|World Junior Championship (1957)|
The World Junior Championship is open to players younger than 20 on January 1 of the year in which the tournament is played. The first World Junior was held in 1951, and it was held biennially thereafter. The 1957 event, played in Toronto, Canada, was the fourth. Since 1973 the tournament has been held annually. See Wikipedia article: World Junior Chess Championship. Four World Junior Champions (Boris Spassky, Anatoly Karpov, Garry Kasparov, and Viswanathan Anand) have gone on to become World Champions.|
The 1957 tournament included 12 players from 11 countries (Canada, Egypt, Finland, Mexico, the Netherlands, the Philippines, South Africa, Sweden, USA, USSR, and West Germany). Canada, as the host country, was allowed two representatives. The players from the Soviet Union, the Philippines, and Mexico were accompanied by seconds: Grandmaster Igor Bondarevsky, future FIDE President Florencio Campomanes, and Dr. R. Sernas, respectively.
The participants were a varied lot. The tournament book reflects that William James Lombardy of the United States was studying biochemistry at CCNY and would enter medicine in two years. (In fact, he entered the priesthood.) He had already had considerable success as a player, including winning the 1954 New York State Championship, tying for first at the 1956 Canadian Open, and narrowly losing a 1956 match to Samuel Reshevsky. Mathias Gerusel of West Germany was studying mathematics. Dutchman Alexander Jongsma was a first-class table tennis player, who also played lawn tennis, swam, played the piano, and participated in ballroom dancing. The Soviet, Vladimir Selimanov, was the stepson of reigning World Champion Vasily Smyslov and planned to study literature and philosophy in college. Rodolfo Tan Cardoso had played for the Philippines in the 1956 Chess Olympiad, winning the silver medal on fourth board. The month after this tournament, he played the Fischer - Cardoso (1957) match against American wunderkind Robert James Fischer. Ralph Hallerod of Sweden was in his last year of high school and planned to study engineering at university. Canadian Francois Jobin had completed his first year of university and planned to become a physician. The Mexican representative, Jorge Aldrete Lobo, had just learned the game in 1953, but had won the Mexican Junior Championship in 1955 and 1957. He was an avid sportsman and planned to study chemical engineering. Timo O Makelainen of Finland planned to enter the University of Helsinki next year. Bernard Rabinowitz of South Africa had competed in the 1955 Johannesburg International Tournament, drawing his game against former World Champion Max Euwe. An actuary student, on the sea voyage to Canada "he put his actuarial knowledge to good account each evening by a careful and remunerative calculation of the odds on the 'horse races'!" Ibrahim M Bahgat of Egypt, a pharmacy student at the University of Texas, was an avid stamp collector and weightlifter. Having bench-pressed 250 pounds, "Undoubtedly he was the strongest player in the tournament." The second Canadian, Peter Bates, intended to study mathematics in college.
Shortly before the tournament began, the tournament organizer, Bernard Freedman, received word that Selimanov would arrive a day late because of a delay in getting his Canadian visa. Freedman decided to permit him to play; the tournament book reflects that this decision "was favourably received by practically every contestant." Selimanov's game against Lombardy, scheduled for Round 1, was played on the rest day between rounds 4 and 5. Lombardy won, giving him a 4-0 score and a one-point lead over Gerusel, whom he had routed in 18 moves in Round 3. M Gerusel vs Lombardy, 1957.
No one could stop Lombardy, who won game after game. After six rounds, his lead had increased to two points over Gerusel and at least 2½ over everyone else. Gerusel won his remaining five games, but that was not enough, as Lombardy did the same. That gave Lombardy a perfect 11-0 score and the title of World Junior Champion. Gerusel was second at 9-2, and Jongsma took the bronze with 8½ points. Cardoso won the brilliancy prize for his game Rodolfo Cardoso vs M Gerusel, 1957.
Perfect scores are very rarely seen in any significant chess tournament or match. See Wikipedia article: List of world records in chess#Perfect tournament and match scores. Lombardy's perfect score has never been matched in any World Junior Championship before or since, as everyone else has ceded at least two draws. The closest approaches have been by Karpov in 1969 (10/11 in the finals, 90.9%); Spassky in 1955 (8/9 in the finals, 88.9%); and Kiril Dimitrov Georgiev in 1983 (11.5/13, 88.5%).
