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London Tournament

Jose Raul Capablanca13/15(+11 -0 =4)[games]
Alexander Alekhine11.5/15(+8 -0 =7)[games]
Milan Vidmar11/15(+9 -2 =4)[games]
Akiba Rubinstein10.5/15(+8 -2 =5)[games]
Efim Bogoljubov9/15(+7 -4 =4)[games]
Richard Reti8.5/15(+5 -3 =7)[games]
Savielly Tartakower8.5/15(+6 -4 =5)[games]
Geza Maroczy8/15(+4 -3 =8)[games]
Fred Dewhirst Yates8/15(+7 -6 =2)[games]
Henry Ernest Atkins6/15(+4 -7 =4)[games]
Max Euwe5.5/15(+4 -8 =3)[games]
Eugene Znosko-Borovsky5/15(+4 -9 =2)[games]
Victor Leonard Wahltuch5/15(+3 -8 =4)[games]
John Stuart Morrison4.5/15(+3 -9 =3)[games]
Charles Gilbert Marriott Watson4.5/15(+4 -10 =1)[games]
Davide Marotti1.5/15(+1 -13 =1)[games]
* Chess Event Description
London (1922)

During the 19th century, London had been the setting for some great tournaments: the first international tournament in 1851, the first double round robin tourney in 1862, the contest of 1883 and Lasker's triumph of 1899. In December 1921 the British Chess Federation decided to hold an international tournament of sixteen players as the main event of its 1922 congress. Invitations were sent to Capablanca, Alekhine, Rubinstein, Bogoljubov, Reti, Tartakover, Vidmar, Euwe, Borislav Kostic and Frank Marshall, but the last two had problems with their travelling expenses and were unable to accept. The current British Champion and the Champions of Australia and Canada were also invited. Held in the Central Hall Westminster, London (1), the tournament ran from July 31 to August 19, 1922. Many games played in this tourney would later grace the best games collections of a number of players.

London, England, 31 July - 19 August 1922

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Pts 1 Capablanca * ½ 1 ½ 1 1 ½ ½ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 13 2 Alekhine ½ * ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1 1 ½ 1 1 1 11½ 3 Vidmar 0 ½ * 0 1 ½ 1 ½ 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 4 Rubinstein ½ 0 1 * ½ ½ 1 1 ½ 0 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 10½ 5 Bogoljubov 0 ½ 0 ½ * ½ 1 1 0 1 ½ 0 1 1 1 1 9 6 Reti 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ * ½ ½ 1 1 ½ 1 0 1 0 1 8½ 7 Tartakover ½ ½ 0 0 0 ½ * ½ 1 0 1 1 1 ½ 1 1 8½ 8 Maroczy ½ ½ ½ 0 0 ½ ½ * 1 ½ ½ 1 ½ 0 1 1 8 9 Yates 0 0 0 ½ 1 0 0 0 * 1 1 1 1 1 ½ 1 8 10 Atkins 0 0 ½ 1 0 0 1 ½ 0 * 0 1 ½ ½ 0 1 6 11 Euwe 0 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ 0 1 * 0 1 0 1 1 5½ 12 Znosko-Borovsky 0 0 0 ½ 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 * 1 ½ 1 0 5 13 Wahltuch 0 ½ 0 0 0 1 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 0 * 1 1 ½ 5 14 Morrison 0 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 1 0 ½ 1 ½ 0 * 0 1 4½ 15 Watson 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 ½ 1 0 0 0 1 * 1 4½ 16 Marotti 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 ½ 0 0 * 1½

Allocation of prizes:

1st Capablanca 250 Pounds Sterling 2nd Alekhine 150 Pounds Sterling 3rd Vidmar 100 Pounds Sterling 4th Rubinstein 70 Pounds Sterling 5th Bogoljubov 40 Pounds Sterling 6th= Reti & Tartakover 30 Pounds Sterling 7th= Reti & Tartakover 25 Pounds Sterling 8th= Maroczy & Yates 20 Pounds Sterling

The main source for this collection was The Book of the London International Chess Congress 1922 edited by William Henry Watts. ISBN 0-486-21961-5.

Reference: (1) Wikipedia article: Central Hall Westminster. Original Collection: Game Collection: London 1922, by User: Benzol.

