The second of five consecutive international tournaments organized by the Margate chess club at their seaside resort. Former world champion Jose Raul Capablanca was invited a second time and agreed to participate, as did five British players who were also returning for the second time: reigning women's world champion Vera Menchik, Philip Stuart Milner-Barry, Brian Patrick Reilly, Edward G Sergeant and George Alan Thomas all attended. The six returning players were joined by Czech master Salomon Flohr, Swedish masters Gideon Stahlberg and Erik Ruben Lundin and British master Theodore Tylor.
Unlike the other four Margate tournaments from this series, complete records and gamescores are no longer available. Only thirty-one of the original forty-five games remain and have been included here with the appropriate dates and round information where known. (1)
The tournament proved to be a second consecutive disappointment for Capablanca as he again finished in second place, one-half point behind Flohr. This decade was a good one to Flohr, who would have another victory at Podebrady (1936) later in the year, there finishing ahead of Alekhine in the standings.
Margate, England, 15-24 April 1936
Margate (1935) and Margate (1937) were the previous and subsequent congresses in this series.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 Pts
1 Flohr * = = 1 1 1 = 1 1 1 7.5
2 Capablanca = * = = = 1 1 1 1 1 7.0
3 Stahlberg = = * 0 = = 1 = 1 1 5.5
4 Lundin 0 = 1 * = = 1 = 0 1 5.0
5 Tylor 0 = = = * 1 = 0 = 1 4.5
6 Milner-Barry 0 0 = = 0 * 1 1 = 1 4.5
7 Menchik = 0 0 0 = 0 * = 1 1 3.5
8 Thomas 0 0 = = 1 0 = * = 0 3.0
9 Sergeant 0 0 0 1 = = 0 = * = 3.0
10 Reilly 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 = * 1.5
(1) Missing games: Flohr 1 Sergeant; Stahlberg 1 Menchik; Stahlberg 1/2 Milner-Barry; Stahlberg 1/2 Tylot; Lundiin 1 Menchik; Lundin 1/2 Tylor; Lundin 1/2 Thomas; Menchik 0 Milner-Barry; Menchik 1/2 Tylor; Menchik 1/2 Thomas; Milner-Barry 0 Tylor; Milner-Barry 1/2 Sergenat; Tylor 1/2 Sergeant; Sergeant 1/2 Thomas.
Thanks go to <Benzol> and <Phony Benoni> for their research and help reconstructing this tournament to the level seen here.
Original collection: Game Collection: Margate 1936, by User: suenteus po 147.
| page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 31
|1. E G Sergeant vs E R Lundin
||1-0||40||1936||Margate||C83 Ruy Lopez, Open|
|2. B P Reilly vs Flohr
||0-1||35||1936||Margate||D04 Queen's Pawn Game|
|3. E G Sergeant vs Menchik
|4. Capablanca vs Milner-Barry
|5. Flohr vs G A Thomas
||1-0||45||1936||Margate||D55 Queen's Gambit Declined|
|6. Stahlberg vs E G Sergeant
|| ||1-0||42||1936||Margate||D63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense|
|7. Capablanca vs E R Lundin
|| ||½-½||30||1936||Margate||D47 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav|
|8. Menchik vs B P Reilly
|9. E R Lundin vs Flohr
||0-1||49||1936||Margate||B03 Alekhine's Defense|
|10. B P Reilly vs Stahlberg
|| ||0-1||38||1936||Margate||D40 Queen's Gambit Declined, Semi-Tarrasch|
|11. Tylor vs Capablanca
|| ||½-½||30||1936||Margate||D13 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Exchange Variation|
|12. Stahlberg vs G A Thomas
|| ||½-½||83||1936||Margate||D68 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, Classical|
|13. Milner-Barry vs B P Reilly
|| ||1-0||32||1936||Margate||B14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack|
|14. Flohr vs Capablanca
|| ||½-½||30||1936||Margate||D43 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav|
|15. E R Lundin vs Stahlberg
|| ||1-0||30||1936||Margate||A06 Reti Opening|
|16. Capablanca vs E G Sergeant
||1-0||34||1936||Margate||A09 Reti Opening|
|17. B P Reilly vs Tylor
|| ||0-1||41||1936||Margate||D55 Queen's Gambit Declined|
|18. G A Thomas vs Milner-Barry
|| ||0-1||26||1936||Margate||E43 Nimzo-Indian, Fischer Variation|
|19. Flohr vs Menchik
|20. Milner-Barry vs E R Lundin
|| ||½-½||24||1936||Margate||B40 Sicilian|
|21. Stahlberg vs Flohr
|| ||½-½||29||1936||Margate||D18 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Dutch|
|22. Tylor vs G A Thomas
|| ||0-1||29||1936||Margate||D50 Queen's Gambit Declined|
|23. E G Sergeant vs B P Reilly
|| ||½-½||40||1936||Margate||B18 Caro-Kann, Classical|
|24. Capablanca vs Menchik
||1-0||48||1936||Margate||D02 Queen's Pawn Game|
|25. B P Reilly vs Capablanca
||0-1||29||1936||Margate||A47 Queen's Indian|
| page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 31
|Nov-16-13|| ||Conrad93: Did Flohr drop out of the tournament?|
|Nov-16-13|| ||Benzol: <Conrad93> Did you miss something in looking at the introduction and crosstable?|
|Nov-17-13|| ||perfidious: <Paul>: It is difficult to believe that nearly one-third of the games are apparently lost to posterity.|
Perhaps the best is locating back numbers of BCM, which might have the missing games; but my guess is that you and <Phony Benoni> have already gone that route!
|Nov-17-13|| ||Benzol: <Alan> My help to <suenteus po 147> was very superficial. <Phony Benoni> had more input. I don't know if back issues of the BCM have been consulted.|
|Nov-17-13|| ||RedShield: Should read < Here he beat the former world champion by half a point with wins over over half the field.>|
|Nov-17-13|| ||Conrad93: Yes, I did read it. No mention of Flohr dropping out, yet one game is missing.|
|Nov-17-13|| ||Conrad93: In fact, the introduction is missing a lot of details.|
|Nov-17-13|| ||Benzol: I fear that the introduction isn't the only thing missing a few details.|
|Nov-18-13|| ||Shams: Zing!|
|Nov-18-13|| ||Phony Benoni: The <Tournament Standings> at the top of an Historical Tournament Page can be very misleading since they are based only on the available games.
