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Leo Fleischmann Forgacs
L Forgacs 
Number of games in database: 126
Years covered: 1902 to 1913

Overall record: +40 -35 =51 (52.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database.

With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (12) 
    C68 C66 C87 C63 C62
 Queen's Pawn Game (8) 
    D02 A46
 Orthodox Defense (8) 
    D63 D51 D61 D53 D50
 Four Knights (6) 
 King's Gambit Accepted (5) 
 French Defense (5) 
    C11 C13 C12 C01
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (12) 
    C62 C77 C66 C73 C79
 Four Knights (9) 
    C49 C47
 Tarrasch Defense (7) 
    D32 D33
 King's Gambit Accepted (5) 
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   L Forgacs vs Tartakower, 1909 1-0
   L Forgacs vs Spielmann, 1909 1-0
   L Forgacs vs E Cohn, 1909 1-0
   L Forgacs vs Tartakower, 1910 1/2-1/2
   L Forgacs vs Swiderski, 1904 1-0
   L Forgacs vs Teichmann, 1909 1/2-1/2
   L Forgacs vs O Bernstein, 1904 1/2-1/2
   J Mieses vs L Forgacs, 1904 1/2-1/2

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Barmen Meisterturnier B (1905)
   15th DSB Kongress (Nuremberg) (1906)
   Monte Carlo (1904)
   Hamburg (1910)
   St. Petersburg (1909)

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(born Oct-05-1881, died Aug-17-1930, 48 years old) Hungary
[what is this?]
Leo Forgacs (ne Fleischmann) was born in Budapest, Hungary. Always playing in tournaments under the name Fleischmann he was Hungarian champion in 1907. He first came to notice when he won 1st prize at Barmen (minor tournament) 1905 ahead of Rudolf Spielmann and Aron Nimzowitsch. He was 3rd= at Nuremberg 1906, 5th at Ostend 1907 and had 3rd placings at San Remo 1911, Budapest 1912 and Budapest 1913. Strangely, after this entirely gave up competitive chess. He passed away in Berettyóújfalu in 1930.

Wikipedia article: Leó Forgács

 page 1 of 6; games 1-25 of 126  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. L Forgacs vs Maroczy 0-127 1902 BudapestB00 Uncommon King's Pawn Opening
2. L Forgacs vs A E Post  1-038 1902 HannoverC29 Vienna Gambit
3. L Forgacs vs Maroczy  0-137 1902 BudapestC11 French
4. L Forgacs vs J Mieses ½-½54 1904 Monte CarloC39 King's Gambit Accepted
5. G Marco vs L Forgacs  1-056 1904 Monte CarloC39 King's Gambit Accepted
6. L Forgacs vs Von Scheve  0-129 1904 Monte CarloC39 King's Gambit Accepted
7. Marshall vs L Forgacs 1-034 1904 Monte CarloC39 King's Gambit Accepted
8. J Mieses vs L Forgacs  1-036 1904 Monte CarloC39 King's Gambit Accepted
9. L Forgacs vs G Marco  ½-½37 1904 Monte CarloC39 King's Gambit Accepted
10. Von Scheve vs L Forgacs 0-134 1904 Monte CarloC39 King's Gambit Accepted
11. Swiderski vs L Forgacs 1-025 1904 Monte CarloC39 King's Gambit Accepted
12. L Forgacs vs Marshall  0-138 1904 Monte CarloC39 King's Gambit Accepted
13. L Forgacs vs Swiderski 1-023 1904 Monte CarloC39 King's Gambit Accepted
14. M Brody vs L Forgacs  1-046 1904 Coburg (Meisterturnier)D08 Queen's Gambit Declined, Albin Counter Gambit
15. L Forgacs vs H Wolf  ½-½30 1904 Coburg (Meisterturnier)C60 Ruy Lopez
16. G Marco vs L Forgacs  ½-½30 1904 Coburg (Meisterturnier)C42 Petrov Defense
17. L Forgacs vs J N Berger  ½-½33 1904 Coburg (Meisterturnier)C68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
18. H Suechting vs L Forgacs  ½-½30 1904 Coburg (Meisterturnier)C49 Four Knights
19. L Forgacs vs Von Gottschall  ½-½41 1904 Coburg (Meisterturnier)B43 Sicilian, Kan, 5.Nc3
20. Swiderski vs L Forgacs  1-031 1904 Coburg (Meisterturnier)A28 English
21. Schlechter vs L Forgacs  ½-½30 1904 Coburg (Meisterturnier)A20 English
22. L Forgacs vs O Bernstein  ½-½61 1904 Coburg (Meisterturnier)C63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense
23. Von Bardeleben vs L Forgacs  ½-½24 1904 Coburg (Meisterturnier)C49 Four Knights
24. L Forgacs vs H Caro 0-120 1904 Coburg (Meisterturnier)C55 Two Knights Defense
25. J Mieses vs L Forgacs ½-½75 1904 Coburg (Meisterturnier)C44 King's Pawn Game
 page 1 of 6; games 1-25 of 126  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Forgacs wins | Forgacs loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Sep-05-03  Drstrangelove: This guy beat Alekhine, Spielmann,Tartakower, and Nimzowitsch. Kind of impressive.
Sep-05-03  MichaelJHuman: He did well with playing QGD as white.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Chessical: Fleischmann was the German surname sometimes used by Leo Forgacs

