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Member since Aug-27-05 · Last seen Feb-20-20
I am Frederick Rhine. The United States Chess Federation awarded me the titles of National Master (at OTB chess) in 1983, and Senior Master of Correspondence Chess in 1997. I played in the 1997 USCF Absolute Championship (open to the top 13 correspondence players who accept their invitations), scoring 6-6 (+2 =8 -2). Alex Dunne wrote in his book on the Absolute Championships, "This was Rhine's only Absolute and he held his own against the best. His two losses were against previous Absolute winners."

I attended Lane Technical High School in Chicago with the late co-founder Alberto A Artidiello until he moved out of Chicago. Lane's chess team won the Illinois state championship my junior and senior years, becoming the first school ever to win consecutive championships. Albert also became a master, as did my teammates Kenneth Mohr and Christopher Kus. FIDE Masters Albert Charles Chow and the late Morris Giles were also Laneites.

In July 2013, I played in my second and third regular-rated tournaments of the millennium(!), the Greater Midwest Classic and the Chicago Class (under-2200 section). I tied for second, undefeated, in both, winning $700 and $550, respectively, and brought my rating back over 2200.

I have contributed to hundreds of chess-related articles on Wikipedia under the handle Krakatoa, notably "First-move advantage in chess," "George H. D. Gossip," and "Swindle (chess),", all of which are almost entirely written by me. The first two of those have been Today's Featured Article, the highest honor a Wikipedia article can receive, one attained by about one out of every 1,400 articles. I have received various Wikipedia awards, including the Imperial Triple Crown Jewels and the Timeless Imperial Triple Crown (which only 11 Wikipedians have received). My user page is at

Sixty-six of my games are in's database. My favorites are F Rhine vs D Sprenkle, 1981, K Thompson vs F Rhine, 1992, and F Rhine vs A Boerkoel, 1996. The first two of these were both published with my annotations in Chess Informant (Volumes 32 and 57), and cited in the Encyclopedia of Chess Openings (Vol. B (2nd ed.) at 183 n.19, and Vol. B (3rd ed.) at 172 n.163). My 18th move (18.Nxd6!) in Rhine-Sprenkle was voted the 8th-9th most important theoretical novelty in Volume 32 of Chess Informant. That game was also cited in MCO-13, and occupies an entire chapter in all three editions of "Beating the Sicilian" by John Nunn. It is game 218 in "1000 TN!! The Best Theoretical Novelties" (Chess Informant, 2012).

Commentator Mato Jelic somewhat extravagantly calls my game E Sollano vs F Rhine, 1977 "The Greatest Ever Blitz Game Played in Chicago." See also

I composed this study, which Pal Benko published in "Benko's Bafflers" in Chess Life, May 2006:

White to play and draw

click for larger view

The solution is here: It is based on an earlier study of mine, which Benko also published in his column. Both of these compositions appear in Harold van der Heijden's endgame study database.

As far as I know, I have successfully submitted more puns for Game of the Day than anyone else (143 and counting). Game Collection: Puns I submitted The coveted 2013 Caissar for Best (Worst) Pun went to "Control-Ault-Delete," the pun I submitted for Fischer vs R Ault, 1959, the Game of the Day on December 19, 2012. User: johnlspouge remarked, "As far as I can tell, <FSR> is churning out 'actual puns' almost as fast as I can [insert bodily function of choice]." My greatest pn ever (maybe THE greatest pun ever) is "Late December Back in '63: What a Lady, What a Knight!" N Littlewood vs B Brinck-Claussen, 1963.

I am responsible for World Junior Championship (1957), Vidmar Memorial (1969), Carlsen - Anand World Championship Match (2014), and Game Collection: Drawing lines, among others.

