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Linares 1993
Compiled by Tabanus
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The 11th Torneo Internacional de Ajedrez "Ciudad de Linares" took place in February/March under the direction of Luis Rentero Suarez. The players were: World Champion Garry Kasparov (Elo ranked #1 in the world), Anatoly Karpov (#2), Vassily Ivanchuk (#3), Viswanathan Anand (#4), Boris Gelfand (#5), the 17 years old Vladimir Kramnik (#6), Alexey Shirov (#7), Evgeny Bareev (#8), Valery Salov (#10), 18-year-old Gata Kamsky (#12), Artur Yusupov (#15), Jan Timman (#18), Alexander Beliavsky (#43), and Ljubomir Ljubojevic (#50). Of the top ten ranked players in the world, only Kiril Dimitrov Georgiev (#9) was missing. Nigel Short (#13), who had just won the Short - Timman Candidates Final (1993) in El Escorial, Spain, said he would not take part in this "Russian Championship". Rentero then asked the Linares Council to choose between Ljubojevic (who lived in Linares) and Miguel Illescas Cordoba (#40), and they picked the former. The field assembled was considered the strongest ever for an international tournament. Sponsors were Match and Philips.

Round 1 started on 23 February at 3 pm. Kasparov had the flu and Karpov suffered from tonsillitis, and their games against Ljubojevic and Salov were postponed by two days. The patients were still "wobbly" in Round 2, when Kasparov signed a quick draw with Ivanchuk and Karpov lost to Timman. In Round 3, Kasparov was busy because in addition to his 118-move draw with Yusupov, he and Short (who was on vacation in Greece) announced this day (26 February) that they had turned down FIDE's offer of venue and prizes and would play their world championship match outside of FIDE. They also made known the formation of the Professional Chess Association (PCA), who would open a new deadline for nominations to choose the venue and sponsorship of the duel between the two. After Round 4, Rentero fined Shirov, Ivanchuk and Kramnik with 100,000 pesetas each for "lack of combativeness" and offering draw before move 40. There were discussions afterwards whether the games were actually "dead drawn" or not.

At the start of Round 6, Salov refused to shake hands with Kasparov. Salov resided in Linares where he was hired to run a chess school that never started up because of a mixture of negligence and economic problems of the City Council. After the tournament he moved to Madrid. His game with Kasparov was a draw, while Karpov beat Gelfand. Kasparov and Karpov were neck and neck until Kasparov beat Karpov in Round 10 (Karpov vs Kasparov, 1993). Karpov was practically lost after 14.f4. This game was played on the 50th birthday of Robert James Fischer, who celebrated in Belgrade, together with Zita Rajcsanyi and Miguel A Quinteros. Kasparov eventually won the tournament, undefeated. Anand scored the same number of points as Karpov, but was third on tiebreak. The 5th place by 17-year-old debutant Kramnik also boded well for the future. The brilliancy prize went to Anand, for Gelfand vs Anand, 1993. Timman was asked after the tournament who he thought would be the title contender in 1996. He said, "Maybe Anand, if he works seriously".

Hotel Anibal, Linares, Spain, 23 February - 14 March 1993

Age Elo 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 1 Kasparov 29 2805 * 1 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 1 ˝ 1 1 1 10 2 Karpov 41 2725 0 * ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 1 1 ˝ 1 0 1 1 8˝ 3 Anand 23 2710 0 ˝ * ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 0 1 1 ˝ 1 1 1 8˝ 4 Shirov 20 2670 ˝ ˝ ˝ * 1 0 ˝ 0 1 1 ˝ ˝ 1 1 8 5 Kramnik 17 2685 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 * 0 1 1 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ 7˝ 6 Salov 28 2660 ˝ 0 ˝ 1 1 * 0 ˝ ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 6˝ 7 Ivanchuk 23 2710 ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ 0 1 * 0 0 1 ˝ 1 1 ˝ 6˝ 8 Beliavsky 39 2610 ˝ 0 1 1 0 ˝ 1 * 0 0 ˝ 1 ˝ 0 6 9 Kamsky 18 2655 0 0 0 0 0 ˝ 1 1 * ˝ 1 1 0 ˝ 5˝ 10 Bareev 26 2670 0 ˝ 0 0 ˝ 0 0 1 ˝ * ˝ 1 ˝ 1 5˝ 11 Yusupov 33 2645 ˝ 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 ˝ * 0 ˝ ˝ 5 12 Timman 41 2635 0 1 0 ˝ ˝ ˝ 0 0 0 0 1 * ˝ 1 5 13 Gelfand 24 2690 0 0 0 0 0 ˝ 0 ˝ 1 ˝ ˝ ˝ * 1 4˝ 14 Ljubojevic 42 2605 0 0 0 0 ˝ 1 ˝ 1 ˝ 0 ˝ 0 0 * 4

