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Efim Bogoljubov
Bogoljubov 
 
Number of games in database: 1,096
Years covered: 1909 to 1952

Overall record: +510 -259 =314 (61.6%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 13 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (56) 
    C77 C65 C68 C83 C98
 Orthodox Defense (53) 
    D63 D52 D56 D55 D64
 Queen's Gambit Declined (49) 
    D37 D30 D35 D06 D39
 French Defense (43) 
    C11 C13 C12 C17 C18
 Nimzo Indian (36) 
    E21 E42 E23 E38 E37
 Queen's Pawn Game (35) 
    D02 A45 A46 E10 A40
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (70) 
    C91 C64 C68 C77 C87
 Orthodox Defense (48) 
    D52 D51 D63 D60 D55
 Queen's Pawn Game (47) 
    A46 D05 D02 A40 A45
 Sicilian (46) 
    B40 B83 B80 B20 B74
 Nimzo Indian (33) 
    E38 E36 E20 E24 E34
 Slav (32) 
    D10 D11 D17 D15 D16
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Bogoljubov vs J Mieses, 1925 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs Alekhine, 1929 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs Spielmann, 1919 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs H Mueller, 1934 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs NN, 1952 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs Ed. Lasker, 1924 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs Rubinstein, 1920 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs Tarrasch, 1925 1-0
   Alekhine vs Bogoljubov, 1934 1/2-1/2
   Bogoljubov vs Alekhine, 1942 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Alekhine - Bogoljubov World Championship Match (1929)
   Alekhine - Bogoljubov World Championship Rematch (1934)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   USSR Championship (1924)
   Bad Pistyan (1922)
   Moscow (1925)
   Breslau (1925)
   Lueneburg (1947)
   25. DSB Kongress (1927)
   Karlsbad (1923)
   Bled (1931)
   Oldenburg (1949)
   Gothenburg (1920)
   Prague Olympiad (1931)
   San Remo (1930)
   Baden-Baden (1925)
   Zurich (1934)
   Berne (1932)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Veliki majstori saha 17 BOGOLJUBOV (Petrovic) by Chessdreamer
   Super Bogo 1 by Nimzophile
   Bogo's Best Games by backrank
   Forgotten Gems by Yopo
   the rivals 1 by ughaibu
   Rubinstein vs World Champions Decisive Games by visayanbraindoctor
   Bled 1931 by Benzol

GAMES ANNOTATED BY BOGOLJUBOV: [what is this?]
   Rubinstein vs Maroczy, 1920
   Ilyin-Zhenevsky vs Lasker, 1925
   Lasker vs Spielmann, 1925
   Reti vs Rubinstein, 1919
   B Verlinsky vs Lasker, 1925
   >> 6 GAMES ANNOTATED BY BOGOLJUBOV


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EFIM BOGOLJUBOV
(born Apr-14-1889, died Jun-18-1952, 63 years old) Ukraine (federation/nationality Germany)
PRONUNCIATION:
[what is this?]

Efim Dimitrievich Bogoljubov was born in Stanislavchyk, Kiev. After being interned at the outbreak of hostilities in the First World War and interned in Germany for the duration of the war, he finished first at Berlin 1919 http://www.thechesslibrary.com/file....

In early 1920, Akiba Rubinstein and Bogoljubov played out a hard-fought match; only three of the twelve games were drawn. Rubinstein won by a margin of one game (6½ to 5½) - Bogoljubov - Rubinstein (1920). Later that year, he decisively defeated (3-1) Aron Nimzowitsch in a match in Stockholm - Bogoljubov - Nimzowitsch (1920)

Having played well in three strong tournaments in Sweden in 1919-1920: Stockholm (1919), Gothenburg (1920) and Stockholm again in 1920, and in two matches against reputable opponents, Bogoljubov established himself as a leading grandmaster.

This reputation was cemented by his great success at Bad Pistyan (1922). After sharing 1st with Alexander Alekhine and Geza Maroczy at Karlsbad (1923), he won both the USSR Championship (1924) and the USSR Championship (1925). He then relocated to Germany. His greatest international victory came at Moscow (1925), where he finished 1.5 points ahead of a field that included Emanuel Lasker as well as Jose Raul Capablanca, the former and current World champions. In May 1928, Bogoljubov beat Euwe in the first FIDE Championship Match, Bogoljubov - Euwe: First FIDE Championship (1928). This was not a world championship match, but instead for the title "Champion of FIDE". At Bad Kissingen (1928), he again won first prize ahead of Capablanca and in 1929 Alekhine - Bogoljubov World Championship Match (1929) and 1934 Alekhine - Bogoljubov World Championship Rematch (1934) he played two World Championship matches with Alekhine, losing both times.