I was a contributor to the Chicago Chess Blog,

>> Click here to see fsr's game collections. Full Member

   FSR has kibitzed 19171 times to chessgames   [more...]
   Feb-20-20 T Wedberg vs Korchnoi, 1988
FSR: I just went as far as 29.Qxg5! Rxd4 30.Rg3! g6 31.hxg6 and concluded that Black wouldn't be able to survive the onslaught.
   Feb-15-20 Korchnoi vs Szabo, 1961
FSR: Viktor-Laszlo. A shame that it wasn't played in Casablanca.
   Feb-10-20 Karjakin vs K Alekseenko, 2019 (replies)
FSR: Alekseenko says of this game, "Perhaps it was the best game . . . of the tournament, and the year and perhaps my career."
   Feb-10-20 R Swinkels vs C Bauer, 2007 (replies)
FSR: You don't see the Katalimov Variation (2...b6) every day. To my surprise, Opening Explorer shows it scoring very well for Black, albeit with a small sample size. Opening Explorer shows that it is played only about a seventh as often as Black's sixth most common move, 2...Nf6. ChessBase ...
   Feb-04-20 FSR chessforum (replies)
FSR: Submitted: [Event "Internet blitz"] [Site ""] [Date "2020.02.04"] [Result "0-1"] [White "NN"] [Black "Frederick Rhine"] [ECO "B30"] 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 e6 4.O-O a6 5.c3 d5 6.exd5 exd5 7.Bb3 Nf6 8.Re1+ Be7 9.Ba4 b5 10.Bc2 d4 11.Ne5 Nxe5 12.Rxe5 ...
   Feb-04-20 Octavio Troianescu (replies)
FSR: <moronovich> Happy birthday!
   Feb-03-20 Gunsberg vs NN, 1879 (replies)
FSR: Guns Blazing.
   Feb-03-20 G O'Toole vs R Haria, 2009 (replies)
FSR: My first impulse was 40.Bxg6, which wins, but then I saw 40.Qf4, leaving Black defenseless. White pretty much wins at will from the diagram position.
   Feb-02-20 Phony Benoni chessforum (replies)
FSR: <Phony Benoni> In Game Collection: US Open 1987, Portland , my Facebook friend John Norman informs me that player 148 should be him, John Norman, rather than "John Morgan."
   Feb-01-20 Jakovenko vs I Cheparinov, 2008 (replies)
FSR: <An Englishman> I know Ortueta-Sanz. Ortueta-Sanz is a friend of mine. Jakovenko's combination is nice, but it's no Ortueta-Sanz.
(replies) indicates a reply to the comment.

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 98 OF 98 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jan-12-20  centralfiles: Some analysis on the theory of a quite common c3 sicillian sideline.

Part Two.

This is my own analysis <i.e. analyzed on my own engine ;) > with improvements for white in both of the "equalizing" variations Chandler gave <above> in the 10...Nc2+ lines.

Lets start with "A)"

Chandler's analysis<not given in full>


A) 11...Nxa8
12.Nc7+ Kd2
13.Nxa8 g6
14.Be3 Bh6!

15.Bb5+ Kd6
16.Bxa7 Nf6
17.Nb6 Rd8
18.Ke2 Nc2
19.Rd1+ Kc7
20.Rxd8 is an equal ending

or A2)
15.Bxa7 Nf6
16.Nb6+ Kc7
17.Bd3 Rd8
18.Ke2 Nc2! with the knight escaping black is more than ok.">

Black aims for a simple setup with Kc7 Rd8 and bishop covering the c1/d2 squares but white can disrupt this with

15.Bb5+ Kd6
16.Bxa7 Nf6
17.Nb6 Rd8
18.Ke2 Nc2
19.Nc4+!<or 18.Nc4+ is the same>

click for larger view

And Black is forced to play the ugly
20.Rd1 Nd5
21.Be3 and the lack of harmony in the black camp is telling. <Stockfish about +1.2>

Jan-12-20  centralfiles: Much more interesting and rewarding however is 17...Kc7

click for larger view

This is not mentioned by Chandler, which makes sense as it will just transpose into his main line <18.Ke2 Nc2 19.Rd1 Rd8 as in A1> which equalizes.

Can White improve here?
This is not so simple at first <or 2nd or 3rd...> glance. i.e. 18.Nc4 Nd5 19.Be3 Nxe3 20.fxe3 Ra8 peters out to = after a couple moves.

White does have a really nice idea which I'll wait a few days before posting since it seems worth the effort.

<Disclaimer: this poster assumes no responsibility if you find it obvious, for me it was a total surprise in a simple position>

Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: Those bishops on an open board are scary. I never played that line again after my debacle - although it seems that it is in fact playable. I usually play 2...Nf6, which I think is a little better than 2...d5.
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: Submitted:

[Event "SRB-Cup Valjevo"]
[Site "Pirot-Valjevo VSK"]
[Date "2011.05.18"]
[EventDate "2011.05.??"]
[Round "3.1"]
[Result "1-0"]
[White "Aleksander Delchev"]
[Black "Vladimir G Kostic"]
[ECO "A11"]
[WhiteElo "2619"]
[BlackElo "2447"]
[PlyCount "47"]

1.c4 c6 2.Nf3 d5 3.g3 dxc4 4.Bg2 g6 5.Na3 Qd5 6.Qc2 Be6 7.Qc3 Nf6 8.O-O Bg7 9.Nd4 Ne4 10.Nxe6 Nxc3 11.Nxg7+ Kf8 12.dxc3 Qe5 13.Bh6 Kg8 14.Rad1 Na6 15.Nxc4 Qc7 16.Bh3 b5 17.Ne6 Qc8 18.Ne5 Nc5 19.Rd8+ Qxd8 20.Nxd8 Rxd8 21.Nxc6 Re8 22.b4 Ne6 23.Bxe6 fxe6 24.Ne5 1-0

