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Juan Corzo
J Corzo 
Left to right: Rafael Blanco, Juan Corzo, J.R. Capablanca, and Dr. Jose A Gelabert (1928)
From Homage a Jose Raul Capablanca, p. 169. Courtesy of
Number of games in database: 50
Years covered: 1896 to 1940

Overall record: +13 -16 =13 (46.4%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 8 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Vienna Opening (8) 
    C25 C28 C29 C27
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (4) 
    C80 C88 C82
 Queen's Pawn Game (4) 
    D02 D00
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   J Corzo vs Capablanca, 1901 1-0
   J Corzo vs Janowski, 1913 1/2-1/2
   J Corzo vs Capablanca, 1901 1-0
   J Corzo vs M Golmayo De La Torriente, 1896 1-0
   Capablanca vs J Corzo, 1901 0-1
   J Corzo vs Capablanca, 1901 1/2-1/2
   A C Vazquez vs J Corzo, 1900 0-1
   Capablanca vs J Corzo, 1901 0-1
   Capablanca vs J Corzo, 1901 1/2-1/2
   Capablanca vs J Corzo, 1901 1/2-1/2

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Capablanca - Corzo (1901)

   Capablanca Chess Club vs J Corzo, 1911

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Juan Corzo
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(born Jun-24-1873, died Sep-27-1941, 68 years old) Spain (federation/nationality Cuba)

[what is this?]
Juan Corzo y Principe was born in Madrid, Spain. He was Cuban Champion in 1902 but is best remembered for the match he lost (+2, =6, -4) to Jose Raul Capablanca at a time when he was the Champion of the Havana Chess Club. Corzo was a force in Cuban chess in his own right. With Capablanca, he founded the National Chess Federation of Cuba, and was a longtime editor of Capablanca's Chess Magazine. He passed away in Havana, Cuba in 1941.

Wikipedia article: Juan Corzo

 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 50  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. J Corzo vs M Golmayo De La Torriente 1-0241896HavanaC55 Two Knights Defense
2. A C Vazquez vs J Corzo 0-1401900Havana mC46 Three Knights
3. J Corzo vs A C Vazquez 1-0511900Havana mB46 Sicilian, Taimanov Variation
4. J Corzo vs A C Vazquez  1-0721900Havana mC25 Vienna
5. J Corzo vs Capablanca 1-0411901Havana casualB01 Scandinavian
6. Capablanca vs J Corzo 0-1601901Havana casualC45 Scotch Game
7. Capablanca vs J Corzo 0-1291901Capablanca - CorzoC45 Scotch Game
8. J Corzo vs Capablanca 1-0271901Capablanca - CorzoC52 Evans Gambit
9. Capablanca vs J Corzo ½-½611901Capablanca - CorzoA80 Dutch
10. J Corzo vs Capablanca 0-1681901Capablanca - CorzoC49 Four Knights
11. Capablanca vs J Corzo ½-½491901Capablanca - CorzoD00 Queen's Pawn Game
12. J Corzo vs Capablanca ½-½201901Capablanca - CorzoC25 Vienna
13. Capablanca vs J Corzo ½-½281901Capablanca - CorzoA83 Dutch, Staunton Gambit
14. J Corzo vs Capablanca 0-1261901Capablanca - CorzoC25 Vienna
15. Capablanca vs J Corzo 1-0591901Capablanca - CorzoA83 Dutch, Staunton Gambit
16. J Corzo vs Capablanca ½-½411901Capablanca - CorzoC42 Petrov Defense
17. Capablanca vs J Corzo 1-0601901Capablanca - CorzoD02 Queen's Pawn Game
18. J Corzo vs Capablanca ½-½401901Capablanca - CorzoC67 Ruy Lopez
19. Capablanca vs J Corzo 0-1461901Capablanca - CorzoA80 Dutch
20. Lasker vs J Corzo 1-0391906Casual GameC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
21. J Corzo vs Capablanca ½-½481909Exhibition gameC46 Three Knights
22. J Corzo vs Capablanca 0-1301909Casual gameC25 Vienna
23. J Corzo vs Capablanca ½-½761909Exhibition gameC46 Three Knights
24. Capablanca Chess Club vs J Corzo 1-0291911Correspondence gameC21 Center Game
25. J Corzo vs R B Estera  1-0461912Havana-chC28 Vienna Game
 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 50  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Corzo wins | Corzo loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Mar-28-05  paladin at large: <Calli>I agree completely with your comment on the futility of trying to compare the early achievements of Capablanca, Fischer, or anyone else across the ages. However, the first Corzo match game was on November 17 and Capablanca turned 13 on November 19, 1901, so - you are right, he was 13 when the match ended - but Josť was slightly younger than Fischer at the time Fischer beat Byrne. I recall that Chernev felt that one of Capablanca's victories over Corzo surpassed in virtuosity anything Fischer had achieved at a comparable age. (Of course, Chernev adored Capablanca.) All this is just colorful background - as you note, these games are simply to be enjoyed.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: Chernev was incredible Capablanca fan. I always adjust his raves on JRC a bit. His capablanca endings book, for instance, doesn't identify enough of the opponents errors. Anyway, Juan Corzo was nowhere near the strength of Byrne, but lets not get into such comparisions.

