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Frank James Marshall
Number of games in database: 1,354
Years covered: 1893 to 1944

Overall record: +530 -336 =413 (57.6%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 75 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Orthodox Defense (136) 
    D51 D63 D50 D61 D60
 Queen's Pawn Game (71) 
    D00 A46 D02 A45 A40
 Tarrasch Defense (65) 
    D32 D33 D34
 Queen's Gambit Declined (39) 
    D31 D37 D06 D30 D38
 French Defense (31) 
    C01 C10 C13 C12 C11
 Center Game (28) 
    C21 C22
With the Black pieces:
 Petrov (92) 
    C42 C43
 Ruy Lopez (79) 
    C63 C62 C77 C89 C90
 Queen's Pawn Game (64) 
    D02 D00 D05 E10 A46
 Four Knights (53) 
    C49 C48 C47
 French Defense (42) 
    C12 C11 C01 C00 C02
 Queen's Gambit Declined (35) 
    D30 D38 D06 D37 D31
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   S Levitsky vs Marshall, 1912 0-1
   Marshall vs G Marco, 1904 1-0
   Marshall vs Burn, 1900 1-0
   Janowski vs Marshall, 1912 0-1
   Marshall vs Stodie, 1920 1-0
   Marshall vs H Rogosin, 1940 1-0
   E M Jackson vs Marshall, 1899 0-1
   Marshall vs Capablanca, 1909 1-0
   Marshall vs Von Scheve, 1904 1-0
   Marshall vs Chigorin, 1905 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Lasker - Marshall World Championship Match (1907)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Monte Carlo (1904)
   Janowski - Marshall, Match 2 (1905)
   Scheveningen (1905)
   Cambridge Springs (1904)
   15th DSB Kongress (Nuremberg) (1906)
   16th DSB Kongress, Duesseldorf (1908)
   Havana (1913)
   9th American Chess Congress (1923)
   Vienna (1903)
   New York Masters (1915)
   Paris (1900)
   Moscow (1925)
   Karlsbad (1911)
   Monte Carlo (1903)
   Monte Carlo (1902)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   MARSHALL'S BEST GAMES OF CHESS/hitsujyun by fredthebear
   My Fifty Years of Chess (Marshall) by Incremental
   My Fifty Years of Chess (Marshall) by Qindarka
   Veliki majstori saha 14 MARSHALL (Petrovic) by Chessdreamer
   M&M players... it's a mixed bag by fredthebear
   Janowski vs. Marshall Matches by sjw2214
   Janowski vs. Marshall Matches by Phony Benoni
   Marshall Martials by chocobonbon
   1900s Grandmasters Annointed by fredthebear
   American Chess Bulletin 1904 by Phony Benoni
   American Chess Bulletin 1908 by Phony Benoni

   Marshall vs Burn, 1900
   Marshall vs R Short, 1894
   Kevitz vs Marshall, 1937
   J L McCudden vs Marshall, 1934
   Marshall vs D Gladstone, 1932

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Frank James Marshall
Search Google for Frank James Marshall

(born Aug-10-1877, died Nov-09-1944, 67 years old) United States of America

[what is this?]

Frank James Marshall, born in New York City on August 10, 1877, was United States champion from 1909-1936 and a respected international competitor for the first quarter of the 20th century.

He began international play by winning the Minor tournament at London 1899. In his major tournament debut at Paris 1900, Marshall finished =3rd with Geza Maroczy, defeating World Champion Emanuel Lasker in their individual game.

Known for an aggressive style and an ability to get out of trouble that earned him the nickname "The Great Swindler", Marshall recorded both high finishes and disappointing results in elite tournaments. For example, his best result came at Cambridge Springs 1904 where he finished 2.0 points ahead of Lasker and David Janowski. On the other hand, he finished in mid-field at Ostend 1905. His other successes at this time, which included 1st at Schevenigen 1905, 3rd at Barmen 1905 (1/2-point behind Janowski and Maroczy), and first at Nuremberg 1906 helped him find backing for the Lasker - Marshall World Championship Match (1907). However, he lost this match heavily by a score of +0 -8 =7. He suffered another disaster in Capablanca - Marshall (1909) (+1 -8 =14), but continued to be a dangerous and respected opponent in international play for many years. One of his best results came when he won the Havana tournament of 1913, edging out Capablanca by half a point.

