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Pal Benko
Number of games in database: 1,036
Years covered: 1945 to 2008
Last FIDE rating: 2408
Highest rating achieved in database: 2496

Overall record: +332 -225 =468 (55.2%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 11 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 English (64) 
    A15 A16 A13 A10 A17
 Sicilian (50) 
    B40 B27 B36 B50 B28
 King's Indian (45) 
    E62 E61 E79 E60 E80
 Reti System (32) 
    A04 A05 A06
 Queen's Indian (24) 
    E17 E19 E14 E12 E15
 Queen's Gambit Declined (24) 
    D35 D37 D30 D38 D31
With the Black pieces:
 Sicilian (158) 
    B32 B42 B84 B36 B57
 King's Indian (52) 
    E60 E80 E62 E81 E98
 Grunfeld (46) 
    D78 D91 D94 D87 D92
 Sicilian Scheveningen (24) 
    B84 B81 B80 B82 B83
 Caro-Kann (24) 
    B17 B14 B18 B13 B12
 Modern Benoni (21) 
    A58 A57 A59 A56
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Benko vs I A Horowitz, 1968 1-0
   Benko vs Sawyer, 1964 1-0
   Benko vs Suttles, 1964 1-0
   Benko vs Fischer, 1962 1-0
   Bisguier vs Benko, 1963 0-1
   M Szigeti vs Benko, 1945 0-1
   J Ragan vs Benko, 1974 0-1
   Benko vs Taimanov, 1960 1-0
   Bronstein vs Benko, 1949 1/2-1/2
   M Vukic vs Benko, 1967 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   US Championship (1974)
   US Championship 1963/64 (1963)
   US Championship (1966)
   Portoroz Interzonal (1958)
   Las Palmas (1972)
   US Championship (1972)
   Curacao Candidates (1962)
   Stockholm Interzonal (1962)
   First Piatigorsky Cup (1963)
   Palma de Mallorca (1968)
   US Championship 1958/59 (1958)
   Budapest (1952)
   Buenos Aires (1960)
   Lone Pine (1978)
   Lone Pine (1979)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Wijk aan Zee Hoogovens 1969 by suenteus po 147
   Hoogovens 1972 by Tabanus
   Hastings 1973/74 by suenteus po 147
   Wijk aan Zee Hoogovens 1972 by suenteus po 147
   Palma de Mallorca 1971 by Tabanus
   Las Palmas 1972 by Tabanus
   Wijk aan Zee Hoogovens 1970 by suenteus po 147
   US Championship 1974 by Phony Benoni
   US Championship 1972 by Phony Benoni

   Huebner vs K Rogoff, 1972

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FIDE player card for Pal Benko

(born Jul-15-1928, 88 years old) France (federation/nationality United States of America)
[what is this?]
Pál Charles Benkő was born in Amiens, France in 1928. He learned chess from his father at the age of 10. He won the Hungarian Championship in 1948, took 3rd in 1950, took 6th in 1951, took 2nd in 1954, and took 3rd in 1955. He became an International Master in 1950. After beginning his chess career in Hungary, he defected to the United States on October 17, 1957. The following year, in 1958, he earned the International Grandmaster title by qualifying for the Bled Candidates Tournament. He also qualified in 1962, placing sixth with wins over both Mikhail Tal and Robert James Fischer. He might have qualified again in 1970, but he ceded his place in the Interzonal to Fischer, who went on to win the World Championship two years later. Benkő took 4th in the 1959 US Championship, 8th in the 1960 US Championship, 4th in the 1961 US Championship, 9th in the 1962 US Championship, 3rd in the 1963 US Championship, 7th in the 1965 US Championship, 3rd in the 1966/67 US Championship, 4th in the 1968 US Championship, 3rd in the 1969 US Championship, 5th in the 1972 US Championship, 5th in the 1973 US Championship, 2nd in the 1974 US Championship, 14th in the 1975 US Championship, and 9th in the 1978 US Championship. He won the US Open eight times. He was inducted into the U.S. Chess Hall of Fame in 1993.

In addition to over-the-board play, Benkő is also noted for having left his name on the Benoni variation called the Benkő Gambit. Today he still lives in the United States. He was married to the late WIM Ruth Cardoso.