In 1941, Euwe - Bogoljubov (1941), the two challengers for Alekhine's crown in the 1930's played a match at Karlsbad (Karlovy Vary) with Euwe winning by 6½ to 3½.

After World War II, he only played in a few tournaments. FIDE first awarded the International Grandmaster title in 1950, but denied the title to Bogoljubov because they claimed he had been an ardent supporter of Hitler. FIDE awarded him the title the following year.

Bogoljubov was famous for his optimism at the board: "Here we recall the "bon mot", which we quoted in a report from his match with Euwe in the magazine of the NIS 8., with which we typified Bogoljubov's optimism and his rock-solid confidence: While Euwe sat thinking, Bogoljubov walked back and forth outside the playing area, taking me through a bridge game from the previous evening, a game which at the time he hardly could be called a master. In order to get him back to his match with our national champion, I interrupted his speech, asking him how his game stood. This provoked a mind-boggling response: "Ach, ja, die Partie! Der Herr doctor steht etwas besser, aber ich glaube, ich gewinne". (Ah yes, the game! The Doctor (Euwe) stands a little better, but I think I shall win"). (1)

Wikipedia article: Efim Bogoljubov

(1). "Bataviaasch Nieuwsblad" (Holland) 20th February 1932

Last updated: 2019-08-01 13:25:58

 page 1 of 45; games 1-25 of 1,113  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. V Omeliansky vs Bogoljubov 0-1341909Championship Of KievC70 Ruy Lopez
2. S Izbinsky vs Bogoljubov  1-0331909Ch Southern RussiaC60 Ruy Lopez
3. Rotlewi vs Bogoljubov 1-0251910WTZGSz 10th anniversary tournamentA53 Old Indian
4. S Levitsky vs Bogoljubov  1-0311911All-Russian Chess Congress (Main Tournament)C65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
5. A Kubbel vs Bogoljubov  1-0461911All-Russian Chess Congress (Main Tournament)C66 Ruy Lopez
6. Bogoljubov vs S K Rozental 1-0391911All-Russian Chess Congress (Main Tournament)D33 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
7. Bogoljubov vs S A Langleben  1-0321912All Russian Amateur TtA82 Dutch, Staunton Gambit
8. A Vaits vs Bogoljubov  0-1281912All Russian Amateur-BD15 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
9. Hromadka vs Bogoljubov 0-1311912All Russian Amateur TtC45 Scotch Game
10. Bogoljubov vs M Gargulak  0-1451912Vilnius HaupturnierC66 Ruy Lopez
11. Flamberg vs Bogoljubov 0-1241914Triberg (Germany)C80 Ruy Lopez, Open
12. Bogoljubov vs N I Grekov 1-0111914KievD02 Queen's Pawn Game
13. Flamberg vs Bogoljubov  1-0201914All-Russian MastersC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
14. Bogoljubov vs Taubenhaus 1-0481914All-Russian MastersC68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
15. Salwe vs Bogoljubov 0-1401914All-Russian MastersA53 Old Indian
16. Bogoljubov vs Nimzowitsch 0-1291914All-Russian MastersC11 French
17. S von Freymann vs Bogoljubov 1-0221914All-Russian MastersA02 Bird's Opening
18. Znosko-Borovsky vs Bogoljubov  1-0321914All-Russian MastersC44 King's Pawn Game
19. M Lowcki vs Bogoljubov 1-0541914All-Russian MastersD55 Queen's Gambit Declined
20. Bogoljubov vs Alapin ½-½521914All-Russian MastersD11 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
21. Alekhine vs Bogoljubov 0-1271914All-Russian MastersC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
22. Marshall vs Bogoljubov ½-½271914MannheimD63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
23. Bogoljubov vs Duras 0-1461914MannheimB16 Caro-Kann, Bronstein-Larsen Variation
24. P Krueger vs Bogoljubov ½-½351914MannheimC66 Ruy Lopez
25. Bogoljubov vs E Post 1-0321914MannheimD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
 page 1 of 45; games 1-25 of 1,113  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Bogoljubov wins | Bogoljubov loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 15 OF 15 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Apr-28-20
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Are you implying that the <BCM> was an asset of MI6?
Apr-28-20
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: ***

Hi MissScarlett,

Not implying - stating it as a fact.

It is well known that 'Quotes and Queries' hid codes and secret messages for our agents (spies) abroad.

