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Max Lange
M Lange 

Number of games in database: 89
Years covered: 1849 to 1892
Overall record: +59 -21 =7 (71.8%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 2 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (11) 
    C65 C67 C64 C66 C80
 King's Gambit Accepted (9) 
    C33 C39
 Two Knights (7) 
 Evans Gambit (6) 
    C51 C52
 French Defense (4) 
    C01 C00
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (10) 
    C65 C64 C77 C61 C80
 Evans Gambit (6) 
    C51 C52
 Giuoco Piano (5) 
    C50 C53 C54
 King's Gambit Accepted (5) 
    C39 C33 C38 C37
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Anderssen vs M Lange, 1859 0-1
   M Lange vs NN, 1855 1-0
   M Lange vs J von Schierstedt, 1856 1-0
   M Lange vs Mayet, 1853 1-0
   M Lange vs J von Schierstedt, 1855 1-0
   M Lange vs R Schurig, 1855 1-0
   M Lange vs Anderssen, 1851 1-0
   M Lange vs G Schultz, 1863 1-0
   M Lange vs Anderssen, 1852 1-0
   M Lange vs Heineman, 1883 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   7th WSB Congress, Aachen, (1868)
   3rd DSB Congress, Nuremberg (1883)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Kieseritsky & Bannik & Lange best games by Imohthep
   Aachen 1868 by thomastonk

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Max Lange
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(born Aug-07-1832, died Dec-08-1899, 67 years old) Germany

[what is this?]

Max Lange was a player, theoretician and problemist. As a player he was 1st at Dusseldorf in 1862, 1863 and 1864, 1st at Hamburg 1868 and 1st at Aachen in 1868. His book Handbuch der Schachaufgaben (published 1862) was the first systematization of problems and he also invented the 'Helpmate' problem. He was the organiser of the Leipzig 1894 tourney and he edited Deutsche Schachzeitung from 1858 to 1864. Perhaps he is best known for the 'Max Lange Attack' normally reached via 1.e4 e5 2.♘f3 ♘c6 3.♗c4 ♘f6 4.d4 exd4 5.0-0 ♗c5 6.e5 but which can arise from several openings; Two Knights Defense (C55), Center Game (C21), Giuoco Piano (C50), Petrov Defense (C42) and Scotch Game (C45), which he suggested in 1854.

Lange should not be confused with Max Lange (sometimes referenced as Max Lange 2 in chess literature) and whose best known tournaments were Hilversum 1903 and the 14th DSB-Congress at Coburg 1904.

Wikipedia article: Max Lange

Last updated: 2017-11-16 22:59:04

 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 89  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. R Schurig vs M Lange 1-0241849LeipzigA02 Bird's Opening
2. M Lange vs Lichtenstein 1-0471850corrC33 King's Gambit Accepted
3. Lichtenstein vs M Lange 0-1281850corrC33 King's Gambit Accepted
4. M Lange vs Anderssen 1-0411851BerlinC33 King's Gambit Accepted
5. M Lange vs Anderssen 1-0211851Berlin Congress GCFC33 King's Gambit Accepted
6. Anderssen vs M Lange 1-0331852BerlinC52 Evans Gambit
7. M Lange vs R Franz 1-0261852BerlinC33 King's Gambit Accepted
8. M Lange vs Anderssen 1-0241852Berlin Congress GCFC33 King's Gambit Accepted
9. M Lange vs Groddeck  1-0301852BerlinC51 Evans Gambit
10. M Lange vs Heinemann  1-0261853HalleC55 Two Knights Defense
11. M Lange vs Heinemann  1-0391853HalleC55 Two Knights Defense
12. M Lange vs Ehrich 1-0161853MagdeburgC55 Two Knights Defense
13. M Lange vs Ehrich 1-0301853MagdeburgC55 Two Knights Defense
14. M Lange vs Ehrich 1-0221853MagdeburgC55 Two Knights Defense
15. M Lange vs Dufresne  1-0301853Berlin - 1e Berliner SchachgesellschaftC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
16. M Lange vs Mayet 1-0181853BerlinC51 Evans Gambit
17. M Lange vs Heinemann  1-0211854HalleC30 King's Gambit Declined
18. M Lange vs Eichert  1-0391854HalleC50 Giuoco Piano
19. M Lange vs NN 1-0151855UnknownC40 King's Knight Opening
20. M Lange vs R Schurig 1-0101855BerlinC40 King's Knight Opening
21. M Lange vs H Pollmaecher 0-1231855LeipzigC33 King's Gambit Accepted
22. M Lange vs Fesca  1-0171855HalleC67 Ruy Lopez
23. M Lange vs Fesca  1-0231855HalleC67 Ruy Lopez
24. M Lange vs W Hauptmann  1-0251855ErfurtC31 King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit
25. M Lange vs J von Schierstedt 1-0331855UnknownC44 King's Pawn Game
 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 89  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Lange wins | Lange loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 3 OF 3 ·  Later Kibitzing>
May-14-14  ljfyffe: But not the Max Lange who invented the famous attack. Another Lange with the title of Dr.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. Max Lange.

