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Johann Nepomuk Berger
Number of games in database: 233
Years covered: 1866 to 1908
Overall record: +65 -60 =108 (51.1%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Queen's Pawn Game (36) 
    D00 D05 D02 A46 D04
 Ruy Lopez (31) 
    C77 C67 C65 C63 C83
 French Defense (12) 
    C11 C01 C00
 Sicilian (11) 
    B23 B34 B58 B43 B30
 French (9) 
    C11 C00
 Tarrasch Defense (4) 
    D32
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (37) 
    C65 C67 C77 C79 C68
 Giuoco Piano (14) 
    C50 C54 C53
 Queen's Pawn Game (7) 
    D05 D02
 Vienna Opening (7) 
    C26 C28 C25
 Queen's Gambit Declined (6) 
    D37 D30 D35
 French Defense (6) 
    C11 C01
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   J N Berger vs Frohlich, 1888 1-0
   J N Berger vs J Plachutta, 1866 1-0
   J N Berger vs Tarrasch, 1885 1/2-1/2
   Maroczy vs J N Berger, 1908 0-1
   J N Berger vs Tarrasch, 1887 1/2-1/2
   J N Berger vs Marshall, 1905 1-0
   J N Berger vs Reti, 1908 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Berlin (1881)
   Nuremberg (1883)
   Breslau (1889)
   9th DSB Kongress, Leipzig (1894)
   11th DSB Kongress, Cologne (1898)
   Munich (1900)
   Coburg (Meisterturnier) (1904)
   Barmen Meisterturnier A (1905)
   1st Trebitsch Memorial (1907)
   Karlsbad (1907)
   Vienna (1908)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Berlin 1881 by suenteus po 147
   Barmen Meisterturnier A by Phony Benoni
   Munich 1900 by Phony Benoni
   Vienna 1907 by suenteus po 147

GAMES ANNOTATED BY BERGER: [what is this?]
   J N Berger vs J Plachutta, 1866

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JOHANN NEPOMUK BERGER
(born Apr-11-1845, died Oct-17-1933) Austria

[what is this?]
Johann Nepomuk Berger was born in Graz. He won 1st prize at Graz in 1870.

Berger invented (and Tarrasch popularized) the ubiquitous "rule of the square" in endgames by which one can easily determine if a pawn can promote by imagining a square traced from the pawn to the back rank and whether the opposing king can enter that square in order to catch the pawn.

He was also a problemist, endgame composer, writer and polemicist. His major works were, Das Schachproblem und dessen kunstgerechte Darstellung 1884, Theorie und Praxis der Endspiele 1890 and revised in 1922 and Katechismus des Schachspiels 1891. From 1898 to 1907 he was co-editor of Deutsche Schachzeitung and then sole editor until 1911.

Wikipedia article: Johann Berger


 page 1 of 10; games 1-25 of 233  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. J N Berger vs J Plachutta 1-031 1866 GrazC67 Ruy Lopez
2. K Koss vs J N Berger  1-022 1870 GrazC50 Giuoco Piano
3. J N Berger vs H Posener 1-037 1870 GrazC67 Ruy Lopez
4. C T Goering vs J N Berger  0-155 1870 GrazA80 Dutch
5. J N Berger vs C T Goering 1-040 1870 GrazC45 Scotch Game
6. J N Berger vs Gelbfuhs 0-126 1871 ViennaC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
7. J N Berger vs Wittek 1-048 1875 Graz mC33 King's Gambit Accepted
8. Wittek vs J N Berger  0-131 1875 Graz mA84 Dutch
9. Wittek vs J N Berger  0-131 1875 Graz mA00 Uncommon Opening
10. J N Berger vs Wittek  1-033 1875 Graz mC33 King's Gambit Accepted
11. J N Berger vs Wittek  0-148 1875 Graz mC33 King's Gambit Accepted
12. J N Berger vs Wittek  ½-½54 1880 GrazC01 French, Exchange
13. Max Weiss vs J N Berger  1-040 1880 GrazA91 Dutch Defense
14. J Noa vs J N Berger 1-069 1880 GrazC67 Ruy Lopez
15. J N Berger vs J Schwarz  1-023 1880 GrazC11 French
16. E Schallopp vs J N Berger  0-139 1880 GrazC11 French
17. J N Berger vs A Schwarz  ½-½23 1880 GrazC01 French, Exchange
18. J N Berger vs J Minckwitz  0-147 1880 GrazC67 Ruy Lopez
19. J Mason vs J N Berger  ½-½39 1881 BerlinA00 Uncommon Opening
20. J N Berger vs Wittek  ½-½25 1881 BerlinC67 Ruy Lopez
21. Winawer vs J N Berger  1-030 1881 BerlinC11 French
22. J N Berger vs Zukertort  ½-½30 1881 BerlinB00 Uncommon King's Pawn Opening
23. J N Berger vs K Pitschel  1-026 1881 BerlinC77 Ruy Lopez
24. J N Berger vs J Schwarz 0-159 1881 BerlinC11 French
25. W Paulsen vs J N Berger 1-037 1881 BerlinC22 Center Game
 page 1 of 10; games 1-25 of 233  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Berger wins | Berger loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Jun-13-04
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: Austrian master, endgame theoretician, and problem composer; "nemesis' of Maroczy +3 -0 =2.
Jul-03-05  WTHarvey: Here are some puzzles from Johann's games: http://www.wtharvey.com/berg.html
Jul-03-05
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: <... but only achieved modest results for the rest of his career.>

