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Max Euwe
Number of games in database: 1,698
Years covered: 1911 to 1981

Overall record: +840 -259 =530 (67.8%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 69 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Orthodox Defense (109) 
    D63 D52 D50 D51 D67
 Nimzo Indian (99) 
    E38 E33 E32 E34 E39
 French Defense (58) 
    C13 C12 C07 C11 C02
 Ruy Lopez (54) 
    C83 C86 C78 C91 C85
 King's Indian (50) 
    E60 E67 E62 E66 E64
 Queen's Gambit Declined (42) 
    D30 D31 D35 D06 D37
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (123) 
    C83 C77 C80 C68 C78
 Slav (76) 
    D12 D15 D17 D10 D19
 Sicilian (70) 
    B83 B56 B88 B30 B28
 Ruy Lopez, Open (60) 
    C83 C80 C82 C81
 King's Indian (53) 
    E60 E94 E61 E92 E67
 Nimzo Indian (49) 
    E59 E34 E26 E28 E41
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Geller vs Euwe, 1953 0-1
   Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 1-0
   Tartakower vs Euwe, 1948 0-1
   Euwe vs Najdorf, 1953 1-0
   Euwe vs R Loman, 1923 1-0
   Euwe vs Reti, 1920 1-0
   Euwe vs Alekhine, 1935 1-0
   Botvinnik vs Euwe, 1946 1/2-1/2
   Szabo vs Euwe, 1946 0-1
   Euwe vs Fischer, 1957 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Alekhine - Euwe World Championship Match (1935)
   Euwe - Alekhine World Championship Rematch (1937)
   FIDE World Championship Tournament (1948)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Dutch Championship (1926)
   Hastings 1923/24 (1923)
   Dutch Championship (1929)
   Weston-super-Mare (1926)
   London Olympiad (1927)
   Dutch Championship (1933)
   Zaanstreek (1946)
   London-B (1946)
   Maastricht (1946)
   Dutch Championship (1950)
   Bern (1932)
   Zurich (1934)
   Groningen (1946)
   Mar del Plata (1947)
   Stockholm Olympiad (1937)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Match Euwe (International)! by amadeus
   Match Euwe (International)! by docjan
   Euwe Owe Me FTB for mispronouncing my name by fredthebear
   Max Euwe - The Biography (Munninghoff) by Qindarka
   yv 1 MAXimum Teacher Eve Dave by fredthebear
   Veliki majstori saha 18 EUWE (Marovic) by Chessdreamer
   World Champion - Euwe (I.Linder/V.Linder) by Qindarka
   My Games (Euwe) by Qindarka
   From My Games 1920 - 1937 by Benzol
   Max Euwe - From Steinitz to Fischer, Part 2 by Okavango
   Max Euwe - From Steinitz to Fischer, Part 2 by Chessdreamer
   My Great Predecessors by Garry Kasparov by PassedPawnDuo
   My Great Predecessors by Garry Kasparov by LionHeart40
   My Great Predecessors by Garry Kasparov by JoseTigranTalFischer

GAMES ANNOTATED BY EUWE: [what is this?]
   Euwe vs Alekhine, 1937

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Max Euwe
Search Google for Max Euwe

(born May-20-1901, died Nov-26-1981, 80 years old) Netherlands
[what is this?]

Machgielis (Max) Euwe was the fifth World Champion.

Early years

Euwe was born in Watergraafsmeer, then an independent municipality outside Amsterdam. His mother, Elizabeth van der Meer, taught him the moves when he was four. Euwe was a student of mathematics at Amsterdam University, where he graduated with honours in 1923, gaining his doctorate in 1926, after which he taught mathematics in Rotterdam and later in Amsterdam. His older brother was Willem Euwe.


Euwe won 102 tournaments during his career, squeezing them - and his other tournaments - into the little spare time he had during a busy professional career as a teacher, mathematician and lecturer, and while raising a family. His first international foray was in the Hastings Victory tournament after WW1 in the summer of 1919 where he placed fourth. He won the Dutch National Championship on five consecutive occasions in 1921, 1924, 1926, 1929 and 1933, and then on six more consecutive occasions in 1938, 1939, 1942, 1947, 1948 and 1952. His 12th win was in 1955; these 12 wins of the Dutch Championship are still a record, three ahead of Jan Timman, the second most prolific winner.