Q & Q No.34687 hid the message to tell James Bond where Dr. No was.

To save you looking it up it reads:

DR. No is on an island in the Crab Keys region 30 miles north of Jamaica.

True!

***

Apr-28-20  Captain Hindsight: So it's once again <<BCM> Fake News>
Apr-28-20
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Have never been clear on events of Bogo's life in one aspect: when exactly was he PNG'd by the Soviets?

The regime would hardly have been likely to have allowed Bogoljubov to play at the great Moscow event in late 1925 if he had been in their bad books, so I am confused. My recollection is that he returned to Germany in 1926, married and sometime afterwards, became persona non grata.

Apr-28-20
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: ***

Hi Perfidious.

From Hooper and Whyld in The Oxford Companion to Chess they say he entered this Berlin (1926) won it and failed to return home.

He was branded a traitor and not rehabilitated till 25 years after his death. (about 1977 - round about the time Korchnoi defected - perhaps they were doing a 'one out, one back in' routine.)

***

Apr-28-20
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <Geoff>, even some former enemies of the state were rehabilitated not too many years after Stalin bought the farm; this is baffling.
Apr-28-20
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: ***

I think it was because they way Bogo left the USSR and stayed and played for Germany.

But if he won the title in 1934 then I'm sure the Soviet public would have heard a lot more about him.

(maybe like most of us they could not spell his name so said; 'sod it, let's erase him.')

***

Jun-04-20  Jeff Popp: Sorry folks, but the time for asking questions of Bogo's niece (my mother) are over. She died in March of 2017, but lost all memory of him to Alzheimers nearly a year earlier.
Jun-04-20  jith1207: <Jeff Popp>:
sorry to hear that, may she rest in peace.
Sep-09-20  Jean Defuse: ...

Efim Bogoljubow, Caissa 1952


click for larger view

<White mate in 3...>

...

Mar-18-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: April 14 (New Style) is given as Bogo's date of birth here, at Wikipedia, by Gaige and in Soloviov's <Bogoljubow - The Fate of a Chess Player>, but if he was born April 1st 1889 (O.S) as indicated by https://www.chesshistory.com/winter... wouldn't that make his birthday, April 13th?
Mar-18-21  Jean Defuse: ...

Looks like that 13th is correct.

His signature is <Ewfim Bogoljubow> and not <Efim Bogoljubov> - To write his name right, he'd have had better a quick look at chessgames.com ...

...

Mar-18-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: He's best known in these parts as <Bogo the Clown>.
Nov-29-21  login:

The mentioned bio 'portrait' was cropped out of his official wedding photograph showing the married couple all dolled up. With a commanding groom posing in the 'middle' of his life.


'.. In 1918, the Russian players were freed, and they all left [Germany], except one – Bogoljubov, who was "captured for eternity" by Frau Frieda Kaltenbach, the daughter of the local schoolmaster. They got married in 1920 and later had two daughters, Sonja and Tamara. ..'

from 'The Creative Power of Bogoljubov Volume I' by Grigory Bogdanovich, 2020


The entire photograph can be found e.g. in the greatly enjoyable book mentioned above.


Unrelated

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hJl...

Nov-29-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Does Bogdanovich weigh in on Bogo's D.O.B. or is it all about the games?
May-18-22  Petrosianic: Bogo's Bio here states: <After World War II, he only played in a few tournaments. FIDE first awarded the International Grandmaster title in 1950, but denied the title to Bogoljubov because they claimed he had been an ardent supporter of Hitler. FIDE awarded him the title the following year.>

Information about Bogo's post-war career is sketchy, but from what I've turned up, it appears that his postwar difficulties had more to do with what he did in the 1920's than what he did in the 1940's.

First of all, FIDE cleared him of any wartime wrongdoing in 1947.

<Bogoljubow, the German master, had applied in 1946 for a clean bill of health so that he might again participate in internatonal tournaments. His conduct during the war years was carefully checked by a special committee. After hearing that committee's report, the [FIDE General] Assembly decided that no action was in order and left it to the discretion of each organizing committee whether or not to invite Boboljubow.> -- Chess Life, August 20, 1947

Fedor Bohatirchuk in Chess Life, 2/20/51, criticizes the inaugural list of IM's and GM's for including people he'd never heard of, but leaving Bogoljubov off, for no specific reason he mentions. He does criticize a rule that allows the FIDE Commission of Qualification to withhold the granting of a title on the grounds of conduct", but doesn't specifically tie this to Bogo.

