chessgames.com
Members · Prefs · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing

 
Endgame Lessons
Compiled by notyetagm
--*--

VALUE OF ENDGAME KNOWLEDGE

Position after 36 ... b7xc6:


click for larger view

Here White played 37 ♗b3-c4? and eventually lost. Instead he could have won immediately by simplifying into a pawn ending and then using a <PAWN BREAKTHROUGH> with 37 ♗b3x♘d5 c6xd5 38 b4-b5!.

(VAR) Position after 37 ♗b3x♘d5 c6xd5 38 b4-b5! :


click for larger view

White's creates an advanced <OUTSIDE PASSED PAWN> which will promote well before any Black passed pawn can.

Black's problem is that both the Black a6-pawn and c6-pawn are <OVERWORKED> in the original position. The Black a6-pawn must <BLOCKADE> the advanced White a5-pawn, so it cannot also <DEFEND> the b5-square. Meanwhile the Black c6-pawn must <DEFEND> the Black d5-knight from the threat of ♗x♘ so it cannot also <DEFEND> the b5-square either. So neither Black's a6- nor c6-pawn actually <DEFENDS> the b5-square to prevent the <PAWN BREAKTHROUGH> b4-b5!.

It pays to be thinking about winning the ending by promoting a pawn at -all- times.

Event "ICC 1 0"
Site "Internet Chess Club"
Date "2007.05.13"
Round "-"
White "petrosian17"
Black "canadiankid"
Result "1-0"
WhiteElo "2146"
BlackElo "2189"
ICCResult "Black forfeits on time"
Opening "Queen's pawn"
ECO "A40"
NIC "QO.17"
Time "02:05:06"
TimeControl "60+0"

1. d4 e6 2. c4 c5 3. d5 exd5 4. cxd5 d6 5. Nc3 Be7 6. e4 Bg5 7. f4 Bh4+ 8. g3 Bf6 9. Nf3 a6 10. a4 h5 11. h3 Qb6 12. Qc2 c4 13. Qf2 Qxf2+ 14. Kxf2 Nd7 15. Bxc4 Ne7 16. a5 O-O 17. Be3 Rb8 18. Na4 g6 19. Rac1 Re8 20. b4 Nf8 21. Kg2 Bd7 22. Nb6 Nc8 23. Rhd1 Nxb6 24. Bxb6 Rxe4 25. Bd4 Bxd4 26. Rxd4 Rxd4 27. Nxd4 Rc8 28. Rc2 Be8 29. Bd3 Rxc2+ 30. Bxc2 Nd7 31. f5 Nf6 32. fxg6 fxg6 33. Ne6 Nxd5 34. Bb3 Bc6 35. Nd4 Kg7 36. Nxc6 bxc6 37. Bc4 Nc7 38. Kf3 d5 39. Bd3 Kf6 40. Kf4 g5+ 41. Kf3 Ke5 42. g4 h4 43. Ke3 d4+ 44. Kd2 Nd5 45. Kc2 Nxb4+ 46. Kd2 Nxd3 47. Kxd3 Kd5 48. Kd2 c5 49. Kd3 c4+ 50. Kd2 Kc5 51. Kc2 Kb5 52. Kd2 Kxa5 53. Ke2 Kb5 54. Kf3 a5 55. Ke4 a4 56. Kxd4 Kb4 57. Ke5 a3 58. Kf5 a2 59. Kxg5 a1=Q 60. Kxh4 Qc3 61. g5 Qe1+ 62. Kh5 Qd2 63. h4 Qe2+ 64. Kg6 Qg4 65. h5 Qe4+ 66. Kh6 Qf4 67. Kg6 Qg4 68. Kh6 Qe4 69. g6 Qf4+ 70. Kg7 Qe5+ 71. Kh6 Qf4+ 72. Kg7 Qe5+ 73. Kh7 1-0

Here is a simply stupendous endgame by GM Magnus Carlsen in which he shows outstanding imagination.

Here is the PGN for that brilliant endgame by Carlsen:

Event "BL 0607 OSC Baden Baden - Werder Bremen" Site "?"
Date "2007.03.31"
Round "14.4"
White "Carlsen, Magnus"
Black "Hracek, Zbynek"
Result "1-0"
WhiteElo "2698"
BlackElo "2614"
ECO "D58"
PlyCount "135"
EventDate "2007.??.??"