Euwe regularly competed in the Hastings tournament, winning it thrice, in 1923-24, 1930-31, and 1934-35. In 1928, he became the Second World Amateur Champion after Hermanis Mattison (Paris 1924). Other important tournament results were a win at Wiesbaden 1925, placing second behind Alexander Alekhine at Berne 1932, second behind Alekhine (whom he beat) at Zurich 1934, second at Zandvoort 1936 behind Reuben Fine, third at Nottingham 1936, half a point behind Mikhail Botvinnik and Jose Raul Capablanca but ahead of Alekhine, first ex aequo at Amsterdam 1936 with Fine, first at Bad Nauheim-Stuttgart-Garmisch 1937, ahead of Alekhine, equal fourth with Alekhine and Samuel Reshevsky at AVRO 1938, first at Amsterdam-Hilversum-The Hague in 1939, and first at Budapest in 1940.

After the Second World War, Euwe came first in London in 1946 and had his best tournament result, second behind Botvinnik at Groningen in 1946, a result which contributed to his receiving an invitation to play in the FIDE World Championship Tournament (1948).


Soon after Euwe won the Dutch Championship for the first time in 1921, he played and drew a short match with Geza Maroczy with 2 wins, 8 draws, and 2 losses. He played and lost what amounted to a short training match with Alekhine in 1926-7, a few months before the Capablanca - Alekhine World Championship Match (1927), by +2 =5 -3. In 1928, Euwe defeated Edgar Colle in a match with 5 wins and 1 draw. A few days later he played Efim Bogoljubov in a match and lost, scoring 2 wins, 5 draws, and 3 losses. After winning Hastings 1930-31 ahead of Capablanca, he played Capablanca in a match, but lost with 8 draws and 2 losses. Soon after his good result in Berne 1932, he drew a match with Salomon Flohr with 3 wins, 10 draws, and 3 losses. Later in 1932, Euwe won a training match with Rudolf Spielmann in 1932, with 2 wins and 2 draws, but lost another training match with Spielmann in 1935. He narrowly lost a match with Paul Keres in The Netherlands in 1939-40 (+5 =3 -6). In 1941, Euwe traveled to Carlsbad and defeated Bogoljubow in a match with 5 wins, 3 draws, and 2 losses. He drew the Euwe - Pirc (1949) match (+2 =6 -2) .

In 1957, Euwe played a short informal match against 14-year-old future world champion Robert James Fischer, winning one game and drawing the other. His lifetime score against Fischer was one win, one loss, and one draw.

World Championship

In 1935 Alexander Alekhine selected him as his opponent for the world title, the last time in which a challenger was selected until Garry Kasparov selected Vladimir Kramnik to challenge him for the Kasparov - Kramnik Classical World Championship Match (2000). The match was held in Amsterdam, The Hague, Delft, Rotterdam, Utrecht, Gouda, Groningen, Baarn, 's-Hertogenbosch, Eindhoven, Zeist, Ermelo, and Zandvoort, and played in 23 different venues. Euwe won the match (+9 =13 -8) on 15 December 1935 to become the fifth World Champion. This was also the first world championship match in which the players had seconds to help them with analysis during adjournments. In 1937 he lost the Euwe - Alekhine World Championship Rematch (1937) (+4 =11 -10). Their lifetime tally was +28 -20 =38 in favour of Alekhine. After Alekhine's death in 1946, Euwe was invited to contest the 1948 World Championship Match Tournament, and although he came last in that event, he continued to play in the world championship cycle until the Zurich Candidates of 1953.


He played top board for The Netherlands in seven Olympiads between 1927 to 1962, scoring 10�/15 at London 1927, 9�/13 at Stockholm 1937 to win bronze, 8/12 at Dubrovnik 1950, 7�/13 at Amsterdam 1954, 8�/11 at Munich 1958 to win silver medal (aged 57), 6�/16 at Leipzig 1960, and 4/7 in his last Olympiad at Varna in 1962. His Olympiad aggregate was 54�/87 for 62.6 per cent.

