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Frank James Marshall
Number of games in database: 1,310
Years covered: 1893 to 1944
Overall record: +519 -327 =412 (57.6%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      52 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Orthodox Defense (130) 
    D53 D51 D63 D60 D61
 Queen's Pawn Game (71) 
    D00 A46 D02 A45 A40
 Tarrasch Defense (64) 
    D32 D33 D34
 Queen's Gambit Declined (41) 
    D31 D37 D30 D06 D38
 French Defense (29) 
    C01 C10 C12 C11 C13
 Center Game (23) 
    C21 C22
With the Black pieces:
 Petrov (91) 
    C42 C43
 Ruy Lopez (75) 
    C63 C62 C89 C77 C90
 Queen's Pawn Game (62) 
    D02 D00 D05 A46 E10
 Four Knights (51) 
    C49 C48 C47
 French Defense (44) 
    C12 C11 C00 C10 C01
 Queen's Gambit Declined (35) 
    D30 D38 D06 D37 D31
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   S Levitsky vs Marshall, 1912 0-1
   Marshall vs G Marco, 1904 1-0
   Marshall vs Burn, 1900 1-0
   Janowski vs Marshall, 1912 0-1
   Marshall vs Stodie, 1920 1-0
   E M Jackson vs Marshall, 1899 0-1
   Marshall vs Von Scheve, 1904 1-0
   Marshall vs H Rogosin, 1940 1-0
   Marshall vs Chigorin, 1905 1-0
   Marshall vs Capablanca, 1909 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Lasker - Marshall World Championship Match (1907)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Janowski - Marshall, Match 2 (1905)
   15th DSB Kongress (Nuremberg) (1906)
   Cambridge Springs (1904)
   Scheveningen (1905)
   Monte Carlo (1904)
   New York Masters (1911)
   Vienna (1903)
   New York Masters (1915)
   Paris (1900)
   Ostend (Championship) (1907)
   Moscow (1925)
   Karlsbad (1911)
   Ostend (1905)
   Monte Carlo (1903)
   Monte Carlo (1902)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Janowski vs. Marshall Matches by Phony Benoni
   Marshall Martials by chocobonbon
   New York 1924 by Benzol
   99_Ostende A 1907 (Champion Tourn. to play Laske by whiteshark

   Marshall vs Burn, 1900
   Marshall vs R Short, 1894
   Marshall vs D Gladstone, 1932
   Marshall vs P Gotay, 1936
   Kevitz vs Marshall, 1937

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(born Aug-10-1877, died Nov-09-1944, 67 years old) United States of America

[what is this?]
Frank James Marshall, born in New York City on August 10, 1877, was United States champion from 1909-1936 and a respected international competitor for the first quarter of the 20th century.

He began international play by winning the Minor tournament at London 1899. In his major tournament debut at Paris 1900, Marshall finished =3rd with Geza Maroczy, defeating World Champion Emanuel Lasker in their individual game.

Known for an aggressive style and an ability to get out of trouble that earned him the nickname "The Great Swindler", Marshall recorded both high finishes and disappointing results in elite tournaments. For example, his best result came at Cambridge Springs 1904 where he finished 2.0 points ahead of Lasker and David Janowski. On the other hand, he finished in mid-field at Ostend 1905. His other successes at this time, which included 1st at Schevenigen 1905, 3rd at Barmen 1905 (1/2-point behind Janowski and Maroczy), and first at Nuremberg 1906 helped him find backing for the Lasker-Marshall World Championship Match (1907). However, he lost this match heavily by a score of +0 -8 =7. He suffered another disaster in Capablanca - Marshall (1909) (+1 -8 =14), but continued to be a dangerous and respected opponent in international play for many years. One of his best results came when he won the Havana tournament of 1913, edging out Capablanca by half a point.

Marshall won the US Championship by defeating Jackson Whipps Showalter in a 1909 match (+7 -2 =3). He defended the title once, against Edward Lasker in 1923 (+5 -4 =9), finally relinquishing it voluntarily in 1936 to allow the championship to be decided by tournament play.

Several opening variations are named after him, notably Ruy Lopez, Marshall (C89). Though his original use of it in Capablanca vs Marshall, 1918 resulted in a loss, the gambit is still studied today and played occasionally at the highest levels.

notes: Frank played consultation chess on the teams of Lasker/Chigorin/Marshall/Teichmann & Marshall / Allies.

