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Reti Opening (A09)
1 Nf3 d5 2 c4

Number of games in database: 2266
Years covered: 1854 to 2017
Overall record:
   White wins 38.9%
   Black wins 28.9%
   Draws 32.1%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
PRACTITIONERS
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
E Iturrizaga  29 games
Evgeny Tomashevsky  20 games
Georgy Lisitsin  18 games
Salomon Flohr  13 games
Petr Haba  12 games
Antoaneta Stefanova  11 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Botvinnik vs Chekhover, 1935
Euwe vs Loman, 1923
Alekhine vs Euwe, 1937
T Hillarp Persson vs I Sokolov, 2009
B Andonov vs Lputian, 1987
Keres vs Fine, 1936
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 page 1 of 91; games 1-25 of 2,266  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Shumov vs Jaenisch 0-1431854St Petersburg m1A09 Reti Opening
2. Euwe vs G Kroone  1-0221923AmsterdamA09 Reti Opening
3. Euwe vs Loman 1-0181923RotterdamA09 Reti Opening
4. Reti vs G Fontein 1-0421923Scheveningen NEDA09 Reti Opening
5. P Romanovsky vs Bogoljubov 0-1441924MatchA09 Reti Opening
6. P Romanovsky vs Dus Chotimirsky  1-0561924USSR ChampionshipA09 Reti Opening
7. Kashdan vs Soos  1-0341924New York-ch Stuyvesant CCA09 Reti Opening
8. S Takacs vs Rubinstein 1-0381924Meran Int TtA09 Reti Opening
9. Tartakower vs Janowski 1-0321924New YorkA09 Reti Opening
10. Reti vs Janowski 1-0431924New YorkA09 Reti Opening
11. NN vs Lasker 0-1221924Brno simA09 Reti Opening
12. Deutsch vs Koni 1-061925WenenA09 Reti Opening
13. F C Short vs M Romi  0-1321925Scarborough-AA09 Reti Opening
14. Euwe vs Spielmann ½-½561925WiesbadenA09 Reti Opening
15. Bogoljubov vs B Verlinsky 1-0471925MoscowA09 Reti Opening
16. Tartakower vs Spielmann  1-0261925MoscowA09 Reti Opening
17. B Verlinsky vs Rubinstein 1-0651925MoscowA09 Reti Opening
18. P Romanovsky vs Marshall 0-1491925MoscowA09 Reti Opening
19. Ratner vs M Romi  0-1401926ParigiA09 Reti Opening
20. B Kostic vs Przepiorka  0-1451926MeranoA09 Reti Opening
21. Lokvenc vs Leonhardt  1-0271926DSV KongressA09 Reti Opening
22. Tarrasch vs Alekhine 0-1581926SemmeringA09 Reti Opening
23. Reti vs Nimzowitsch 0-1691926SemmeringA09 Reti Opening
24. Reti vs K Havasi 1-0351926BudapestA09 Reti Opening
25. Kupchik vs Ed. Lasker ½-½591926Lake HopatcongA09 Reti Opening
 page 1 of 91; games 1-25 of 2,266  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Dec-16-04  AgentRgent: Last weekend I scored 3 out of 4 on board 3 in the State Team Championship. I was rather proud of this game. The ending looks strange due to a time scramble.

[Event "State Team Championship"]
[Date "2004.12.12"]
[Round "2"]
[White "AgentRgent"]
[Black "Guy in a Baseball Cap"]
[Result "1-0"]

