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Otto Zander
  
Number of games in database: 28
Years covered: 1920 to 1925
Overall record: +7 -14 =7 (37.5%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games.

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A10 English (2 games)
C45 Scotch Game (2 games)
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OTTO ZANDER
(born Aug-11-1886, died Jun-20-1938, 51 years old) Germany

[what is this?]
Otto Zander was the Federal Chairman of the Großdeutscher Schachbund (abbr. GSB; Greater German Chess Federation) from 1933 to 1938. Alfred Ehrhardt Post served as his assistant,(1) and Joseph Goebbels had the title of "Honorary Chairman."(2)

The inaugural meeting of the GSB took place in Bad Pyrmont, Germany on 9 July 1933. On that occasion, Zander gave a speech in which he announced the expulsion of all Jewish players from organized chess in Germany: "We don't need Jews for our work, they have to disappear from our clubs, because they were the inventors and promoters of "Class Struggle" in Germany, and now they incite the other peoples against our Fatherland with their mendacious propaganda."(1),(3)

Sources

(1) Harald E. Balló, Geschichte des Deutschen Schachbundes, Part III, August 2002, http://www.ballo.de/dsb_3__teil,_b....

(2) Wikipedia article: Gro%C3%9Fdeutscher Schachbund

(3) Translated by User: Karpova, User: john barleycorn and User: Chessical. German original: Juden können wir zu unserer Arbeit nicht brauchen, sie haben aus den Vereinen zu verschwinden, denn sie waren in Deutschland die Erfinder und Förderer des Klassenkampfes und hetzen jetzt die anderen Völker mit ihrer Lügenpropaganda gegen unser Vaterland.


 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 28  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. O Zander vs F W Pelzer 1-0171920Berlin CLC25 Vienna
2. O Zander vs H Fraenkel  1-0321920BerlinC29 Vienna Gambit
3. W Schlage vs O Zander  ½-½421920Berlin CLC02 French, Advance
4. O Zander vs B Gregory  0-166192121. DSB KongressC26 Vienna
5. W John vs O Zander  ½-½35192121. DSB KongressA36 English
6. G Schories vs O Zander  0-136192121. DSB KongressC14 French, Classical
7. O Zander vs Ahues  ½-½35192121. DSB KongressA47 Queen's Indian
8. O Zander vs A Brinckmann 1-032192121. DSB KongressB00 Uncommon King's Pawn Opening
9. A E Post vs O Zander  1-041192121. DSB KongressC14 French, Classical
10. H Wagner vs O Zander  1-022192121. DSB KongressD10 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
11. O Zander vs Carls  0-156192121. DSB KongressB06 Robatsch
12. P Krueger vs O Zander  1-030192121. DSB KongressA10 English
13. W Schlage vs O Zander  1-068192121. DSB KongressA10 English
14. O Zander vs Saemisch  0-132192121. DSB KongressB23 Sicilian, Closed
15. W Fick vs O Zander 0-1221922GER-NEDC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
16. O Zander vs W Fick  ½-½501922GER-NEDB40 Sicilian
17. O Zander vs O Wegemund  1-038192222. DSB KongressC28 Vienna Game
18. O Zander vs T Hess  0-134192222. DSB KongressC25 Vienna
19. P Krueger vs O Zander  ½-½41192222. DSB KongressA84 Dutch
20. O Antze vs O Zander  1-054192222. DSB KongressA21 English
21. O Zander vs Leonhardt  ½-½40192222. DSB KongressC45 Scotch Game
22. O Zander vs W Schlage  0-140192222. DSB KongressB25 Sicilian, Closed
23. Hilse vs O Zander  ½-½51192222. DSB KongressC78 Ruy Lopez
24. O Zander vs S Gruber 1-041192222. DSB KongressB02 Alekhine's Defense
25. O Zander vs H Wagner  0-159192222. DSB KongressC45 Scotch Game
 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 28  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Zander wins | Zander loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Oct-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  WCC Editing Project:

<Part 2>

http://www.ballo.de/dsb_3__teil,_b....