Category: XVIII (2677). Arbiters: Faik Gasanov and Francisco Mena.

Nine days after the event, on 23 March, FIDE announced that Kasparov and Short had been stripped of their titles as champion and challenger, and that the match for the title would be contested by Timman and Anatoly Karpov. The Karpov - Timman FIDE World Championship Match (1993) was played in September. At the same time but under the auspices of the PCA, Kasparov and Short played their Kasparov - Short PCA World Championship Match (1993). The PCA split from FIDE was not fully healed until 2006.

Sources

FIDE rating list January 1993 (http://www.olimpbase.org/Elo/Elo199...)
Ocho x Ocho 133 (April 1993), pp. 4-9 (https://www.scribd.com/document/730...)
Ocho x Ocho 134 (May 1993), pp. 4-23 (https://www.scribd.com/document/730...)
Tidskrift för Schack, April 1993, pp. 168-177 (http://www.schack.se/tfsarkiv/histo...)
Leontxo García in Jaque 350 (March 1993), pp. 4-48 (http://www.bartelski.pl/olimpbase/l...)
Robert Eugene Byrne in New York Times, 23 March 1993 (https://www.nytimes.com/1993/03/23/...)
The Big Book of World Chess Championships by Andre Schulz. New In Chess, Alkmaar 2016 (https://books.google.no/books?id=4N...)

Previous event: Linares (1992). Next: Linares (1994)

Original collections: Game Collection: Linares 1993 by User: suenteus po 147 and Game Collection: Linares 1993 by User: Tabanus. Round dates: February 23, 24, 26, 27, March 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 9, 11, 12, 14. Two Round 1 games were played 25 February (from Jaque).

Round 1 February 23
Anand vs Timman, 1993 
(C70) Ruy Lopez, 29 moves, 1-0

Beliavsky vs Ivanchuk, 1993 
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 39 moves, 1-0

Gelfand vs Bareev, 1993 
(D47) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 29 moves, 1/2-1/2

Kamsky vs Yusupov, 1993 
(C18) French, Winawer, 83 moves, 1-0

Karpov tonsillitis, played 25 February
Karpov vs Salov, 1993 
(E17) Queen's Indian, 33 moves, 1-0

Kasparov flu, played 25 February
Ljubojevic vs Kasparov, 1993 
(E97) King's Indian, 29 moves, 0-1

Shirov vs Kramnik, 1993 
(D20) Queen's Gambit Accepted, 37 moves, 1-0

Round 2 February 24
Bareev vs Shirov, 1993 
(D43) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 37 moves, 0-1

Beliavsky vs Anand, 1993 
(D20) Queen's Gambit Accepted, 45 moves, 1-0

Ivanchuk vs Kasparov, 1993
(B82) Sicilian, Scheveningen, 26 moves, 1/2-1/2

Yusupov vs Ljubojevic, 1993
(E69) King's Indian, Fianchetto, Classical Main line, 34 moves, 1/2-1/2

Kramnik vs Kamsky, 1993 
(D52) Queen's Gambit Declined, 51 moves, 1-0

Salov vs Gelfand, 1993
(A49) King's Indian, Fianchetto without c4, 60 moves, 1/2-1/2

Timman vs Karpov, 1993 
(A17) English, 35 moves, 1-0

Round 3 February 26
Anand vs Ivanchuk, 1993 
(C43) Petrov, Modern Attack, 28 moves, 1-0

Gelfand vs Timman, 1993
(E11) Bogo-Indian Defense, 55 moves, 1/2-1/2

Kamsky vs Bareev, 1993 
(C42) Petrov Defense, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

