< Earlier Kibitzing · PAGE 3 OF 3 ·
|Feb-09-09|| ||fich: Such talent. Back in the USSR, he wasn't much given a chance by the government and nurtured Karpov more. |
All the same, Happy Birthday Mr. Gulko!
|Feb-09-09|| ||Granny O Doul: Well, I guess jail isn't the MOST nurturing environment. But there is usually some chess activity.|
|Feb-09-09|| ||fich: Funny. I meant chance to compete outside USSR, exposure.|
|Feb-09-09|| ||WhiteRook48: think I've heard of him before|
|Jul-05-09|| ||returnoftheking: About the quote of "searching for bobby fischer".
If Averbakh is the first contact, who is the 2nd...?
And what's more, what player is the informant?
|Jul-05-09|| ||kurtrichards: The only player to be both US and USSR Champion. Cool. :)|
|Jul-06-09|| ||HeMateMe: Related topic--Lev Alburt has won the championship of Ukraine one or more times, and has won the US Championship 3 times. Are those two the only people to have won a championship in the USA and another country? Good trivia question.|
|Jul-06-09|| ||whiteshark: <HeMate: <Good trivia question.>> You just have to work through the list:
|Jul-06-09|| ||whiteshark: How about Lubomir Kavalek|
<He's been Czech Champion in 1962 and 1968, was joint US Champion in 1973 and West German Champion in 1981.> !!!
* And according to the wiki-page also sole US champion in 1978.
|Jul-06-09|| ||Phony Benoni: Walter Browne, Australian Champion in 1969 as well as being Mr. Six-Time.|
|Jul-06-09|| ||HeMateMe: so kavalek has ruled 4 countries? He's a regular dictator, he is. Thanks for the info. The USA is lucky to have him, I think he has played for the US in Olympiad play.|
|Oct-05-10|| ||HeMateMe: Gulko is a major part of the new book "The KGB Plays Chess."|
"Boris Gulko, Vladimir Popov, Yuri Felshtinsky and Viktor Kortschnoi [sic], The KGB Plays Chess: The Soviet Secret Police and the Fight for the World Chess Crown (Russell Enterprises, 2010). 176 pp. $19.95.
The mass of men lead lives of quiet desperation. –Thoreau
Get busy living, or get busy dying. –The Shawshank Redemption
The KGB Plays Chess is a fascinating volume, focused primarily on the seven years GM Boris Gulko and his wife, WGM Anna Akhsharumova, spent as “Refuseniks” in the USSR. Viktor Korchnoi and Anatoly Karpov both feature in the story in an integral way, and many other chess players show up in cameo roles. It’s really the Gulko story that’s at the heart of the book, however, so for those who weren’t around when all of this was going on, I’ll offer a brief recap.
Gulko was an extremely strong GM in the late 1970s, twice winning the Soviet Championship, and his wife was one of the strongest women in the country as well. In 1979 they, along with many other Soviet Jews, applied for permission to emigrate to Israel, and they were refused (thus “Refuseniks”). There may have been any number of reasons for the refusal, but among them was the fear that Gulko might help the defector Korchnoi to beat Karpov in a subsequent world championship match.
Korchnoi, who defected in 1976, was persona non grata to the Soviet establishment, while Karpov was the communist government’s golden boy. Karpov’s power and prestige were such that legendary players like Mikhail Tal, Lev Polugaevsky and Efim Geller had to work in his employ to ensure their good standing in the USSR. Worse yet, Korchnoi’s son was basically held hostage in the USSR, and Gulko was trapped as well. Korchnoi himself stated in the Western press that Gulko would help train him, and this worrisome prospect only helped keep Gulko stuck in the USSR. (In fact, Gulko seems to think Korchnoi harmed his family by omission as well as commission. Korchnoi's failure to include the Gulkos' release as one a precondition for making up the Candidates match with Kasparov "prolonged our stay in the USSR for two and a half years".)"
