Ten grandmasters and masters were invited to the 30th Hastings Christmas Chess Festival premier tournament, led by Vasily Smyslov and Paul Keres from the Soviet Union. The field also featured Luděk Pachman, two-time Hastings winner and returning co-champion Conel Hugh Alexander, three-time Hastings winner László Szabó, previous Hastings winner Wolfgang Unzicker, Dutch champion Jan Hein Donner, British co-champion Alan Phillips, and international masters William Fairhurst and Andrija Fuderer. 1 Robert Wade served as tournament director, F. A. Rhoden was tournament organizer, and Hastings mayor F. T. Hussey presided over the opening and closing ceremonies. 2 Funding for the event was provided primarily by private donations and a grant from the Hastings Corporation. 3
St Leonards-on-Sea 29 Dec 1954 - 7 Jan 1955 4
The contestants lodged at the stately Royal Victoria Hotel, and played in the nearby Sun Lounge in St Leonards-on-Sea. 5 The tournament kicked off with victories by Unzicker, Pachman and Szabó, but the surprising absence of Paul Keres in the first and second rounds became the main news story. He was sick with influenza, and was forced to play two games on the first off-day, Sunday 2 January. His illness and heavy day's workload didn't seem to bother him, however, as he posted a draw against Smyslov and a win over Unzicker. 2 Bizarrely, this incident was soon blown up into a scandal by the London Daily Express, which published an article accusing Keres and Smyslov of being "unfriendly" to the other people at Hastings, especially towards some of the Americans participating in the minor events. Keres' absence at the start of the tournament was cited as the prime evidence. The Soviet delegation in Hastings dashed off an angry letter of protest to the offending newspaper, but it soon became apparent that some of the players in the premier event did not endorse or support this letter. 2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
=1 Smyslov * ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 ˝ ˝ 1 1 7
=1 Keres ˝ * 0 ˝ 1 1 1 1 1 1 7
=3 Fuderer 0 1 * 1 0 ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 1 5˝
=3 Pachman ˝ ˝ 0 * ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 ˝ 5˝
=3 Szabo 0 0 1 ˝ * ˝ ˝ 1 1 1 5˝
6 Unzicker 0 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ * ˝ 1 1 1 5
7 Alexander ˝ 0 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ * ˝ 1 1 4˝
8 Donner ˝ 0 0 0 0 0 ˝ * 1 ˝ 2˝
9 Fairhurst 0 0 ˝ 0 0 0 0 0 * 1 1˝
10 Phillips 0 0 0 ˝ 0 0 0 ˝ 0 * 1
Undaunted by this suddenly frosty atmosphere, the Soviets forged ahead, seemingly in lockstep. By round five they shared the lead with four points each. Smyslov was in stirling form, and had been for some time. He had lost the Botvinnik - Smyslov World Championship Match (1954) in May, but since that date he had played four major events, including the Amsterdam Olympiad, without losing a single game. 6 In round six Keres suffered a disaster against the unheralded Andrija Fuderer, who sacced his Queen en route to a sparkling victory over the three-time USSR champion. Keres fought back to share the lead again after round eight, with one game to go. Both Soviet champions triumphed in the final round, sharing the tournament first prize. The giant killer Fuderer shared 3d with Pachman and Szabó. Incumbent co-champion C. H. Alexander proved something of a disappointment, managing only 7th place. More had been expected of him by the home crowd, given that a year earlier at Hastings he had shared first with David Bronstein, finishing ahead of Alexander Kazimirovich Tolush, Aleksandar Matanovic, and Fridrik Olafsson.
Photos of St Leonards-on-Sea: http://www.1066online.co.uk/hasting...
Photo of the Sun Lounge: http://www.1066online.co.uk/gallery...
Photo of the Royal Victoria Hotel: http://images.francisfrith.com/c10/...
Hastings (1953/54)) and Hastings (1955/56) were the previous and next annual Christmas tournaments.
1 Britbase, Hastings, http://www.saund.co.uk/britbase/has....
2 Chess Life, 1955, Jan 20th, pp. 3, 8.
3 Harry Golombek, Golombek's Encyclopedia of Chess (Crown Publishers Inc. 1977), p. 138.
4 British Chess Magazine, 1955, pp. 61-68.
5 Jan van Reek at http://www.endgame.nl/hastings.htm.
6 Gino Di Felice, Chess Results 1951-1955, pp. 420-23; Edward Winter, ed., World Chess Champions (Pergamon Press 1981), p. 152.
