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Picture courtesy of RookHouse.    
Jackson Whipps Showalter
Number of games in database: 523
Years covered: 1889 to 1929
Overall record: +198 -207 =111 (49.1%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      7 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (91) 
    C67 C62 C80 C65 C77
 French Defense (25) 
    C13 C11 C10 C14 C01
 King's Pawn Game (22) 
 French (21) 
    C13 C11 C10 C00
 Queen's Pawn Game (20) 
    D00 A40 A41 D02
 Queen's Gambit Declined (20) 
    D31 D37 D39 D30
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (61) 
    C67 C65 C84 C79 C87
 Orthodox Defense (29) 
    D60 D63 D53 D67 D66
 French Defense (29) 
    C14 C12 C11 C00 C01
 Queen's Gambit Declined (25) 
    D37 D31 D30 D35
 Queen's Pawn Game (23) 
    D00 D05 D02
 French (15) 
    C12 C11 C00 C13
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Showalter vs Pillsbury, 1897 1-0
   Showalter vs Logan, 1890 1-0
   Showalter vs Pillsbury, 1904 1-0
   Showalter vs Pillsbury, 1894 1-0
   Showalter vs H Caro, 1898 1-0
   Showalter vs Lasker, 1892 1-0
   A H Robbins vs Showalter, 1890 0-1
   Showalter vs Burille, 1889 1-0
   Pillsbury vs Showalter, 1898 0-1
   Showalter vs Marshall, 1900 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Showalter - Barry US Championship (1896)
   Showalter - Kemeny US Championship (1896)
   Janowski - Showalter Match 2 (1899)
   Janowski - Showalter Match 3 (1899)
   Showalter - Albin (1894)
   Showalter - Hodges US Championship (1894)
   Pillsbury - Showalter US Championship (1898)
   Pillsbury - Showalter US Championship (1897)
   2nd City Chess Club Tournament (1894)
   Cambridge Springs (1904)
   1st City Chess Club Tournament (1893)
   London (1899)
   Munich (1900)
   Paris (1900)
   Vienna (1898)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Showalter - Albin, 1894 by Phony Benoni
   The Games of Jackson Whipps Showalter by Timothy Glenn Forney
   Showalter - Hodges 1894 match by crawfb5
   Munich 1900 by Phony Benoni
   Cambridge Springs 1904 by suenteus po 147
   Showalter - Kemeny 1896 match by crawfb5
   Showalter - Lipschutz 1895 match by crawfb5
   Showalter - Judd 1891-2 match by crawfb5
   New York 1893, The Impromtu Tournament by Calli
   Showalter - Barry 1896 match by crawfb5

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(born Feb-05-1859, died Feb-05-1935, 76 years old) United States of America

[what is this?]
Jackson Whipps Showalter held the title Chess Champion of the United States on several occasions from the 1890s to 1909.

He played matches against Max Judd in 1890 (+3 -7) and 1891-2 (+7 -4 =3), Emanuel Lasker in 1892 (+2 -6 =2), Samuel Lipschutz in 1892 (+1 -7 =7), Jacob C Halpern in 1893-4 (+5 -3 =1), two against Albert Hodges (+7 -6 =4) and (-5 +3 =1), and Adolf Albin (+10 -7=8) in 1894. Following Hodges' retirement, he definitely established a claim to the title by defeating Lipschutz in 1895 (+7 -4 =3).

He defended this title by defeating Emil Kemeny (+7 -4 =4) and John Finan Barry (+7 -2 =4) in successive matches (1896), before losing twice to Harry Nelson Pillsbury in both the Pillsbury - Showalter (1897) (+8-10=3) and Pillsbury - Showalter (1898) (+2-7=3) matches.

Following Pillsbury's death in 1906, he was again considered US Champion until being defeated by Frank James Marshall (+2 -7 =3) in 1909.

He was a regular participant in major international events from 1893 to 1904, scoring wins over World Champions Wilhelm Steinitz and Emanuel Lasker among other notables.

