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Showalter 
Picture courtesy of RookHouse.    
Jackson Whipps Showalter
Number of games in database: 492
Years covered: 1889 to 1929
Overall record: +185 -198 =102 (48.7%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      7 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (91) 
    C67 C62 C80 C65 C77
 King's Pawn Game (19) 
    C44
 Queen's Gambit Declined (19) 
    D31 D37 D39
 Queen's Pawn Game (18) 
    D00 A40
 French Defense (16) 
    C13 C10 C11 C01 C14
 Ruy Lopez, Open (14) 
    C80 C82 C83
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (52) 
    C67 C65 C84 C79 C87
 French Defense (31) 
    C14 C00 C12 C11 C01
 Orthodox Defense (28) 
    D60 D63 D53 D67 D66
 Queen's Gambit Declined (25) 
    D37 D31 D30 D35
 Queen's Pawn Game (23) 
    D00 D05 D02
 French (17) 
    C00 C12 C11 C13
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Showalter vs Logan, 1890 1-0
   Showalter vs Pillsbury, 1897 1-0
   Showalter vs Pillsbury, 1904 1-0
   Showalter vs Pillsbury, 1894 1-0
   Showalter vs H Caro, 1898 1-0
   Showalter vs Burille, 1889 1-0
   Pillsbury vs Showalter, 1898 0-1
   Showalter vs Lasker, 1892 1-0
   Robbins vs Showalter, 1890 0-1
   Showalter vs Marshall, 1900 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   2nd City Chess Club Tournament (1894)
   Showalter - Hodges (1894)
   Showalter - Barry (1896)
   Showalter - Kemeny (1896)
   Pillsbury - Showalter (1897)
   Vienna (1898)
   London (1899)
   Janowski vs. Showalter Match 2 (1899)
   Janowski vs. Showalter Match 3 (1899)
   Munich (1900)
   Paris (1900)
   Cambridge Springs (1904)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   The Games of Jackson Whipps Showalter by Timothy Glenn Forney
   Showalter - Hodges 1894 match by crawfb5
   Showalter - Kemeny 1896 match by crawfb5
   Cambridge Springs 1904 by suenteus po 147
   Munich 1900 by Phony Benoni
   Showalter - Judd 1891-2 match by crawfb5
   Showalter - Lipschutz 1895 match by crawfb5
   Showalter - Barry 1896 match by crawfb5
   New York 1893, The Impromtu Tournament by Calli

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Jackson Whipps Showalter
Search Google for Jackson Whipps Showalter


JACKSON WHIPPS SHOWALTER
(born Feb-05-1859, died Feb-05-1935) United States of America

[what is this?]
Jackson Whipps Showalter held the title Chess Champion of the United States on several occasions from the 1890s to 1909.

He played matches against Max Judd in 1890 (+3 -7) and 1891-2 (+7 -4 =3), Emanuel Lasker in 1892 (+2 -6 =2), Samuel Lipschutz in 1892 (+1 -7 =7), Jacob C Halpern in 1893-4 (+5 -3 =1), two against Albert Hodges (+7 -6 =4) and (-5 +3 =1), and Adolf Albin (+10 -7=8) in 1894. Following Hodges' retirement, he definitely established a claim to the title by defeating Lipschutz in 1895 (+7 -4 =3).

He defended this title by defeating Emil Kemeny (+7 -4 =4) and John Finan Barry (+7 -2 =4) in successive matches (1896), before losing twice to Harry Nelson Pillsbury in both the Pillsbury - Showalter (1897) (+8-10=3) and Pillsbury - Showalter (1898) (+2-7=3) matches.

Following Pillsbury's death in 1906, he was again considered US Champion until being defeated by Frank James Marshall (+2 -7 =3) in 1909.

He was a regular participant in major international events from 1893 to 1904, scoring wins over World Champions Wilhelm Steinitz and Emanuel Lasker among other notables.

