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A Petrov 
 
Alexander Petrov
Number of games in database: 17
Years covered: 1836 to 1863
Overall record: +14 -1 =2 (88.2%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.

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C39 King's Gambit Accepted (3 games)
C53 Giuoco Piano (3 games)
C33 King's Gambit Accepted (3 games)
C43 Petrov, Modern Attack (2 games)

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ALEXANDER PETROV
(born Feb-12-1794, died Apr-22-1867, 73 years old) Russia
PRONUNCIATION:
[what is this?]
Alexander Dmitrievich Petrov was born on the 12th of February 1794. He learnt to play at the age of four and was St. Petersburg's best player by the age of twenty. He won matches against Carl Friedrich Von Jaenisch in the 1840's, Prince Sergey Semenovich Urusov in 1853 and 1859 and Ilya Shumov in 1862 but never played against Western players. A player of GM strength, he analysed with Carl Friedrich Von Jaenisch the opening that later became known as the Petrov Defense (C42).

 page 1 of 1; 17 games  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. A Petrov vs Warszawa 1-057 1836 WarsawC23 Bishop's Opening
2. A Petrov vs Allies 1-027 1837 RUS corrC43 Petrov, Modern Attack
3. F A Hoffmann vs A Petrov 0-120 1844 Warsaw mC53 Giuoco Piano
4. Jaenisch vs A Petrov  1-034 1844 St PetersburgC40 King's Knight Opening
5. A Petrov vs Jaenisch 1-026 1844 St PetersburgC43 Petrov, Modern Attack
6. A Petrov vs D Urusov  1-057 1852 PARISC53 Giuoco Piano
7. Jaenisch vs A Petrov ½-½66 1852 UnknownC33 King's Gambit Accepted
8. S Urusov vs A Petrov 0-128 1853 St Petersburg m2C54 Giuoco Piano
9. S Urusov vs A Petrov  0-153 1853 St Petersburg m2C44 King's Pawn Game
10. A Petrov vs Szymanski 1-017 1853 WarsawC01 French, Exchange
11. A Petrov vs F A Hoffmann 1-038 1853 WarsawC33 King's Gambit Accepted
12. A Petrov vs S Urusov  1-057 1853 St Petersburg m2C53 Giuoco Piano
13. A Petrov vs F A Hoffmann 1-026 1853 WarsawC33 King's Gambit Accepted
14. S Urusov vs A Petrov 0-148 1859 Warsaw m corrC55 Two Knights Defense
15. NN vs A Petrov  0-126 1863 UnknownC39 King's Gambit Accepted
16. A Petrov vs P Journoud ½-½33 1863 Paris m/1C39 King's Gambit Accepted
17. Lindehn vs A Petrov 0-194 1863 UnknownC39 King's Gambit Accepted
 page 1 of 1; 17 games  PGN Download 
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Petrov wins | Petrov loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Apr-16-07  thatsmate: Can someone explain to me why somebody born on the 12th of February, 1794 has a 'current Fide rating'? Seems unlikely.
Jun-05-07  camembert: On the question of why this guy has the moves 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nf6 named after him, the Oxford Companion to Chess says it's because, analysing with Jaenisch, he discovered the value of the move 3...d6 after 3.Nxe5. Since this move is apparently essential to the opening's viabilty, naming the defence after him seems fair enough.

(By the way, it's probably obvious, but the reason this dead fellow is shown as having a FIDE rating is because there's a different, not-dead, fellow with the same name who really is FIDE rated.)

Feb-12-08  BIDMONFA: Alexander Petrov

New link
PETROV, Alexander D.

http://www.bidmonfa.com/petrov_alex...
_

Feb-12-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: Vladimir Kramnik's great predecessor :-)
Feb-12-08  Operation Mindcrime: <Brankat> Now that's funny!

To echo the query made some time ago: on what basis was he given the ratings mentioned on this page? Chessmetrics?

Anyway, his game with Hoffmann is one of my favourite short games.

Feb-12-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  eternaloptimist: This might surprise a lot of people, but actually one of the best practitioners of the Petrov was Frank Marshall. He had a good record w/ it.
Feb-12-08  Tomlinsky: <Operation Mindcrime: To echo the query made some time ago: on what basis was he given the ratings mentioned on this page? Chessmetrics?>

<camembert> answered this a few posts back.

Feb-12-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  DarthStapler: He should have played Anderssen and Morphy
Aug-24-08  nightgaunts: <TheAlchemist> (<Here white can mate with 6.Qa8#, but the original solution is much more spectacular. Too bad about this flaw, though.>)

It was deliverately added by Petrov to share the military history opinion that Napoleon could be defeated when he was crossing the Berezina river.

Jan-01-09  walker: I don't see a single game here where he played the Russian(Petrov) defence. Only two Petrov defence games, but Petrov was white.Can anyone elaborate, please?
Jan-01-09
Premium Chessgames Member
  chancho: <walker> According to his bio above: <A player of GM strength he analysed with Carl Friedrich Von Jaenisch the opening that later became known as the Petrov Defense> <<<(C42)>>>
Jan-01-09  walker: ok, thanks. I understand now. Is there a book or an article with their analysis?
Feb-12-09
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: Alexander Petrov died 142 years ago, but according to the info at the top of the page, his current FIDE rating is 2177. Most fascinating stuff, the ratings :-). Most useless, too. But, I digress.