Legacy and testimonials

While he was World Champion, Euwe handed FIDE the power to organise the World Championship, apart from the return match with Alekhine that had already been agreed upon.

In 1957, while visiting the United States to study computer technology, he played two unofficial chess games in New York against Bobby Fischer, winning one and drawing the second. A couple of years later, he became director of The Netherlands Automatic Data Processing Research Centre in 1959 and from 1961 to 1963, chairman of a committee set up by Euratom to examine the feasibility of programming computers to play chess. In 1964, Euwe was appointed to a chair in an automatic information processing in Rotterdam University and, following that, at Tilburg University. He retired as professor at Tilburg in 1971. A fuller description of Euwe's non-chess career can be found at Max Euwe (kibitz #517), courtesy of <achieve>.

From 1970-1978, Euwe was a peripatetic President of FIDE, visiting more than 100 countries at his own expense, promoting chess world wide and helping add over 30 new member countries to FIDE. During his terms as FIDE President, he exercised immense diligence and effort to ensure the Match of the Century, the Spassky - Fischer World Championship Match (1972) took place. While Euwe was successful in that endeavour, similarly Herculean efforts to enable the Karpov - Fischer World Championship Match (1975) eventually foundered.

Euwe wrote over 70 chess books, including <The Road to Chess Mastery>, <Judgement and Planning in Chess>, <The Logical Approach to Chess>, and <Strategy and Tactics in Chess Play>. Many of his books are still in print, enabling several generations of good Dutch players to develop their games from reading his works. His bibliography can be gleaned from the following links at ((English); and (Dutch).

Euwe died in 1981, age 80. The Max Euwe Plein (square) (near the Leidseplein) in Amsterdam has a large chess set and statue, where the 'Max Euwe Stichting' is located in a former jailhouse. It has a Max Euwe museum and a large collection of chess books. Euwe�s granddaughter, Esm� Lammers, has written a children's book called Lang Leve de Koningin (Long live the Queen), which is a fairy tale about a young girl who learns to play chess and at the same time finds her father. Lammers filmed the story in 1995 (

� "Strategy requires thought; tactics requires observation." - Max Euwe

� "Does the general public, do even our friends the critics realize that Euwe virtually never made an unsound combination? He may, of course, occasionally fail to take account of an opponent's combination, but when he has the initiative in a tactical operation his calculation is impeccable." � Alexander Alekhine

� "He is logic personified, a genius of law and order. One would hardly call him an attacking player, yet he strides confidently into some extraordinarily complex variations." � Hans Kmoch

� "There's something wrong with that man. He's too normal." � Bobby Fischer


(1) Wikipedia article: 2nd Chess Olympiad; (2) Wikipedia article: Hastings International Chess Congress; (3) (4)