Wikipedia article: Jackson Showalter


 page 1 of 20; games 1-25 of 492  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. D G Baird vs Showalter 0-130 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC50 Giuoco Piano
2. Showalter vs M Judd 0-198 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (20-2)C84 Ruy Lopez, Closed
3. Burn vs Showalter  1-038 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC67 Ruy Lopez
4. Lipschutz vs Showalter 1-042 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC22 Center Game
5. J Mason vs Showalter 1-031 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC50 Giuoco Piano
6. J M Hanham vs Showalter 1-035 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkD00 Queen's Pawn Game
7. Chigorin vs Showalter  ½-½46 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC51 Evans Gambit
8. Showalter vs J Mason  0-148 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC00 French Defense
9. Bird vs Showalter  1-049 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkA03 Bird's Opening
10. Taubenhaus vs Showalter 0-143 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC67 Ruy Lopez
11. Showalter vs M Judd  ½-½45 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (20-1)C62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
12. Showalter vs E Delmar ½-½95 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkB34 Sicilian, Accelerated Fianchetto
13. Showalter vs D G Baird  0-145 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC70 Ruy Lopez
14. Showalter vs Burn 1-034 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC67 Ruy Lopez
15. Showalter vs Gunsberg  0-143 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC67 Ruy Lopez
16. Showalter vs D M Martinez ½-½70 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC50 Giuoco Piano
17. Showalter vs Chigorin 0-140 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC59 Two Knights
18. Showalter vs Gossip 0-129 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC45 Scotch Game
19. Gossip vs Showalter 0-139 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (24-2)C29 Vienna Gambit
20. J W Baird vs Showalter  0-145 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC48 Four Knights
21. Showalter vs Taubenhaus 0-126 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC37 King's Gambit Accepted
22. E Delmar vs Showalter  0-157 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkA03 Bird's Opening
23. Blackburne vs Showalter 1-021 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkD50 Queen's Gambit Declined
24. W Pollock vs Showalter ½-½74 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC55 Two Knights Defense
25. Gunsberg vs Showalter  1-049 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC50 Giuoco Piano
 page 1 of 20; games 1-25 of 492  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Showalter wins | Showalter loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 3 OF 3 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Sep-07-10  Bobsterman3000: Reggie Jackson Whipps Buck Showalter
Sep-07-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: I recall Lasker's excuse as to why he lost to Nellie in the odds-match.

"At the critical juncture in the games, Mrs. Showalter would smile coyly, and then flash a bit of ankle. I was extremely flustered by such antics. When I complained to Mr. Showalter, he just guffawed and said, 'My Nellie is such a card! Have a cigar'."

Sep-08-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <From the December 1904 American Chess Bulletin.

The following page described her as ‘without doubt the strongest player of her sex in America’ and reported:

‘Mrs Showalter comes of a prominent Kentucky family, but was born in the state of Missouri in 1872; although her maiden name was Nellie Love Marshall, she claims no family relationship with the new champion bearing the same surname.’

From page 7 of the January 1894 BCM: ‘She is only 22 years of age and was married to him [Jackson Whipps Showalter] at 16. Soon after this event her husband taught her the moves, and then gave her the odds of the queen; but she progressed so rapidly that he cannot now give her the knight, and she has won two games of Mr Lasker at that odds. Not long ago, at Kokomo, Indiana, she played four games on even terms with Mr Jackson, the champion of that State, with the result that she won three and the other was drawn. She is said to be very handsome but, if so, the portrait of her in the New York Recorder does not do her justice …’

A photograph of their son, Freeman Showalter, who was born in 1895, was published on page 228 of the November 1918 American Chess Bulletin, where he was described by J.W. Showalter as follows: ‘He plays a very good, unpolished and natural game, but without any book training or knowledge acquired from books at all. I think he has considerable talent, in fact, but, of course, undeveloped.’

The obituary of an elder brother of Jackson Whipps Showalter, Judge John William Showalter, was published on page 312 of the January 1899 American Chess Magazine and stated that he was ‘a devoted follower of the game of chess’ and that ‘he taught the moves of chess to Jackson W. Showalter when the future champion was eight years of age.’

With respect to Jackson and Nellie, Brennen adds that

… [Also in 1884,] Showalter moved .. to Laredo, Texas, to oversee some of his father’s holdings there. He also married; his wife, Nellie, eventually learned the game from him, and developed enough prowess to defeat Emanuel Lasker at odds of a Knight.>

Although I copied this information from www.1heckofaguy.com, the information actually comes from Edward Winter's <Chess Notes> column, which can be found at www.chesshistory.com.

I failed to give credit where credit is due, for which I have apologized to Mr. Winter. Mr. Winter's <Chess Notes> are a storehouse of chess history, and is a site I visit on a daily basis.

Sep-09-10  rookhouse: <TheFocus> <I recall Lasker's excuse as to why he lost to Nellie in the odds-match.

"At the critical juncture in the games, Mrs. Showalter would smile coyly, and then flash a bit of ankle. I was extremely flustered by such antics. When I complained to Mr. Showalter, he just guffawed and said, 'My Nellie is such a card! Have a cigar'.">

I would be very interested as to the source of this quote. I have not yet come across it in my Showalter research. Thank you.

