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Gerard Kroone
Number of games in database: 71
Years covered: 1919 to 1934

Overall record: +27 -29 =15 (48.6%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database.

With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (13) 
    C68 C83 C63 C80 C70
 Ruy Lopez Exchange (5) 
 Ruy Lopez, Open (4) 
    C83 C80
With the Black pieces:
 Caro-Kann (4) 
    B13 B18
 Ruy Lopez (4) 
    C66 C87 C65
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(born Feb-01-1897, died Nov-24-1979, 82 years old) Netherlands

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 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 71  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0141919Amsterdam m2C56 Two Knights
2. G Kroone vs Euwe  1-0261919Amsterdam m1C63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense
3. Euwe vs G Kroone  0-1281919Amsterdam m2D34 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
4. G Kroone vs Euwe  ½-½381919Amsterdam m1C83 Ruy Lopez, Open
5. Euwe vs G Kroone  ½-½261919Amsterdam m1D32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
6. G Kroone vs Euwe 1-0161919Amsterdam m1C83 Ruy Lopez, Open
7. G Kroone vs Euwe  ½-½371919Amsterdam m2A84 Dutch
8. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0451919Amsterdam m1D33 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
9. G Kroone vs Euwe 0-1351919Amsterdam m1C83 Ruy Lopez, Open
10. G Kroone vs Euwe  ½-½161919Amsterdam m2C29 Vienna Gambit
11. Euwe vs G Kroone 0-1141919Amsterdam m1B45 Sicilian, Taimanov
12. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0431919Amsterdam m1C54 Giuoco Piano
13. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0201919Amsterdam m2C33 King's Gambit Accepted
14. G Kroone vs Euwe  1-0451919Amsterdam m1C68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
15. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0541919Amsterdam m1C53 Giuoco Piano
16. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0221921AmsterdamD05 Queen's Pawn Game
17. G Kroone vs Euwe  ½-½631922AmsterdamC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
18. Euwe vs G Kroone  1-0221923AmsterdamA09 Reti Opening
19. Euwe vs G Kroone  0-1461923AmsterdamC55 Two Knights Defense
20. G Kroone vs Euwe  0-1391923AmsterdamC68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
21. G Kroone vs Euwe  0-1251923AmsterdamB83 Sicilian
22. G Kroone vs J Chandler  1-0471923Amsterdam-HastingsC68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
23. G Kroone vs E Straat  ½-½361924NED-chD48 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, Meran
24. E de Haas vs G Kroone  0-1361924NED-chC66 Ruy Lopez
25. G Kroone vs G Fontein  ½-½391924NED-chC68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 71  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Kroone wins | Kroone loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: Twenty one game against Dr.Euwe: 12.5-8.5 in Euwe's favour. A respectable score for master Kroone, I guess.
Feb-01-13  thomastonk: On the occasion of his 116th birthday, I have tried to find a little bit information about Kroone.

He begun playing chess before WWI in a chess club in Amsterdam called "De Toren" ("The Rook"), founded 1910. During the war he became the leading player there. He also played tournaments in the larger clubs in Amsterdam, in particular V.A.S. and A.S.C. In 1920 he joined the team of the A.S.C. and was a teammate of Euwe. He stayed there most of the 1920s, presumably his best time as a player as you can see from the two olympiads he played. Later in the 1930s and after WWII he played at Haarlem.

I wonder about the many games with Euwe from 1919. They are labelled with "m1" and "m2", and hence I assume they were played in two matches. However, I did not succeed in finding a reference for these matches, neither in Münninghoff's Euwe biography nor in contemporary newspapers. Instead I found a newspaper report about a match played in 1923, which ended 3-1 in Euwe's favour (possibly the four games from that year are the match games, but at least I can confirm that G Kroone vs Euwe, 1923 belonged to the match). This match is not mentioned by Münninghoff, too.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Gejewe: <thomastonk> An interesting post. I remember that in the (early?) 1970ties "Schakend Nederland", the Dutch federation's magazine, had an interview with old Gerard Kroone. Before that I had never heard of the man, but this showed that there are many chessplayers of considerable strength we do not know of. When I remember this rightly the interview also had a picture of Kroone. Strangely enough two other biographical efforts, Kmoch's "Euwe slaagt" (Euwe succeeds) and the the Euwe volume in the Wildhagen series (volume 18) give no reference to 1919 matches with Kroone either. And the last named has been edited by Euwe himself and gave many unknown games from clubevents. But there is a rather unknown book on Euwe that does, "Max Euwe - de Nederlandse Wereldkampioen schaken - Deel 1: 1901-1935" by Jacques M. Vermeulen, from 2001. He mentions two matches with G.Kroone on page 5, the first a 5-5 tie and the second tied as well with 1 1/2 - 1 1/2. But it is not clear from the bibliography where he got this information, for example he covered the magazine of our national federation from 1922-1936 (not 1919).
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gejewe: A bit strange, these results given by Vermeulen do not match with the database games that gives 9 games played in the the first match (4 1/2- 4 1/2) and 5 games played in the second match (3-2).
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gejewe: The Dutchbase of the Max Euwe Center gives 15 games from a first match resulting in 5-5 and a second won by Euwe 3-2 (1 1/2-1 1/2 after three games). Here are the results, round by round :