< Does anyone know if he ever played Max Lange attack (1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.0-0 Bc5) himself? >

According to this database no (, but there were 3 games that contained the Max Lange Attack (Marshall vs Capablanca, 1910, Marshall vs Capablanca, 1910 and Marshall vs Capablanca, 1910) that had the event listed as < "th Max Lange (1910)" >.

Aug-07-14  ljfyffe: Max Lange analysed the line in "Deutsche Schachzeitung" (1854); however, I'm unaware if he ever played it over-the-board. Sorry.
Jun-26-15  Morphischer: LMAO@ "Lange should not be confused with Dr. Max Lange" [clicks link to Dr. Max Lange; sees same photo]
Damn, Chessgames, you're slippin'.
Aug-07-15  TheTamale: Wow. I had no idea Max Lange was such a distinguished looking gent. I'd shoot for that look myself, if I could grow a beard.
Premium Chessgames Member
  eternaloptimist: <TheTamale> Lol he was styling & profiling! It's interesting that he suggested this move order back in 1854 according to Hooper & Whyld,: but the debut game in the CG database is an Urusov game.: S Urusov vs A Petrov, 1859 However, the CG database doesn't have all of Lange's games of course. 1 of the good things about it is the transpositional possibilities. U have a chance to wrong-foot your opponent b/c of that. 1 of these days I plan to play the Max Lange Attack vs a chess engine w/ a similar playing strength as mine. I'll start the position after I play e5. It looks like a fun opening!
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: That looks like a hipster beard.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Check It Out: Very much so. He wouldn't be out of place in Seattle, where hipsters spawn like rabbits.
Premium Chessgames Member
  eternaloptimist: This is a very interesting game of his.: M Lange vs O Wuelfing, 1864
Jan-01-16  zanzibar: I'm curious about his so-called "sabbatical" from ~1868-1883 when he essentially stopped tournament play.

Does anybody have any info about why he withdrew from play - and what he did during those intervening years?

Also, why did he decide to return to tournament play in 1883, and for only one tournament?

Did other German players comment on these manners, or try to coax him to play?

And, I see a 1890 Alapin--Lange corr game was played. Are we sure this was Lange(1) vs Lange(2)? And if he did play some corr chess, why aren't there more games?


Jan-02-16  thomastonk: <zanzibar> Reading obituaries is often informative! Some of your questions are answered by the obituary in DSZ 1900, pages 26-29. There one can find a description of Lange's activities in and outside of chess.

Neither the obituary nor the tournament book of Nuremberg (1883) gave a particular reason for his participation. I have not tried to find out why Lange stopped tournament play again, but please have a look at his result!

The corr game with Alapin has a certain story, which is relative well-known in the German reading circles. I try to make long things short. In 1892 Alapin sent a letter to 'Deutsches Wochenschach' about the moves 1.e4 e5 2.♘e2 including some of his games. He praised 2.♘e2 as an original opening and emphazised his merits of being the first one who played it against strong opposition. Lange replied to this in an article in 'DSZ' 1892 (see pages 262-3); there he mentioned some sources from 1849/50 and he compared the value of 2.♘e2 to that of 2.♔e2.