Wikipedia article: Max Euwe

Last updated: 2022-02-13 21:39:10

 page 1 of 68; games 1-25 of 1,698  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Euwe vs NN 1-0111911AmsterdamC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
2. J Davidson vs Euwe 0-1501912Simul, 30bC01 French, Exchange
3. R Wielinga vs Euwe  0-1461912Amsterdam-North HollandC00 French Defense
4. J W te Kolste vs Euwe 0-1291913VAS simulD00 Queen's Pawn Game
5. Euwe vs A A de Graaff  1-0181915NSB 2nd classC30 King's Gambit Declined
6. Euwe vs H Weenink  1-0211918VAS AmsterdamC53 Giuoco Piano
7. G Zittersteyn vs Euwe 0-1281918Arnhem-BD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
8. G Kroone vs Euwe  ½-½161919Amsterdam m2C29 Vienna Gambit
9. G Kroone vs Euwe  1-0451919Amsterdam m1C68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
10. Euwe vs G Kroone  ½-½261919Amsterdam m1D32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
11. G Kroone vs Euwe 0-1351919Amsterdam m1C83 Ruy Lopez, Open
12. G Kroone vs Euwe 1-0161919Amsterdam m1C83 Ruy Lopez, Open
13. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0141919Amsterdam m2C56 Two Knights
14. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0201919Amsterdam m2C33 King's Gambit Accepted
15. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0431919Amsterdam m1C54 Giuoco Piano
16. G Kroone vs Euwe  ½-½371919Amsterdam m2A84 Dutch
17. Euwe vs G Kroone  0-1281919Amsterdam m2D34 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
18. G Kroone vs Euwe  1-0261919Amsterdam m1C63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense
19. Euwe vs G Kroone 1-0451919Amsterdam m1D33 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
20. G Kroone vs Euwe  ½-½381919Amsterdam m1C83 Ruy Lopez, Open
21. Euwe vs G Kroone 0-1141919Amsterdam m1B45 Sicilian, Taimanov
22. Euwe vs W Craig 1-0261919Hastings-CC54 Giuoco Piano
23. Euwe vs B van Trotsenburg 0-1191919HaarlemC29 Vienna Gambit
24. Euwe vs J J O'Hanlon 1-0291919Hastings-CC54 Giuoco Piano
25. Euwe vs E Palmer 1-0261919Hastings-CC55 Two Knights Defense
 page 1 of 68; games 1-25 of 1,698  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Euwe wins | Euwe loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 30 OF 30 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Feb-02-22  Polonia: the story goes on floyd patterson... he and his manager came into souther american state and it was shortly after he whooped archie moore (rocky marciano was not sure who will win fight between them) for the world championship... and colored folks were not allowed to eat at the restaurant and they told him to scram (also fine short with laurel n hardy) and manager said... hey he is the world boxing heavyweight champion and ho said, well i did not know and floyd said i know how to get out of here. Meaning, just because he is champion he should eat here and if he was not?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Stonehenge: <wrap99>

See my post here: Willem Euwe.

Feb-02-22  Polonia: *southern
May-18-22  Petrosianic: Fine's opinion of Euwe:

<To my mind Euwe is the most underrated player in the world. The common opinion, (rarely heard in public but held by many people), is that he won the first championship march in 1935 because Alekhine drank: too heavily, and that he lost the return match because Alekhine had restored his health.

Nothing could be further from the truth. Alekhine's chess in the first match was no worse than the quality of chess he had been producing in the four or five years preceding the 1935 debacle, while Euwe's play in the return encounter was considerably below his best form. For example, Alekhine's games in his 1934 match against Bogoljubow were certainly no masterpieces, but Bogoljubow simply was not good enough to take advantage of it. And again in the second match Euwe made a number of incredible blunders.> -- Reuben Fine, November 1941

May-19-22  aliejin: Certainly Alekhine had been having problems
with the drink since something before 1935
Alehine underestimated Euwe before the match and above all , as he himself said, after game number 7....
where he believed his enemy defeated

But in 1937 Alekhine's level was clearly
above 1935. The rematch match ensued
because it was agreed and signed. It was a required condition by Alekhine, not by "courtesy" of the Dutch

After the 1937 match Euwe recognized that
Alekhine was better than him, even the best among the that he faced

May-19-22  Petrosianic: <After the 1937 match Euwe recognized that Alekhine was better than him, even the best among the that he faced>

In 1937 that might have been true. But the quote is from 1941. Fine described Alekhine as "Champion in name only" in the 1940's, thinking that his play had visibly declined again at AVRO, and no telling how much worse it was was 4 or 5 years later.

Of course that's Fine's opinion, it's not gospel. Keres in 1940 seemed to think that Alekhine was still the top player.

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Alekhine was very much an also-ran at AVRO, as he had been in Nottingham two years previously, the other event of relatively recent vintage in which he faced most of the elite.

One wonders whether Keres' view of Alekhine in 1940 coloured his results against him during the war years.

May-19-22  aliejin: In 1936 Alekhine was in a particular situation, as he himself said, that of a former champion....

In 1938 the older players were handicapped
for the organization of the tournament as Resevsky said

In 1941, due to the war, all chess activity
was practically paralyzed. The 1939 Olympiad
it was the last great chess event of that time

Fromy point of view , Fine's words are the words of a man resentful of the 1937 defeat. By the way, the 1937 match was for my taste
of lofty quality. Usually the hard part is finding the good games. In that match it is the other way around

May-19-22  aliejin: "One wonders whether Keres' view of Alekhine in 1940 coloured his results against him during the war years."

