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Salo Landau
S Landau 
 
Number of games in database: 350
Years covered: 1925 to 1941

Overall record: +123 -120 =105 (50.4%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 2 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Orthodox Defense (36) 
    D52 D67 D51 D55 D63
 Nimzo Indian (34) 
    E46 E44 E56 E25 E58
 Slav (13) 
    D15 D12 D17 D11
 Grunfeld (12) 
    D82 D72 D70 D81 D83
 Queen's Pawn Game (11) 
    E00 D04 D02 A46 D05
 Queen's Gambit Accepted (11) 
    D28 D26 D29 D21
With the Black pieces:
 Alekhine's Defense (22) 
    B02 B03 B05 B04
 Slav (21) 
    D12 D15 D18 D14 D10
 Sicilian (21) 
    B72 B73 B54 B29 B70
 French Defense (19) 
    C01 C17 C11 C02 C07
 Queen's Pawn Game (18) 
    D05 A46 D04 E10 A50
 Orthodox Defense (14) 
    D54 D55 D61 D68 D58
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   S Landau vs E E Book, 1937 1-0
   S Landau vs T ten Kate, 1929 1-0
   J C Sterk vs S Landau, 1939 0-1
   Noteboom vs S Landau, 1931 0-1
   S Landau vs Feigin, 1937 1-0
   Colle vs S Landau, 1931 0-1
   S Landau vs Flohr, 1939 1-0
   S Landau vs Euwe, 1931 1-0
   S Landau vs Bogoljubov, 1936 1-0
   E G Sergeant vs S Landau, 1938 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Hastings 1938/39 (1938)
   Amsterdam (1936)
   Bournemouth (1939)
   Noordwijk (1938)
   Zandvoort (1936)
   Kemeri (1937)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Zandvoort 1936 by suenteus po 147
   Hastings 1938/39 by sneaky pete
   Noordwijk 1938 by sneaky pete
   Amsterdam 1936 by suenteus po 147
   Rotterdam 1931 by suenteus po 147


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SALO LANDAU
(born Apr-01-1903, died 1944, 41 years old) Netherlands

[what is this?]

Samuel (Salo) Landau was born in Bochnia*. In 1914, the Landau family fled the Russians to Vienna--young Salo was sent to friends in Rotterdam in the Netherlands. For some years, he was the Dutch number two, behind Max Euwe. He won a small double-round tournament in Rotterdam, 1931, surpassing Edgar Colle, Savielly Tartakower and Akiba Rubinstein. In 1936 he became Dutch champion when Euwe, then World Champion, did not defend his national title.

In September of 1942, he tried to escape the Nazis by fleeing to Switzerland with his family, but they were caught in Breda, southern Holland. He was sent to a forced-labor camp in Gräditz; his wife and daughter to Auschwitz. None survived the war.