Sep-09-10  rookhouse: Here are some interesting quotes from Nellie Showalter in an interview published in the Galveston Daily News (12-16-1894):

"My first great victory was in a match game I played with Arthur Peters, who won the free-for-all tournament in the United States association Lexington, Ky., in 1891."

"I go with my husband when he plays and when he went to Kokomo, Ind., to take part in the Lasker-Showalter match for the championship of the world I met Mr. C.A. Jackson, champion of Indiana, and answered his challenge to play a match: I drew the first game and won the next three."

"When I first came to New York I played with Mr. Lasker a match of five games up. He gave the odds of a knight and I beat him five to two."

"Lasker had beaten everybody in Germany and England, then he came and beat my husband, and his astonishment, he said, was great that I could whip him with the odds he gave me."

Sep-09-10  rookhouse: <GrahamClayton> <"Mrs Worrall claims having successfully played with the late Captain MacKenzie">

Harriet Worrall also reportedly played several games with Paul Morphy in 1866, receiving rook odds and scoring an occassional draw.

Sep-10-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <rookhouse> <TheFocus> <I recall Lasker's excuse as to why he lost to Nellie in the odds-match.

"At the critical juncture in the games, Mrs. Showalter would smile coyly, and then flash a bit of ankle. I was extremely flustered by such antics. When I complained to Mr. Showalter, he just guffawed and said, 'My Nellie is such a card! Have a cigar'.">

<I would be very interested as to the source of this quote. I have not yet come across it in my Showalter research. Thank you.>

LOL. This was a joke. In those times, showing an ankle was the same as going totally naked!!

Sep-14-10  rookhouse: <TheFocus: LOL. This was a joke. In those times, showing an ankle was the same as going totally naked!!>

I suspected as much, but had to ask .... you never know.

From what I have read and been told by relatives, Nellie was a real "pistol" at times. This kind of kidding around may not have been out of the realm of possibility for her.

Sep-15-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: <rookhouse>Harriet Worrall also reportedly played several games with Paul Morphy in 1866, receiving rook odds and scoring an occassional draw.

<rookhouse>,
I found an interesting reference in an article about a simultaneous display that David Janowski gave at the Brooklyn Chess Club in December 1898.

Harriet Worrall took part, and she brought along a chess set and board which she claimed to have used to play Paul Morphy in a couple of games at rook odds when Morphy visited England in the late 1850's.

Sep-27-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  Pawn and Two: <rookhouse> According to the 365Chess database, Janowski and Showalter played 4 matches. All these 37 match games are in the 365Chess database.

Janowski won their 1898 match by a score of +7-2=4. In 1899 they played two matches, with Showalter winning both, the first by a score of +4-2, and the second by a score of +4-2=1. In 1916, they played their final match, with Janowski winning by a score of +7-2=2.

Does the above information, and the 37 gamescores, agree with the research information that you have developed?

Have you located the game scores for the knight odds match that Nellie Showalter won from Emanuel Lasker? If so, will you be submitting them to Chessgames.com, or including them in your book?

Dec-15-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Here are the scores of 2 games from a 15 board simultaneous exhibition that Showalter gave at the City Chess Club in New York in January 1894. Showalter finished with a score of +10, =3, -2.

[Event "Simultaneous exhibition"]
[Site "New York"]
[Date "1894??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Showalter, Jackson Whipps"]
[Black "Intropidi, F"]
[Result "1-0

1.e4 c5 2. Nc3 e6 3. Nf3 Nc6 4. d4 cxd4 5. Nxd4 a6 6. Be2 Be7 7. O-O Bf6 8. Be3 ge7 9. f4 d6 10. Qd2 O-O 11. Rad1 e5 12. Nf3 exf4 13. Bxf4 Qb6+ 14. Kh1 Qxb2 5. Na4 Qxa2 16. Nb6 Rb8 17. Bxd6 Rd8 18. Qf4 Ng6 19. Qg3 Be6 20. Bxb8 Rxb8 21. Nd5 Be5 22. Nxe5 Ngxe5 23. Bd3 Nxd3 24. Rxd3 Rf8 25. Nf6+ Kh8 26. Qh4 h6 27. Nh5 Ne5 28. Nxg7 Nxd3 29. Qxh6+ Kg8 30. Nh5 Nf2+ 31. Kg1 1-0

