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Martin Severin From
M S From 
Number of games in database: 21
Years covered: 1862 to 1883
Overall record: +9 -12 =0 (42.9%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games.

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(born Apr-08-1828, died May-06-1895, 67 years old) Denmark

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Martin Severin Janus From achieved lasting fame by analysing the gambit 1.f4 e5 which he played against Magnus Oscar Mollerstrom in 1862. Subsequently it became known as From's Gambit.

Wikipedia article: Martin Severin From

 page 1 of 1; 21 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. M Mollerstrom vs M S From 0-121 1862 CopenhagenA02 Bird's Opening
2. Lindehn vs M S From 0-120 1862 CopenhagenC21 Center Game
3. S Sorensen vs M S From 0-132 1862 CopenhagenC42 Petrov Defense
4. M S From vs E Schallopp 1-027 1867 CopenhagenC21 Center Game
5. Winawer vs M S From 1-040 1867 ParisC30 King's Gambit Declined
6. M S From vs Winawer  0-141 1867 ParisC21 Center Game
7. M S From vs S Rosenthal 0-148 1867 ParisC21 Center Game
8. S Rosenthal vs M S From  1-044 1867 ParisC33 King's Gambit Accepted
9. C Golmayo vs M S From  1-024 1867 ParisC45 Scotch Game
10. M S From vs C Golmayo  0-176 1867 ParisC21 Center Game
11. M S From vs H Czarnowski  1-070 1867 ParisC21 Center Game
12. H Czarnowski vs M S From  1-071 1867 ParisC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
13. M S From vs de Riviere  1-054 1867 ParisC53 Giuoco Piano
14. de Riviere vs M S From  0-158 1867 ParisC51 Evans Gambit
15. G Neumann vs M S From  1-052 1867 ParisC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
16. M S From vs G Neumann 0-118 1867 ParisC44 King's Pawn Game
17. M S From vs Loyd 1-026 1867 ParisC44 King's Pawn Game
18. Loyd vs M S From 0-140 1867 ParisC60 Ruy Lopez
19. M S From vs Steinitz 0-135 1867 ParisC53 Giuoco Piano
20. Steinitz vs M S From 1-031 1867 ParisC31 King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit
21. O S Meisling vs M S From 1-021 1883 ?C45 Scotch Game
 page 1 of 1; 21 games  PGN Download 
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | From wins | From loses  

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Jun-07-05  ughaibu: If this link Opening Explorer doesn't work for you, try A02.
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Jul-06-06  Poulsen: Martin Severin Janus From was a danish chessplayer. He came from a rather poor family, but tried from about 1845 to pursue a career as a poet (with help from Hans Christian Andersen among others).

This failed however and in 1849 he volunteered for the war against the preussians - participating in the battle at Fredericia july-06-1849. After the war he had different jobs, but ended up being a prison employee - and later on prison inspector in a prison for women. In 1891 he received the order Ridder af Danneborg - which is the second most important danish order.

As chessplayer his name is attached to Froms Gambit 1.f4,e5 - due to this game M Mollerstrom vs M S From, 1862, which was puplished in Schachzeitung in july-august 1862.

He participated in Paris 1867 - but his unsound aggressive play did not fare well against Steinitz and other strong chessplayers, se games.

Jul-06-06  Poulsen: M Mollerstrom vs M S From, 1862
Premium Chessgames Member
  ganstaman: Is it sad that I hate this man just because I find his gambit annoying and I don't know how to deal with it? Playing the Bird's Opening would be so much more enjoyable if 1...e5 didn't exist. Maybe if Mollerstrom had won that game, people would have lost interest in the gambit and deemed it unsound. No, wait, calling something unsound probably would attract more practitioners. Hmmmm, quite a problem From's created for me here. I hate him for that.
Premium Chessgames Member
  An Englishman: Good Evening: Not much of a drawing master, was he?
May-08-07  Plato: <ganstaman> If you'd rather gambit a pawn yourself, study the King's Gambit and in the future you can respond with 2.e4. This might have some surprise value, too, because against 1.e4 your opponent might not be an ...e5 player.
May-08-07  gus inn: f4-e5.2fxe5-d6.3.Nf3-Nc6.4.e4 (!) with Bb5 to follow is a very good try vs Froms.And the blackplayer(s) dont like it , I can asure you !.Next to that <Platos> old advice , the KG is a good idea .

This reminds me a bit of 1.e3 !? - e5.2.d4 - exd4.3.exd4 with equality , more or less.But let us asume I played it vs Kasparov i a simul.And I would have a point , that I tricked him into playing french with the black pieces !?

May-08-07  Troller: Oh, nice to see a Dane as Player of the Day. Apart from his own gambit against Bird, I believe he also popularized the "Danish Gambit" 1.e4,e5 2.d4,ed 3.c3,dc 4.Lc4

For reasons unbeknownst to me, this is called "Nordic Gambit" in Denmark.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: from the Tidsskrift for Skak, translated for the B.C.M.

