|Jul-02-05|| ||Knight13: Mephisto was the name given to a chess-playing 'pseudo-automaton' built in 1876.|
Constructed by Charles Gumpel, a manufacturer of artificial limbs, Mephisto was controlled from another room by electro-mechanical means and was originally operated by the chess master Isidor Gunsberg.
It was the first automaton to win a Chess tournament when it was entered in the Counties Chess Association in London in 1878.
In 1879 Mephisto, with Gunsberg, went on tour, defeating every male player. When playing ladies however, Mephisto would first obtain a winning position before losing the game; courteously offering to shake their hand afterwards.
This automation was much stronger than The Turk or Ajeeb, in my opinion.
|Jul-12-05|| ||jamesmaskell: lol@playing ladies. Computers showing courtesy...Hydra didnt show any courtesy to Adams during their match. Nice to see a computer with real sophistication.|
|Jul-12-05|| ||farrooj: Adams isn't a lady though, that's why it crushed him|
|Jul-12-05|| ||HailM0rphy: farrooj what part of lebanon are you from?|
|Jul-12-05|| ||farrooj: Metn, why? (Mansourieh)|
|Oct-23-06|| ||n30: pardon me for being ignorant, but what *exactly* is a "chess automation"? does the machine actually decide on the moves? Mechanically??? I'd find this really hard to imagine...|
|Nov-02-06|| ||Maatalkko: <n30> No, it doesn't decide the moves. It's just a dummy that plays out moves given to it by a hidden operator. In the first automatons the operator was hidden inside and concealed somehow. Apparently Mephisto was operated by electricity, with Gunsberg directing the moves remotely. |
Obviously automatons were very clever devices. The mechanical ingenuity of past generations is amazing.
|Jan-04-07|| ||McCool: This machine was so small and so cunnningly constructed that it seemed impossible to conceal a man in it. So most likely it was operated by Isidor Gunsberg secretly.|
|Apr-02-09|| ||SBC: .|
I've written/transcribed a series of 26 long articles on Automatons, including 3 on Mephisto, on my chess blog at chess.com - http://blog.chess.com/batgirl/chess...
I don't know if you need to be a member to view them (I don't think you do, but if so , joining is simple and free.)