L Fleischmann

Premium Chessgames Member OK, we'll merge the player records in that case.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Chessical: <Calli: I believe Leo Fleischmann was his real name, he just played under the name Forgacs. Don't know why. Anti-semitism?> Maybe. German was the ruling class language in the Dual Monarchy (Austro-Hungary), but the Hungarians had secured a lot more political clout than the Czechs, Poles, Slovaks, etc. (See the Czech classic "The Good Soldier Svejk and His Fortunes in the World War" by Jaroslav Hasek for a humerous account of this patchwork empire). I therefore don't think it would be to disguise his Hungarian roots that he felt the need to sometimes use a German surname.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: <Chessical> Thanks for the book recommendation. I'll put it on my Amazon wishlist. I actually have some Austro-Hungric roots dating to the 19th century. So Forgacs is a Hungarian name? At some point, Fleischmann decided that politically it was better to Hungarian.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Infohunter: Yes, <Calli>, "Forgács" is a Hungarian name, the English equivalent of which could be "Shaver" or "Turner," reference being to one who works on either a wood or a metal lathe. Note that this is not equivalent to the German "Fleischmann" (English equivalent "Butcher"), the cognate of which ("Fleshman") we have as two individual words, but not as the compound in quotes.

Just so that I don't omit to say something "on-topic" here, I should like to mention that Forgács' win against Tartakower at St. Petersburg in 1909 is one of my favorites.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: Two hypotheses: (1) Few players from around 1990 used pseudonyms; it was similar to stage-names of actors and pen-names of authors. (2) Titled roots were also still in vogue; Forgacz could have been a "noble" name, say, from the mother side of the family. Plain speculations on my part; just pointing a less sinister possibilities, rooted in vanity rather than in xenofobia or prejudice.
Premium Chessgames Member
  vonKrolock: Golombek declares that he "always entered in competitions whith the name Fleischmann", in the reports and prizes delivery from Nuremberg 1906 appears the form Forgácz-Fleischmann; in the game-scores and table shortly Forgácz (reinforce the hypothesis of a nom-de-plume) - in Ostend 1907 he appears as Forgácz 'tout-court' in almost all the Book - reveals a tendency to adopt preferably the magyarized form. (but, strangely enough, Fleischmann appears whithout the other surname in the table, and only there...)
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: Leo Forgacs (ne Fleischmann)
Born 5th October 1881 in Budapest
Died 17th August 1930 in Berettyoufalju.
He was Hungarian champion in 1907.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: Why did he give playing after 1913?
Oct-05-06  BIDMONFA: Leo Fleischmann Forgacs


Oct-05-06  LoFarkas: The name of the village where he died is mistyped in the bio. it's Berettyóújfalu not "-úfalju" Not that it matters much, and I'm not even hoping for accented letters;)
May-08-09  myschkin: . . .