Well, it is true that he was not usually in the head of field in strong tournaments but on the other hand he was quite often hard nut even for the best players of his era. He was solid positional player and firm defender, but he did not lack combinational talent. He had active score not only against Maroczy, but also against three WCH challengers - Zukertort, Gunsberg and Marshall - and tied with two other - Chigorin and Schlechter.

Jul-03-05
Premium Chessgames Member
  chessgames.com: We've instructed those who write the biographies to avoid subjective commentary like that.
Jul-05-07  sneaky pete: Berger played most of his tournament games rather late in life. In 1905, master tournament in Barmen, he took 6th place with 8 from 15, ahead of Chigorin, Alapin, Burn and Mieses. Not bad for a 60 year old, but quite remarkable is how he did it. He scored 4 points against the 5 players finishing above him in the table (Janowski, Maroczy, Marshall, Bernstein and Schlechter) and 4 points against the 10 players below him.
Apr-11-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: A strong master, no doubt, although better known as a writer and editor. Wrote some fine books on chess theory, most notably, on endgames.
Apr-11-08  BIDMONFA: Johann Nepomuk Berger

BERGER, Johann N.
http://www.bidmonfa.com/berger_joha...
_

Apr-11-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: The 'obligatory' links:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann...
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann...
Sep-07-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Berger was also a keen correspondence player, winning the tournament organised by the "Monde Illustre" newspaper in the late 1880's and early 1890's with a final score of +45, =3, -0.

Source: David Hooper and Kenneth Whyld "Oxford Companion to Chess", 2nd edition, OUP, 1992.

Apr-11-11  Penguincw: Happy Birthday to Player of the Day.Without going through the games,I think this is his best game,J N Berger vs Marshall, 1905.
Apr-11-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: A prolific and important author.
Dec-20-12  thomastonk: Berger published two times a "Schach-Jahrbuch", one for 1892/93 and one for 1898/99. The later one can be found and read at Google books. Does anybody know whether the first one can be read online anywhere?
Dec-21-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: <Thomas> 1893 http://books.google.com/books?id=KB...

Not sure that it works in every country.

Dec-21-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Bachmann did "Schach-Jahrbuch" 1891.

Can also be found at Google Books.

Dec-22-12  thomastonk: <Calli> Thank you for the link. I am in Germany, and so books after 1870 are not readable there without tricks. Now I will try again, since I know that it has to work somehow.

<TheFocus> Thank you. I know Bachmann's book, which has not much more in common with Berger's books than the title. The largest chapter of Berger's book from 1898/99 provides addresses, biographies and other information on chess players, problemist etc.

Dec-24-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <thomastonk> Yes. I took a look at Bachmann's. Not good in comparison to Berger's.
May-17-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <"It was humorously said of Berger that he had conscientious principles against playing for a win, even when he had one, because of his strong conviction that every good game ought to be a draw."> -- Minneapolis Journal, February 3, 1900.
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