When Bogo did finally get the GM title, Chess Life makes it clear that it had been the Eastern bloc standing in the way.

<GRANDMASTERS: It was finally agreed to recognize Bogoljubow as a grandmaster by 13 votes to 8 with 5 abstaining. Jugoslavia supported the motion but the other communistic countries voted against recognizing Bogoljubow.> -- Chess Life 9/20/51

If Bogo had been pro-Hitler, East and West would have both been against him. Is there anything apart from the war that the East might have had against him? Well yes, of course Bogo had been a Soviet player at one time, and 2-time Soviet Champion before leaving for Germany in the 20's. A footnote on page 5 of Chess Life 10/5/1951, mentions that "Bogo's Treachery" in leaving the Soviet Union for Germany was resented much more even than Alekhine's departure:

<N.D. Grigoriev's statement that "Alekhine in 1922 when he was Champion of the RSFSR (there was no Soviet Union yet at that time) went abroad legally in order to participate in the international tournament in London" is obviously incorrect; incidentally, this preface is one of the very few really vitriolic utterainces against Alekhine in a Soviet publication; Bogoljubow's "treachery" was resented much more - also his name was dropped from the roster of contributors to Grekov's magazine "Shakhmaty" as early as January 1927, while Alekhine's name was not suppressed until April 1928 and even then not silently (as in Bogoljubow's case)...>

May-18-22  Petrosianic: [Continued]

Bohatirchuk again, who seems to have known Bogo fairly well, completely dispels the idea of his being pro-Hitler

<Truly, it was necessary only to have a short conversation with Bogoljubow in order to know that he was in the [Nazi] party only with the aim of disguising himself and saving his daughters from mobilization. He told me how difficult it was, even with a Nazi membership in his pocket. So far as I know, Bogoljubov never accepted Nazi ideology, was anti-Hitler, and never approved of the cruel practices of this madman.

I remember that at the time of the Radom tournament, he succeeded in getting good radio reception. After the round, we sat around it the whole evening and listened to the information from neutral stations. I had never suspected before that the military situation of Nazi Germany was so bad. Bogoljubov laughed at my naive surprise and said that the end of Hitler was very near.

... After the Allied victory I did not hear about Bogoljubov for two years. Later on, I learned he had some difficulties in clearing himself in a denazification board. Finally he was screened and allowed chess activity. I was very glad because I knew very well how far Bogoljubov had been from any political activity, especially on the side of Hitler.

Bogoljubov was very greatly offended by the refusal of FIDE (this time dominated by the Soviet delegation) to recognize him as a grandmaster and to allow him to participate in international tournaments (a decision which was cancelled only in 1951).

In vain I tried to explain the obvious reasons for this decision - such injustice he could not accept. "Ask everybody in Germany - let anybody prove my adherence to the Nazis for other than formal reasons, and I will obey, but now it is clear that the only reason is the revenge of the Soviets." This refusal hurt him financially because it took away one of the sources of his earnings.> -- Chess Life 7/20/52.

Other than this, there is very little about Bogo in the pages of either Chess Life or Chess Review in the 40's. They talk about his old games, and a few of his recent ones, but not a word about any political activity. It looks like he didn't do much during those years except play chess and lie low.

May-18-22  Petrosianic: Sorry, Bogo was actually a 3-time Soviet Champion, not 2. I was forgetting his match with Romanovsky.

Looks like there may have been a lot more post-war Bogo games than appear in the database. There's only one game (a defeat from the Flensburg tournament, which he won. Only one game (a draw) from the West German Championship he won. Only two games out of, I think 11 from the Staunton Memorial. Chess Review described this time as being very active:

<His career continued very active after the second match with Alekhine but perhaps not so impressive. Then, too, with the war years, Bogolyubov was almost lost from sight in Nazi occupied terrain. He did, indeed, take part in some, doubtless enforced, Nazi tournaments. As a native of the Ukraine and later a German citizen he could have had little choice.

But, after World War II. he re-emerged and was staging a come-back. with a first at Flensburg, Denmark, 1947, and at Oldenburg, Germany, 1949, and winning the West German Championship in 1949. Despite his objection to being left out of the World Chess Championship program, it seems hardly likely that, at 63, Bogolyubov could seriously have threatened the World Champion today. But he certainly could have made an impression in international tournaments> -- July 1952

Bogo's feeling that he belonged in the post-war title scene was insanely optimistic, of course, but for his age he did decently well on the international scene. Chessmetrics still has him at #38 in the world at his death.