Marshall won the US Championship by defeating Jackson Whipps Showalter in a 1909 match (+7 -2 =3). He defended the title once, against Edward Lasker in 1923 (+5 -4 =9), finally relinquishing it voluntarily in 1936 to allow the championship to be decided by tournament play.

Several opening variations are named after him, most notably Ruy Lopez, Marshall (C89). Though his use of it in Capablanca vs Marshall, 1918 resulted in a loss, the gambit is still studied today and has been played by some of the world's leading players. Many prominent players avoid it as White, believing that there is no way to get a meaningful advantage against it. Another important and well-respected gambit, also referred to as the Marshall Gambit, arises after 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 c6 4.e4 dxe4 5.Nxe4 Bb4+ 6.Bd2 Qxd4 7.Bxb4 Qxe4+.

notes: Marshall played consultation chess on the teams of Lasker / Chigorin / Marshall / Teichmann & Marshall / Allies.

Wikipedia article: Frank Marshall (chess player)

Last updated: 2018-02-05 06:21:22

 page 1 of 55; games 1-25 of 1,354  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Steinitz vs Marshall 1-0261893SimulC03 French, Tarrasch
2. Marshall vs R Short 1-0181894ch Montreal CCC51 Evans Gambit
3. Pillsbury vs Marshall 0-1291894Blindfold simulC31 King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit
4. Pillsbury vs Marshall 0-1341894Blindfold simul, 10bD06 Queen's Gambit Declined
5. R Short vs Marshall 0-1221895freeC51 Evans Gambit
6. V Sournin vs Marshall 0-1341896New YorkA80 Dutch
7. Marshall vs W Napier 0-1231896Napier - MarshallC29 Vienna Gambit
8. W Napier vs Marshall 1-0471896Napier - MarshallB01 Scandinavian
9. Marshall vs W Napier 0-1771896Napier - MarshallC55 Two Knights Defense
10. W Napier vs Marshall ½-½751896Napier - MarshallC02 French, Advance
11. Marshall vs W Napier ½-½721896Napier - MarshallC50 Giuoco Piano
12. W Napier vs Marshall 1-0351896Napier - MarshallB06 Robatsch
13. Marshall vs W Napier 0-1341896Napier - MarshallC45 Scotch Game
14. W Napier vs Marshall 1-0681896Napier - MarshallC00 French Defense
15. Marshall vs W Napier 1-0271896Napier - MarshallD31 Queen's Gambit Declined
16. W Napier vs Marshall ½-½751896Napier - MarshallC00 French Defense
17. Marshall vs W Napier 0-1381896Napier - MarshallA84 Dutch
18. H Helms vs Marshall 1-0191896Brooklyn CC chA80 Dutch
19. W Napier vs Marshall 1-0651896Brooklyn CC ChampionshipC02 French, Advance
20. Marshall vs W Napier 1-0461897Ch CityA80 Dutch
21. Marshall vs H Helms 0-1331897Ch CityC44 King's Pawn Game
22. H McMahon vs Marshall 0-171897Ch CityC43 Petrov, Modern Attack
23. Marshall vs J Tatum 1-0541897Ch CityD50 Queen's Gambit Declined
24. Marshall vs S G Ruth 0-1361897Ch CityD63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
25. Marshall vs H Hansen  0-1351897freeC44 King's Pawn Game
 page 1 of 55; games 1-25 of 1,354  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Marshall wins | Marshall loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Of course Capa beat him many times but you can't beat a World Chess Champ twice unless you're an extremely strong player.>

Or extremely lucky.

Premium Chessgames Member
  wordfunph: from Essay on Chess by Anthony Santasiere..

<So finally dear Frank had to die. (We all knew that towards the end he had a serious heart condition.) He had gone to Jersey City, alone, to play in a game of Bingo. Afterwards, walking on the street, he dropped dead. I went to the widow at once to console her. She was dry-eyed, and said, "Thank God! San - I gave him new underwear only this morning.">


Nov-24-15  ljfyffe: Soltis claims that Marshall
won the Montreal Club Chess Championship in 1893
but my research indicates that he only won the <handicap> tournament.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: From the <Mechanics Institute Newsletter #722>: The following forgotten Frank Marshall simul game was discovered by <Eduardo Bauza Mercere>.