1. Nf3 c5 2. g3 d5 3. c4 d4 4. b4 Nf6 5. bxc5 Nc6 6. d3 Qa5+ 7. Nbd2 g6 8. Bb2 e5 9. Bg2 Bxc5 10. O-O Ba3 11. Bxa3 Qxa3 12. Qb3 Qe7 13. Ng5 O-O 14. Nge4 Nxe4 15. Nxe4 f5 16. Nd2 Be6 17. Rfb1 Rf7 18. Rb2 Qc7 19. Rab1 Rb8 20. Qa4 Rff8 21. Nb3 e4 22. Nc5 Bc8 23. dxe4 b6 24. Nd3 Be6 25. exf5 Bd7 26. fxg6 Ne5 27. gxh7+ Kh8 28. Qc2 Bf5 29. Rc1 Ng4 30. Qd2 Rbd8 31. Bd5 Qxh7 32. h4 Rd6 33. Nf4 Qg7 34. Kg2 Rxd5 35. cxd5 Be4+ 36. Kf1 Bxd5 37. Rb5 Qe5 38. Rxd5 Ne3+ 39. Qxe3 Qg7 40. Rh5+ Kg8 41. Rg5 dxe3 42. Rxg7+ Kxg7 43. Ne6+ Kf7 44. Nxf8 exf2 45. Kxf2 Kxf8 46. Rc8+ Ke7 47. Rc7+ Kd6 48. Rxa7 Kc5 49. Rc7+ Kd4 50. e3+ Kd5 51. h5 b5 52. h6 b4 53. h7 b3 54. axb3 Kd6 55. Rc1 Kd5 56. h8=Q Ke4 57. Qd4+ Kf5 58. g4+ Kg5 59. Rc5+ Kh4 60. Rh5# 1-0

Comments anyone? ... anyone? ... Buehler? ... Buehler? ;-)

Dec-16-04
Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: <AgentRgent> Congratulations on your fine score! Looks like your opponent (GIABC lol) slightly misplayed the opening, grabbing space with 3 ... d4 but then the inconsistent 7 ... g6!? followed by 8 ... e5 & 9 ... Bxc5. Please review some potential missed tactics. After 17. Rfb1 Rf7?! note 18. Qxb7! wins a Pawn = 18 ... Qxb7 19. Rxb7 Rxb7 (19 ... Ne7? 20. Rxe7 Rxe7 21. Bxa8) 20. Bxc6 regains the exchange after 20 ... Rab8 21. Bxb7 Rxb7 or 20 ... Rb2 21. Bxa8 Rxd2 22. Kf1 (although here Black's Rook on the second rank is annoying). Tripling on the b file was strong yet slower. Then after 20 ... Rff8 21. Bxc6 wins a Pawn = 21 ... bxc6 22. Rxb8 Rxb8 23. Rxb8+ Qxb8 24. Qxc6 hitting the Be6 while the Nd2 covers b1 - maybe 24 ... Kf7 25. Nb3 with a bind. After 22 ... Bc8?! 23. Na6 wins the exchange, whereas 23. de b6 24. Nd3 won a Pawn. Looks like 34 ... Rxd5!? was desperation and you defended well, but 37 ... Qe5?? 38. Ng6+ wins faster than 38. Rxd5. Then 40. Rh5+ Kg8 41. Qe6+ Qf7 42. Qh6 was the way to go (42 ... Qg7 43. Rg5; 42 ... Qh7 43. Rg5+; otherwise 43. Qh8+ & 44. Rh7+). Finally, 46. Rc7 was the ideal technique, bringing the King up to force mate. Nice game!
Dec-17-04  AgentRgent: <tpstar:> Thanks for the comments. I often overlook tactics like you mentioned, though in some cases I just prefer to keep a better position rather than winning a pawn (i.e. 18. Qxb7 through 21...Rxd2 & 21. Bxc6).

Also doesn't <22 ... Bc8?! 23. Na6> lose a piece to 23...bxa6 24. Rxb8 Nxb8! ?

Anyway, thanks again for the analysis.

Dec-17-04
Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: <AgentRgent> Of course it does - I was just making sure you were paying attention. ;>) Sorry, forgot how the Nc6 covers the Rb8, so good for you for avoiding that goof! I liked your overall strategy of Queenside pressure, with the major pieces plus the Bg2, but at some point I would have cashed it in and grabbed the Pawn. Boo ya.
Dec-17-04  fred lennox: <AgentRgent> I enjoyed your exellent game. Thank you for sharing it. The way you sustain the tension, instead of automatically simplify, is admirable. To allow for counterplay but to control it, is for me, the essence of good strategy.
Dec-17-04  ArtNJ: AgentRegent, nice game. Suggest reviewing 13. e3!, which I think is even stronger then your sequence.
Dec-17-04  AgentRgent: <ArtNJ> I know that e3 is common move in many reversed Benoni lines, but I didn't like the look of it here. After 13. e3 dxe3 14. fxe3 White's prospects on the f file seem offset by his own weak pawns. Did you have something specific in mind?
Mar-25-05  ongyj: <AgentRgent> I find your game really well played and enjoyed reviewing it:) I just want to challenge your view on 1.Nf3 d5 2.c4 d4 is a mistake on Black's part. At move 2 Black's alternatives are 2...dxc4 or c6 or e6. Of course c6 and e6 may lead to QGD if White desires. Don't you find 2...dxc4 worse? With this move White has pawn majority on the centre and an open c file. Of course Black has compensations, which balances out in the opening. What I'm trying to say is that 2...d4 is not wrong. Black has made the choice of trying to keep the game ugly. 3.b4 e6 and now it's up the White to move. Will it spend a move to keep the b pawn under attack, or will it go for 4.Be2 attacking Black's d pawn right away? But is Black really toast here? I just can't agree on that. Anyone to offer more insights that I overlooked? Thanks!
Jun-17-05  AgentRgent: Here's my latest excursion into the wonderful world of the Reti.