Post has to be responsible for the devastation in European chess with, no doubt, but he was after the author's conviction not a convinced National Socialist, the first hour. In this context, it can be mentioned that Kurt Rattmann senior author of the late seventies personally said that post "was not a Nazi", but have the GSB protected and shielded from the organization KdF. And Lehmann, Berlin, designated Post as "power-conscious conservatives". Lehmann and Rattmann knew post personally. Also Lachaga wrote that post did not belong to the party. Lachaga had his information from Albert Becker and had to know. And the fact that postal formal and minuted always was only the second man inside the GSB and high Nazi officials have been appointed to the Federal Director of the GSB, also suggests that he was not a member of the party, because only earned and reliable party members were in the highest leadership positions are appointed within the National Socialist state.

Informative and interesting are the statements that are narrated by Paul Michel. "Many chess tournaments those years thanks to the tireless energy of a man post as before now sixteen years the writer of these lines on the occasion of a series of articles in the German Chess sheets -. 'The Scandinavian game' - was asked to suppress the Jewish name and he replied, . that then also the non-Jews would stay away, as explained post spoke on the spot his agreement as one in November 1938 (. Kristallnacht, n HB) of the spontaneous fury as postal sneered contemptuously: "The fury, the early drei clock woken up is "We could multiply these examples, but:. sapientia sat They will not succeed this man forever totzumachen, in grateful heart he is still alive but those who versteigen in blindwütigem hatred for crunching curse of Count savers:.. The ! throw me in hell that he perish like ashes and to 'not see him my eyes on - which we call to: Set your hatred to the address of those who deserve it, to whom we owe it that our loved ones dahingebleicht joyless, our intimate country, our cities are shredded! - In otherwise merciless days, weeks, years ago there was for us chess champion hours of comfort, joy, insouciance, which we largely owe Post and with us the many nameless, where the replay gives special treat, a ray of sunshine in the existence edema gray. In this sense, this book dare to light! "It is worth noting also that the book of Michel" Mrs. Salome Reischer, Champion of Austria, the benevolent helper in bitter years appropriated in gratitude "is. Reischer was Jewish and emigrated to Palestine and later in the United States. Restitution She returned to her previously aryanised family property back to Vienna, where he died 1980th

It rises at this point the extent to which the distinction whether Ehrhardt Post as a convinced National Socialist, the first hour or only a conservative German National was now of real relevance, given the tacitly used by him in the purchase expulsion of Jewish chess players from the German chess scene, given his meeting with Hans Frank to the head of the General Government of Poland and in view of the organization of chess tournaments in the immediate vicinity of the concentration camps in Poland, where destroyed people and perhaps the bibliophile German Jew Harald Falk from Hamburg or the Polish Jew David Przepiórka from Lodz were gassed.

Oct-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  WCC Editing Project:

<Part 3>

http://www.ballo.de/dsb_3__teil,_b....

The author is convinced that it alone is therefore not only formally important aspect is, as with the answer to this question becomes clear that debt also watching the German national ideas following Germans have burdened themselves - in the great political world, as well as in small area of ​​chess. From the good-natured nationalism Romantic style for racially exclusionary nationalism Nationalist embossing it was just a small knight's move when the fuses intellectual reason were once broken. Not only the Jews in Germany and Europe, but also the youth of Germany and Europe has paid for this loss of reason with life; medical students Hans and Sophie Scholl conviction for their fight against the Nazis in Munich in 1943 as well as the young and deluded German soldiers who, like the James Dean of the German chess aficionados, Klaus Junge ("for they know not what they do "), still had to give their lives in recent weeks and days before the end of the war in May 1945.

Stoltz vs Junge Grandmaster Tournament 1942: http://www.ballo.de/Images/Junge_vs...

Ehrhardt Post, died on August 1, 1947 The news of the death of this once so powerful chess functionary found in the chess press just a little attention. It is not known who has post where and how to bury.

The German Chess Federation but shall not be ashamed in his 125th anniversary year of its history. Proud head he can remember his services to remember the words: "Take heed to thyself, and keep thy soul diligently, that thou forget the things which thine eyes have seen, and that they are not from thy heart all the days of thy life."

See also this published book on the history of the DSB, the end of 2002, beginning of 2003 will be published in a revised and provided with extensive image material version.

We ask that all letters submitted by email to Hallo@Ballo.de

Oct-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: From this book:

<Das Schachspiel als Phänomen der Kulturgeschichte des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts>

By Edmund Bruns

comes this (slightly edited):

<Dem Leiter des GSB, Otto Zander, erreichte kurz nach dem Anschluß Österriechs folgender Brief aus Wien, der die Bekennung einiger österreichischer Schachspieler zum Nationalsozialismus zum Ausdruck brachte:

<Grenzenloser Jubel erfüllt die Herzen aller deutschen Volksgenossen in Österreich.