1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. Nf3 d5 4. Nc3 Be7 5. Bg5 O-O 6. e3 h6 7. Bh4 b6 8. Bd3 Bb7 9. O-O dxc4 10. Bxc4 Ne4 11. Nxe4 Bxe4 12. Bg3 Nd7 13. Qe2 Bd6 14. Rfd1 Qe7 15. Bb5 Rad8 16. Rac1 Bxg3 17. hxg3 c5 18. Nd2 Bd5 19. e4 Ba8 20. Bxd7 Qxd7 21. dxc5 bxc5 22. Nb3 Qa4 23. Rxd8 Rxd8 24. Nxc5 Qxa2 25. Qb5 Kh7 26. f3 Rd2 27. Na4 Rd4 28. Nc3 Qc4 29. Qxc4 Rxc4 30. Ra1 Rc7 31. Nb5 Rb7 32. Nd6 Rd7 33. Ra6 Bb7 34. Rxa7 Rxd6 35. Rxb7 Rd1+ 36. Kf2 Rd2+ 37. Kf1 Kg6 38. g4 Kf6 39. b4 Rb2 40. b5 Rb1+ 41. Kf2 Rb2+ 42. Kg3 e5 43. b6 g6 44. Rb8 Kg7 45. Kh2 Kf6 46. Kg1 Ke6 47. b7 Kf6 48. g3 g5 49. Kf1 Rb1+ 50. Ke2 Rb2+ 51. Kd3 Rb3+ 52. Kc4 Rb1 53. Kc5 Rc1+ 54. Kd6 Rd1+ 55. Kc6 Rc1+ 56. Kd7 Rb1 57. Ke8 Kg7 58. Ke7 Rb2 59. Kd6 Kf6 60. f4 exf4 61. gxf4 gxf4 62. Rg8 Rb6+ 63. Kc7 Rxb7+ 64. Kxb7 f3 65. Kc6 Ke5 66. Re8+ Kf4 67. Kd5 f6 68. Rf8
1-0


click for larger view

60 f4!! <blockaders do not defend> exf4 61 gxf4 gxf4 62 ♖g8! <clearance for b7-b8>


click for larger view

62 ... ♖b6+ (62 ... ♖xb7?? 63 e5#) 63 ♔c7 ♖xb7+ 64 ♔x♖b7


click for larger view

Ponomariov sacs the exchange for a bishop pair that runs amok
Karjakin vs Ponomariov, 2006 
(B90) Sicilian, Najdorf, 56 moves, 0-1

Bu Xiangzhi liquidates into a complex winning K+P ending
Bu Xiangzhi vs Jobava, 2005 
(D38) Queen's Gambit Declined, Ragozin Variation, 57 moves, 1-0

56 ... Ke4!! 57 Kg2 Ke3 58 Kf1 gains a tempo, wins pawn endgame
Anand vs Kamsky, 2006 
(C88) Ruy Lopez, 57 moves, 0-1

The Roving Rook
Pillsbury vs Showalter, 1897 
(D63) Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, 66 moves, 1-0

The Most Instructive Rook and Pawn Ending Ever Played
Tarrasch vs E Thorold, 1890 
(C07) French, Tarrasch, 56 moves, 1-0

43 Rxc7!! transforms advanced pawns into connected passed pawns
K Plater vs Sliwa, 1947 
(E33) Nimzo-Indian, Classical, 45 moves, 1-0

Widely separated passed pawns beat connected passed pawns
H K Mattison vs Rubinstein, 1929 
(C68) Ruy Lopez, Exchange, 38 moves, 0-1

80 - Ke6? loses, 80 - Kf7! draws in fight for key square g5
Fressinet vs Nakamura, 2006 
(B51) Sicilian, Canal-Sokolsky (Rossolimo) Attack, 82 moves, 1/2-1/2

Anand shows great technique in a R+2P v R endgame
Anand vs Shirov, 2004 
(C42) Petrov Defense, 56 moves, 1-0