Silver vs Gold

[White "AgentRgent"]
[Black "MrGolden"]

1. Nf3 d5 2. c4 Nf6 3. cxd5 Nxd5 4. b3 Nc6 5. Bb2 e6 6. g3 Nf6 7. Bg2 Bd6 8. d3 e5 9. Nbd2 O-O 10. O-O Re8 11. Ng5 Bf5 12. e4 Bg4 13. Qc1 Qd7 14. Re1 h6 15. Ngf3 Bh3 16. Bh1 Rac8 17. a3 Nh5 18. b4 a6 19. Nc4 f5 20. exf5 Qxf5 21. Nh4 Qf6 22. Bd5+ Kh8 23. Be4 Ne7 24. Nf3 Nf5 25. Ncxe5 Bxe5 26. Nxe5 Rxe5 27. Bxe5 Qxe5 28. Bxb7 Qd4 29. Bxc8 Nfxg3 30. Bxh3 Nf4 31. Bf1 Nxf1 32. Re8+ Kh7 33. Qxf1 Ne2+ (time) 34. Rxe2 1-0

Jun-17-05  aw1988: Lol. You have entertaining opponents, Mr. Rgent. Guy in a baseball cap must have been a ferocious sight.
Jun-17-05  AgentRgent: <ongyj: Don't you find 2...dxc4 worse?> Indeed I feel 2...dxc4 is worse for black than 2...d4. I believe the best response is 2...c6
Jun-17-05  OneBadDog: This is the perfect opening for speed games and one minute games.
Sep-04-05  positional player: <Indeed I feel 2...dxc4 is worse for black than 2...d4> i have got good results with 2...dxc4 when playing with black pieces, but it is maybe because i like Queen's Gambit Accepted too, and the game is somewhat similar to that
Sep-04-05
Premium Chessgames Member
  refutor: i asked here I Tetenkina vs A Skripchenko-Lautier, 2002 but no one answered, any opinions on why 1.Nf3 d5 2.c4 dxc4 3.e4 is not regularly played? because the e-pawn has to be defended on e4 as opposed to 3.e3?
Sep-05-05  Reegan Milne: I am no reti expert ( or player for that matter). However just looking at that opening <refutor> i believe the reason that the line 1.♘f3 d5 2.c4 dxc4 3.e4 is not played is because it leaves a hole on the d4 square because of the lack of C pawn and advanced E pawn. If black was able to get a peice to make a home on that square (♘ from c6 looks likly) then bad times are ahead for white.
Sep-05-05  positional player: <any opinions on why 1.Nf3 d5 2.c4 dxc4 3.e4 is not regularly played?> black plays 3...c5 and later Nc6 and has d4 square and white has an ugly backward d-pawn
Sep-17-05  Kriegspiel: Regarding 2...d4

I do not think this can be described as a "mistake". Do a search for Korchnoi as White opening with A09. There are twelve games, and 2...d4 is quite common; about half of the games in which it occurs are losses for Korchnoi.

Look how White tends to get squeezed! And it seems to me that if Black wanted to make an issue of it, he could maintain quite an intrusive center this way...even longer than in many of these games. Of course, Korchnoi manages to break out in many cases, even seizing control of the center, subsequently, with his own pawns in some cases, but not every player is a Korchnoi. In ordinary games, trying to hold on to a forward pawn like d4 could result in weaknesses for Black which would be easily exploitable by a Master, but how many players are Masters?