 page 1 of 53; games 1-25 of 1,310  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Steinitz vs Marshall 1-026 1893 SimulC03 French, Tarrasch
2. Pillsbury vs Marshall 0-129 1894 BFX MontrealC31 King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit
3. Marshall vs R Short 1-018 1894 ch Montreal CCC51 Evans Gambit
4. Pillsbury vs Marshall 0-134 1894 blind-simulD06 Queen's Gambit Declined
5. R Short vs Marshall 0-122 1895 freeC51 Evans Gambit
6. Marshall vs W Napier ½-½72 1896 Napier - MarshallC50 Giuoco Piano
7. Marshall vs W Napier 1-027 1896 Napier - MarshallD31 Queen's Gambit Declined
8. W Napier vs Marshall ½-½75 1896 Napier - MarshallC02 French, Advance
9. W Napier vs Marshall 1-068 1896 Napier - MarshallC00 French Defense
10. Marshall vs W Napier 0-177 1896 Napier - MarshallC55 Two Knights Defense
11. V Sournin vs Marshall 0-134 1896 New YorkA80 Dutch
12. Marshall vs W Napier 0-134 1896 Napier - MarshallC45 Scotch Game
13. W Napier vs Marshall 1-047 1896 Napier - MarshallB01 Scandinavian
14. Marshall vs W Napier 0-138 1896 Napier - MarshallA84 Dutch
15. W Napier vs Marshall 1-035 1896 Napier - MarshallB06 Robatsch
16. Marshall vs W Napier 0-123 1896 Napier - MarshallC29 Vienna Gambit
17. W Napier vs Marshall ½-½75 1896 Napier - MarshallC00 French Defense
18. Marshall vs H Helms 0-133 1897 Ch CityC44 King's Pawn Game
19. Marshall vs J Tatum 1-054 1897 Ch CityD53 Queen's Gambit Declined
20. H Helms vs Marshall 1-019 1897 Ch CityA80 Dutch
21. Marshall vs H Hansen  0-135 1897 freeC44 King's Pawn Game
22. Marshall vs S G Ruth 0-136 1897 Ch CityD63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
23. H Helms vs Marshall 1-034 1897 SimulD00 Queen's Pawn Game
24. Marshall vs W Napier 1-054 1897 Ch CityD01 Richter-Veresov Attack
25. W Napier vs Marshall 1-065 1897 Ch CityC02 French, Advance
 page 1 of 53; games 1-25 of 1,310  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Marshall wins | Marshall loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 12 OF 12 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jun-10-14  ljfyffe: In the first Montreal chess club championship (1893), Marshall came third behind first place J.P. Cooke and second D.C. Robertson. He had 11 points out of a possible 18. In the 1894 Canadian Championship in Montreal, he came fifth behind 1st A.T. Davison, 2nd J.E. Narraway, 3rd /4th R.Short, D.C. Robertson. He had 7 points out of a possible 14.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: One of the top 15 tournament players of all time!
(Not much of a match player, for some reason. Was it boredom?) He could beat anyone in the world when he was on form. Well done, Frankie!!
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: By what reckoning is Marshall one of the top fifteen tournament players in history?
Jun-11-14  ljfyffe: As in sports, chessplayers are to be judged in context of the time they played. I don't know about 15, but he certainly is recognized as one of the chess greats. Like Fischer, he brought attention to the game.
Jun-27-14  ljfyffe: For Marshall-G.K. Powell (1916), see Simultanees de Marshall a Toronto by Larry Fyffe in Au Nom Au Roi p.92
Premium Chessgames Member
  wwall: But the Nov-Dec issue of American Chess Bulletin said that when they met after 23 years, at the Hotel Shelton in New York, neither one could remember whose move it was, so they did not finish the game started 23 years ago. Instead, they played three rapid transit games, Marshall winning two and drawing one.
Jul-12-14  IFNB: I'm curious what Marshall would rate if he were time warped into the present day.
Jul-12-14  RookFile: I think he's be about Nakamura's level. Just a notch below the top.
Jul-25-14  ljfyffe: Alas, time-wraping is science FICTION.
Aug-10-14  Penguincw: R.I.P. World Championship Challenger, Frank James Marshall.
Aug-10-14  ljfyffe: Be a great poet, be a great chess player...and live forever.
Aug-12-14  MissScarlett: Seems likely that he was named after Frank James, brother of Jesse. He was born in 1877, shortly after the James' gang had reached the apex of their infamy:
Aug-12-14  ljfyffe: Charles and Benjamin were two of Frank Marshall's brothers(Hilbert), but contemporary supporting evidence of some sort or another is surely needed to make it more than mere speculation that he's the namesake of an American outlaw.
Aug-13-14  ljfyffe: On the othet hand, few would argue that the notorious outlaw John Wesley Hardin wasn't named after the famous Methodist preacher John Wesley , but then the situation is quite reversed, as that concerning Marshall's name. None other than Bob Dylan transformed the outlaw Hardin into a preacher of a kind whom, he wrote, robbed the rich to give to the poor while holding a gun "in every hand".
Aug-13-14  ljfyffe: That of course should be "of whom, he wrote..." in the immediate above. By the way, is "anal retentive" spelt with a hyphen?
Aug-13-14  ljfyffe: And there is evidence that collaborates from whence Hardin got his first and second names: his father was a Methodist preacher. ("Yes, it is", referring to the question above.)
Aug-14-14  ljfyffe: Charles Harding, Saint John, NB, 1891 chess champion, is no relation to the outlaw. Dylan (Zimmerman) added a "g" to the outlaw's name in a ballad.
Aug-15-14  ljfyffe: Bob Dylan states that he took his name from the famous poet Dylan Thomas, not TV's Marshall Dillon, who got his name from the famous chessplayer Frank Marshall (just kidding about the last part!)
Aug-15-14  Granny O Doul: Don't know about "named for", but I remember Dmitry Gurevich reporting in Chess Life that Larry Christiansen was related to John Dillinger, and that one could see the fact reflected in his chess.
Aug-15-14  ljfyffe: Kept escaping from tight situations? Or he carried a submachine gun?
Aug-16-14  ljfyffe: And as far as the poet Robert Lee Frost's name goes, well, that's a road I'm not going to take.
Aug-30-14  ljfyffe: Spelling error:that should be Marshal Dillon.
Oct-30-14  ljfyffe: Interesting quote in reference to F.J. Marshall
at 1896 NYSCA tournament:<Among the contestants in the general tourney was the young
Canadian player, F.(J.) Marshall, formally of Montreal, but now a resident of Brooklyn.>
St. John Globe, Feb. 28, 1896.
Oct-30-14  diceman: <ljfyffe:

By the way, is "anal retentive" spelt with a hyphen?>

...a colon.

Oct-31-14  ljfyffe: Or to be half-ass about the whole thing: semi-colon.
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