 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 120  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Alekhine vs D Marotti 1-0271922LondonD06 Queen's Gambit Declined
2. Bogoljubov vs H E Atkins 1-0431922LondonE67 King's Indian, Fianchetto
3. Euwe vs Capablanca 0-1381922LondonC66 Ruy Lopez
4. Maroczy vs Vidmar ½-½251922LondonC01 French, Exchange
5. Rubinstein vs Reti ½-½391922LondonE67 King's Indian, Fianchetto
6. Tartakower vs J S Morrison ½-½501922LondonC50 Giuoco Piano
7. Yates vs C G M Watson ½-½831922LondonB27 Sicilian
8. Znosko-Borovsky vs V L Wahltuch 1-0531922LondonC83 Ruy Lopez, Open
9. C G M Watson vs Alekhine 0-1271922LondonA46 Queen's Pawn Game
10. D Marotti vs Bogoljubov 0-1291922LondonC68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
11. Euwe vs Tartakower 0-1361922LondonB28 Sicilian, O'Kelly Variation
12. H E Atkins vs Maroczy ½-½591922LondonD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
13. J S Morrison vs Rubinstein 0-1541922LondonD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
14. Reti vs Yates 1-0301922LondonD63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
15. Vidmar vs Znosko-Borovsky 1-0461922LondonD34 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
16. V L Wahltuch vs Capablanca 0-1401922LondonA46 Queen's Pawn Game
17. Znosko-Borovsky vs Alekhine 0-1321922LondonC46 Three Knights
18. Maroczy vs Bogoljubov 0-1311922LondonC49 Four Knights
19. C G M Watson vs Euwe 0-1291922LondonA48 King's Indian
20. H E Atkins vs J S Morrison ½-½481922LondonD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
21. Capablanca vs Yates 1-0671922LondonD61 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox, Rubinstein Attack
22. D Marotti vs Reti 0-1501922LondonC29 Vienna Gambit
23. Vidmar vs Tartakower 1-0361922LondonA84 Dutch
24. V L Wahltuch vs Rubinstein 0-1231922LondonA46 Queen's Pawn Game
25. Alekhine vs Euwe 1-0501922LondonD02 Queen's Pawn Game
 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 120  PGN Download
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Kibitzer's Corner
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Aug-28-13  optimal play: <<<<<CHESS.>

International Tourney.>

London, July 31>

Mr. Bonar Law, M.P., opened the International Chess Congress in the Central Hall, Westminster, this being the first tourney of its kind held in England for 23 years.

Capablanca, Alechin, Rubinstein, Tartakover, Maroczy, Atkins and Yates are playing. C. G. Watson (Australia) and J. S. Morrison (Canada) represent the Dominions.

Play was opened to-day, when Capablanca (the world's champion) defeated M. Euwe (Holland) in 38 moves. C. Watson (champion of Australia) was pitted against F. D. Yates (the British champion), and replied to the Ruy Lopez with the Steinitz defence. At the call of time the game was unfinished.

[The players in this tourney are F. D. Yates, H. Atkins, and V. Wahltuch (Britain), K. Khadilkar (India), C. G. Watson (Australia), J. S. Morrison (Canada), J. R. Capablanca (Cuba), A. Alechin, A. Rubenstein, and E. D Bogoljuboff (Russia), M. Euwe (Holland), G. Maroczy and R. Reti (Hungary), Professor Marotti (Italy), Dr. S. Tartakover (Austria), and Dr. M. Vidmar (Jugo-Slavia).]>

- The West Australian (Perth, WA) issue Wednesday 2 August 1922>

Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: I have the tournament book (which is none too good). Capablanca just seems to be in a different class than everyone else.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: Link to Capablanca's famous London Rules regarding the World championship.

Dec-30-14  offramp: Twenty seven miserable quid and ten measly bob for 6th place. I turn my back on them in disgust.
Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: <offramp> Yeah, but if you account for inflation, that's like 200 Million in today's money! =))
Dec-31-14  offramp: Réti & Tartakower said they threw away the prize money and kept the wheelbarrow it was delivered in.
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: A year or two later, that would have happened in Germany.
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Falkirk Herald, November 1st 1922, p.3:

<British Chess Federation: The annual meeting of the Council was held at the City of London Chess Club by the kind invitation of the Club Committee on Saturday, October 21st, when Canon A. G. Gordon Ross presided over a representative gathering. [...] The London International was fully dealt with, and in this connection it was announced that Captain Erskine Bolst’s, M.P., brilliancy prize of £2O had been awarded to Herr Reti for his game against Mr Snosko-Borowski [ Reti vs Znosko-Borovsky, 1922 ], and Mr Christopher Ogle's second prize of £15 to Dr Vidmar for his game against Mr F. D. Yates. [ Vidmar vs Yates, 1922 ]>

Clifford Erskine-Bolst:

Christopher Ogle is the reputed source for one of the game's most enduring anecdotes: C.N. 6956

Sep-27-18  zanzibar: <Chess Pie (1922)> - a most handsome volume, is available at Hathitrust:

Premium Chessgames Member
  John Saunders: There is a small piece of evidence that Clifford Erskine Bolst was himself a good player. He beat Francis EA Kitto in a match between the House of Commons and Cambridge University in March 1934 (source: The Times, 2 March 1934).
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Howsabout putting some of the BCM archives online? Much work, little it anyway!
Premium Chessgames Member
  John Saunders: I ceased to be BCM editor ten years ago! However, I'm doing the best I can at BritBase...
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <I ceased to be BCM editor ten years ago!>

Thanks for the breaking news. I see you're now an associate editor of CHESS - howsabout putting some of the CHESS archives online instead?