Ponomariov sacs two(!) pawns in order to penetrate with king
Ponomariov vs Morozevich, 2006 
(B90) Sicilian, Najdorf, 53 moves, 1-0

One fast passed pawn draws against three slow passed pawns
E Najer vs Ehlvest, 2005 
(B80) Sicilian, Scheveningen, 59 moves, 1/2-1/2

48 ... Ke8!! 49 Kxh8?? Kf8! zugzwang wins pawn endgame
Shirov vs Aronian, 2006 
(C89) Ruy Lopez, Marshall, 58 moves, 0-1

Defending rook on long side draws, on short side loses
Aronian vs Carlsen, 2006 
(E15) Queen's Indian, 74 moves, 1-0

Svidler fails to convert queen versus rook!
Gelfand vs Svidler, 2001 
(E06) Catalan, Closed, 5.Nf3, 129 moves, 1/2-1/2

Karpov wins R+3P v R+2P against Shirov
Shirov vs Karpov, 1996 
(B12) Caro-Kann Defense, 84 moves, 0-1

Janowski salvages draw using the Take My Rook stalemate trick
Janowski vs Gruenfeld, 1925 
(A47) Queen's Indian, 66 moves, 1/2-1/2

38 a5! bxa5 39 b6! and the half-passed White d5-pawn promotes
Wade vs Korchnoi, 1960 
(D07) Queen's Gambit Declined, Chigorin Defense, 38 moves, 1-0

Outside passed pawn + deflection = win
Nimzowitsch vs Tarrasch, 1911 
(C45) Scotch Game, 39 moves, 0-1

39 ... Bc5! 40 Ra4 Bd4! controls a1-promotion square, wins
Alekhine vs Ed. Lasker, 1924 
(E76) King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack, 53 moves, 1/2-1/2

45 ... g7-g5?? 46 g4! sac frees half-passed White h4-pawn
G Welling vs Eingorn, 2006 
(A40) Queen's Pawn Game, 46 moves, 1-0

59 ... Bxg5! sacrifice makes Q + h-pawn vs R + f-pawn fortress
Radjabov vs Karjakin, 2007 
(E15) Queen's Indian, 78 moves, 1/2-1/2

Averbakh builds queen + h-pawn versus rook + f-pawn fortress
Averbakh vs Bondarevsky, 1948 
(C92) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 74 moves, 1/2-1/2

Korchnoi gives rook endgame lesson
Korchnoi vs Reshevsky, 1968 
(A14) English, 41 moves, 1-0

Larsen puts on a rook endgame clinic
Geller vs Larsen, 1967 
(A04) Reti Opening, 66 moves, 0-1

A passed pawn is meaningless with exposed king in Q+R ending
E Canal vs L Schmid, 1953 
(C01) French, Exchange, 58 moves, 1-0

Active king wins the endgame, assisting passed pawns promote
Carlsen vs Morozevich, 2007 
(E66) King's Indian, Fianchetto, Yugoslav Panno, 68 moves, 1-0

61 Kd4! shoulder blocks the Black b4-king, wins pawn endgame
V Malakhov vs E Najer, 2007 
(C50) Giuoco Piano, 66 moves, 1/2-1/2

47 Bc5 intercepts Black f2-bishop, frees passed White b5-pawn
V Malakhatko vs J Shaw, 2007 
(D10) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 47 moves, 1-0

Outstanding endgame technique by Kramnik
Kramnik vs Gelfand, 2007 
(D12) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 51 moves, 1-0

Bologan wins R+B vs R just one(!) move shy of 50-move rule
Bologan vs Rublevsky, 2007 
(D11) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 124 moves, 1-0

Adams saves a half-point using the stalemate trick 69 Qh3+!
Adams vs V Dimitrov, 1993 
(C05) French, Tarrasch, 69 moves, 1/2-1/2

Houska teaches her opponent how to play a knight ending
T Borvander vs J Houska, 2007 
(D15) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 68 moves, 0-1

Jakovenko vs Sutovsky, 2007 
(C80) Ruy Lopez, Open, 43 moves, 1-0

41 ... Nxb3!! leads to a won pawn ending position in 20+ moves!
Maroczy vs Marshall, 1903 
(A00) Uncommon Opening, 63 moves, 0-1