Karpov vs Beliavsky, 1993 
(E15) Queen's Indian, 41 moves, 1-0

Kasparov vs Yusupov, 1993 
(D31) Queen's Gambit Declined, 118 moves, 1/2-1/2

Ljubojevic vs Kramnik, 1993
(A11) English, Caro-Kann Defensive System, 48 moves, 1/2-1/2

Shirov vs Salov, 1993 
(B45) Sicilian, Taimanov, 40 moves, 0-1

Round 4 February 27
Anand vs Karpov, 1993 
(C10) French, 38 moves, 1/2-1/2

Bareev vs Ljubojevic, 1993 
(D32) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch, 36 moves, 1-0

Beliavsky vs Gelfand, 1993
(E15) Queen's Indian, 68 moves, 1/2-1/2

Ivanchuk vs Yusupov, 1993
(C43) Petrov, Modern Attack, 20 moves, 1/2-1/2

Kramnik vs Kasparov, 1993 
(E86) King's Indian, Samisch, Orthodox, 7.Nge2 c6, 19 moves, 1/2-1/2

Salov vs Kamsky, 1993
(E67) King's Indian, Fianchetto, 33 moves, 1/2-1/2

Timman vs Shirov, 1993
(B50) Sicilian, 21 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round 5 March 1
Gelfand vs Anand, 1993 
(D20) Queen's Gambit Accepted, 40 moves, 0-1

Yusupov vs Kramnik, 1993
(D12) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 54 moves, 1/2-1/2

Kamsky vs Timman, 1993
(E12) Queen's Indian, 50 moves, 1-0

Karpov vs Ivanchuk, 1993
(E17) Queen's Indian, 42 moves, 1/2-1/2

Kasparov vs Bareev, 1993 
(C24) Bishop's Opening, 34 moves, 1-0

Ljubojevic vs Salov, 1993
(A10) English, 68 moves, 1-0

Shirov vs Beliavsky, 1993
(D58) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower (Makagonov-Bondarevsky) Syst, 52 moves, 0-1

Round 6 March 2
Anand vs Shirov, 1993 
(B62) Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer, 64 moves, 1/2-1/2

Bareev vs Yusupov, 1993
(D49) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, Meran, 61 moves, 1/2-1/2

Beliavsky vs Kamsky, 1993 
(D20) Queen's Gambit Accepted, 35 moves, 0-1

Ivanchuk vs Kramnik, 1993 
(B57) Sicilian, 33 moves, 0-1

Karpov vs Gelfand, 1993 
(D39) Queen's Gambit Declined, Ragozin, Vienna Variation, 45 moves, 1-0

Salov vs Kasparov, 1993 
(B22) Sicilian, Alapin, 47 moves, 1/2-1/2

Timman vs Ljubojevic, 1993
(E92) King's Indian, 28 moves, 1-0

Round 7 March 4
Gelfand vs Ivanchuk, 1993 
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 38 moves, 0-1

Yusupov vs Salov, 1993
(E29) Nimzo-Indian, Samisch, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

Kamsky vs Anand, 1993
(B65) Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer Attack, 7...Be7 Defense, 9...Nxd4, 68 moves, 0-1

Kasparov vs Timman, 1993 
(E32) Nimzo-Indian, Classical, 53 moves, 1-0

Kramnik vs Bareev, 1993
(E12) Queen's Indian, 44 moves, 1/2-1/2

Ljubojevic vs Beliavsky, 1993 
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 31 moves, 1-0

Shirov vs Karpov, 1993
(E12) Queen's Indian, 27 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round 8 March 6
Anand vs Ljubojevic, 1993
(B42) Sicilian, Kan, 44 moves, 1-0

Beliavsky vs Kasparov, 1993
(E86) King's Indian, Samisch, Orthodox, 7.Nge2 c6, 22 moves, 1/2-1/2

Gelfand vs Shirov, 1993 
(A13) English, 40 moves, 0-1

Ivanchuk vs Bareev, 1993 
(C42) Petrov Defense, 27 moves, 1-0

Karpov vs Kamsky, 1993 
(E86) King's Indian, Samisch, Orthodox, 7.Nge2 c6, 77 moves, 1-0