Toronto, Canada, 3-17 August 1957
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2
1 Lombardy * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11.0
2 Gerusel 0 * 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9.0
3 Jongsma 0 0 * ½ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8.5
4 Selimanov 0 0 ½ * 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 1 1 8.0
5 Cardoso 0 1 0 0 * 0 1 1 1 ½ 1 1 6.5
6 Hallerod 0 0 0 ½ 1 * ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 5.0
7 Jobin 0 0 0 0 0 ½ * 0 1 1 1 1 4.5
8 Aldrete Lobo 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 * 0 1 1 1 4.0
9 Makelainen 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 1 * ½ ½ 1 3.5
10 Rabinowitz 0 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 0 ½ * ½ ½ 2.5
11 Bahgat 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½ ½ * ½ 2.0
12 Bates 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 0 ½ ½ * 1.5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
1 Lombardy 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
2 Gerusel 1 2 2 3 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
3 Jongsma 1 2 2½ 2½ 2½ 3½ 4½ 5½ 6½ 7½ 8½
4 Selimanov 0 0 ½ 1½ 2½ 3½ 4 5 6 7 8
5 Cardoso 1 1½ 2½ 2½ 3½ 3½ 3½ 4½ 5½ 5½ 6½
6 Hallerod ½ ½ 1 2 2½ 3 3½ 3½ 3½ 4½ 5
7 Jobin 1 2 2½ 2½ 2½ 3½ 4½ 4½ 4½ 4½ 4½
8 Aldrete Lobo 0 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 4 4 4
9 Makelainen 0 0 0 1 1½ 2 2 3 3½ 3½ 3½
10 Rabinowitz 0 ½ 1 1½ 2 2 2 2 2½ 2½ 2½
11 Bahgat ½ ½ ½ 1 1½ 1½ 1½ 1½ 1½ 2 2
12 Bates 0 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1½
Source: Frank Ross Anderson and Keith Kerns, Fourth Biennial World Junior Chess Championship: August 3-17, 1957, Toronto, Canada.
First Prize: William Lombardy $200 and trophy
Second Prize: Mathias Gerusel $100
Third Prize: Alexander Jongsma $50
Fourth Prize: Vladimir Selimanov $40
Fifth Prize: Rodolfo Tan Cardoso $30
Sixth Prize: Ralph Hallerod $15
Seventh Prize: Francois Jobin $10
Original Collection: Game Collection: World Junior Championship, Toronto 1957 by User: FSR.
| page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 66
|1. M Gerusel vs T Makelainen
|| ||1-0||40||1957||World Junior Championship||E37 Nimzo-Indian, Classical|
|2. P Bates vs F Jobin
|| ||0-1||40||1957||World Junior Championship||A07 King's Indian Attack|
|3. A Jongsma vs B Rabinowitz
|| ||1-0||37||1957||World Junior Championship||D78 Neo-Grunfeld, 6.O-O c6|
|4. I Bahgat vs R Hallerod
|| ||½-½||31||1957||World Junior Championship||E90 King's Indian|
|5. Rodolfo Cardoso vs J Aldrete
|| ||1-0||33||1957||World Junior Championship||C16 French, Winawer|
|6. F Jobin vs I Bahgat
|| ||1-0||42||1957||World Junior Championship||D50 Queen's Gambit Declined|
|7. T Makelainen vs A Jongsma
||0-1||23||1957||World Junior Championship||A34 English, Symmetrical|
|8. J Aldrete vs P Bates
|| ||1-0||52||1957||World Junior Championship||B07 Pirc|
|9. B Rabinowitz vs Rodolfo Cardoso
|| ||½-½||62||1957||World Junior Championship||C00 French Defense|
|10. V Selimanov vs M Gerusel
|| ||0-1||40||1957||World Junior Championship||E42 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 c5, 5.Ne2 (Rubinstein)|
|11. Lombardy vs R Hallerod
||1-0||24||1957||World Junior Championship||E40 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3|
|12. I Bahgat vs J Aldrete
|| ||0-1||42||1957||World Junior Championship||D45 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav|
|13. M Gerusel vs Lombardy
||0-1||18||1957||World Junior Championship||E33 Nimzo-Indian, Classical|
|14. P Bates vs B Rabinowitz
|| ||½-½||24||1957||World Junior Championship||E42 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 c5, 5.Ne2 (Rubinstein)|
|15. Rodolfo Cardoso vs T Makelainen
|| ||1-0||40||1957||World Junior Championship||E10 Queen's Pawn Game|
|16. R Hallerod vs F Jobin
|| ||½-½||35||1957||World Junior Championship||D60 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense|
|17. A Jongsma vs V Selimanov
|| ||½-½||79||1957||World Junior Championship||A05 Reti Opening|
|18. T Makelainen vs P Bates
|| ||1-0||53||1957||World Junior Championship||E69 King's Indian, Fianchetto, Classical Main line|
|19. Lombardy vs F Jobin
||1-0||22||1957||World Junior Championship||E66 King's Indian, Fianchetto, Yugoslav Panno|
|20. M Gerusel vs A Jongsma
|| ||1-0||66||1957||World Junior Championship||A61 Benoni|