37 - Bb3+! Leko removes passed pawn blockader with mate threat
M Gurevich vs Leko, 2007 
(E32) Nimzo-Indian, Classical, 53 moves, 0-1

Carlsen wins one of the most imaginative endgames of all-time
Carlsen vs Aronian, 2007 
(E12) Queen's Indian, 49 moves, 1-0

47 Rb5-d5+!! shows tactical opportunities in endgames
Kramnik vs Naiditsch, 2007 
(E04) Catalan, Open, 5.Nf3, 47 moves, 1-0

Leko misses two winning moves in a rook endgame
Leko vs Mamedyarov, 2007 
(B46) Sicilian, Taimanov Variation, 107 moves, 1/2-1/2

Fischer puts on a clinic in a rook-and-pawn endgame
Fischer vs Portisch, 1962 
(B10) Caro-Kann, 68 moves, 1-0

Passed pawns + bishop pair = unstoppable combination
Anand vs Topalov, 2007 
(B90) Sicilian, Najdorf, 29 moves, 1-0

51 a5-a6! Black underestimates danger of passed a-pawn, loses
A Galliamova vs E Paehtz, 2007 
(A13) English, 77 moves, 1-0

Karpov's pawn structure can create pair of outside passed pawns
Karpov vs Lutikov, 1979 
(B01) Scandinavian, 29 moves, 1-0

Capablanca and Fine both missed 40 h5! and the h-pawn promotes!
Capablanca vs Fine, 1938 
(E34) Nimzo-Indian, Classical, Noa Variation, 42 moves, 1/2-1/2

Karpov uses zugzwang to win an opp-colored bishop ending
Kurajica vs Karpov, 1976 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 57 moves, 0-1

Aronian's 36 h2-h4? turns a winning rook endgame into a draw
Aronian vs Morozevich, 2007 
(E17) Queen's Indian, 69 moves, 1/2-1/2

Kramnik wins the rook on 8th in front of pawn on 7th endgame
Kramnik vs Timman, 1999 
(A35) English, Symmetrical, 41 moves, 1-0

52 h4-h5! is the winning move missed by Grischuk and Anand
Grischuk vs Anand, 2007 
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 74 moves, 1/2-1/2

41 ... Rb7-c7 supports passed c-pawn, which cannot be stopped
Tal vs Gligoric, 1968 
(C93) Ruy Lopez, Closed, Smyslov Defense, 46 moves, 0-1

Carlsen transforms opp-colored bishops into winning pawn ending
Carlsen vs Z Almasi, 2007 
(E32) Nimzo-Indian, Classical, 82 moves, 1-0

34 ... Rd4-c4!! 35 b3xRc4 connected Black passed pawn beat rook
A Yurgis vs Botvinnik, 1931 
(A15) English, 37 moves, 0-1

Kasparov's 36 Bc3xNf6!!, 37 Re1-d1! simplify to won pawn ending
Kasparov vs M Vukic, 1980 
(B19) Caro-Kann, Classical, 37 moves, 1-0

Ivanchuk knows that passed pawns must be pushed(!)
Leko vs Ivanchuk, 2007 
(B90) Sicilian, Najdorf, 48 moves, 0-1

"Black is lost in spite of being up two whole pieces." (Marin)
Aronian vs Anand, 2007 
(D23) Queen's Gambit Accepted, 48 moves, 1-0

Kramnik gives Polgar a lesson in endgame technique
Kramnik vs Judit Polgar, 1996 
(C01) French, Exchange, 55 moves, 1-0

Jakovenko shows us how to win an opposite-colored bishop ending
Jakovenko vs Z Rahman, 2007 
(B47) Sicilian, Taimanov (Bastrikov) Variation, 80 moves, 1-0

71 Rf4-f8! draws by using Philidor technique of endless checks
Adams vs Dreev, 2007 
(B10) Caro-Kann, 73 moves, 0-1

20 Ra1-c1! trades center for flank pawn, outside pawn majority
Kramnik vs Karpov, 1999 
(A30) English, Symmetrical, 31 moves, 1-0

White b3-bishop pin gains a tempo, wins ending a la My System
Mamedyarov vs Z Kozul, 2007 
(D80) Grunfeld, 37 moves, 1-0