R.I.P. Master Petrov.

Feb-12-11  Penguincw: < brankat: Alexander Petrov died 142 years ago, but according to the info at the top of the page, his current FIDE rating is 2177. Most fascinating stuff, the ratings :-). Most useless, too. But, I digress.

R.I.P. Master Petrov.>
Maybe that's his approx. strength. R.I.P. <Alexander Petrov>.

Feb-12-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  talisman: Happy birthday Alexander Petrov.
Feb-12-11  newzild: <talisman: Happy birthday Alexander Petrov.>

Ummm...the guy's dead. Kind of hard for him to be happy.

Nevertheless, I did pay Mr. Petroff homage tonight by playing the 3.Nxf7 Cochrane Gambit piece sacrifice against the venerable opening that he invented. Surely there is no other opening in chess in which so much is sacrificed so early?:

[Site "Chess.com"]
[Date "2011.02.12"]
[White "Newzild"]
[Black "Computer - Hard 2000+ Elo"]
[Result "1-0"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nf6 3. Nxe5 Nxe4 4. Nxf7 Kxf7 5. Qh5+ Ke6 6. Qg4+ Kf7 7. Qxe4 d5 8. Qf3+ Kg8 9. d4 Nc6 10. c3 h5 11. Bd3 Bg4 12. Qf4 Bd6 13. Qg5 Be7 14. Qe3 Rh6 15. O-O Re6 16. Qd2 Rf6 17. f3 Bf5 18. Bxf5 Rxf5 19. Qd3 Qd7 20. Be3 a5 21. Nd2 Raf8 22. Rae1 h4 23. h3 Kh8 24. Bf2 R5f7 25. Re2 g5 26. Rfe1 Bd6 27. Nf1 Rf6 28. Ne3 Ne7 29. Ng4 Rf5 30. Re6 Ng8 31. Kh1 a4 32. Bg1 Bg3 33. R1e2 c6 34. Bh2 Bxh2 35. Kxh2 Qf7 36. Kg1 a3 37. b4 Qd7 38. Qc2 Qc7 39. Qc1 Qg3 40. Kh1 Kg7 41. R6e3 Kg6 42. Qc2 Qf4 43. Re5 Kh5 44. Rxf5 Qxf5 45. Qxf5 Rxf5 46. Re6 Rf7 47. Kg1 Ne7 48. Rh6#

Feb-12-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  talisman: well at least black didn't play for a draw.
Feb-12-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <newzild> There is the Damiano Defense line <1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f6 3.Nxe5>.
Feb-12-11  newzild: <Phony Benoni>

Ah yes, good point.

Feb-12-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: Any other Petrovs around, since? Could there be a Brady Bunch of Petrovs?
Feb-12-11  Penguincw: < HeMateMe: Any other Petrovs around, since? Could there be a Brandy Bunch of Petrovs? > There's a whole bunch of Petrovs.http://www.chessgames.com/perl/ches...
Feb-12-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: The defense system that is (deservedly) named after A.Petrov is very much alive and well.

Happy Birthday Mr.Petrov.

Feb-12-12  Penguincw: R.I.P. Alexander Petrov.

Sometimes, the Petrov can be a decisive*, epic** game.

http://www.chessgames.com/perl/ches...

*Decisive has in 1-0 (white wins) or 0-1 (black wins) but now 1/2-1/2 (draw).

**Epic means at least 100 moves, at used occasionally in the ChessBookie Game.

Jan-19-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  wordfunph: "A knowledge of the moves is not enough for a person to consider himself a player. In this respect chess is like poetry. You may know the laws of poetry but if you lack talent you cannot be a poet."

- Alexander Petrov

Jul-02-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  Abdel Irada: <newzild: Nevertheless, I did pay Mr. Petroff homage tonight by playing the 3.Nxf7 Cochrane Gambit piece sacrifice against the venerable opening that he invented. Surely there is no other opening in chess in which so much is sacrificed so early?>

Years ago, as a college freshman, I set out to write a book about the Traxler Variation Two Knights' and the Marshall Attack; I intended to title it _Opening Fire_.

Among the lines I analyzed in the former opening:

1. e4 e5
2. Nf3, Nc6
3. Bc4, Nf6
4. Ng5, Bc5
5. Nxf7, Bxf2
6. Kf1, Qe7
7. Nxh8, d5
8. exd5, Bg4
9. Be2, Bxe2
10. Qxe2, Nd4
11. Qxf2, O-O-O
12. c3, Rf8
13. Kg1?!, Ng4
14. Qe1, Qh4!


click for larger view

[The position after 14. ...Qh4]

White, already a bishop and rook ahead, can take the queen if he wishes, at the cost of allowing 15. ...Ne2#. For want of a better defense, he must instead offer back material with 15. g3, but even in this there is no deliverance.

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