*Wikipedia article: Bochnia

Wikipedia article: Salo Landau

Last updated: 2017-11-19 14:40:55

 page 1 of 14; games 1-25 of 350  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Alekhine vs S Landau ½-½361925Simul, 30bB02 Alekhine's Defense
2. C Y C Dawbarn vs S Landau 0-1281926Scarborough-AB02 Alekhine's Defense
3. S Landau vs G Reid  1-0181926Scarborough-AA34 English, Symmetrical
4. S Landau vs S Seidel  1-0251926Antwerp-RotterdamD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
5. S Seidel vs S Landau  ½-½371926Antwerp-RotterdamB03 Alekhine's Defense
6. S Landau vs Loman  ½-½351926DD-NRSVD63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
7. G Oskam vs S Landau 1-091926RotterdamB02 Alekhine's Defense
8. Alekhine vs S Landau  1-0441926Scarborough Premier (A)A34 English, Symmetrical
9. G A Thomas vs S Landau  1-0261926Scarborough Premier (A)D82 Grunfeld, 4.Bf4
10. R Calapso vs S Landau  1-0251926LivornoB02 Alekhine's Defense
11. Jacques Davidson vs S Landau  1-0441926LivornoA15 English
12. S Landau vs R Noordijk  1-0381926RotterdamD04 Queen's Pawn Game
13. Euwe vs S Landau ½-½621926NRSV-VASB03 Alekhine's Defense
14. R Noordijk vs S Landau  1-0131927RotterdamB02 Alekhine's Defense
15. S Landau vs J W Rivkine 1-0461927Hastings 1927/28 Major AE17 Queen's Indian
16. J Goud vs S Landau  1-0561927Den BoschB03 Alekhine's Defense
17. Reti vs S Landau  ½-½311927Rotterdam mE32 Nimzo-Indian, Classical
18. S Landau vs Reti  ½-½271927Rotterdam mD70 Neo-Grunfeld Defense
19. Reti vs S Landau  1-0631927Rotterdam mA50 Queen's Pawn Game
20. S Landau vs Reti 0-1181927Rotterdam mA28 English
21. Reti vs S Landau  1-0371927Rotterdam mE19 Queen's Indian, Old Main line, 9.Qxc3
22. S Landau vs Reti  0-1321927Rotterdam mE62 King's Indian, Fianchetto
23. Reti vs S Landau  ½-½281927Rotterdam mA31 English, Symmetrical, Benoni Formation
24. S Landau vs Reti  0-1321927Rotterdam mA28 English
25. Olland vs S Landau  0-1361927NRSV-UtrechtB03 Alekhine's Defense
 page 1 of 14; games 1-25 of 350  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Landau wins | Landau loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 3 OF 3 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Sep-08-12  sneaky pete: 5 points in a 6 games tournament isn't very likely, unless Kmoch is the tournament director, and he wasn't on this occasion. The correct score is 1. Landau 2,5 2. Koltanowski 1,5 3/4. Mühring and Prins 1.

Zandvoort 1934 was a weekend tournament (one game on Saturday September 15, two games on Sunday September 16). Two foreign masters were matched in the 2 top groups with 3 strong Dutch players. In the other group Lilienthal scored 3 points and the cannon fodder (Fontein, Hamming and Oskam) 2 draws each.

Dec-16-12  thomastonk: I have just uploaded some newspaper pictures of Landau. Here with Réti in 1927: http://www.pic-upload.de/view-17337..., and the others can be found on the game pages: S Landau vs Rubinstein, 1930 and Spielmann vs S Landau, 1936.
Dec-16-12  parisattack: <thomastonk: I have just uploaded some newspaper pictures of Landau. >

Wonderful! Thanks much for those.

Landau could play some very smooth, elegant chess.

Sep-21-13  Zonszein: I've read on My Great Predecessors Vol. II that Euwe wrote to Alekhine (twice) requesting his help in saving Salo Landau. The letters were unanswered...
Sep-22-13  aliejin: "his help in saving..."

In the third Reich nobody could save anyone
except for very rare events ......

Alekhine, who once protested
the execution of Pzepiorka and not having a good time, could save lives, was a fantasy ...

Sep-22-13  Zonszein: "....nobody could save anyone.." etc
I agree
But he didn't even answer those letters!
Letters that Euwe in the other hand, had the courage to write...
Apr-01-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  Castleinthesky: It always brings me sadness when I read Landau's biography. However, I am thankful that the immortal game of chess can keep him in our memories.
Apr-01-14  Howard: Apparently Wolf and Treybal were not, most unfortunately, the only well-known chess players of their day to perish at the hands of the Nazi's.
Apr-01-14  RedShield: It used to be said that Landau died at Auschwitz. Anyone know what source of information was responsible for the revision?
Apr-01-14  Refused: Wild guess from his biography.
<He was sent to a forced-labor camp in Gräditz; his wife and daughter to Auschwitz>

I assume it has to do with his family dieing in Auschwitz, and people might conclude he died there too.

Apr-01-14  RedShield: Do you understand the meaning of the word 'revision'?
Apr-01-14  Refused: I misunderstood your post, sorry my bad.
Mar-23-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  diagonal: site to commemorate Samuel 'Salo' Landau and his family: http://www.joodsmonument.nl/person/... (in english) http://www.joodsmonument.nl/person/... (in dutch)
Mar-23-15  Stonehenge: "Their little daughter Renee <Henriette Renee, Amsterdam, 28 Nov 1938 - Auschwitz, 14 Oct 1944> was arrested in November and went to the nursery near the Dutch Theater*. There she was rescued, and via Max Euwe's house, she went to her second safehouse."

http://www.joodsamsterdam.nl/rotter...

*see http://www.hollandscheschouwburg.nl...