Part I

MARTIN SEVERIN JANUS FROM, inspector of the penitentiary of Christianshavn, Denmark, was born at Nakskov, 8th April. 1828, and received his first instruction at the grammar school of Nykjöbing. He was gifted with a rare intelligence, and made rapid progress in his studies; but through his precocious and strongly developed independence of character he became involved in a dispute with his teachers, and left school without passing his examinations for the University. On the breaking-out, soon after, of the war with Germany for the possession of Schleswig, he entered the army as a volunteer, served in the brigade of Colonel Rye. of the 6th battalion, and, among other actions, was present at the battle foujht for the redoubt of Trelde, on the 6th of July, 1849, at Fredericia.

At the end of the war he settled at Copenhagen, where he was employed in the Statistical Bureau, and shortly afterwards in the office for prison management, and to the central office of that institution he remained attached for the rest of his life. His work there was marked by singular ability, zeal, and interest, and, as we are told from the most competent quarters, "was combined with an unrivalled knowledge of every detail of the history of our prison system." From the year 1890 , he was inspector of the penitentiary of Christianshavn.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: Part II

While in the Statistical Office From made the acquaintance of 0. Möllerström, who then (1851) was the strongest chess player of Copenhagen, and by him he was initiated into the mysteries of the chess board It was soon apparent that he was possessed of no common aptitude for the game, and, to the great surprise of his instructor, after the lapse of but one year, he turned out more than a match for him. From that moment and during the course of the following twenty years, the period within which his career as a chess player properly falls, he was without a rival among the chess players of the North, and when in the year 1865 the new Copenhagen Chess Club was organised, he, as a matter of course, became its president. Among Danish players who at this time came nearest to him may be cited G. Nielsen, S. A. Sörensen, and Ludvig With. He never chanced to break a lance with H. Möller, who left Copenhagen in the same year, 1851, and went to Jutland.

From's play showed an acute eye for position; it was always spirited, often ingenious, and, as a rule, of a strongly aggressive nature, in the style of Morphy. Like this prince of the chess board, and in opposition to the principles of Philidor, From had a preference for the open game, and, in the opening, considered the Pawns rather as an obstacle than as a support in the attack of the pieces. One Pawn, however, the King's Bishop's Pawn, was a favourite with both of them — it is spared and protected, later on to be brought forward as a sacrifice or a menace, alike pernicious to the adversary, on f 5 (f 4), and the art with which this is accomplished is often admirable.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: Part III - (last)

It is therefore very characteristic that From, like Morphy, scarcely ever plays King's Gamhit, neither Knight nor Bishop Gambit, whereas gambits on the Queen's side occur constantly. From's play combined rapidity with soundness, and he very seldom committed a blunder. However, the energetic braimvork which he put into his play affected his nerves, and after a protracted game with an able adversary he was not quite in good form. With the constructive theory of chess he occupied himself only as far as it interested him to discover new points of view, and to enter upon a new course, but his general knowledge of the theory of the openings was altogether very limited. It may be owing to these circumstances that at the great tournament in Paris, 1867, he did not arrive at a result corresponding to his real strength, such as it appeared in single combats with v. Heydebrand u. d. Lasa, and other prominent foreign masters.

Among From's excursions into the department of theory may be particularly noticed the strengthening of the defence against " the Muzio Gambit," analysed by friends of his in Deutsche Schachzeititng, 1862; the valuable variations which principally through his games have been won for our " Northern Gambit," but more especially the remarkable play in the counter gambit i P — К В 4, P — К 4, which bears his name, and has rendered it celebrated far and wide in the chess world.* He died at Copenhagen, on the 6th of May, 1895, aged 67.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: Great to finally see a photo of him.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: Yes, many thanks to User: martin moller who is doing much needed research in Danish chess. See his website for more.
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: A very fine photo indeed. Thanks Martin!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Stonehenge: What's up with those sideburns? Did he hide pocket-Fritz in it?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: You name is <Stonehenge> and you don't understand styles from different eras?
May-08-10  BIDMONFA: Martin Severin From

FROM, Martin Severin J.

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  wordfunph: thanks <BIDMONFA>...others may hate your posts but i do appreciate it. Keep it coming!
May-08-10  The Famous Chess Cat: <Stonehenge> Haha, fantastic!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Nightsurfer: In case somebody would like to get some more information about M.S. From, herewith an interview with an expert who has written a Danish-language biography about M.S. From, please see "Who has invented From's Gambit" by surfing to That is a German-language interview, however, but I am sure that the contents and the facts can be got by the help of a translating device, apart from that I think that the text is pretty self-explanatory because of many photos.
Sep-23-11  BIDMONFA: Martin Severin From

New Link

Premium Chessgames Member
  Nightsurfer: The German-language interview on <Martin Severin From> and <From's Gambit> that has been published by <ChessBase> has a new link now:
Jul-01-13  Nina Myers: Fromage dans le tapis!
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