MarshallC29 Vienna Gambit
12. W Napier vs Marshall ½-½75 1896 Napier - MarshallC00 French Defense
13. Marshall vs W Napier ½-½72 1896 Napier - MarshallC50 Giuoco Piano
14. Marshall vs W Napier 1-027 1896 Napier - MarshallD31 Queen's Gambit Declined
15. W Napier vs Marshall ½-½75 1896 Napier - MarshallC02 French, Advance
16. W Napier vs Marshall 1-068 1896 Napier - MarshallC00 French Defense
17. Marshall vs W Napier 0-177 1896 Napier - MarshallC55 Two Knights Defense
18. H Helms vs Marshall 1-034 1897 SimulD00 Queen's Pawn Game
19. Marshall vs W Napier 1-054 1897 Ch CityD01 Richter-Veresov Attack
20. W Napier vs Marshall 1-065 1897 Ch CityC02 French, Advance
21. Marshall vs W Napier 1-046 1897 Ch CityA80 Dutch
22. Pillsbury vs Marshall 1-039 1897 blindfold exhibitionC13 French
23. H McMahon vs Marshall 0-17 1897 Ch CityC43 Petrov, Modern Attack
24. Marshall vs H Helms 0-133 1897 Ch CityC44 King's Pawn Game
25. Marshall vs J Tatum 1-054 1897 Ch CityD53 Queen's Gambit Declined
 page 1 of 53; games 1-25 of 1,316  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Marshall wins | Marshall loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 12 OF 12 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jun-27-14  ljfyffe: For Marshall-G.K. Powell (1916), see Simultanees de Marshall a Toronto by Larry Fyffe in Au Nom Au Roi p.92
Jul-12-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  wwall: But the Nov-Dec issue of American Chess Bulletin said that when they met after 23 years, at the Hotel Shelton in New York, neither one could remember whose move it was, so they did not finish the game started 23 years ago. Instead, they played three rapid transit games, Marshall winning two and drawing one.
Jul-12-14  IFNB: I'm curious what Marshall would rate if he were time warped into the present day.
Jul-12-14  RookFile: I think he's be about Nakamura's level. Just a notch below the top.
Jul-25-14  ljfyffe: Alas, time-wraping is science FICTION.
Aug-10-14  Penguincw: R.I.P. World Championship Challenger, Frank James Marshall.
Aug-10-14  ljfyffe: Be a great poet, be a great chess player...and live forever.
Aug-12-14  MissScarlett: Seems likely that he was named after Frank James, brother of Jesse. He was born in 1877, shortly after the James' gang had reached the apex of their infamy: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesse_...
Aug-12-14  ljfyffe: Charles and Benjamin were two of Frank Marshall's brothers(Hilbert), but contemporary supporting evidence of some sort or another is surely needed to make it more than mere speculation that he's the namesake of an American outlaw.
Aug-13-14  ljfyffe: On the othet hand, few would argue that the notorious outlaw John Wesley Hardin wasn't named after the famous Methodist preacher John Wesley , but then the situation is quite reversed, as that concerning Marshall's name. None other than Bob Dylan transformed the outlaw Hardin into a preacher of a kind whom, he wrote, robbed the rich to give to the poor while holding a gun "in every hand".
Aug-13-14  ljfyffe: That of course should be "of whom, he wrote..." in the immediate above. By the way, is "anal retentive" spelt with a hyphen?
Aug-13-14  ljfyffe: And there is evidence that collaborates from whence Hardin got his first and second names: his father was a Methodist preacher. ("Yes, it is", referring to the question above.)
Aug-14-14  ljfyffe: Charles Harding, Saint John, NB, 1891 chess champion, is no relation to the outlaw. Dylan (Zimmerman) added a "g" to the outlaw's name in a ballad.
Aug-15-14  ljfyffe: Bob Dylan states that he took his name from the famous poet Dylan Thomas, not TV's Marshall Dillon, who got his name from the famous chessplayer Frank Marshall (just kidding about the last part!)
Aug-15-14  Granny O Doul: Don't know about "named for", but I remember Dmitry Gurevich reporting in Chess Life that Larry Christiansen was related to John Dillinger, and that one could see the fact reflected in his chess.
Aug-15-14  ljfyffe: Kept escaping from tight situations? Or he carried a submachine gun?
Aug-16-14  ljfyffe: And as far as the poet Robert Lee Frost's name goes, well, that's a road I'm not going to take.
Aug-30-14  ljfyffe: Spelling error:that should be Marshal Dillon.
Oct-30-14  ljfyffe: Interesting quote in reference to F.J. Marshall
at 1896 NYSCA tournament:<Among the contestants in the general tourney was the young
Canadian player, F.(J.) Marshall, formally of Montreal, but now a resident of Brooklyn.>
St. John Globe, Feb. 28, 1896.
Oct-30-14  diceman: <ljfyffe:

By the way, is "anal retentive" spelt with a hyphen?>

...a colon.

Oct-31-14  ljfyffe: Or to be half-ass about the whole thing: semi-colon.
Dec-06-14  ljfyffe: <"After the Christmas holidays in 1893, the first event of consequence that captured Marshall's
interest was the Twenty-first Canadian Chess Association Congress, conveniently held that year at his home club. The Congress opened on Tuesday 16, 1894, with entry remaining open for the championship of Canada until noon the next day. Eight competitors, six from Montreal along with the well-respected James E. Narraway of Ottawa and A.T. Davison of Toronto, entered the
lists of the double-round affair. The out-of-town
players had great success. Davison won the championship with a scoreof 9.5-4.5 with Narraway in second a full point behind. D.C. Robertson and Robrert Short tied for third and fourth at 7.5-6.5, with Marshall, fifth at 7-7. The three remaining players, including J.P. Cooke, the 1893 Montreal Chess Champion, Joseph N.
Babson, and William H. Hicks, were badly outclassed, with Cooke finishing sixth withwith a 4-10 score. As the crosstable for the event reveals, Marshall, though finishingwith an even score, managed to defeat the champion, Davison, 2-0, while splitting his games with Narraway, thus finishing with an excellennt 3-1 record against the two top finishers.">
Young Marshall by John S. Hilbert, Moravian Press, 2002.
Dec-19-14  1d410: Just discovered this player. What great games!
Dec-20-14  ljfyffe: <1d410>Marshall, of course, did not have all the resources that the great players of today have..so to make such comparisons is really a mug's game..I researched quite a bit for "Young Marshall" during the time when Frank was a "Canadian" lad.
Dec-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: Hi 1d410,

"Just discovered this player. What great games!"

One of my all time heroes. There is no doubt at all his play and attitude to the game inspired me.

I Did a whole piece on him which went down well....and I did not show or use the 'gold coins game.'

http://www.redhotpawn.com/blog/blog...

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