First match
1.Euwe-Kroone 1-0 Italian game (54)
2.Kroone-Euwe 0-1 Open Spanish (35)
3.Euwe-Kroone 0-1 Sicilian (14)
4.Kroone-Euwe 1-0 Open Spanish (16)
5.Euwe-Kroone 1-0 Italian game (43)
6.Kroone-Euwe 1/2 Open Spanish (38)
7.Euwe-Kroone 1-0 Tarrasch defence (45)
8.Kroone-Euwe 1-0 Spanish 3..f5 (26)
9.Euwe-Kroone 1/2 Tarrasch defence (26)
10.Kroone-Euwe 1-0 Spanish Exchange (45)

Second match 1919
Euwe-Kroone 0-1 Tarrasch defence (28)
Kroone-Euwe 1/2 Vienna game (16)
Euwe-Kroone 1-0 Two Knights (14)
Kroone-Euwe 1/2 Dutch defence (37)
Euwe-Kroone 1-0 Kings gambit (20)

Premium Chessgames Member
  Gejewe: The missing game
[Event "Amsterdam m1"]
[Site "Amsterdam m1"]
[Date "1919.??.??"]
[Round "5"]
[White "Euwe, Max"]
[Black "Kroone, Gerard"]
[Result "1-0"]
[PlyCount "85"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. c3 Nf6 5. d4 exd4 6. cxd4 Bb4+ 7. Nc3 Nxe4 8. O-O Bxc3 9. d5 Bf6 10. Re1 Ne7 11. Rxe4 d6 12. Bg5 Bxg5 13. Nxg5 O-O 14. Nxh7 Kxh7 15. Rh4+ Kg8 16. Qh5 f5 17. Re1 Re8 18. Re6 Kf8 19. Be2 Bxe6 20. dxe6 Ng6 21. Qxg6 Qf6 22. Qxf6+ gxf6 23. Rh7 Kg8 24. Rd7 Rad8 25. Bc4 Kh8 26. Rf7 d5 27. e7 dxc4 28. exd8=Q Rxd8 29. Kf1 Rd2 30. Rxc7 Rxb2 31. Rxc4 Rxa2 32. Rc8+ Kg7 33. Rc7+ Kg6 34. Rxb7 a5 35. Ra7 a4 36. g3 a3 37. Kg2 Ra1 38. Kf3 a2 39. h4 Kh5 40. Kf4 Kg6 41. h5+ Kxh5 42. Kxf5 Kh6 43. Kxf6 1-0

Premium Chessgames Member
Premium Chessgames Member
  Stonehenge: I guess that's the <newspaper report> Thomas found.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gejewe: <thomastonk> <stonehenge> This game is also mentioned as part of the 1923 match in "Euwe slaagt" page 63. The Wildhagen volume gives all 4 games

1. Kroone-Euwe 0-1 Spanish exchange (39)
2. Euwe-Kroone 1-0 Reti opening (22)
3. Kroone-Euwe 0-1 Sicilian (25)
4. Euwe-Kroone 0-1 Two Knights (46)
So <thomastonk> guess is right, the four games for 1923 are indeed the matchgames.

Feb-02-13  thomastonk: <Gejewe><Stonehenge> Nice to meet you here!

<Stonehenge> Yes, that's the report.

Such overseas reports have usually predecessors in Dutch newspapers like "Algemeen Handelsblad" or "Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant", which appeared weeks or even months before. But in the case of the 1923 match, I have only found two reports that appeared in the "NRC" during the match, and both give some additional information.

The first one is from September 6th, and states that a short match of four games is played in Haarlem between Kroone, the champion of Haarlem, and Euwe. It contains the first game. The second report appeared September 20 with the third game and the last game is announced to be played in the following week.

<Gejewe> The little known matches from 1919 are very interesting! I am not sure what "Dutchbase" means. The only database from MEC I know, is the Euwe database. The MEC prepares the publication of an update (a ball I got rolling a little bit) where Peter de Jong serves as an expert, and hence I am sure it will be excellent (details can be found in the MEC Nieuwsbrief).

Premium Chessgames Member
  Gejewe: <thomastonk>

"Archive of Dutch chess games in PGN format, for free download The aim of DutchBase is to be a comprehensive database of games played in important chess events in The Netherlands."

Unfortunately it seems there has not been any update after 2002.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Stonehenge: Perhaps also noteworthy:

Feb-02-13  thomastonk: <Gejewe> Thank you very much!

<stonehenge> This article is in my list of early Euwe appearances in that archive with the remark "first noted Euwe simul", but I am not sure. I think it is odd that Kroone played against young Euwe in the same year in a simultaneous exhibition and two matches.

Nov-22-18  Retireborn: I'd love to know more about the 1919 Euwe-Kroone matches; why two matches, and which months were they played in? Lost in the mists of time, perhaps.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: is a book from 1987. mentions the two matches: "Amsterdam Match met Kroone 31 augustus – 16 november 1919 " and "Amsterdam Match met Kroone 23 november 1919 – 11 januari 1920 ".

Nov-22-18  Retireborn: <Tab> Many thanks for that! Very useful. Two and a half months for the first match suggests that they weren't formally organized, and they just played whenever they could.

Those de Jong books look interesting; I wonder if anybody has them and can recommend (or not)?

Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: with contributions by de Jong. He also wrote large parts of

Nov-22-18  Retireborn: <Tab> Thanks again.
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