Unser heißgeliebter Führer Adolf Hitler hat unsere und seine Heimat zu Großdeutschland heimgeführt.

Wir Schachspieler Deutschösterreichs fühlen uns in diesen weltgeschichtlichen Tagen völlig eins mit unseren Schachkameraden im Deutsch Reich, dem wir nun auch angenhören dürfen, und danken den Großdeutschen Schachbund für die Wort und Tat bezeugte brüderliche Begrüßung und versichern seiner Führung unsere treue Mitarbeit und Gefolgschaft.

Der österreichische Schachverband, dessen kommissarische Leitung ich zu übernehmen die Ehre habe, unterstellt sich hiermit als Landesverband dem Großdeutschen Schachbunde.

In unauslöschlicher Dankbarkeit für den Mann, der uns Deutschösterreicher zur Freiheit und zur Einheit geführt hat, grüßen wir unsere Schachkameraden im Großdeutschen Schachbund mit Heil Hitler!

Gez. Albert Becker, Dr. Hans Geiger (Kommissarische Leiter des Wiener und des Österreichischen Schachverbandes )>

524 - Zitiert nach: M. Ehn, Grenzenloser Jubel. Schach. Zwei Männer und Anschluß 1938 in _ Der Standard vom 20.1.1991.

Becker wurde 1939 der Mannschaftsführer der großdeutschen Nationalmannschaft. Nach der Schacholympiade 1939 konnte die deutsche Mannschaft nicht sofort zurückkehren. Nach 1945 zog es Becker vor, in Argentinien zu blieben. In seiner Biographie (1975) erwähnt er seine Tätigkeit im Nationalsozialismus mit keinem Wort. Zu der Verschmelzung des Österreichischen und des Großdeutschen Schachbundes und den dafür zustäandigen Personen vgl. M. Ehn/E. Strouhal, Aufstieg und Elend des Wiener Schachlebens, S. 194-220>

Oct-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: And the google translation:

<The game of chess as a phenomenon of cultural history of the 19th and 20th centuries

By Edmund Bruns

<The head of the GSB, Otto Zander, shortly after the Anschluss Austria Riechs received the following letter from Vienna, who brought the avowal of some Austrian chess player to the National Socialist years:

<The wild jubilation fills the hearts of all German citizens in Austria.

Our dearly beloved leader Adolf Hitler has brought home our and his home to Greater Germany.

We chess players of German Austria feel in this world-historical days completely one with our chess comrades in the German Reich, which we now may be heard, and to thank the Greater German Chess Federation for the word and deed testified fraternal welcome and affirm his leadership, our loyal employees and followers.

The Austrian Chess Federation, whose acting head I have to accept the honor hereby submits to the National Association of the Greater German chess league.

In indelible gratitude for the man who has led us German Austrians to freedom and unity, we salute our comrades in chess Greater German Chess Federation with Heil Hitler!

Gez. Albert Becker, Dr. Hans Geiger (Acting Head of Vienna and the Austrian Chess Federation)>

524 - Cited by: M. Ehn, wild jubilation. Chess. Two men and Port 1938 _ The standard of 20/01/1991.

Becker was 1939, the team leader of the Greater German national team. After the Chess Olympiad in 1939, the German team could not return immediately. After 1945 it moved before Becker to remain in Argentina. In his autobiography (1975) he mentions his work in National Socialism with no word. To the merger of the Austrian and the Greater German Chess Federation and for zustäandigen people see. M. Ehn / e. Strouhal, rise and misery of the Vienna Chess Life, p 194-220>>

Oct-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: And from p182 of the same source:

<Schon 1938 hatte Otto Zander den Schachkameraden in Österreich zugerufen

Der Großdeutsche Schachbund bittet die berufene Männer von nationalsozialistischer Gesinnung, die Führung im österreichischen Schach zu übernehmen und die Verschmelzung zum deutschen>

* * * * *

<As early as 1938 Otto Zander had called the chess comrades in Austria

Most German Chess Federation invites the appointed men of Nazi attitude to take the lead in the Austrian chess and initiate the merger with the German federal government unit.>

Oct-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: According to this site:

http://www.sc-pforzheim.bsv-schach....

as concerns the Jewish exclusion:

<The most prominent victims of this policy was Walter Robinow, since 1908 Chairman of the Hamburg chess clubs in 1830, since 1920, Chairman of the German Chess Federation and organizer of the Schacholymiade 1930 in Hamburg.>

Apparently <CG> has no page for <Robinow>.