Wang Yue gives Bu a lesson in rook + opp-colored bishop endgame
Wang Yue vs Bu Xiangzhi, 2007 
(D12) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 64 moves, 1-0

36 - g5-g4! creates outside passer, 39 - Rc4-c1!! promotes it
Averbakh vs Korchnoi, 1965 
(A49) King's Indian, Fianchetto without c4, 39 moves, 0-1

84 f6-f7!! widely-spaced White a-,f-passers defeat rook,bishop!
Carlsen vs Bu Xiangzhi, 2007 
(D10) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 84 moves, 1-0

Bishops of opps ending, pawns on wrong color, defender loses
Topalov vs Kasparov, 1999 
(A15) English, 54 moves, 0-1

Euwe creates an outside passed h3-pawn which wins pawn endgame
Euwe vs S Landau, 1939 
(D68) Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, Classical, 41 moves, 1-0

85 Ke7-f6 White gives back exchange for winning rook endgame
Radjabov vs Anand, 2008 
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 85 moves, 1-0

48 Kd5-c6 Magnus' active king leads to easy endgame win
Carlsen vs Eljanov, 2008 
(D91) Grunfeld, 5.Bg5, 54 moves, 1-0

Kramnik masterfully converts the f- and h-pawns rook ending
Kramnik vs Aronian, 2008 
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 110 moves, 1-0

47 ... Ne3xg4 makes k-side majority, not pawn-grabbing, losing
Vaganian vs Short, 1989 
(D35) Queen's Gambit Declined, 53 moves, 0-1

72 Ra7xBe7+! returns exchange for simple winning pawn ending
Short vs I Cheparinov, 2008 
(B92) Sicilian, Najdorf, Opocensky Variation, 72 moves, 1-0

39 Rb8-h8+! gives back a whole rook so that passes pawns rule
Van Wely vs Carlsen, 2008 
(A58) Benko Gambit, 49 moves, 0-1

Anand wins instructive R+P vs B+P ending versus Carlsen
Carlsen vs Anand, 2008 
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 59 moves, 0-1

70 Kd7-e7? stalemates Black g8-king, 70 ... Ra6xg6! is draw(!)
A Blees vs Plachetka, 1985 
(E54) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Gligoric System, 70 moves, 1-0

Anand missed the only move 88 to draw difficult rook ending
Grischuk vs Anand, 2007 
(E17) Queen's Indian, 102 moves, 1-0

Magnus trades a center pawn to create a queenside pawn majority
M Bartel vs Carlsen, 2008 
(B30) Sicilian, 43 moves, 0-1

Unbelievable: Malakhov wins a dead equal two bishops ending
V Malakhov vs Bareev, 2008 
(D27) Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical, 81 moves, 1-0

1-0 but us patzers think -Black- is winning this endgame easily
Sutovsky vs L Pantsulaia, 2008 
(B18) Caro-Kann, Classical, 50 moves, 1-0

Kamsky gives yet another endgame clinic, this time to Adams
Kamsky vs Adams, 2008 
(C92) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 60 moves, 1-0

Evans annotates every move in American Chess Quarterly Vol 3 #3
Larry Evans vs H Opsahl, 1950 
(D51) Queen's Gambit Declined, 81 moves, 1-0

Knight is stronger than bishop when Fischer has the knight
Petrosian vs Fischer, 1970 
(A37) English, Symmetrical, 66 moves, 0-1

51 ... Bf3-d1! wins as White lsb forfeits last chance at a2-sq
Gelfand vs Wang Yue, 2008 
(D17) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 54 moves, 0-1

Superbly played endgame by Jakovenko
Jakovenko vs E Alekseev, 2008 
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 65 moves, 1-0

Karjakin vs Radjabov, 2009 
(B40) Sicilian, 69 moves, 1-0

81 games

 » View all game collections by notyetagm PGN Download
 » Search entire game collection library
 » Clone this game collection (copy it to your account)
 » FAQ: Help with Game Collections


home | about | login | logout | F.A.Q. | your profile | preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | new kibitzing | chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | privacy notice | advertising | contact us
Copyright 2001-2017, Chessgames Services LLC