May-18-22
Premium Chessgames Member
  nizmo11: <Petrosianic>: <Sorry, Bogo was actually a 3-time Soviet Champion, not 2. I was forgetting his match with Romanovsky.>
The match with Romanovsky was about the title of the 1924 Soviet Champion. Sergei Tkachenko writes in his biography section added to the new edition of <Selected Games>by Romanovsky (Elk and Ruby, 2021) about the match regulations: "[...] The winner of the match receives (or retains the title of 1924 Soviet Champion. In case of a 6-6 draw, the current champion i.e. Bogoljubov, keeps his title."
May-18-22  Petrosianic: <nizmo11>: <The match with Romanovsky was about the title of the 1924 Soviet Champion.>

Are you saying that it shouldn't count as a title win? I count it that way because Larry Evans' column for years described him as a 5-time US Champion (four tournament wins, plus one match defense). Denker is also usually described as a 2-time US Champion (1 tournament, 1 match defense).

But that's the way things were done later. I saw an article from around 1950-ish that described Reshevsky as a 5 time US Champion, counting his then-5 tournament wins, but not his match with Horowitz. Did they just forget that, or did they deliberately exclude it?

Now, on the other hand, playoff matches I don't count. The 1942 Reshevsky-Kashdan match was about breaking the tie in the 1942 championship. Reshevsky didn't win another title in that match, just took Kashdan's share of the 1942 title. Reshevsky and Kashdan were co-champions for 6 months or so, then Reshevsky was the sole champion for the remainder of that reign.

But there was no tie in the 1924 Soviet Championship. Bogo won it outright by 2 and a half points.

May-19-22
Premium Chessgames Member
  nizmo11: Perhaps someone more familiar with Soviet chess history this can clarify, but based on my reading of Tkachenko, this match (played in December 1924) was about the 1924 title (3rd Soviet ch): If Romanovsky had won, he would have got the 1924 title, making Bogoljubov's tournament victory "disappear". ( One more case of rewriting the history books...)
Tkackenko speculates that the idea for the match came from Krylenko: 'the country needed a "domestic champion", not a "guest performer."' (Bogoljubov was residing in Triberg)
May-19-22  Petrosianic: <If Romanovsky had won, he would have got the 1924 title, making Bogoljubov's tournament victory "disappear". ( One more case of rewriting the history books...)>

Possibly so. Something similar happened with the 1972 US Championship. Not quite the same situation, as it was a tiebreaker rather than a title defense, but similar.

In that championship, Reshevsky, Byrne and Kavalek all tied for first. But it was a Zonal and they had three champions and only two Interzonal spots. So they had a playoff, which Byrne won, and in annuals and things afterwards, Byrne is listed as the sole champion for 1972, even though the playoff was held in 1973, nine months later. There wasn't a single day in 1972 in which Byrne was sole champion.

I consider that one the same as 1942. For 9 months there were three champions, until Byrne took the shares of Reshevsky and Kavalek and become sole champion.

Now, if a playoff had been held before the closing ceremony of the 1972 championship, I'd consider that to be part of the tournament and that no tie ever existed. In fact, there have been a few US championships specifically designed to produce a tie. They'd have two divisions and the top players from each division had a playoff the day after the last round. In a case like that I consider that the winner of the playoff is the only champion from that tournament.

May-19-22
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <N.D. Grigoriev's statement that "Alekhine in 1922 when he was Champion of the RSFSR (there was no Soviet Union yet at that time) went abroad legally in order to participate in the international tournament in London" is obviously incorrect; incidentally, this preface is one of the very few really vitriolic utterainces against Alekhine in a Soviet publication; Bogoljubow's "treachery" was resented much more - also his name was dropped from the roster of contributors to Grekov's magazine "Shakhmaty" as early as January 1927, while Alekhine's name was not suppressed until April 1928 and even then not silently (as in Bogoljubow's case)...>

So far as I recall, Kotov's biography of Alekhine refers to a speech he gave at a dinner in Paris in the late 1920s, after which he became PNG.

As to Bogolyubov, after winning the great event at Moscow at the end of 1925, he returned to Germany, married a German woman and stayed there for good and all.

May-19-22  Petrosianic: Bohatirchuk: <So far as I know, Bogoljubov never accepted Nazi ideology, was anti-Hitler, and never approved of the cruel practices of this madman.>

That sounds totally plausible to me. Bogo wasn't German by birth, he was Ukrainian. Why would he embrace an ideology that regarded himself as an inferior?

May-19-22  Olavi: I'll post this link on this page too, there being much about Bogo and the Nazis: https://elib.uni-stuttgart.de/bitst...
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