I remember following this story when it was happening. Chess Life wrote about it. Joel Benjamin gave a simul at yale, as a benefit for Gulko's new expenses, upon arrival in the USA. Boris G. quickly regained his old form, and was a threat to win the US Championship.
|Jan-12-11|| ||GrahamClayton: <HeHateMe>Gulko was an extremely strong GM in the late 1970s, twice winning the Soviet Championship, and his wife was one of the strongest women in the country as well. In 1979 they, along with many other Soviet Jews, applied for permission to emigrate to Israel, and they were refused (thus “Refuseniks”). There may have been any number of reasons for the refusal, but among them was the fear that Gulko might help the defector Korchnoi to beat Karpov in a subsequent world championship match.|
Gulko gave an excellent interview in the 'New York Magazine', dated December 17, 1984, in which he discusses in detail the "Refusenik" years. In 1980, Gulko and his wife went on a hunger strike to protest their non-participation in tournaments. Gulko was allowed to compete in the 1980 Moscow City Championship, which he won.
When being presented with the trophy at the Central Chess Club, Gulko made a speech stating that Viktor Korchnoi's wife and son be allowed to emigrate from the USSR.
In 1982, the Gulkos demonstrated outside the Interzonal, and were thrown in jail. When Gulko returned to the tournament as a spectator, he was assaulted, and thrown in jail again - "The crowd got to see a more interesting show than inside the hall - a former champion of the Soviet Union being kicked on the street".
The interview is part of a large article by Fred Waitzkin, and is well worth reading in full.
|Jan-12-11|| ||wordfunph: 1997 North American Open in Las Vegas:
Before 5th round game, Jerry Hanken saw IM Igor Ivanov examining the pairings and asked him, "Why the long face?" "Bad news. I have black
against Gulko. My record is one draw and nine losses with him." Ivanov replied. Their game eventually ended in a draw…
though i couldn't find the game here..
|Jan-13-11|| ||HeMateMe: Boris G--the only man to win both the championship of the old USSR and the USA.|
I remember there was some controvery when he first emigrated here. Seems he was directly seeded into zonal play, without having to compete in the USA championship. The USA closed championship was a zonal tournament, top three finishers advance. Not 100% sure, but I think that is what happened. If in top form, Gulko was probably the best player in the USA at that time. I think the Benjamin-Seriwan-Christiansen group was our best at the time, and there was some anger about Gulko getting a quick lift into zonal play. The USCF probably was desperate to get a USA player into the Candidates matches, thats the way it goes.
|Feb-09-11|| ||talisman: happy birthday Boris!|
|Feb-09-11|| ||kingfu: Would it not be proper justice, at some point in life, to be able to give birthdays BACK? For example, When we hit the big 60, after that it should go 59...58...57.|
Happy Birthday, Boris! According to the new formula that would make you 56!!!
|May-02-11|| ||myschkin: . . .
<<Jan-12-11 <GrahamClayton> > Gulko gave an excellent interview in the 'New York Magazine', dated December 17, 1984,..>
Pawns in the Game
".. Gulko is a distinguished-looking grayhaired man of medium height, with a small, pursed mouth ans a very gentle face. He appears to be about 55 or 60. I [author] was shocked to learn that he was 37. Gulko smiled. "If you don't eat for 42 days, you too, will look like are 60," he said. .."
(from NY Magazin, 1984, by Fred Waitzkin)
|Feb-09-12|| ||brankat: <Gulko is the only player to have won the chess championship of both the Soviet Union and United States.>|
Happy Birthday GM Gulko!
|Feb-09-12|| ||Penguincw: < Gulko is the only player to have won the chess championship of both the Soviet Union and United States. >|
Stunning. Fischer makes the US champ hard, while the Soviet won is like winning the world champ.
|Feb-09-12|| ||TheFocus: Anna Akhsharumova, the wife of Boris Gulko, was the Women's Soviet Chess Championship in 1976 and 1984. She won the 1987 U.S. Women's Chess Championship, with a perfect score.|
|Feb-10-12|| ||brankat: <TheFocus> Thank You for this info. So, here we have a perfect chess husband-wife team.|
|Feb-09-15|| ||NBAFan: Gulko maintains an impressive 3-1 record against Kasparov, including a victory as black.
Kasparov vs Gulko, 1982|
|May-24-15|| ||TheFocus: <When a good position begins to collapse, it normally collapses not into equality, but into ruins> - Boris Gulko.|
|Feb-09-16|| ||TheFocus: Happy birthday, GM Boris Gulko.|
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