Another silly psychological "analysis"

If Paul keres, would have looked down on Alekhine, one could say "he lost to Alehine because
he believed that Alekhine was finished"

Paul Keres made an assertion and substantiated it

Why not think that Alekhine played better
( alekhine masterfully played those games )
and that's is all ?

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <aliejin: "One wonders whether Keres' view of Alekhine in 1940 coloured his results against him during the war years."

Another silly psychological "analysis"....>

Let me make this straight and simple, so even you understand it:

<get shtupped>

May-19-22  Petrosianic: <Fine's words are the words of a man resentful of the 1937 defeat. By the way, the 1937 match was for my taste of lofty quality.>

True, Fine was Euwe's second in 1937, and so had some skin in the game. Still, I do see some truth in what he said. Alekhine was on top of the world in 1930-31, but his results had gone down since then. In the 1934 match he was reduced to having to make excuses for the low quality of play.

I do make some allowances for AVRO, just because the traveling roadshow format was a handicap to the older players. Alekhine did play really well in the 1937 match, though Euwe also played badly.

But on the whole, he didn't have that many great results after Bled, 1931. Fine pointed out Zurich 1934, and that was good. Keres thought that Alekhine was still the top player, but the "Superclass" that he used to occupy no longer existed.

May-20-22  Olavi: <perfidious: Alekhine was very much an also-ran at AVRO, as he had been in Nottingham two years previously, the other event of relatively recent vintage in which he faced most of the elite.>

An also-ran when he finished 7/14 against the very best, the complete elite? Also in Nottingham he scored 50% against the WC hopefuls.

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: To merely break even when one is the world champion, in my mind, leaves one very much an also-ran. At Nottingham, he faced no such handicap as the travelling conditions during AVRO and an even score vs the top players was also Alekhine's lot--not necessarily the stuff of a player aspiring to regain the title.
May-20-22  Olavi: Fair enough, although at AVRO he was in the running for first until the penultimate round, when he lost to Fine.
May-20-22  Petrosianic: <Olavi: Fair enough, although at AVRO he was in the running for first until the penultimate round, when he lost to Fine.>

That's true, and, although it would be a tall order, if Alekhine had beaten Fine in R13 and Botvinnik in R14, he might have tied for first (assuming all other results stay the same).

He did try. Keres, in his 1940 article again, concedes that Fine beat Alekhine twice at AVRO, but doesn't attach too much significance to it, because Alekhine was trying too hard to win both games.

On the other hand, Fine also beat Alekhine at Margate, so three wins against the World Champion in a short time isn't to be sneezed at.

May-20-22  Z free or die: I hope Rod Edwards' EDOchess continues its expansion past 1935:

Fine was 2500+ in 1935 and, according to chessmetrics, about to discontinuously jump in rating on his way to 2700+ (e.g. @ Margate 1937):


May-29-22  Albertan: Remembering Machgielis ´´Max Euwe’´ on his 121st Birth anniversary:

Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: ♫♪♫ When I met Euwe in the restaurant, I knew the Dutchman was no debutante ♫♪♫ - Blondie.
Oct-13-22  Sally Simpson: I've been waiting for a nit picker to correct you and say his name is not pronounced 'You' (it's oiver or something like that.)

This small vid has it just after the 20 second mark.

So we could go with;
♫♪♫ Roll Euwe Beethoven ♫♪♫

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: ♫♪♫ He Aint Euwe, He's My Brother ♫♪♫
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: It ain't Euwe until the fat lady sings!
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: ♫♪♫ Eu-we! Eu-we!, It's Off Teu Weke Euwe Geuwe! ♫♪
Oct-14-22  Chessius the Messius: Comes close to "sleuth".
May-20-23  WhiteRook48: happy birthday to the fifth champion (who is a good candidate for being the most underrated world champion ever)

I read Kramnik's piece on the world champions recently and he makes a good case that Euwe's victory against Alekhine was no fluke and even in the second match the gap in skill was quite a bit closer than the match score would have suggested.

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: In the rematch, the score was only 11-9 in Alekhine's favour before Euwe dropped four of the next five games, which bears out Kramnik's opinion.
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