[Event "Simultaneous exhibition"]
[Site "New York"]
[Date "1894.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Showalter, Jackson Whipps"]
[Black "Jones"]
[Result "0-1"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. c3 d5 4. Qa4 Bd7 5. exd5 Nd4 6. Qd1 Nxf3+ 7. Qxf3 Nf6 8. Bc4 e4 9. Qe2 Bd6 10. d3 O-O 11. dxe4 Nxe4 12. O-O f5 13. Nd2 Qh4 14. g3 Qe7 15. Nxe4 fxe4 16. f3 b5 17. Bb3 Kh8 18. f4 e3 19. Bxe3 Rae8 20. Rfe1 Qf6 21. Qf3 Qg6 22. Bd2 Bc5+ 23. Be3 Qd3 24. Kf2 Rxe3 25. Rxe3 Qd2+ 26. Kf1 Bxe3 0-1

Source: New York Times, January 29, 1894.

Mar-25-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <I recall Lasker's excuse as to why he lost to Nellie in the odds-match. "At the critical juncture in the games, Mrs. Showalter would smile coyly, and then flash a bit of ankle. I was extremely flustered by such antics. When I complained to Mr. Showalter, he just guffawed and said, 'My Nellie is such a card! Have a cigar'.">

A bit of ankle, indeed! Ah, for those simpler times-today, it would take rather more than a bit of ankle, I should think.

While on the topic of the estimable Mr Showalter, I believe he was of six men from whom Steinitz stated that he would accept a cigar.

Do any of our knowledgeable posters have any idea who any, or all, the others might be? This has always mildly piqued my curiosity.

Mar-25-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <perfidious> LOL!! That was a joke that I came up with. Someone thought it was a real quote.

As for the six men, someone should ask <Winter> about it. I can't or it would reveal my true identity.

Mar-25-11  Monoceros: One of the other five men is supposed to have been R. J. Buckley, an obscure chess writer: http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/... (near the top)
Mar-25-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <TheFocus> Didn't read far enough, I guess! This tale is funnier than Tarrasch's excuse after his loss to Lasker, though.

<Monoceros> Thanks!

Jun-15-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: Showalter anecdote from the <American Chess Bulletin>, Sept./Oct. 1915, p. 171, recounted by William R. Ellis of Wayne, Nebraska who was visiting the Western Championship in Excelsior, Minnesota:

<"Was particularly pleased to meet American's 'grand old man of chess,' J. W. Showalter, of Georgetown, Ky... Mr. Showalter is an exceptionally pleasing man to meet and others in the tournament spoke very highly of him as a genial antagonist. As he asked for a match and lit his pipe for the s'teenth time in his game with Mr. Elliott, the Western ex-champion of Minneapolis, someone asked him what it was he believed killed Pillsbury and he promptly replied, 'Too much smoking.'">

Oct-27-11  I play the Fred: This is a <staggering> mustache:

http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...

Oct-27-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Only a REAL man could tote a mustache like that.
Feb-05-12  Penguincw: R.I.P. Showalter.
Dec-23-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: A couple of sides of Showalter I hadn't been aware of:

<"Showalter recently played fifteen chess and ten checker games at Cincinnati simultaneously with the best talent Cincinnati and Kentucky cities could muster, and won them all. This was in the afternoon. At night he played blindfolded simultaneously ten chess and fifteen checker games, and won all."> -- Marysville (Ky) Evening Bulletin, January 2, 1900.

Checkers? Blindfold? Typo for Pillsbury?

Jan-20-13  rookhouse: <Pawn and Two> Yes, your numbers are correct in regard to Showalter's match play numbers against Janowski.

They were actually set to play another match of five games up for $500 a side in 1899. It was scheduled to begin on April 22, but was canceled due to "the two experts having arrived at the conclusion that they had kept up hostilities long enough".

To date, I have only uncovered one of the games from Nellie's match with Lasker. It was the third game of the match with Lasker's Queen's Knight removed. She won that game in 35 moves.

It will be included in the book, which I hope to have finished before the end of this year.

Feb-10-13  rookhouse: If you are interested in this era of chess, I recently tore down and re-built my chess history website at www.rookhouse.com which will predominately include chess articles from the mid-1800s up to the Fischer era.
Dec-03-13  RookFile: I find Showalter's games to be refreshing and surprisingly modern.
Jan-10-14  SeanAzarin: The "Kentucky Lion" played a wonderful style of chess. He was completely unafraid of anybody. I love playing over Showalter's games.
Feb-05-14  WhiteRook48: Showalter was quite the impressive player for 1800's standards. (Actually, he's pretty impressive even by today's standards; I just suppose he'd find the competition a little bit stiffer at today's tournaments.)
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