True, JRC was 12 yrs 363 days old on the day of the first game and 13 yrs+ for the other 12 games of the match. To me, it would be incorrect to report his age as anything but 13 for the match. It is often reported as 12 only because one of Capa's books misprinted the year of the match as 1900.

Jun-05-05  Heavy Metal Thunder: Fischer was US champ at 14, I guess that's a decent comparison point.
Oct-24-05  who: <Calli - Corzo lost at least two that he should have drawn> I never knew what people mean by that. With analysis every loss is probably a missed draw at least.
Jan-13-06  willamsmart: Juan Corzo is not the best player. He only won 42.3 of his games.
Sep-24-06  Petrosian63: <williamsmart> Corzo did play a lot of matches against Capabalanca though and lost them...
Nov-20-06  WarmasterKron: Winter gives scores of other matches Corzo: vs. Iglesias (+5 -0 =1), (+7 -5 =2) and vs. Blanco (+5 -0 =0)(!). According to his sources, Corzo also beat Lasker in some casual games.
Feb-12-07  ianD:
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: Senor Corzo's place in History of Chess in secured forever.
Jun-24-07  BIDMONFA: Juan Corzo


Jun-24-07  CapablancaFan: Juan Corzo was Capa's first serious advesary in professional chess, but in actuality, they remained good friends thoughout their entire lives.
Jun-24-07  Sergei Prokofiev: He kind of looks like Nietzsche
Jun-24-07  lopium:, may you check the spelling error on the biography : "but is best remembered for the the match he lost".
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: In the above photo, the person in the left bottom corner seems to be Frank Marshall.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: It is Marshall. See for the full picture and Corso story.
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: <Calli> Thank You so much for the link. Yes, I now also recognize D. Janowski, top left.

Kind of funny You should show up. Only a day or to ago I thought of asking You for some info, knowing You're our Chess historian. But now I can't remember what it was :-) Old age, I suppose. I'm pretty sure it had to with something/someone in regards to the 1920s. Should I manage to remember I'll drop by at Your forum. Thank You.

Sep-19-07  ScubaSig: Calli, since this is the more read thread I'll also post the answer here, It seems that I made a mistake. My grandfather, Enrique Corzo was born in 1904 and passed away in Miami in 1974 The early 1900's was a long time ago and I got them confused. The Enrique Corzo the matches refer to here was actually my grandfathers father same name and sure enough his brother was Juan. Enrique (my grandfather) was also an avid chess player and a member of the Havana Chess Club who was taught to play by Juan, his uncle and Enrique his father and is said to have also played and won a match against Capablanca before Capablanca moved to New York. My grandfather had such an admiration for the genius Capablanca was, he wrote an article in the Cuban magazine "Carteles" in 1942 titled "Capablanca". If you can read in Spanish the article will inspire you:
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: R.I.P.Master Corzo.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Before the match with Corzo, Capablanca played a series of exhibition games, or matches if you will, against leading Cuban players (totals were +13=2-3). He lost both games to Juan Corzo. Against Enrique Corzo, he won one and lost one.

Against Corzo, Capablanca thus scored +0=0-2 in exhibition match, +4=6-3 in long match, and lost both games to Corzo in 1902 Cuban championship. Score in Corzo's favor at +7=6-4. At the time, I contend that Corzo was stronger than Capabanca, but maybe not by much.

Aug-14-10  eightsquare: Good player. and my 400th kibitz.
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: Thank You for Capablanca Don Juan!

R.I.P. Senor Corzo.

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Juan Corzo.
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: This is the first time I've seen the photo Of Capa, Corso... Beautiful!
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Cuban Champ.

How many times did you have to take a belt to Jose?

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: This bio is wrong. Corzo scored three wins in the match with Capablanca.
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