Oct-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: From http://www.schachfeld.de/threads/12...

<Präsidenten des Deutschen Schachbundes

Hermann Zwanzig 1877-1894
Max Lange 1894-1899
Cornelius Trimborn 1899-1900
Rudolf Gebhard 1900-1920
Walter Robinow 1920-1933
Otto Zander 1933-1938
Erhardt Post 1939-1945
Richard Czaya 1950-1951
Emil Dähne 1951-1968
Ludwig Schneider 1969-1975
Alfred Kinzel 1975-1983
Heinz Hohlfeld 1983-1989
Egon Ditt 1989-2001
Alfred Schlya 2001 -
>

I would think Robinow's tenure should merit a mention on <CG>.

Is this the same Gebhard?

Gebhard

And after Zander,

Alfred Ehrhardt Post

And for those wanting more information on Walter Robinow, I'm afraid you'll have to go off-site:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter...

Oct-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: An American newspaper reporting on Zander:

July 10, 1933 -- Reading Times, Reading Penn.

http://www.newspapers.com/newspage/...

<
CHESS, TOO, MUST BE STRICTLY NAZI

BADOPYRMONT. Germany, July 9

None but aryans meaning no Jews and ardent Nazis will be eligible to join the new "Greater Germany Chess association," Commissar Otto Zander announced today. Zander was appointed by Dr. Joseph Goebbels, minister of propaganda, as chairman of the new association. Zander dissolved the old German schachbund. saying only units of the new organization would be permitted.>

Oct-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: And a photograph of Zander (and Post) can be found here:

http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=...

Oct-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: And finally (or so I hope), this site claims Zander died during an accident:

http://www.deutsch-nachrichten.de/g...

Oct-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  WCC Editing Project:

<Colleagues>

For the time being, I just replaced the garbled Google translation of the passage in the bio with the version of <Karpova's> translation suggested by <John Barleycorn>.

To let you all know.

<zanzbar> it looks that you have found a great deal of material!

Oct-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <WCC> OK, I still don't like <mendacious>...

...and I strongly suggest the original German text be included.

Additionally, I would suggest some sort of editorial reprobation as well, e.g. at a minimum to explicitly characterize the speech as Anti-Semitic.

Perhaps also some further elucidation of the plight of German Jewish chess players under the Zander's Nazi stewardship.

Of course, with the accuracy and respect the historical record demands.

Oct-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: E.g. here's Jan van Reek's description:

<The Großdeutschen Schachbund (GSD) was founded in 1931. When Hitler took power in 1933, the DSB was dissolved. Bad Pyrmont 1933 counts as the first German chess championship. The level sank deeply, when Otto Zander spoke against the Jews. Emanuel Lasker and Jacques Mieses emigrated. Siegbert was refused in the Tarrasch club.>

http://www.endgame.nl/dsb.htm

Oct-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: There's an interesting Zander connection to chess set design:

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikiped...

http://www.chess-museum.com/uploads...

http://translate.google.com/transla... (google translated)

http://www.schleswiger-schachverein... (<de> - scroll down to <Schachfiguren - Bundesform>)

Oct-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <"Federal form in chess. According to my information and draft a new form has been created from chessmen that far exceeds previous games in appearance, durability and cheapness. The chess clubs is recommended that the new federal form ... gradually introduce instead of the earlier figures. ">

Post, writing for Zander in Deutsche Schachblätter, 15. Juli 1934, S. 226

Oct-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Also, Zander appears in this photograph with Alekhine and his wife (there's a connection there as well - supposedly Zander was the ghostwriter for Alekhine's famous anti-Semitic article(?) - and Alekhine met Zander in an attempt to leave Europe (this needs more research)):

http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...

<The caption identifies those sitting as (from left to right) ‘Zander, Frau Dr Aljechin, Reichsminister Dr Frank, Dr Aljechin, Richter’ and those standing as ‘Schlage, Post, Miehe, Helling, Sämisch, Oberstaatsanwalt Dr Bühler, Landgerichtsrat Dorn’.>

Also Zander and Euwe appear here:

http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...

<In August 1937 Deutsche Schachblätter published the following picture of Post, Zander, Frank, Euwe, Miehe and Bogoljubow, under the heading ‘Weltmeister Dr Euwe in Berlin’:>

http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...