Many of the questions that arise can be answered by consulting the full tournament crosstable in the introduction. |
As the introduction states, only 31 of the 45 games have survived. One of the fourteen missing games is Flohr's win over Sergeant.
The introduction was written for the original collection. That didn't have the tournament standings at tge top, so such explanations weren't so obviously needed. I'll do a bit of work on it at home tonight.
So why were aren't games preserved? Just one of those accidents of history. Back then--and this is over 75 years ago, remember--scores were not automatically and instantly archived. You needed somebody to make sure the games were recorded, to check the scores, type them up and make sure they were published. It just didn't always happen.
One good instance of this phenomenon is USSR Championship (1920). Only 36 of the 120 games have survived, including just seven from tournament winner and future World Champion Alexander Alekhine. Yet, we have all fifteen games from the otherwise obscure Nikolay Pavlov-Pianov.
|Nov-20-13|| ||Conrad93: So we don't know what result Flohr had?|
|Nov-20-13|| ||TheFocus: <Conrad> We know his result from the cross-table, but the standings section can be misleading and confusing. Note that in the standings, Flohr finishes behind Capablanca, but the cross-table shows that Flohr won the tournament ahead of Capablanca.|
|Nov-21-13|| ||Conrad93: All right, thanks for the clarification.|
|Feb-18-15|| ||Stonehenge: Capa and Menchik (first round I believe):
|Jul-24-15|| ||zanzibar: I think the photo in Stonehenge's link is a composition.|
I really <CG> leaderboards weren't so confusing - as is they serve as a convenient link table to the games sorted by player -
<but are otherwise confusing as to the actual standings>
Especially without stub-games to adjust scoring (and even then, tie-break complications appear).
I think I've figured out the Margate pairing-schedule, and I'll be back with the stub listing (for the rounds of the missing games).
|Jul-24-15|| ||zanzibar: Here are the properly "colorized" stubs (aka missing games):|
1936.04.15 (R1) = Thomas -- Lundin
1936.04.15 (R1) = Tylor -- Stahlberg
1936.04.16 (R2) 0-1 Milner-Barry -- Tylor
1936.04.17 (R3) = Sergeant -- Milner-Barry
1936.04.17 (R3) = Thomas -- Menchik
1936.04.18 (R4) 0-1 Menchik -- Lundin
1936.04.18 (R4) = Tylor -- Sergeant
1936.04.22 (R7) = Lundin -- Tylor
1936.04.22 (R7) 0-1 Menchik -- Stahlberg
1936.04.22 (R7) = Thomas -- Sergeant
1936.04.23 (R8) 1-0 Milner-Barry -- Menchik
1936.04.24 (R9) 1-0 Flohr -- Sergeant
1936.04.24 (R9) = Menchik -- Tylor
1936.04.24 (R9) = Stahlberg -- Milner-Barry
|Dec-23-19|| ||Telemus: About the missing game Flohr vs Sergeant.
During my studies of pawn endings I found a fragment in the "Encyclopardia of Chess Endings", volume on pawn endings, Belgrade 1982, example 735, page 177:
click for larger view
The example is analysed by Minev two pages later. Therein appears the game continuation as follows: 1.♔d1 ♔c3?? 2.f3?? ♔b4?? 3.g4! 1-0.
Minev uses analysis of Voronkov and Averbakh, so the game could appear elsewhere.
In Chessbase's database of 2018 is another fragment:
click for larger view
with these moves: 46... ♔d3 47. ♘xf5 gxf5 48. ♔d1 1-0.
Both fragments fit together and would imply that Flohr won in 50 moves.
However, "The Times" (25th April, p 10) reported: <The ninth and final round in the principal tournaments of the Margate Chess Congress was played this morning, with the result that Salo Flohr won the first prize in the Premier Tournament. Actually, his opponent, E.G. Sergeant, lost on the time limit, but errors in what had been a drawn position meant a lost game for Sergeant at that stage. The forty-eight move saw the end.>
|Dec-23-19|| ||Telemus: About the missing game Flohr vs Sergeant, pt. 2.|
The statements on the evaluation of the position do not help very much, because the pawn ending is quite difficult.
According to SF 10, the move 1.. ♔c3, which got the ?? by Minev, is the only move that holds the game. Minev prefers instead 1.. d4 2.exd4 ♔xd4 3.♔e2 ♔e4 4.f3 ♔e5:
click for larger view
Here he continues 5.♔d3 ( ± Voronkov) ♔d5 6.f4 (6.♔c3 ♔e5 7.♔c4 f4 8.g4? hxg4 9.fxg4 f3 10.♔d3 ♔f4 11.h5 ♔g3 12.h6 f2 -+; 8.gxf4= Averbakh) 6.. ♔c6 7.♔c4 b5 =.
I intend to present analysis of the positions after 1.. ♔c3 and the one in the diagram later.
Does anyone have access to Gillam's book on Margate 1936? I don't expect to much, because Chessbase usually presents the same information, but it should be checked, of course.
Spot an error? Please suggest your correction and help us eliminate database mistakes!
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