Wikipedia article: Pal Benko

 page 1 of 42; games 1-25 of 1,036  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. M Szigeti vs Benko 0-138 1945 BudapestD44 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
2. Feldman vs Benko 0-139 1945 BudapestA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
3. E Bakonyi vs Benko  1-040 1946 HUN-chA19 English, Mikenas-Carls, Sicilian Variation
4. Benko vs G Szilagyi 1-045 1946 Hungarian ChampionshipB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
5. Benko vs V Toth 0-145 1946 HUN-chD43 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
6. G Barcza vs Benko 0-155 1946 Hungarian ChampionshipsA06 Reti Opening
7. Benko vs E Gereben ½-½42 1947 HUN-chD13 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Exchange Variation
8. G Barcza vs Benko  1-042 1947 HUN-chA22 English
9. B Tagmann vs Benko ½-½36 1947 CorrespondenceB03 Alekhine's Defense
10. Szily vs Benko ½-½36 1947 HUN-chB67 Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer Attack, 7...a6 Defense, 8...Bd7
11. Benko vs Szabo 1-046 1947 Hungarian ChampionshipE59 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Main line
12. E Gereben vs Benko  ½-½25 1948 Bad GasteinE08 Catalan, Closed
13. E Gereben vs Benko  ½-½28 1948 BudapestE60 King's Indian Defense
14. Benko vs G Barcza  ½-½43 1948 BudapestE00 Queen's Pawn Game
15. Benko vs Tartakower 0-155 1948 BudapestA53 Old Indian
16. C Kottnauer vs Benko  ½-½37 1948 Bad GasteinE95 King's Indian, Orthodox, 7...Nbd7, 8.Re1
17. Benko vs S Toth 1-045 1948 Bad GasteinE01 Catalan, Closed
18. E Bakonyi vs Benko  ½-½31 1948 BudapestC20 King's Pawn Game
19. Gligoric vs Benko 1-034 1948 BudapestE28 Nimzo-Indian, Samisch Variation
20. Benko vs Szily  ½-½68 1948 BudapestD46 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
21. Pirc vs Benko 1-020 1948 JugoslavienD28 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical
22. Benko vs Flohr  ½-½33 1949 Budapest (Hungary)A22 English
23. Benko vs Kotov 0-153 1949 Budapest-MoscowD45 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
24. Ragozin vs Benko  ½-½39 1949 Budapest (Hungary)B83 Sicilian
25. Smyslov vs Benko  ½-½28 1949 06, BudapestE21 Nimzo-Indian, Three Knights
 page 1 of 42; games 1-25 of 1,036  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Benko wins | Benko loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 11 OF 11 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <There is no doubt that Bronstein's shrewd understanding of chess psychology was crucial to his success. Without it, his impetuous style and technical flaws might have relegated him to a minor career> - Pal Benko.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <There is nothing wrong with trying to exploit the natural human tendency to become impatient when forced to play a boring position> - Pal Benko.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Sometimes players need to gain time on the clock by repeating the position, but most often its purpose is to wear down the opponent psychologically> - Pal Benko.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <I had a slightly inferior endgame that probably should have been drawn, but Kortchnoi kept torturing me with little threats until finally, exhausted and exasperated, I made a losing mistake> - Pal Benko.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <When you defend, try not to worry or become upset. Keep your cool and trust your position - it's all you've got> - Pal Benko.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <I always urge players to study composed problems and endgames> - Pal Benko.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Under no circumstances should you play fast if you have a winning position. Forget the clock, use all your time and make good moves> - Pal Benko.
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <As to me, to be quite honest I feel rather ill at ease because against me Benko plays calmly and clearly> - Tigran Petrosian.
Jun-30-15  Xeroxx: nice quotes.
Premium Chessgames Member
  hansj: Happy Birthday Grandmaster Benko! I absolutely love your birthday problem compositions this year! Fascinating!
Jul-17-15  NBAFan: Puzzles from 4th of July:

I really enjoyed the first one.

Aug-19-15  wrap99: I note that Benko played Tartakower and T. is arguably of Lasker's generation of players (although much younger, he was active as early as 1905). Would Averbakh have played someone from that "generation" -- a quick look at his games indicates that he did not. Of course until recently there was Lilienthal but perhaps Benko inherited that torch.
Aug-19-15  Retireborn: <wrap99> Ossip Bernstein and Hans Johner were still playing in 1961(!), but they were around 10 and 20 years younger than Lasker; I don't think they ever played Benko or Averbakh, sadly.
Aug-19-15  wrap99: <Retireborn> And so it does look like Benko may be the last to have played such a person. I think Benko and Bisguier are also the last GMs who played in the US championships of the 1960s.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Caissanist: Averbakh played Levenfish, who was only two years younger than Tartakower. Levenfish was the only leading pre-revolutionary player who stayed in the Soviet Union for very long, so he was the oldest player that many top Soviet GMs played. He stayed strong and active for quite some time--Korchnoi played him in a Soviet championship.
Aug-20-15  wrap99: Looks like Barden, the player of the day also played Tartokower and Mieses -- the latter is really of Lasker's generation.
Mar-26-16  Howard: Excellent article about Benko in the most recent issue of New in Chess !
Premium Chessgames Member
  Joshka: This bio says he resides in the states. I was under the impression he stayed in Hungary? Does the NEW IN CHESS article shed any light? thanks in advance!!
Sep-18-16  WorstPlayerEver: He stayed in Hungary. 58 years ago. Maybe this helps.
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: It would be nice to know exactly when he returned to Hungary.

This 2008 NYT article mentions that he stayed in the US for decades...

<He was allowed to leave Hungary in 1958 and settled in the United States, where he lived for decades before returning to his homeland.>

Although I thought he wasn't "allowed to leave", but rather defected. Hmmm... McClain should have that more accurate I would think.

Anywho, here's pictures of Benko at 85 in his homeland, styling as only he can...

(Check out part 2 as well)

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Right, <CB> agrees with <CG> as for 1957 being the year of his defection:

< In 1957 the US Embassy in Reykjavik welcomed his request to defect to the USA. They even arranged a press conference for him to explain why he did not want to return to Hungary. Obviously, he served their political agenda. In October of the same year, he reached New York.>

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: His USCF bio gives the year as 1958, hmmm....

<After this experience he was determined to escape to the West. In 1958, he played in a chess tournament in Rejkjavik. He waltzed right into the American embassy in Iceland, asked for and received a visa.>

Sep-18-16  Granny O Doul: I don't know about right now, but for years and years, before and after all the '89 stuff, Benko spent about half the year in America and half in Hungary.
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Yes, the USCF link I gave above had this bio in a sidebar:


Rating: 2525
Birthdate: 7-15-1928
Birthplace: Budapest
Residence: New York/Budapest


But again, don't know how current it is. And it would be nice to know what is the correct year for his move to the US (1957 or 1958?).

Premium Chessgames Member
  Joshka: <zanzibar> He also was in Europe during the early to mid 90's.....he probably just shuttles back and forth. But just about any articles on him from say the last 25 years place him in Hungary. thanks for responding!
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