Danish Gambit C44
Frank James Marshall–Edmund Bayly Seymour
Philadelphia (simul) December 12, 1916

1. e4 e5 2. d4 exd4 3. c3 dxc3 4. Bc4 cxb2 5.Bxb2 d6 6. Nf3 Nc6 7. O-O Be6 8. Bxe6 fxe6 9. Qb3 Qd7 10. Ng5 Nd8 11. Nd2 h6 12. Nh3 Nf6 13. Nf4 Qf7 14. Rac1 c6 15. g3 e5 16. Nd5 cxd5 17. f4 d4 18. Nc4 Nc6 19. fxe5 dxe5 20. Qb5 Qc7 21. Nxe5 Qxe5 22. Qxb7 Rb8 23. Qxc6+ Nd7 24. Qg6+ Kd8 25. Rf5 Qd6 26. Qxd6 Bxd6 27. Bxd4 Rg8 28. Rd1 ˝-˝

Source: <Philadelphia Inquirer>, October 21, 1917, page 6.

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Near the conclusion of the <Marshall--Showalter (1909)> match, Marshall is quoted as saying he planned to retire from professional chess after playing in then upcoming Hamburg International Tournament.

Good thing it was either a misquote, or Marshall later changed his mind.

From Nov. 23, 1909 Cincinnati Enquirer:

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: I think Marshall, more than any other top player, tried for piece activity above everything else. He would give up loads of pawns to get his knights, and secondarily his bishops, into good attacking positions. When it works out it is a Mt-St-Helens-like apocalypse of attack.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Frank Marshall.

I hope you are swindling everyone in Chess Heaven.

Premium Chessgames Member
  thegoodanarchist: < offramp: Uncopyrightable is the longest word in English with no repeat letters.>

You should copyright that.

Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: Wouldn't "uncopyrightables" have one more?
Premium Chessgames Member
  thegoodanarchist: < tamar: Wouldn't "uncopyrightables" have one more?>

Is that even a word? A noun? Things that are uncopyrightable?

Who decides if a string of letters is a word or not? OED?

Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: copyrightables


plural of copyrightable

Premium Chessgames Member
  thegoodanarchist: however, uncopyrightable is an adjective
Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: Would it not morph into a noun the same way as copyrightable? "Copyrightable works" becomes copyrightables almost instantly in speech.
Premium Chessgames Member
  thegoodanarchist: <tamar: Would it not morph into a noun the same way as copyrightable? "Copyrightable works" becomes copyrightables almost instantly in speech.>

I don't know, honestly. I will leave it to the good folks at OED.

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <thegoodanarchist: < offramp: Uncopyrightable is the longest word in English with no repeat letters.> You should copyright that.>

I tried but I can't, for some reason.

Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: Well if uncopyrightables ever is approved, I have the copyright!
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Let's have a mention of Canada's role in shaping this player:

<Frank J. Marshall, the Brooklyn chess champion, has been visiting here [i.e. Montreal, Quebec] for a week past, coming here shortly after the close of the annual mid-summer state meeting at the Thousand Islands. The youthful expert spent much of his boyhood in Canada, and first learned the game of chess in Montreal, where he achieved his earlier successes, which laid the foundation of the brilliant career he has since mapped out for himself.


BDE 1900.08.08 p12

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Spotted Frank moonlighting in Hollywood:

Mar-25-18  sudoplatov: Marshall won a tournament in Paris in 1907 that's not listed here. It does have a rare Marshall victory over Tarkakover.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Marshall must have been a very good speaker of French, having lived in Montreal for so long.
Jun-01-18  sudoplatov: I probably mentioned this before, several tribute to Lasker laud him for being able to save lost positions. Marshall is criticized from swindling his way out of lost positions.
Premium Chessgames Member
  thegoodanarchist: Wasn't it Marshall who won The Gold Coin Game, with Black?

I don't see it in the "Notable Games" list.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: S Levitsky vs Marshall, 1912
Dec-02-18  The Rocket: Marshall or Nezhmetdinov - finest tactican/calculator of all time?

I would have to give the edge to Nez, but I don't recall Marshall ever missing any tactics either. Marshall was for sure stronger than Alekhine in the tactics department, which Reuben Fine also submits.

Dec-02-18  The Rocket: I guess Bronstein is in that list too. He's an equally creative player, at the very least.
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