Salov vs Kramnik, 1993 
(A21) English, 40 moves, 1-0

Timman vs Yusupov, 1993
(C43) Petrov, Modern Attack, 37 moves, 1-0

Round 9 March 8
Bareev vs Salov, 1993
(E12) Queen's Indian, 60 moves, 0-1

Yusupov vs Beliavsky, 1993
(A46) Queen's Pawn Game, 32 moves, 1/2-1/2

Kamsky vs Gelfand, 1993
(B96) Sicilian, Najdorf, 80 moves, 0-1

Kasparov vs Anand, 1993 
(D18) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Dutch, 65 moves, 1-0

Kramnik vs Timman, 1993
(E12) Queen's Indian, 82 moves, 1/2-1/2

Ljubojevic vs Karpov, 1993 
(A28) English, 40 moves, 0-1

Shirov vs Ivanchuk, 1993
(B47) Sicilian, Taimanov (Bastrikov) Variation, 35 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round 10 March 9
Anand vs Yusupov, 1993
(C42) Petrov Defense, 27 moves, 1/2-1/2

Beliavsky vs Kramnik, 1993 
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 59 moves, 0-1

Gelfand vs Ljubojevic, 1993
(D46) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 43 moves, 1-0

Ivanchuk vs Salov, 1993
(E17) Queen's Indian, 93 moves, 1-0

Karpov vs Kasparov, 1993 
(E86) King's Indian, Samisch, Orthodox, 7.Nge2 c6, 27 moves, 0-1

Shirov vs Kamsky, 1993 
(D86) Grunfeld, Exchange, 54 moves, 1-0

Timman vs Bareev, 1993
(C42) Petrov Defense, 52 moves, 0-1

Round 11 March 11
Bareev vs Beliavsky, 1993
(E12) Queen's Indian, 48 moves, 1-0

Yusupov vs Karpov, 1993 
(E29) Nimzo-Indian, Samisch, 40 moves, 0-1

Kamsky vs Ivanchuk, 1993 
(E12) Queen's Indian, 63 moves, 1-0

Kasparov vs Gelfand, 1993 
(B87) Sicilian, Fischer-Sozin with ...a6 and ...b5, 25 moves, 1-0

Kramnik vs Anand, 1993
(E12) Queen's Indian, 23 moves, 1/2-1/2

Ljubojevic vs Shirov, 1993 
(B59) Sicilian, Boleslavsky Variation, 7.Nb3, 34 moves, 0-1

Salov vs Timman, 1993
(E15) Queen's Indian, 27 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round 12 March 12
Anand vs Bareev, 1993 
(C11) French, 31 moves, 1-0

Beliavsky vs Salov, 1993
(D02) Queen's Pawn Game, 69 moves, 1/2-1/2

Gelfand vs Yusupov, 1993
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 55 moves, 1/2-1/2

Ivanchuk vs Timman, 1993 
(D99) Grunfeld Defense, Smyslov, 38 moves, 1-0

Kamsky vs Ljubojevic, 1993
(A56) Benoni Defense, 39 moves, 1/2-1/2

Karpov vs Kramnik, 1993 
(B13) Caro-Kann, Exchange, 99 moves, 1/2-1/2

Shirov vs Kasparov, 1993 
(E69) King's Indian, Fianchetto, Classical Main line, 47 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round 13 March 14
Bareev vs Karpov, 1993 
(E32) Nimzo-Indian, Classical, 43 moves, 1/2-1/2

Yusupov vs Shirov, 1993
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 42 moves, 1/2-1/2

Kasparov vs Kamsky, 1993 
(B80) Sicilian, Scheveningen, 35 moves, 1-0

Kramnik vs Gelfand, 1993 
(E81) King's Indian, Samisch, 53 moves, 1-0

Ljubojevic vs Ivanchuk, 1993
(B32) Sicilian, 47 moves, 1/2-1/2

Salov vs Anand, 1993
(A04) Reti Opening, 27 moves, 1/2-1/2

Timman vs Beliavsky, 1993
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 37 moves, 0-1

91 games

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