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1951 World Chess Championship
Compiled by Penguincw
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★★★ INTRO ★★★

The 1951 World Chess Championship was between 39 year old defending champion Mikhail Botvinnik of the Soviet Union and 27 year old challenger David Bronstein who was also the defending champion.

★★★ BACKGROUND ★★★

To determine who would challenge Botvinnik for the title, FIDE held one interzonal tournament, with the top 8 advancing (see Saltsj÷baden Interzonal (1948) for games and more info). The top 8 advancing were Bronstein (13.5/19), Laszlo Szabo (12.5/19), Isaac Boleslavsky (12/19), Alexander Kotov (11.5/19), Andre Lilienthal (11/19) along with Miguel Najdorf, Gideon Stahlberg and Salomon Flohr (those 3, along with Igor Bondarevsky all finished with 10.5/19, and were going to compete for the 3 remaining spots in the next round, but Bondarevsky withdrew, automatically sending the other 3).

The above 8, along with Vasily Smyslov, Paul Keres, Samuel Reshevsky and Max Euwe (who competed in the previous championship tournament) along with Reuben Fine (who had to withdraw the 1948 tournament) all competed in a double round robin in Budapest (see Budapest Candidates (1950) for games and more info. However, Reshevsky, Euwe and Fine refused to participate. Bronstein and Boleslavsky both finished with 12/18, and played a 12 game match (see Game Collection: WCC Index (Bronstein-Boleslavsky 1950) for games) to determine who would face Botvinnik. It was tied 6-6 after 12, so those two kept playing until a decisive game came up. Bronstein won the 2nd playoff game with the black pieces to advance.

★★★ CONDITIONS ★★★

The match was a best of 24 games. The first player to reach 12 1/2 points would be the winner. If the match ended in a 12-12 tie, then the defending champion (in this case Botvinnik) would retain the title. The match took place in Moscow. The first game was played on March 14th, 1951.

★★★ FINAL ★★★

The match ended on May 11th, 1951. After a draw in Game 24, the match was tied 12-12. Since the match was tied, the defending champion (Botvinnik in this case) retained his title.

★★★ MINI TABLE ★★★

Botvinnik 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 0 1 1 1/2 1/2 1/2 0 1 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 0 1/2 1 1/2 0 0 1 1/2 (5 wins, 5 losses and 14 draws) <50% score>

Bronstein 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1 0 0 1/2 1/2 1/2 1 0 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1 1/2 0 1/2 1 1 0 1/2 (5 wins, 5 losses and 14 draws) <50% score>

★★★ OTHER LINKS ★★★

See also: Botvinnik - Bronstein World Championship Match (1951)

Head to Head Record Before 1951: http://www.chessgames.com/perl/ches... (Bronstein with 1 win, 1 draw and 0 losses)

Previous World Championship: Game Collection: 1948 World Chess Championship

Next World Championship: Game Collection: 1954 World Chess Championship

Game 1, Match tied 1/2-1/2
Botvinnik vs Bronstein, 1951 
(A91) Dutch Defense, 29 moves, 1/2-1/2

Game 2, Match tied 1-1
Bronstein vs Botvinnik, 1951 
(D87) Grunfeld, Exchange, 49 moves, 1/2-1/2

Game 3, Match tied 1 1/2-1 1/2
Botvinnik vs Bronstein, 1951 
(C07) French, Tarrasch, 67 moves, 1/2-1/2

Game 4, Match tied 2-2
Bronstein vs Botvinnik, 1951 
(D15) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 47 moves, 1/2-1/2

Game 5, Bronstein leads 3-2
Botvinnik vs Bronstein, 1951 
(E47) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 O-O 5.Bd3, 39 moves, 0-1

Game 6, Match tied 3-3
Bronstein vs Botvinnik, 1951 
(B63) Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer Attack, 57 moves, 0-1

Game 7, Botvinnik leads 4-3
Botvinnik vs Bronstein, 1951 
(A94) Dutch, Stonewall with Ba3, 66 moves, 1-0

Game 8, Botvinnik leads 4 1/2-3 1/2
Bronstein vs Botvinnik, 1951 
(D49) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, Meran, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

Game 9, Botvinnik leads 5-4
Botvinnik vs Bronstein, 1951 
(A91) Dutch Defense, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

Game 10, Botvinnik leads 5 1/2-4 1/2
Bronstein vs Botvinnik, 1951 
(A84) Dutch, 55 moves, 1/2-1/2

Game 11, Match tied 5 1/2-5 1/2
Botvinnik vs Bronstein, 1951 
(E17) Queen's Indian, 39 moves, 0-1

Game 12, Botvinnik leads 6 1/2-5 1/2
Bronstein vs Botvinnik, 1951 
(A84) Dutch, 40 moves, 0-1

Game 13, Botvinnik leads 7-6
Botvinnik vs Bronstein, 1951 
(E44) Nimzo-Indian, Fischer Variation, 5.Ne2, 56 moves, 1/2-1/2

Game 14, Botvinnik leads 7 1/2-6 1/2
Bronstein vs Botvinnik, 1951 
(A07) King's Indian Attack, 66 moves, 1/2-1/2

Game 15, Botvinnik leads 8-7
Botvinnik vs Bronstein, 1951 
(C07) French, Tarrasch, 33 moves, 1/2-1/2

Game 16, Botvinnik leads 8 1/2-7 1/2
Bronstein vs Botvinnik, 1951 
(A91) Dutch Defense, 75 moves, 1/2-1/2

Game 17, Match tied 8 1/2-8 1/2
Botvinnik vs Bronstein, 1951 
(E45) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Bronstein (Byrne) Variation, 35 moves, 0-1

Game 18, Match tied 9-9
Bronstein vs Botvinnik, 1951 
(D45) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 58 moves, 1/2-1/2

Game 19, Botvinnik leads 10-9
Botvinnik vs Bronstein, 1951 
(D74) Neo-Grunfeld, 6.cd Nxd5, 7.O-O, 60 moves, 1-0

Game 20, Botvinnik leads 10 1/2-9 1/2
Bronstein vs Botvinnik, 1951 
(A14) English, 46 moves, 1/2-1/2

Game 21, Match tied 10 1/2-10 1/2
Botvinnik vs Bronstein, 1951 
(E69) King's Indian, Fianchetto, Classical Main line, 64 moves, 0-1

Game 22, Bronstein leads 11 1/2-10 1/2
Bronstein vs Botvinnik, 1951 
(A91) Dutch Defense, 38 moves, 1-0

Game 23, Match tied 11 1/2-11 1/2
Botvinnik vs Bronstein, 1951 
(E60) King's Indian Defense, 57 moves, 1-0

Game 24, Botvinnik leads 12-12
Bronstein vs Botvinnik, 1951 
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 22 moves, 1/2-1/2

24 games

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