The dispute resulted in the corr game, which was played from September 23, 1892 until September 5, 1893 (I changed the year already). Lange had to win, but Alapin tricked him already with 3.d4, etc etc.

Lange did not play corr chess often, but I have a few games from 1850 and one from 1861.

Jan-02-16  zanzibar: Thank you as always <thomastonk>. I'll have a look at the DSZ obit.

The corr game makes for a good story, and a warning perhaps for over-pressing play during a game(?).

Jan-04-16  Phony Benoni: I found the following game at the Chess Archaeology excavations, published in the "Detroit Free Press" for June 10, 1859. No indication of source is given, but the game also appears in "Schachzzeitung, May 1859, p.171, with this caption:

<"Gespielt zu Welhnachien v. J."">

Which translates to "Played for Christmas". I'm not sure about "v. J.", but if the "J." means "Jahre" (year) it might be an abbreviation for "previous year".

"Schachzeitung" gives White's full name as <"Herr M. Ludwig Lange">, and given the occasion it's easy to speculate it was played at a family gathering during the holiday season. But that's still speculation.

[Event "Casual game"]
[Site "Berlin"]
[Date "1858.12.??"]
[EventDate "1858.12.??"]
[Round "?"]
[Result "0-1"]
[White "Lange, Ludwig"]
[Black "Lange, Max"]
[ECO ""]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?]

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Bc4 Bc5 5.c3 Nf6 6.e5 d5 7.Bb5 Ne4 8.cxd4 Bb6 9.Bxc6+ bxc6 10.Qc2 0-0 11.Nbd2 f5 12.Qxc6 h6 13.0-0 Ba6 14.Re1 Nxf2 15.Kxf2 Bxd4+ 16.Nxd4 Qh4+ 17.Kf3 Qg4+ 18.Ke3 f4+ 19.Kf2 Qh4+ 20.Kf3 Qxe1 21.Qxa6 Qe3+ 22.Kg4 Qxd4 23.Nf3 Qe4 24.Qe6+ Kh7 25.Bd2 Rae8 26.Qd7 Qg6+ 27.Kh4 Rxe5 28.Qg4 Qf6+ 29.Kh3 h5 30.Qd7 Rd8 31.Qxd8 Qf5+ 32.g4 Qxg4# Detroit Free ♙ress, June 10, 1859. Other data not given. 0-1

A stereotypical 19th century game.

May-18-17  RookFile: It's too bad this guy never played Morphy. I'm sure they would have had some interesting games.
May-27-17  zanzibar: The Chicago Tribune included the following game in Lange's obit:


[Event "Berlin - 1e Berliner Schachgesellschaft"]
[Site "Berlin GER"]
[Date "1853.01.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Lange, Max"]
[Black "Dufresne, Jean"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C64"]
[EventDate "1853.01.??"]
[Source "Chicago Tribune 1899.12.24"]

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Bc5 4.c3 Nge7 5.O-O a6 6.Ba4 d5 7.Nxe5 dxe4 8.Nxf7 Kxf7 9.Qh5+ g6 10.Qxc5 Kg7 11.d4 Rf8 12.Bg5 Rf5 13.Bxe7 Nxe7 14.Qa3 Nd5 15.Nd2 Qh4 16.c4 Nf4 17.Rae1 Rh5 18.Qg3 Nh3+ 19.gxh3 Rg5 20.Rxe4 Rxg3+ 21.fxg3 Qg5 22.Nf3 Qf6 23.g4 b5 24.Ne5 Qe6 25.Rf7+ Kg8 26.Bb3 Bb7 27.Ref4 Kh8 28.c5 Qe8 29.Rxc7 Qb8 30.Rff7 1-0


I used some info about the Berlin tournament given in EDO chess for the above.

I don't think this game is in <CG>, <365>, <CB>, <CT>, or <NIC>.

I also don't think it's included on this page (which has probably the more details about <Berlin (1853)>:


Nov-15-17  Jean Defuse: ...

The best know biography about Max Lange by Michael Negele:


Dec-17-18  Jean Defuse: ...

'Max's Christmas games'

see: Max Lange by Phony Benoni.