Tief beeindruckt von dieser technischen Meisterleistung war der Schüler Leo Forgacs (1881-1930), <der bis 1904 Fleischmann hieß, bevor er seinen Namen hungarisierte.>


May-26-10  sneaky pete: "Leo Fleischmann of Budapest, who, under the name of Forgacs, represented the Forgacs Chess Club of his city in the last Nuremburg congress, dividing third and fourth prizes with Schlechter, won the rapid transit tournament at the Manhattan Chess Club, on March 7, against fifteen other contestants. The noted visitor, who has been in New York about a fortnight, defeated in succesive rounds Messrs. Levy, L.B. Meyer, L. Lichtenberg and J.R. Capablanca."

From the March 1907 issue of Lasker's Chess Magazine. No games are given.

Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <Player of the Day>


Oct-05-10  Remizatorul: Here are some interesting informations :
Oct-05-13  Kikoman: <Player of the Day>

Rest In Peace Sir Leo Fleischmann Forgacs.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. <POTD>: Leo Fleischmann Forgacs.
Oct-05-13  DoctorD: This player has an entry as author at both the Chess Problem Database Server and Yet Another Chess Problem Database but both databases also contain no problems by him at all!

Anyone know more?

Jul-22-14  Karpova: He won a tournament arranged by the Budapest Chess Club, wherein all of the strongest players of Budapest participated. It took place from November 15 to December 14, 1906. Time control was 18 moves per hour.

1. Forgacs 14.0
2-3. Zoltan Balla 12.0
2-3. Janos Gajdos 12.0
4. Istvan Abonyi 10.5
5. Aladar Erdey 9.5
6. Ferencz Kepes 9.0
7-8. Ignacz Langer 8.0
7-8. Lajos Merenyi 8.0
9. Zsigmond Barasz 7.5
10. Artur Peisner 6.5
11. Bernat Steiner 6.0
12-13. Mor Balazs 5.5
12-13. Janos Groß 5.5
14. Lajos Denes 3.5
15. Jeno Wettin 2.5
16. Sandor Voros 0.0

Prizes (in Kronen): Forgacs 150, Balla and Gajdos (100+60)/2, Abonyi 40, Erdey 30, Kepes 20.

Forgacs scored +13 -0 =2, drawing Erdey and Langer. Balla scored +11 -2 =2, Gajdos +12 -3 =0. Voros withdrew after the 6th round (after losing to Forgacs, Balla, Erdey, Barasz, Ballazs and Denes).

There is a short biography of Leo Forgacs (Leo Fleischmann prior to the <Magyarisirung> as a footnote says): He was born on 5 October 1881. After passing the <Maturitätsprüfung> in 1899 with honours, he completed the <orientalische Handelsakademie> (oriental commercial academy) in Budapest. He got acquainted with chess at the age of 14, but visited the Budapest Chess Club only from 1899 onwards. He had the opportunity to play against Charousek, Dr. Jacobi, Lehner, Maroczy and many others there. In 1902, he won the Hanover <Hauptturnier B> and the Master title of the German Chess Federation. He won the Barmen 1905 <Meisterturnier> ahead of strong players like Wilhelm Cohn, Dr. Julius Perlis and Rudolf Swiderski. The Ostend 1906 <Meisterturnier> was not such a success for him, since he devoted more attention to roulette. Only 3 weeks later, he shared 3rd-4th place together with Schlechter at Nuremberg, coming ahead of players like Janowski and Dr. Tarrasch.

Source: 'Wiener Schachzeitung', March-April 1907, pp. 89-90

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: The American Chess Bulletin, February 1921, p.28:

<"Deutsches Wochenschach," for January 23, reports the death of L. Forgacs, the well-known Hungarian master, who participated in many tournaments under the name of Fleischmann. For the past few years, however, he had withdrawn from chess circles. His death occurred in Budapest last December, but the circumstances surrounding his demise have not been ascertained.>

The March edition noted on p.50:

<"Deutsches Wochenschach," for February 20, states that the report of the death of Leo Forgacs, supposed to have occurred during a revolutionary riot in Hungary, turns out to have been unfounded and, furthermore, that the noted master, at last accounts, was alive and well.>

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Leo Forgacs.
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: His bio protrait is from <Wiener Schachzeitung, Volume 10 (1907) p90>
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