Feb-23-17  The Kings Domain: Such a sad story. This is where individual tragedy trumps statistics.
Jan-30-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  harrylime: <Stonehenge: "Their little daughter Renee <Henriette Renee, Amsterdam, 28 Nov 1938 - Auschwitz, 14 Oct 1944> was arrested in November and went to the nursery near the Dutch Theater*. There she was rescued, and via Max Euwe's house, she went to her second safehouse." http://www.joodsamsterdam.nl/rotter...

*see http://www.hollandscheschouwburg.nl..>

Not sure what you are trying to convey here ? .

Jan-30-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  harrylime: He was Alekhine's 2nd in the Euwe match ..

Heartbreaking .

Not just him , but his wife and child too.

And I read in his Bio he was taken to Holland as a child for safe refuge in the Great War. The irony.

As I said. Heartbreaking.

Jan-30-18  Stonehenge: The info in English says:

The Hollandsche Schouwburg was built as a theatre in 1892, but during the Second World War it was a deportation centre for Jews. Today, the building is a monument to the memory of those victims. In 1992, the Hollandsche Schouwburg came under the management of the JHM. At that time, the Hollandsche Schouwburg Foundation was established, and since then the mayor of Amsterdam has always served as its chairman. The monument contains a memorial wall, bearing the 6,700 family names of the 104,000 Dutch Jewish victims of the Second World War.

Jan-30-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  harrylime: <Stonehenge: The info in English says: The Hollandsche Schouwburg was built as a theatre in 1892, but during the Second World War it was a deportation centre for Jews. Today, the building is a monument to the memory of those victims. In 1992, the Hollandsche Schouwburg came under the management of the JHM. At that time, the Hollandsche Schouwburg Foundation was established, and since then the mayor of Amsterdam has always served as its chairman. The monument contains a memorial wall, bearing the 6,700 family names of the 104,000 Dutch Jewish victims of the Second World War.>

Thank you.

I am crying as I read this BTW !

Jan-30-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: Samuel Landau was born in Bochnia, Poland in 1903 to Jechezkel Landau and Evgenia Landau-Mondeker.

He was married to Suzanna van Creveld.

Place of death: camp Graeditz, Breslau (now Wrocław in Poland), Lower Silesia (Niederschlesien), Germany.

Date of death: March 31, 1944.

Testimony of his sister Eva Landau on January 19th 1981.

https://yvng.yadvashem.org/nameDeta...

Samuel's daughter Henriette Rene Landau (born on November 28, 1938) was murdered in camp Auschwitz, Poland on October 14, 1944.

https://yvng.yadvashem.org/nameDeta...

Jan-30-18  Stonehenge: I wonder if she was sure about his date of death. From Wikipedia:

If a date of death is unknown, the latest day is used of the month in which somebody was seen alive.

Jan-30-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: <Stonehenge> The testimony of Eva Landau is handwritten with her signature.

The date of death is the same in the record taken from the List of murdered Jews from the Netherlands, found in "In Memoriam" - Nederlandse oorlogsslachtoffers, Nederlandse Oorlogsgravenstichting, `s-Gravenhage. (Dutch Victims, Dutch War Victims Authority). https://www.dutchjewry.org/phpr/im/...

Jan-30-18  Stonehenge: I'm sure she didn't actually witness Salo's death. The 31st of March may very well be an administrative date used by the Dutch authorities because the actual date was not known. They did the same with Anne Frank, 31st of March 1945.
Jan-30-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: "The date of March 31, 1944 is that in which some witnesses survived the Holocaust saw Salo Landau alive, while some documents attested his death on November 15, 1943. Euwe tried in vain to intervene in his favor, but all was in vain. The fate of his daughter and wife is instead documented by the official records of the Auschwitz camp, where they were killed by gas on October 12, 1944."

(La data del 31 marzo 1944 è quella in cui alcuni testimoni sopravvissuti all’Olocausto videro Salo Landau vivo, mentre alcuni documenti attesterebbero la sua morte il 15 novembre 1943. Euwe tentò inutilmente di intervenire in suo favore, ma tutto fu vano. La sorte della moglie della figlia è invece documentata dai registri ufficiali del campo di Auschwitz, dove esse vennero uccise tramite gas il 12 ottobre 1944.)

http://soloscacchi.altervista.org/?...

Jan-30-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  harrylime: Hey you guys seem to know much more about this than me...

What he got ..

He didn't deserve ... I'm tellin ya bro .

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