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Jackson Whipps Showalter
Picture courtesy of RookHouse.    
Number of games in database: 531
Years covered: 1889 to 1929
Overall record: +205 -208 =111 (49.7%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 7 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (92) 
    C67 C62 C80 C65 C77
 French Defense (25) 
    C13 C10 C11 C01 C14
 King's Pawn Game (22) 
 Queen's Gambit Declined (21) 
    D31 D37 D39 D30
 French (21) 
    C13 C10 C11 C00
 Queen's Pawn Game (20) 
    D00 A40 A41 D02
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (64) 
    C67 C65 C79 C84 C60
 French Defense (29) 
    C14 C11 C12 C00 C01
 Orthodox Defense (29) 
    D60 D63 D53 D67 D50
 Queen's Gambit Declined (25) 
    D37 D30 D31 D35
 Queen's Pawn Game (23) 
    D00 D05 D02
 French (15) 
    C11 C12 C00 C13
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Showalter vs Logan, 1890 1-0
   Showalter vs Pillsbury, 1897 1-0
   Showalter vs Pillsbury, 1894 1-0
   Showalter vs Pillsbury, 1904 1-0
   Showalter vs Lasker, 1892 1-0
   Showalter vs H Caro, 1898 1-0
   A H Robbins vs Showalter, 1890 0-1
   Showalter vs Marshall, 1900 1-0
   Showalter vs Burille, 1889 1-0
   Pillsbury vs Showalter, 1898 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Showalter - Barry US Championship (1896)
   Showalter - Hodges US Championship (1894)
   Janowski - Showalter Match 2 (1899)
   Janowski - Showalter Match 3 (1899)
   Showalter - Albin (1894)
   Showalter - Kemeny US Championship (1896)
   Buffalo (1894)
   Pillsbury - Showalter US Championship (1897)
   1st City Chess Club Tournament (1893)
   2nd City Chess Club Tournament (1894)
   Cambridge Springs (1904)
   London (1899)
   Munich (1900)
   Paris (1900)
   Vienna (1898)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Showalter - Albin, 1894 by Phony Benoni
   Showalter - Hodges 1894 match by crawfb5
   The Games of Jackson Whipps Showalter by Timothy Glenn Forney
   Showalter - Kemeny 1896 match by crawfb5
   Cambridge Springs 1904 by suenteus po 147
   Munich 1900 by Phony Benoni
   Showalter - Judd 1891-2 match by crawfb5
   Showalter - Lipschutz 1895 match by crawfb5
   Showalter - Barry 1896 match by crawfb5
   New York 1893, The Impromtu Tournament by Calli

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(born Feb-05-1859, died Feb-05-1935, 76 years old) United States of America

[what is this?]
Jackson Whipps Showalter held the title Chess Champion of the United States on several occasions from the 1890s to 1909.

He played matches against Max Judd in 1890 (+3 -7) and 1891-2 (+7 -4 =3), Emanuel Lasker in 1892 (+2 -6 =2), Samuel Lipschutz in 1892 (+1 -7 =7), Jacob C Halpern in 1893-4 (+5 -3 =1), two against Albert Hodges (+7 -6 =4) and (-5 +3 =1), and Adolf Albin (+10 -7=8) in 1894. Following Hodges' retirement, he definitely established a claim to the title by defeating Lipschutz in 1895 (+7 -4 =3).

He defended this title by defeating Emil Kemeny (+7 -4 =4) and John Finan Barry (+7 -2 =4) in successive matches (1896), before losing twice to Harry Nelson Pillsbury in both the Pillsbury - Showalter (1897) (+8-10=3) and Pillsbury - Showalter (1898) (+2-7=3) matches.

Following Pillsbury's death in 1906, he was again considered US Champion until being defeated by Frank James Marshall (+2 -7 =3) in 1909.

He was a regular participant in major international events from 1893 to 1904, scoring wins over World Champions Wilhelm Steinitz and Emanuel Lasker among other notables.

Wikipedia article: Jackson Showalter

 page 1 of 22; games 1-25 of 531  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. J Mason vs Showalter 1-031 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC50 Giuoco Piano
2. Showalter vs Burille 1-016 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC52 Evans Gambit
3. Max Weiss vs Showalter 1-068 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC60 Ruy Lopez
4. Showalter vs Gossip 0-129 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC45 Scotch Game
5. Taubenhaus vs Showalter 0-143 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC67 Ruy Lopez
6. D G Baird vs Showalter 0-130 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC50 Giuoco Piano
7. Showalter vs Lipschutz ½-½72 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
8. Blackburne vs Showalter 1-021 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkD50 Queen's Gambit Declined
9. Showalter vs Gunsberg  0-143 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC67 Ruy Lopez
10. Chigorin vs Showalter  ½-½46 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC51 Evans Gambit
11. Showalter vs Bird 1-051 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC51 Evans Gambit
12. N MacLeod vs Showalter 0-124 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC44 King's Pawn Game
13. J W Baird vs Showalter  0-145 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC48 Four Knights
14. Showalter vs E Delmar ½-½95 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkB34 Sicilian, Accelerated Fianchetto
15. Burn vs Showalter  1-038 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC67 Ruy Lopez
16. Showalter vs J M Hanham ½-½70 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC41 Philidor Defense
17. W Pollock vs Showalter ½-½74 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC55 Two Knights Defense
18. Showalter vs D M Martinez ½-½70 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC50 Giuoco Piano
19. Showalter vs M Judd  ½-½45 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (20-1)C62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
20. Showalter vs J Mason  0-148 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC00 French Defense
21. Burille vs Showalter  0-121 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC25 Vienna
22. Showalter vs Max Weiss 0-122 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
23. Gossip vs Showalter ½-½51 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (24-1)C67 Ruy Lopez
24. Showalter vs Taubenhaus 0-126 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC37 King's Gambit Accepted
25. Showalter vs M Judd 0-198 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (20-2)C84 Ruy Lopez, Closed
 page 1 of 22; games 1-25 of 531  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Showalter wins | Showalter loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: Showalter anecdote from the <American Chess Bulletin>, Sept./Oct. 1915, p. 171, recounted by William R. Ellis of Wayne, Nebraska who was visiting the Western Championship in Excelsior, Minnesota:

<"Was particularly pleased to meet American's 'grand old man of chess,' J. W. Showalter, of Georgetown, Ky... Mr. Showalter is an exceptionally pleasing man to meet and others in the tournament spoke very highly of him as a genial antagonist. As he asked for a match and lit his pipe for the s'teenth time in his game with Mr. Elliott, the Western ex-champion of Minneapolis, someone asked him what it was he believed killed Pillsbury and he promptly replied, 'Too much smoking.'">

Oct-27-11  I play the Fred: This is a <staggering> mustache:

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Only a REAL man could tote a mustache like that.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. Showalter.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: A couple of sides of Showalter I hadn't been aware of:

<"Showalter recently played fifteen chess and ten checker games at Cincinnati simultaneously with the best talent Cincinnati and Kentucky cities could muster, and won them all. This was in the afternoon. At night he played blindfolded simultaneously ten chess and fifteen checker games, and won all."> -- Marysville (Ky) Evening Bulletin, January 2, 1900.

Checkers? Blindfold? Typo for Pillsbury?

Jan-20-13  rookhouse: <Pawn and Two> Yes, your numbers are correct in regard to Showalter's match play numbers against Janowski.

They were actually set to play another match of five games up for $500 a side in 1899. It was scheduled to begin on April 22, but was canceled due to "the two experts having arrived at the conclusion that they had kept up hostilities long enough".

To date, I have only uncovered one of the games from Nellie's match with Lasker. It was the third game of the match with Lasker's Queen's Knight removed. She won that game in 35 moves.

It will be included in the book, which I hope to have finished before the end of this year.

Feb-10-13  rookhouse: If you are interested in this era of chess, I recently tore down and re-built my chess history website at which will predominately include chess articles from the mid-1800s up to the Fischer era.
Premium Chessgames Member
  RookFile: I find Showalter's games to be refreshing and surprisingly modern.
Jan-10-14  SeanAzarin: The "Kentucky Lion" played a wonderful style of chess. He was completely unafraid of anybody. I love playing over Showalter's games.
Feb-05-14  WhiteRook48: Showalter was quite the impressive player for 1800's standards. (Actually, he's pretty impressive even by today's standards; I just suppose he'd find the competition a little bit stiffer at today's tournaments.)
Jul-04-14  ljfyffe: <GrahamClayton>view the games of Bird for correspondence game between Frederick Intropidi and Edward Harrison of Saint John NB(in the Kibitz).
Jul-04-14  kjr63: Beautiful site rookhouse. Very nice.
Jul-04-14  ljfyffe: <rookhouse> lnteresting:I was unaware Pollock was champion of Maryland. Good stuff. Pollock represented Canada at Hastings 1895.
Jul-28-14  rookhouse: <kjr63> Thanks for the compliment. I hope to start updating it again this fall/winter. Too busy in the summer for my chess related hobbies.
Jul-28-14  rookhouse: <ljfyffe> Here is a link to some good info on Pollock if you are interested:
Jul-28-14  ljfyffe: <rookhouse>again interesting; Pollock's 20-mille walk reminds me of Prof. Hanburg's 18- mile trek mentioned by me under Pollock's general heading I too have done some research on Pollock which might or might not appear in the to- be-published book on him since I forwarded some of the research to Hilbert some years ago if my memory serves me correctly. Pollock was a guest of Rev. John DeSoyres when he stopped in Saint John NB on the way to Hastings. <By the way, all chessplayers should have a hobby!>
Jul-28-14  rookhouse: <ljfyffe> This chess player maybe has too many chess hobbies. Showalter biography, Rook House website, and an online chess playing site in the works (Skittles Room). Would be nice if I finished one of them to completion.

I have not corresponded with Mr. Hilbert for nearly a year (or right after his Kemeny book came out), any idea how he is doing?

Jul-28-14  ljfyffe: <rookhouse> To the best of my knowledge, Hilbert is still doing fine though I heard he might retire from writing history books on chess. He's done more than his share already, but then again, he's the best at it.
Oct-22-14  ljfyffe: Showalter played in the 1888 lnternational
Correspondence Match between Canada and the
United States.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Player of the Day and former U.S. Champion Jackson Whipps Showalter!!
Feb-05-16  waustad: This is both his birth day and his death day. Considering when he was born 76 years was quite a long life.
Premium Chessgames Member

A correspondence game from 1887.

Premium Chessgames Member

Another Showalter game. Assume 1887.

Premium Chessgames Member

Another Showalter correspondence game from 1887-1888 time-frame.

Apr-24-17  rea: One of the inventors of the curveball!
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