Original collection: Game Collection: Hastings 1954/55, by User: suenteus po 147; Introduction written by User: WCC Editing Project and User: suenteus po 147, and sourced by User: WCC Editing Project.
| page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 45
|1. J H Donner vs Szabo
|| ||0-1||56||1954||Hastings 1954/55||E00 Queen's Pawn Game|
|2. W Fairhurst vs A Fuderer
|| ||½-½||22||1954||Hastings 1954/55||C66 Ruy Lopez|
|3. Pachman vs C H Alexander
||1-0||36||1954||Hastings 1954/55||A81 Dutch|
|4. A Phillips vs Unzicker
|| ||0-1||38||1954||Hastings 1954/55||A05 Reti Opening|
|5. W Fairhurst vs J H Donner
|| ||0-1||67||1954||Hastings 1954/55||A42 Modern Defense, Averbakh System|
|6. Smyslov vs A Fuderer
||1-0||37||1954||Hastings 1954/55||A21 English|
|7. C H Alexander vs A Phillips
|| ||1-0||49||1954||Hastings 1954/55||C79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred|
|8. Szabo vs Pachman
|| ||½-½||17||1954||Hastings 1954/55||E62 King's Indian, Fianchetto|
|9. J H Donner vs Smyslov
|| ||½-½||35||1954||Hastings 1954/55||E19 Queen's Indian, Old Main line, 9.Qxc3|
|10. A Fuderer vs Unzicker
|| ||½-½||19||1954||Hastings 1954/55||A04 Reti Opening|
|11. Pachman vs A Phillips
|| ||½-½||47||1954||Hastings 1954/55||E87 King's Indian, Samisch, Orthodox|
|12. Szabo vs W Fairhurst
|| ||1-0||46||1954||Hastings 1954/55||B10 Caro-Kann|
|13. Keres vs C H Alexander
||1-0||22||1954||Hastings 1954/55||C42 Petrov Defense|
|14. W Fairhurst vs Pachman
||0-1||35||1955||Hastings 1954/55||D82 Grunfeld, 4.Bf4|
|15. Unzicker vs J H Donner
|| ||1-0||30||1955||Hastings 1954/55||C97 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin|
|16. C H Alexander vs A Fuderer
|| ||½-½||26||1955||Hastings 1954/55||B90 Sicilian, Najdorf|
|17. Smyslov vs Szabo
||1-0||43||1955||Hastings 1954/55||D74 Neo-Grunfeld, 6.cd Nxd5, 7.O-O|
|18. A Phillips vs Keres
||0-1||30||1955||Hastings 1954/55||D32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch|
|19. Unzicker vs Keres
||0-1||44||1955||Hastings 1954/55||C71 Ruy Lopez|
|20. Keres vs Smyslov
||½-½||25||1955||Hastings 1954/55||D14 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Exchange Variation|
|21. A Fuderer vs A Phillips
||1-0||34||1955||Hastings 1954/55||A54 Old Indian, Ukrainian Variation, 4.Nf3|
|22. W Fairhurst vs Smyslov
||0-1||39||1955||Hastings 1954/55||E46 Nimzo-Indian|
|23. J H Donner vs C H Alexander
|| ||½-½||39||1955||Hastings 1954/55||A81 Dutch|
|24. Pachman vs Keres
|| ||½-½||28||1955||Hastings 1954/55||E14 Queen's Indian|
|25. Szabo vs Unzicker
|| ||½-½||35||1955||Hastings 1954/55||E53 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3|
| page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 45
There is no kibitzing for this page, yet.
Spot an error? Please suggest your correction and help us eliminate database mistakes!
NOTE: Create an account today
to post replies and access other powerful features which are available only to registered users.
Becoming a member is free, anonymous, and takes less than 1 minute! If you already have a username,
then simply login login under your username now to join the discussion.
Please observe our posting guidelines:
- No obscene, racist, sexist, or profane language.
- No spamming, advertising, duplicate, or gibberish posts.
- No vitriolic or systematic personal attacks against other members.
- Nothing in violation of United States law.
- No cyberstalking or malicious posting of negative or private information (doxing/doxxing) of members.
- No trolling.
- The use of "sock puppet" accounts to circumvent disciplinary action taken by moderators, create a false impression of consensus or support, or stage conversations, is prohibited.
Please try to maintain a semblance of civility at all times.
NOTE: Please keep all discussion on-topic.
This forum is for this specific tournament only. To discuss chess or this site in general,
visit the Kibitzer's Café.
Messages posted by Chessgames members
do not necessarily represent the views of Chessgames.com, its employees, or sponsors.
All moderator actions taken are ultimately at the sole discretion of the administration.
Copyright 2001-2020, Chessgames Services LLC