Mar-04-20  Sally Simpson: ***

Either or both CHESS and BCM archives online would be tremendous. There is so much in both magazines.

The Letters section in CHESS alone could/would make a good read.

Here people debate (argue back and forth ) for an hour or so, get bored and go offline.

The debates (Ink Wars) in CHESS swung back and forth for months/years. And some of the one off letters were incredible.

B.H.Wood seemed to great delight in letting us see some of the rather odd suggestions for improving the game. He once gave a break down of the post received in the CHESS mailroom in one week. Letters like the one below were very frequent.

This one is from a Mr Thompson and appeared in the February 1959 edition. (yes even back then they 'solving' the dreaded draw in Chess.)


"Here is a scheme which would kill drab draws. Award the usual half point to each player only when there are seven or fewer men left on the board.

Eight to fifteen men left, then a quarter point each.

Nothing for either player if there are 23 down to 16 men left.

Minus ½ point if there are more than this."


FIDE are always looking for new ideas, I wonder if they would be interested in that one.


Premium Chessgames Member
  John Saunders: <I see you're now an associate editor of CHESS - howsabout putting some of the CHESS archives online instead?>

Associate editor is a largely honorific title.

Digitising long runs of magazines is a massive and expensive task, and I can't imagine either title has the resource to do it anytime soon. It would never repay the investment. That said, several volumes of the early BCMs are available online, e.g. via here:

Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: The https://www.britishnewspaperarchive... people are very able - and incredibly productive. They must be running out of titles soon. What about defining BCM as a "newspaper" ;)
Jul-20-20  iron john: withut lasker this is not great tournament .
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: It's a great tournament.
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: A clock used in the tournament and signed by all 16 players was sold at auction for AU$ 11,144 (£ 6,250) by Bonhams back in 2012:

Sep-10-20  offramp: <<Sally Simpson:

"Here is a scheme which would kill drab draws. Award the usual half point to each player only when there are seven or fewer men left on the board.

Eight to fifteen men left, then a quarter point each.

Nothing for either player if there are 23 down to 16 men left.

Minus ½ point if there are more than this.">>>>

As Carl Theodor Goering said, <""Wenn ich alternatives Schachbewertungssystem höre, entsichere ich meinen Browning!">

Sep-10-20  Sally Simpson: ***

Hi offramp,

Remember, I am just the messenger for that cuckoo idea.

However I can see the day when all drawn games in every round in every tournament will be settled by one game of Armageddon, no rapid or blitz inbetween, straight to Armageddon.


Mar-09-21  Nosnibor: Marotti must have come in has a substitute for the non-arrival of K Khadlilkar (India). Who was Khadlikar ? There are no games of his in the data base. Was there any connection with Sultan Khan ?
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Before checking your privilege, check your spelling:

Vinayak K Khadilkar

I'm not sure who he was, but I doubt he would've been welcome in the Royal Family.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: The Scotsman of July 29th 1922, p.8:

<There are 148 competitors, including the 16 masters. In the masters' tournament there is one alteration. Mr R. V. Khadilkar has been unable to make the journey from India owing to unforeseen circumstances, and his place will be taken by Mr E . Qnosko-Borowsky, Russia.>

It's possible his elephant broke down.

Aug-18-21  Bartleby: The "London System" setup in the various queen-pawn field of openings that don't involve an immediate 2. c4 (or 2. Nf3 and 3. c4) derived its name from this tournament. The various Hypermodern Indian Defenses were starting to gain a lot of traction (this would continue at New York (1924)) and the London Setup was first used as an anti-Indian system to meet that nonplussing fianchetto. A few high-profile games:

Alekhine vs Euwe, 1922

Maroczy vs Tartakower, 1922

Rubinstein vs Tartakower, 1922

C G M Watson vs Capablanca, 1922

Seems that last one Capablanca dismantled Watson's London quite easily, after 6. Qc1?! instead of 6. Qb3.

Actually various Colle Systems were played more often than the London in this tourney, with a few Torre Attacks thrown in. Still this was the System's debutante's ball, especially when you have giants like Alekhine and Maroczy willing to playing it.

These days the opening is a bit of a scourge at amateur and club levels, widely employed by too many players and popularized by a great many teachers all with their own "Winning with the London" book, video course, or chessbase product. Even my beloved Simon Williams contributed to the trend. One would have never imagined it becoming so wildly popular back in the 90s when it was the "Boring Old Man" opening and had all of one Chess Digest book dedicated to it (by Soltis, natch). I find myself groaning a bit every time 2. Bf4 is banged out on the board these days.

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