You can play over the game (which is a beauty!) at or

Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: <Phony Benoni> Yes, I believe there have been chess events in both Park Forest and Forest Park, as your friend's researches suggest. For example, my most famous game, F Rhine vs D Sprenkle, 1981, was played in Forest Park.
Jan-13-20  centralfiles: The Delchev game is really a beauty.
Thanks for uploading it.
Jan-13-20  centralfiles: Some analysis on the theory of a quite common c3 sicillian sideline.

Part Three.

A closer look at the 2nd of chandler's "equalizing" lines above that i fear has become standard book fare. B) 10...Nc2+
11.Kd1 Rc8!?

click for larger view

And here the stem game <Mes vs Van Der Meiden correspondence 1991> and analysis by Chandler et-al runs:

12.Nxa7 Rc5
13.b4 Nxb4
14.Bb5+ Kd8
here 15...e6! with the eventual exchange sacrifice is indeed very solid. <Even 14.Be3 e6! 15.Bxc5 Bxc5 leaves black with plenty of compensation>

For some reason all have assumed the immediate 14.Bb5+ as being necessary here it ain't so.


click for larger view

And Black is faced with the simple but insurmountable problem that any Knight retreat opens the b file for White's rook.

15.Bd2 Nc3+
16.Bxc3 Rxc3

click for larger view

Seems that someone failed to notify the Black's kingside of the commencement of hostilities.

14...e6 <or ...Rd5+ is the same.>

15.Bd2 Rd5
16.a3 <16.Bc4 and 16.Kc1 are also pretty dangerous> Bc5 17.Nb5 Rxd2+
18.Kxd2 Nd5
19.Nc3 b6
20.Nxd5 exd5
21.a4 Ke7
22.a5 bxa5
23.Rb8 +-

click for larger view

Jan-13-20  centralfiles: "It may be that improvements are found which allow black to hold the draw with precise play. Nevertheless we can certainly say that the position after 10...Nc2+ leaves white with a dangerous initiative..."
Jan-14-20  centralfiles: I'll wait awhile before giving solution to the
A1)17...Kc7 problem i posted earlier in case you want to try solving it.

click for larger view

Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: I predict that in 2024 Firouzja will dethrone Ding Liren as classical world champion. You read it here first.
Jan-16-20  centralfiles: Since both of these 10...Nc2+ lines are actually played sometimes I finally checked chesstempo<I don't have access to chessbase etc.> to see what a database might say of my improvements.

In the first line
11.Kd1 Nxa1
12.Nc7+ Kd7
13.Nxa8 g6

There were ZERO games where my 19.Nc4 was played, instead they all played the meh 19.Rd1 which doesn't get White anything.

In the 2nd line
11.Kd1 Rc8
12.Nxa7 Rc5
13.b4 Nxb4

There was one game where 14.Rb1! was played.

This game follows a path I didn't bother to investigate above. After seeing this game I definitely should have.




click for larger view

16.Rxb7 Bd6 <Forced, to survive Bb5+/Rb8+>

17.Nb5 Be5 <...Be7 +2.00>

18.f4 Nxf4
19.Bb4 Rd5+
20.Kc2 Rd7
21.Nd6+ Bxd6+
22.Bb5 Bxb4

click for larger view

Up until now wer'e seeing perfect play by White<and Black> nearly all White's moves are the only moves that win.

But now
23.Rxd7? <I would probably play this myself :(> And POOF White is left with nothing and was actually very lucky to survive with a draw.

The simple
23.Bxd7+ Kd8
24.Rxb4 Kxd7

click for larger view

is easily winning. I hope martin was able to sleep that night...

As far as the the 17...Kc7 idea in the first line above <See DIAGRAM> there was actually no games where Black tried this- a shame because solution<still not posted> is nice.

click for larger view

White to play 18.?

Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: Submitted:

[Event "Internet blitz"]
[Site ""]
[Date "2020.01.19"]
[Result "1-0"]
[White "Frederick Rhine"]
[Black "NN"]
[ECO "D07"]

1. d4 d5 2. c4 Nc6 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Nf3 Bg4 5. cxd5 Nxd5 6. e4 Bxf3 7. gxf3 Nxc3 8. bxc3 e6 9. Rb1 Rb8 10. Qa4 Qd7 11. Bb5 Ra8 12. Bc4 Qc8 13. Rxb7 Qxb7 14. Bb5 Qb8 15. Bxc6+ Kd8 16. O-O Be7 17. e5 a6 18.d5 exd5 19. Qd4 Ra7 20. Be3 Rb7 21. Qxd5+ Bd6 22. exd6 cxd6 23. Bxb7 Ke7 24. Re1 Kf8 25. Bf4 Kg8 26. Bxd6 Qd8 27. Re7 h5 28. Qxf7+ 1-0

You can play over the game at

Jan-19-20  centralfiles:
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: <centralfiles> Dunno. I've seen it many times.
Jan-24-20  centralfiles: <FSR> Just saw it now for first time. they seem to be almost. perfectly centered on their squares.
Jan-24-20  centralfiles:

click for larger view

18.f4! with excellent winning chances.
Simple no?

Jan-24-20  centralfiles: After all is said about these lines i must admit in conclusion that your 10...Ne6 seems fine and probably equalizes without much of a problem while the recommended 10...Nc2+ is busted in all variations IMO as demonstrated above.
Premium Chessgames Member
  ketchuplover: My favorite personal game is #591502
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: <ketchuplover> Nice comeback!
Jan-29-20  centralfiles: A2) 10...Nb4 11.Nc3

A2b) 11...N6xd5 12.Nxd5 Qa5 13.Nc3!

A2b1) 13Qa6 14.Nd4 Nd3+ 15.Kd2 g6 16.Qe2 <White is aiming to simplify into a queenless position where he can keep the e6 pawn> Bh6+ 17.Kc2 Bxc1 (17Nxc1 Qf3 Qd3+ Qxd3 Nxd3 Kxd3 = 0r 17Nb4+ Kb3 Bxc1 Qxa6 Nxa6 Raxc1 Nc5+ Ka3 Nxe6 Nxe6 Bxe6 Rhe1 Kf7 Re3 =) 18.Qxd3 Qxd3 19.Kxd3 Bxb2 20.Nd5! With at least compensation for the exchange.

A2b2) 13Bxe6 14.0-0 h6 15.Nd4 Bf7 (15Bc4!? Might be the best try) 16.f4 e5 <white is threatening f5 with compensation> 17.fxe5 dxe5 18.Rxf7! (D)

click for larger view

Now if 18Kxf7 19.Qb3+ is perpetual check, so 18exd4! 19.Qb3 dxc3! 20.Rf5+ Nd5 21.Rxd5 Qb6+<Black had to envision this check at move 18> 22.Kf1 with only a minimal endgame edge for black.

Jan-30-20  centralfiles: The above analysis of GM Gabuzyans recommendation against 8.Bxf7+ , would suggest that this is a rather poor choice for a "How to beat" series, especially when there is always 10...Nxd5!
11.Qxd5 Qa5+
12.Nc3 Qxd5
13.Nxd5 Rb8
which is far more simple and clearly better for Black.
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: <centralfiles> Yes, that seems a straightforward way to a clear advantage. Black ends up a pawn up with White begging for a draw.
Feb-02-20  centralfiles: <FSR> Not quite a pawn up but Blacks bishops are so strong white is beggging all the same

14.Nf4 Nd8

15.Nd4 g5
16.Nfe2 Nxe6
17.Nxe6 Bxe6
18.Bxg5 -= is a possible continuation.
<The move order of blacks first few moves are important not 13...Nd8 14.Nd4 Rb8 15.Nc7 ⩲ > For some reason engines especially the older ones have a hard time seeing this at move 10,<I'm afraid that might explain why it's not on the "how to beat" series > I think a strong human could find it without too much trouble, if he/she realizes Black should not be aiming for more.

Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: Submitted:

[Event "Internet blitz"]
[Site ""]
[Date "2020.02.04"]
[Result "0-1"]
[White "NN"]
[Black "Frederick Rhine"]
[ECO "B30"]

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 e6 4.O-O a6 5.c3 d5 6.exd5 exd5 7.Bb3 Nf6 8.Re1+ Be7 9.Ba4 b5 10.Bc2 d4 11.Ne5 Nxe5 12.Rxe5 d3 13.Rxe7+ Kxe7 14.Qe1+ Be6 15.Bd1 Re8 16.Bf3 Rb8 17.a4 Kf8 18.b4 c4 19.axb5 axb5 20.Ra5 Bd5 21.Qd1 Qe7 22.Qf1 Bxf3 23.gxf3 Nd5 24.Na3 Nf4 25.Nxb5 Qg5+ 26.Kh1 Re1 27.Qxe1 Qg2# 0-1

You can play over the game at

Feb-04-20  centralfiles: <FSR> a little mercy for your chessmates poor NN...
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