Wikipedia article: Jackson Showalter

 page 1 of 21; games 1-25 of 523  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Showalter vs Burn 1-034 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC67 Ruy Lopez
2. Showalter vs Gunsberg  0-143 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC67 Ruy Lopez
3. Showalter vs D M Martinez ½-½70 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC50 Giuoco Piano
4. Showalter vs Chigorin 0-140 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC59 Two Knights
5. Showalter vs Gossip 0-129 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC45 Scotch Game
6. Gossip vs Showalter 0-139 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (24-2)C29 Vienna Gambit
7. J W Baird vs Showalter  0-145 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC48 Four Knights
8. Showalter vs Taubenhaus 0-126 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC37 King's Gambit Accepted
9. E Delmar vs Showalter  0-157 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkA03 Bird's Opening
10. Blackburne vs Showalter 1-021 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkD50 Queen's Gambit Declined
11. W Pollock vs Showalter ½-½74 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC55 Two Knights Defense
12. Gunsberg vs Showalter  1-049 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC50 Giuoco Piano
13. Max Weiss vs Showalter 1-068 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC60 Ruy Lopez
14. D M Martinez vs Showalter 0-133 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC50 Giuoco Piano
15. N MacLeod vs Showalter 0-124 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC44 King's Pawn Game
16. Showalter vs Max Weiss 0-122 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
17. Showalter vs J W Baird 1-025 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkB01 Scandinavian
18. Showalter vs Lipschutz ½-½72 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
19. Gossip vs Showalter ½-½51 1889 USA-06.Congress New York (24-1)C67 Ruy Lopez
20. Showalter vs J M Hanham ½-½70 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC41 Philidor Defense
21. Showalter vs Blackburne 1-057 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
22. Showalter vs Burille 1-016 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC52 Evans Gambit
23. Showalter vs W Pollock 1-030 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
24. Showalter vs Bird 1-051 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC51 Evans Gambit
25. Burille vs Showalter  0-121 1889 USA-06.Congress New YorkC25 Vienna
 page 1 of 21; games 1-25 of 523  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Showalter wins | Showalter loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  Pawn and Two: <rookhouse> According to the 365Chess database, Janowski and Showalter played 4 matches. All these 37 match games are in the 365Chess database.

Janowski won their 1898 match by a score of +7-2=4. In 1899 they played two matches, with Showalter winning both, the first by a score of +4-2, and the second by a score of +4-2=1. In 1916, they played their final match, with Janowski winning by a score of +7-2=2.

Does the above information, and the 37 gamescores, agree with the research information that you have developed?

Have you located the game scores for the knight odds match that Nellie Showalter won from Emanuel Lasker? If so, will you be submitting them to, or including them in your book?

Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Here are the scores of 2 games from a 15 board simultaneous exhibition that Showalter gave at the City Chess Club in New York in January 1894. Showalter finished with a score of +10, =3, -2.

[Event "Simultaneous exhibition"]
[Site "New York"]
[Date "1894??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Showalter, Jackson Whipps"]
[Black "Intropidi, F"]
[Result "1-0

1.e4 c5 2. Nc3 e6 3. Nf3 Nc6 4. d4 cxd4 5. Nxd4 a6 6. Be2 Be7 7. O-O Bf6 8. Be3 ge7 9. f4 d6 10. Qd2 O-O 11. Rad1 e5 12. Nf3 exf4 13. Bxf4 Qb6+ 14. Kh1 Qxb2 5. Na4 Qxa2 16. Nb6 Rb8 17. Bxd6 Rd8 18. Qf4 Ng6 19. Qg3 Be6 20. Bxb8 Rxb8 21. Nd5 Be5 22. Nxe5 Ngxe5 23. Bd3 Nxd3 24. Rxd3 Rf8 25. Nf6+ Kh8 26. Qh4 h6 27. Nh5 Ne5 28. Nxg7 Nxd3 29. Qxh6+ Kg8 30. Nh5 Nf2+ 31. Kg1 1-0

[Event "Simultaneous exhibition"]
[Site "New York"]
[Date "1894.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Showalter, Jackson Whipps"]
[Black "Jones"]
[Result "0-1"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. c3 d5 4. Qa4 Bd7 5. exd5 Nd4 6. Qd1 Nxf3+ 7. Qxf3 Nf6 8. Bc4 e4 9. Qe2 Bd6 10. d3 O-O 11. dxe4 Nxe4 12. O-O f5 13. Nd2 Qh4 14. g3 Qe7 15. Nxe4 fxe4 16. f3 b5 17. Bb3 Kh8 18. f4 e3 19. Bxe3 Rae8 20. Rfe1 Qf6 21. Qf3 Qg6 22. Bd2 Bc5+ 23. Be3 Qd3 24. Kf2 Rxe3 25. Rxe3 Qd2+ 26. Kf1 Bxe3 0-1

Source: New York Times, January 29, 1894.

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <I recall Lasker's excuse as to why he lost to Nellie in the odds-match. "At the critical juncture in the games, Mrs. Showalter would smile coyly, and then flash a bit of ankle. I was extremely flustered by such antics. When I complained to Mr. Showalter, he just guffawed and said, 'My Nellie is such a card! Have a cigar'.">

A bit of ankle, indeed! Ah, for those simpler times-today, it would take rather more than a bit of ankle, I should think.

While on the topic of the estimable Mr Showalter, I believe he was of six men from whom Steinitz stated that he would accept a cigar.

Do any of our knowledgeable posters have any idea who any, or all, the others might be? This has always mildly piqued my curiosity.