I had good success with this opening when Black played 2...dxc4, which was fairly often at the novice-intermediate level of chess I play, but I don't think this is an opening suitable to novices because 2...d4, followed up by tenacious (competent) defense of this pawn, can create a very intrusive pawn cluster which can impede White's development and squeeze him to death before he has a chance to break out, if he isn't careful; or else, goad him into a lot of flank-side pawn moves of his own, which weaken his position if he isn't careful. They say that the best response to play on the flank is counterplay in the center, and if that's true then Black has the advantage in such cases.

Kriegspiel

Sep-17-05  Brown: One way to treat the black side of 2...d4 is this game.

Korchnoi vs Seirawan, 1984

<refutor> I responded on your game link above about 3.e4!? in the Reti. I like it and play it, yet I'm only a 1700. It seems viable, leaving some holes but getting some space and aggressive positions for your peices. Even had a computer play 3...f5?! against me. After 4.Bxc4 I expected to win easily, but things weren't that simple. Most solid for black seems to be the ...c5...Nc6 set-up mentioned above.

Sep-18-05  Kriegspiel: <Brown: One way to treat the black side of 2...d4 is this game.

Korchnoi vs Seirawan, 1984 >

Yes. More than any other of the twelve, that illustrates the "anaconda" potential. This is why I don't think the opening is appropriate for novices to play as White.

Kriegspiel

Apr-10-07  gambitfan: Opening of the Day OPOD 10/04/2007
Aug-15-07
Premium Chessgames Member
  refutor: a couple theory questions

after 1.Nf3 d5 2.c4 d4 is 3.g3 good enough? even though it's a benoni a tempo up i'm still not so sure...players sometimes play 3.b4 but i feel like my pawns are too loose...maybe 1.Nf3 d5 2.c4 isn't for me ;)

also after 1.Nf3 d5 2.c4 dxc4 the only line that MCO has is 3.Na3, while the "most popular" line is 3.e3 i'm guessing it transposes most likely to the QGA. any other benefits to it if Black avoids the QGA?

thanks!

Sep-29-08  ravel5184: OOTD 2008.09.29
Reti Opening
1. Nf3 d5 2. c4

Botvinnik vs Chekhover, 1935

Game Collection: Opening of the day - notable games

Sep-29-08  ravel5184: aeiou!
Mar-25-10  rapidcitychess: I must say this is an awesome opening. It is not good for anyone desiring a quick games. You will be forced into a long channel of positional play. Black tries to consolidate his center.Whit must attack it or be forced into an inferior position

If you are a player who likes his center don't ever play this! I often play this. I recommend against 2...c6 and 2...e6 3 d4. IF you are playing for the fianchetto "safe" king, once again, do not play this. An example: Reti vs K Treybal, 1923 A draw, but it is very complex. Normally I play a Benko Gambit reversed. <1 Nf3 d5 2 c4 d4 3 g3 c5 4 b4.>Now all of these are quite complex, and I would take take up 2 pages! But any thing other than 2 ...Nf6 and 2...d4 transpose to the Queens gambit. If you do not like those, then play against his d5 pawn And break down his center. It is a hypermodern opening and takes experience, so tinker with it, then use as the secret weapon.

♖RapidCityChess♖

Jul-02-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  parisattack: BOOKS ON THE RETI

Davies - The Dynamic Reti

Delchev Attacking the English/Reti

Delchev - The Modern Reti: An Anti-Slav Repertoire

Donaldson / Hansen - A Strategic Opening Repertoire

Dunnington - Easy Guide to the Reti

Echecs International - Reti Opening

Keene - Flank Openings: A Study of Reti's Opening, the Catalan, English and King's Indian Attack (3 Editions)

Lonsdale - Reti Opening: Lisitsin Gambit Accepted

McDonald - Starting Out: The Reti

Morovian Press - Reti Opening

Osnos - Reti Opening

Pallister - Beating Unusual Chess Openings

Romanovsky - Reti's Opening (Russian)

Schiller - How to Play the Reti

Schiller - Hypermodern Opening Repertoire for White

Smith/Hall - Winning with the Reti

Wade - Trends in the Reti

Wade - Trends in the Reti (2)

Warsecha - The Reti Opening (German)

Weinstein - The Reti

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