CN #3527 Hans Frank

(photographes appear in source quoted above: Deutsche Schachblätter (1936-1941).)

Oct-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <Deutsche Schachblätter ceased publication in March 1943. In Nuremberg on 16 October 1946 Hans Frank, having been convicted of war crimes and crimes against humanity, was hanged.>
Oct-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Sometimes you will find me refer to legal logic as pretzel logic. As much as I respect the concept of having the "Rule of Law", and the entire field of juriprudence - I know enough history to be aware of historical failings of legal reasoning.

Once upon a time, the concept of witches and possession was a valid legal concept, one which was actually used to end the lives of convicted individuals just miles from where I live. Today we know these individual were innocent of any such crime.

In Germany, just after the Hitler's Nazi Socialist Party took power a system of laws were enacted that surely can be identified as the first step towards the Holocaust, all done under the guise of legality.

Zander's expulsion of Jewish blooded players was also a small step to perdition - under the auspices of this law (originally, those who were more than 25% Jewish, though later laws required much less...) :

<The legal basis for the purging of the faculties of Jews as well as of "enemies of the Reich" was provided by "The Law for the Reestablishment of the Professional Civil Service" (Gesetz zur Wiederherstellung des Berufsbeamtentums), enacted on April 7, 1933 5 . The following pretexts for dismissals were cited in the law:

1. Inadequate training (second paragraph 11),

2. Political unreliability, especially membership in the Communist Party (paragraphs 2a and 4),

3. "Non-Aryan" descent, unless the official was (a) in office before August 1, 1914, or (b) had fought in World War I, or (c) had lost a father or son in that war.>

http://www.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/M... (pdf)

Oct-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <A good number of organizations swiftly "Nazified" -- even before they were forced to do so. Like the German doctors described earlier, <the German Chess League>, the Association of the Blind, the Teacher's Association, the German Association of Pharmasists, and the German Automobile Club, to name only a few, swam ahead of the tide, eagerly banning Jews from their midst.>

<Between Dignity and Despair
By Marion A. Kaplan
Oxford University Press, Jan 1, 1999>

http://books.google.com/books?id=45...

Oct-20-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: OK, last post for now....

An amazing collection of chess sets, including the first African design I've ever seen:

http://www.chess-museum.com/recent-...

Bundesform in animal horn is about 55% of the way down.

Oct-21-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  WCC Editing Project:

<Z-bear>

Stellar research!

By all means, add in the original German of that direct quote to the bio text if you think it best.

I support <Karpova's> argument for keeping "mendacious"- maybe hold off on changing that until you can discuss it further with her?

Oct-21-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <WCC> I have no editor privileges, it's better that way!

I just wanted to have my mendacious say. I'm actually fine with it being in, as long as I can say I'm not. (My own pretzel logic at work there!)

Oct-21-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  WCC Editing Project:

<it's better that way>

Good heavens... then I think you are secretly much the best choice for an editing position.

Like <Playdough> suggested.

Oct-21-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <WCC> Seconded.
Oct-21-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  WCC Editing Project:

Information courtesy of User: Tabanus

The Times 11 July 1933 p. 13:

<Chess for Aryans. An All-German League. From our chess correspondent. Berlin, July 10.

An important stage towards the final consummation of the National-Socialist revolution has been covered with the inaugural meeting at Bad Pyrmont to-day of the All-German Chess League, in which practically all the local chess associations formerly affiliated to the German Chess League have been gently but firmly brought together "under a leader" appointed by the Minister for Propaganda on behalf of "The Leader" himself. Persons having Jewish grandparent, unless they neutralize this disability by the possession of the Iron Cross or some other token of War service, will be ineligible for membership of chess clubs in Germany, the new chess leader announcing that the famous "Aryan paragraph" (which ordered the dismissal of Jews over a proportion of about 1 per cent. of the whole from the public services) would also be applied to chess, as it has been applied to tennis, organized rabbit breeding, and the like. The chess leader, Herr Otto Zander, announced that men of National-Socialist views must be appointed leaders of the local chess clubs and associations, which were ordered to notify the names of their several leaders by August 1. The proceedings ended with the dispatch of a telegram to the Minister for Propaganda assuring him that "German chess (Schachtum), united in the All-German Chess League, sends its patron reverent greetings and vows its cooperation in the creation of the German national community.">

"Herr Zander" in orig. text.

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