[Event "Casual game"]
[Site "Berlin"]
[Date "1858.12.??"]
[White "Lange, Max"]
[Black "Lange, Ludwig"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C52"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. b4 Bxb4 5. c3 Ba5 6. d4 exd4 7. O-O Nf6 8. cxd4 Nxe4 9. d5 Nb8 10. Qd4 Nf6 11. d6 cxd6 12. Ba3 Nc6 13. Qxd6 Ne7 14. Ng5 Rf8 15. Nc3 Bxc3 16. Rae1 Bxe1 17. Rxe1 Nfg8 18. Bb5 h6 19. Ne4 a6 1-0

click for larger view

Weiß kündigt in dieser Stellung der Partie erzwungenes Matt in spätestens fünf Zügen an, deren Auffindung wir als Aufgabe stellen.

Source: Sonntagsblätter für Schachfreunde No. 9, 3.3.1861.


Aug-07-19  Nosnibor: Max Lange was supposed to have produced the record of games of the Cologne Master Tournament of 1898 but whether through ill health or some other reason he was unable to follow this through .However in later years some of the games came to light and approximately 75% are available on the Tournament site. I understand there was some controversy that Lange refused to release them but this maybe supposition.
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <.However in later years some of the games came to light and approximately 75% are available on the Tournament site.>

What you talking about? 11th DSB Kongress, Cologne (1898) has only 48 games. Where are these 40 or so other games?

Aug-08-19  Nosnibor: <MissScarlett> Sorry this was a typo should have read 55%.Please don't get your knickers in a twist.
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <Sorry this was a typo should have read 55%>

~55% of 120 is ~66. So where are the ~18 other games? You better up your game, boy.

Jan-14-22  Nosnibor: Here is a game that I have come across where Lange beat Fischer! This was E. Fischer and not Bobby of course. It was a correspondence game played from 1854 through to 1856. White: Max Lange Black: E. Fischer Opening: Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defence. 1.e4 e5,2.Nf3 Nc6,3.Bb5 Nf6,4.d4 Nxd4,5.Nxd4 exd4,6.Qxd4 c6,7.Bc4 d5,8.exd5 b5,9.Bb3 c5,10.Qe5+ Be7,11.Bf4 0-0,12.0-0 Ng4,13.Qe4 Bf6,14.c3 Re8,15.Qf3 Ne5,16.Bxe5 Bxe5,17.Na3 c4,18.Bc2 Qg5,19.g3 Bg4,20.Qg2 Qh5,21.Bd1 a6,22.Bxg4 Qxg4,23.Nc2 Rad8,24.Rae1 a5,25.Kh1 Qd7,26.f4 Bf6,27.Rxe8 Rxe8,28.Qd2 Rc8,29.Ne3 g6,30.d6 Rc6,31.Rd1 Bd8,32.Qd5 Bb6,33.Nc2 Rc5,34.Qe4 Rh5,35.Ne1 Bc5,36.g4 Rh3,37.Nf3 Bxd6,38.f5 Qd8,39.Kg2 Rh6,40.Qe3 g5,41.h4 Qf8,42.Qxg5+ Kh8,43.f6 Rg6,44.Qf5 h6, 45.h5 Rg8,46.Kh3 Qb8,47.g5 Bh2,48.Qg4 Be5,49.Re7 Bxf6,50.Qf5 Bg7,51.gxh6 Bxc3.52.Ng5 Rxg5,53.Qxg5 Black Resigns 1-0 There appears to be some very clever moves on both sides.
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Why are there commas after every move pair?
Jun-29-22  lonchaney: Chess composer

Sep-25-23  Nosnibor: The following game in which he beat his compatriot is not in the database.<White: Max Lange> <Black: Adolf Anderssen > <Berlin:1852> <0pening Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defence> 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bg5 Nf6 4.d4 Nxd4 5.Nxd4 exd4 6.e5 c6 7.0-0 cxb5 8.Bg5 Be7 9.exf6 Bxf6 10.Re1+ Kf8 11.Bxf6 Qxf6 12.Na3 a6 13.Qe2 g6 14.Rad1 Kg7 15.Rd3 d5 16.Rf3 Qd6 17.Qd2 Bf5 18.QXd4+ f6 19.g4 Bc8 20.Rxf6 1-0
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