|Budapest Candidates (1950)|
After the FIDE World Championship Tournament (1948) was held, the International Chess Federation (FIDE) began a series of cycles (1) that would select a challenger to Mikhail Botvinnik. The tournament was held from April 9 through May 16 (and the subsequent play-off was held in July and August) (2, 3). The world was divided into various Zones, from each of which one or more players would qualify for an Interzonal tournament. The highest finishers in this, combined with other seeded players, would compete in a Candidates tournament to select the Challenger.
The first Interzonal was the Saltsjöbaden Interzonal (1948), from which the following players qualified: David Bronstein, Laszlo Szabo, Isaac Boleslavsky, Alexander Kotov, Andre Lilienthal, Igor Bondarevsky, Miguel Najdorf, Gideon Stahlberg, and Salomon Flohr. Bondarevsky later withdrew due to illness. They were to be joined by the unsuccessful invitees to the 1948 Championship, but only Vasily Smyslov and Paul Keres took their places.
Bronstein and Boleslavsky contested the Bronstein - Boleslavsky Candidates Playoff (1950), won by Bronstein and leading to the Botvinnik - Bronstein World Championship Match (1951).
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 Pts
1 Bronstein ** ½½ 01 ½1 11 1½ 01 ½½ 1½ ½1 12
2 Boleslavsky ½½ ** 1½ ½½ ½½ 1½ ½½ ½1 ½1 11 12
3 Smyslov 10 0½ ** ½½ 1½ ½1 01 ½1 ½½ ½½ 10
4 Keres ½0 ½½ ½½ ** ½½ 10 1½ ½½ ½1 ½½ 9½
5 Najdorf 00 ½½ 0½ ½½ ** ½½ ½½ 11 ½1 ½½ 9
6 Kotov 0½ 0½ ½0 01 ½½ ** ½1 10 10 1½ 8½
7 Stahlberg 10 ½½ 10 0½ ½½ ½0 ** ½½ ½½ ½½ 8
8 Lilienthal ½½ ½0 ½0 ½½ 00 01 ½½ ** 10 ½½ 7
9 Szabo 0½ ½0 ½½ ½0 ½0 01 ½½ 01 ** 10 7
10 Flohr ½0 00 ½½ ½½ ½½ 0½ ½½ ½½ 01 ** 7
The Zurich Candidates (1953) tournament event followed this cycle.
(1) Wikipedia article: Candidates Tournament.
(2) http://www.trussel.com/f_stamps.htm (the stamp collector also had dates of a couple of other tournaments from this era).
(3) http://www.mark-weeks.com/chess/495... (as suggested by the Roman numerals).
Mainly based on Game Collection: WCC Index (Budapest 1950) by User: nescio2.
| page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 90
|1. Flohr vs Boleslavsky
||0-1||59||1950||Budapest Candidates||D97 Grunfeld, Russian|
|2. Lilienthal vs Smyslov
|| ||½-½||29||1950||Budapest Candidates||D19 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Dutch|
|3. Bronstein vs Szabo
||1-0||31||1950||Budapest Candidates||E27 Nimzo-Indian, Samisch Variation|
|4. Stahlberg vs Keres
||0-1||61||1950||Budapest Candidates||A30 English, Symmetrical|
|5. Najdorf vs Kotov
||½-½||40||1950||Budapest Candidates||D45 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav|
|6. Smyslov vs Bronstein
||1-0||55||1950||Budapest Candidates||D44 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav|
|7. Flohr vs Najdorf
||½-½||14||1950||Budapest Candidates||E39 Nimzo-Indian, Classical, Pirc Variation|
|8. Boleslavsky vs Keres
||½-½||60||1950||Budapest Candidates||C99 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin, 12...cd|
|9. Kotov vs Lilienthal
||1-0||37||1950||Budapest Candidates||D97 Grunfeld, Russian|
|10. Szabo vs Stahlberg
||½-½||29||1950||Budapest Candidates||E08 Catalan, Closed|
|11. Bronstein vs Kotov
||1-0||32||1950||Budapest Candidates||D31 Queen's Gambit Declined|
|12. Keres vs Szabo
||½-½||41||1950||Budapest Candidates||C65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense|
|13. Stahlberg vs Smyslov
||1-0||41||1950||Budapest Candidates||D72 Neo-Grunfeld, 5.cd, Main line|
|14. Lilienthal vs Flohr
|| ||½-½||18||1950||Budapest Candidates||C49 Four Knights|
|15. Najdorf vs Boleslavsky
||½-½||21||1950||Budapest Candidates||D72 Neo-Grunfeld, 5.cd, Main line|
|16. Boleslavsky vs Szabo
||½-½||33||1950||Budapest Candidates||C89 Ruy Lopez, Marshall|
|17. Najdorf vs Lilienthal
||1-0||41||1950||Budapest Candidates||D84 Grunfeld, Grunfeld Gambit Accepted|
|18. Kotov vs Stahlberg
||½-½||27||1950||Budapest Candidates||D60 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense|
|19. Smyslov vs Keres
||½-½||26||1950||Budapest Candidates||D29 Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical|
|20. Flohr vs Bronstein
||½-½||20||1950||Budapest Candidates||E92 King's Indian|
|21. Keres vs Kotov
||1-0||27||1950||Budapest Candidates||B92 Sicilian, Najdorf, Opocensky Variation|
|22. Lilienthal vs Boleslavsky
|| ||½-½||20||1950||Budapest Candidates||E80 King's Indian, Samisch Variation|
|23. Stahlberg vs Flohr
||½-½||75||1950||Budapest Candidates||D97 Grunfeld, Russian|
|24. Szabo vs Smyslov
|| ||½-½||72||1950||Budapest Candidates||A28 English|
|25. Bronstein vs Najdorf
||1-0||21||1950||Budapest Candidates||E29 Nimzo-Indian, Samisch|
| page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 90
|Jan-10-14|| ||perfidious: Keres' fourth-place finish in this event is a remarkable testimony to a brilliant career at top level, inasmuch as it was his lowest placing in any cycle for which he qualified as a candidate.|
|Feb-25-14|| ||RookFile: The Bronstein vs. Boleslavsky match may be the greatest match that few have ever heard of.|
|Feb-25-14|| ||plang: Boleslavsky is so under-appreciated - he was a really good player|
|Oct-05-17|| ||ughaibu: <a series of cycles (1) that would select a challenger to Mikhail Botvinnik.>|
It's a subtle observation; the candidates tournaments only selected challengers for Botvinnik.
As a separate issue; did Stahlberg complain about collusion?
|Apr-11-20|| ||Paint My Dragon: A report of this event has recently been posted on the FIDE website ...|
Includes some key moments and B&W photographs of Keres, Smyslov, Bronstein etc.
|Apr-11-20|| ||RookFile: Reshevsky said he could have played but simply didn't want to.|
|Apr-12-20|| ||Muttley101: <Paint My Dragon: A report of this event has recently been posted on the FIDE website ...
Includes some key moments and B&W photographs of Keres, Smyslov, Bronstein etc.>
Lovely report to see, thanks for posting the link.
"Robin Fine"? Reuben Fine of course :D
The story about Boleslavsky's failure to win is an interesting one. What I read many years ago was that Boleslavsky did not want to play a match against Botvinnik, so allowed Bronstein to catch up, and ultimately win their play off match. Can't remember where I read it, but looking at this again, avoiding the match by drawing the last two games when Bronstein needed to win both his? Not the most sure-fire strategy in the world.
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