|21. B Rabinowitz vs I Bahgat
|| ||½-½||33||1957||World Junior Championship||D60 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense|
|22. V Selimanov vs Rodolfo Cardoso
|| ||1-0||41||1957||World Junior Championship||E56 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Main line with 7...Nc6|
|23. J Aldrete vs R Hallerod
|| ||0-1||43||1957||World Junior Championship||A45 Queen's Pawn Game|
|24. V Selimanov vs Lombardy
||0-1||40||1957||World Junior Championship||C96 Ruy Lopez, Closed|
|25. F Jobin vs J Aldrete
|| ||0-1||64||1957||World Junior Championship||D51 Queen's Gambit Declined|
| page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 66
|Jan-12-14|| ||Calli: "Winning isn't everything, it's the only thing." - Lombardy|
|Jan-12-14|| ||RedShield: That line dates back to, at least, the 1953 film, <Trouble Along the Way>. It's attributed to the lead character, played by John Wayne, by his daughter.|
|Jan-12-14|| ||schweigzwang: First prize = $200 !|
|Jan-15-14|| ||FSR: 200 Canadian dollars, no doubt. Of course $200 went a lot further in those days. btw, recall that Fischer won two typewriters for his two consecutive victories in the U.S. Junior Championship. Too bad that he never bothered to play in the World Junior. Of course, then Lombardy's 11-0 might not be unique.|
|Jan-15-14|| ||Petrosianic: It's not that he didn't bother. But in 1957 the US had a different representative, who couldn't possibly have done better. In 1959, Fischer was playing for the world title in a Candidates Tournament. 1961 was his only real chance, but playing in a Junior tournament that late would have felt like a step backwards.|
|Jan-15-14|| ||FSR: <Calli> As I'm sure you know, that would be Vince Lombardi. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winnin... But it certainly fits.|
|Jan-18-14|| ||Calli: <FSR> I was undecided as to which spelling to use, but it seemed like something William might have said after a sweep. <Redshield> might want to read the Wiki article as the John Wayne story might just be a myth.|
|Sep-05-14|| ||posoo: FSR, what do you MEAN you were responsible for dis torns?! I DONT UNDERSTAND|
|Sep-05-14|| ||FSR: <posoo> I collected the games for the games collection, found and submitted all the games that were missing, and wrote the accompanying text.|
|Sep-05-14|| ||posoo: GO, fusser, GO!|
|Sep-06-14|| ||torrefan: Who among these guys are still alive?|
|Sep-06-14|| ||alexmagnus: <Who among these guys are still alive?>|
If we go with the bios here, all but three players, but it may be possible one or another death date is missing
Dead are: Jongsma (died 2013), Selimanov (died 1960), Cardoso (died 2013),
|Sep-09-14|| ||Moszkowski012273: Lombardy still comes by Union Square late at night and will sit and comment on the games being played... He's quite a character.|
|Sep-09-14|| ||HeMateMe: I used to see Bill Lombardy at the Chess Shop on Thompson St. Once in awhile he would watch me playing blitz, and smile. I don't know if he was smiling because I had made a good move, or was playing horribly. Probably the latter. There is still a little chess going on at the Chess Forum, on the other side of Thompson; I would see him there, too.|
He's a bit cranky, though, if you plan to ask him questions.
|Sep-09-14|| ||perfidious: <HMM> Met Bill at the '84 NY Open, then we played two years later. Had a post-mortem but spent more time talking about things other than the game.|
|Sep-27-15|| ||RookFile: $200 for winning. But, they can't take the title of champ away from you.|
|Sep-27-15|| ||TheFocus: But in 1957 dollars, yes?|
|Dec-09-15|| ||tjipa: Where are the Soviets? Where are Larsen, Portish of the same age? Against this opposition 11/11 is no big deal.|
|Dec-09-15|| ||perfidious: <tjipa: Where are the Soviets?>|
Tal had scored his first gold medal in a Soviet championship less than six months before and Spassky was a candidate the year before--why would the Soviets care about sending them to this event?
|May-17-17|| ||nummerzwei: It's curious that most participants here went on to play at amateur level. Both earlier and later World Juniors have been much stronger.|
|Jul-05-17|| ||siggemannen: Why doesn't Lombardy have a first name here? Was he the Prince or Madonna of chess?|
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