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <perfidious> LOL!! That was a joke that I came up with. Someone thought it was a real quote.

As for the six men, someone should ask <Winter> about it. I can't or it would reveal my true identity.

Mar-25-11  Monoceros: One of the other five men is supposed to have been R. J. Buckley, an obscure chess writer: (near the top)
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <TheFocus> Didn't read far enough, I guess! This tale is funnier than Tarrasch's excuse after his loss to Lasker, though.

<Monoceros> Thanks!

Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: Showalter anecdote from the <American Chess Bulletin>, Sept./Oct. 1915, p. 171, recounted by William R. Ellis of Wayne, Nebraska who was visiting the Western Championship in Excelsior, Minnesota:

<"Was particularly pleased to meet American's 'grand old man of chess,' J. W. Showalter, of Georgetown, Ky... Mr. Showalter is an exceptionally pleasing man to meet and others in the tournament spoke very highly of him as a genial antagonist. As he asked for a match and lit his pipe for the s'teenth time in his game with Mr. Elliott, the Western ex-champion of Minneapolis, someone asked him what it was he believed killed Pillsbury and he promptly replied, 'Too much smoking.'">

Oct-27-11  I play the Fred: This is a <staggering> mustache:

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Only a REAL man could tote a mustache like that.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. Showalter.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: A couple of sides of Showalter I hadn't been aware of:

<"Showalter recently played fifteen chess and ten checker games at Cincinnati simultaneously with the best talent Cincinnati and Kentucky cities could muster, and won them all. This was in the afternoon. At night he played blindfolded simultaneously ten chess and fifteen checker games, and won all."> -- Marysville (Ky) Evening Bulletin, January 2, 1900.

Checkers? Blindfold? Typo for Pillsbury?

Jan-20-13  rookhouse: <Pawn and Two> Yes, your numbers are correct in regard to Showalter's match play numbers against Janowski.

They were actually set to play another match of five games up for $500 a side in 1899. It was scheduled to begin on April 22, but was canceled due to "the two experts having arrived at the conclusion that they had kept up hostilities long enough".

To date, I have only uncovered one of the games from Nellie's match with Lasker. It was the third game of the match with Lasker's Queen's Knight removed. She won that game in 35 moves.

It will be included in the book, which I hope to have finished before the end of this year.

Feb-10-13  rookhouse: If you are interested in this era of chess, I recently tore down and re-built my chess history website at which will predominately include chess articles from the mid-1800s up to the Fischer era.
Premium Chessgames Member
  RookFile: I find Showalter's games to be refreshing and surprisingly modern.
Jan-10-14  SeanAzarin: The "Kentucky Lion" played a wonderful style of chess. He was completely unafraid of anybody. I love playing over Showalter's games.
Feb-05-14  WhiteRook48: Showalter was quite the impressive player for 1800's standards. (Actually, he's pretty impressive even by today's standards; I just suppose he'd find the competition a little bit stiffer at today's tournaments.)
Jul-04-14  ljfyffe: <GrahamClayton>view the games of Bird for correspondence game between Frederick Intropidi and Edward Harrison of Saint John NB(in the Kibitz).
Jul-04-14  kjr63: Beautiful site rookhouse. Very nice.
Jul-04-14  ljfyffe: <rookhouse> lnteresting:I was unaware Pollock was champion of Maryland. Good stuff. Pollock represented Canada at Hastings 1895.
Jul-28-14  rookhouse: <kjr63> Thanks for the compliment. I hope to start updating it again this fall/winter. Too busy in the summer for my chess related hobbies.
Jul-28-14  rookhouse: <ljfyffe> Here is a link to some good info on Pollock if you are interested:
Jul-28-14  ljfyffe: <rookhouse>again interesting; Pollock's 20-mille walk reminds me of Prof. Hanburg's 18- mile trek mentioned by me under Pollock's general heading I too have done some research on Pollock which might or might not appear in the to- be-published book on him since I forwarded some of the research to Hilbert some years ago if my memory serves me correctly. Pollock was a guest of Rev. John DeSoyres when he stopped in Saint John NB on the way to Hastings. <By the way, all chessplayers should have a hobby!>
Jul-28-14  rookhouse: <ljfyffe> This chess player maybe has too many chess hobbies. Showalter biography, Rook House website, and an online chess playing site in the works (Skittles Room). Would be nice if I finished one of them to completion.

I have not corresponded with Mr. Hilbert for nearly a year (or right after his Kemeny book came out), any idea how he is doing?

Jul-28-14  ljfyffe: <rookhouse> To the best of my knowledge, Hilbert is still doing fine though I heard he might retire from writing history books on chess. He's done more than his share already, but then again, he's the best at it.
Oct-22-14  ljfyffe: Showalter played in the 1888 lnternational
Correspondence Match between Canada and the
United States.
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