chessgames.com
Members · Prefs · Laboratory · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing
 
Prague 1946
Compiled by crawfb5
--*--

International chess was severely disrupted by World War II, beginning with the 1939 Olympiad at Buenos Aires. Political tensions had already affected some matches and this became more pronounced when war officially broke out during the tournament. Some teams and players withdrew and others remained in South America for the duration of the war.1 The death of Alexander Alekhine in the spring of 1946 further clouded the situation. After the war ended, the FIDE conference at Winterthur in the summer of 1946 had to not only try to re-establish FIDE itself, but also deal with the question of the world championship title. FIDE proposed a world championship tournament including five participants from AVRO (1938) Mikhail Botvinnik, Paul Keres, Max Euwe, Samuel Reshevsky, and Reuben Fine along with Vasily Smyslov. Additionally, the winner of either Groningen (1946) or Prague 1946 would be included should they not be one of the six already seeded.2

Prague 1946 was conceived as a memorial to Karel Treybal and Vera Menchik, who both died during the war. The possibility of advancing a player to a world championship tournament from their event was but part of what the Prague organizers envisioned as a prestigious tournament. They had invited Botvinnik, Smyslov, Keres, Salomon Flohr, David Bronstein, Euwe, Reshevsky, and Fine. None participated, although there were expectations that they would play. The Soviets were a particular disappointment, as they declined at the last moment, citing conflict with the semifinals of their national championship. This occurred the day prior to the opening ceremony, necessitating a delayed start to the tournament.3 Savielly Tartakower had accepted his invitation, but was delayed due to travel difficulties. He never arrived and Karel Opocensky was chosen to replace him.4

All of this would affect the eventual winner at Prague, Miguel Najdorf, who had remained in South America during the war. Botvinnik won at Groningen, presumably leaving a spot open in the proposed world championship tournament for the winner at Prague. However, politics since Winterthur had complicated the issue. Some argued that upon the death of a world champion the title should revert to the last living champion, which would be Euwe. Others held that, because a Botvinnik-Alekhine match had been agreed in principle, Botvinnik should be named champion. Others supported the idea of a championship tournament, but opposed the inclusion of additional players beyond the six named at Winterthur. Lack of consensus, the political realities of trying to bring the USSR into FIDE, and the reduced strength of the Prague event all played a part in dooming Najdorf's chances to participate in a world championship tournament (those interested in a fuller account may wish to consult Winter's article http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...). FIDE World Championship Tournament (1948) was finally held with the "Winterthur six" minus Fine, who had withdrawn to focus on his graduate studies.

Despite pre-tournament problems, Prague was an interesting race for first. Jan Foltys had a very fast start by winning his first four games, including a win over Petar Trifunovic, one of the other contenders for the top places. His pace slowed with two draws followed by two losses. Three draws in the final five rounds were only good enough for equal fourth with Svetozar Gligoric. Gligoric also started quite well, scoring five wins and a draw in the first six rounds, including a potentially important win against Najdorf. His hopes faded as he only won one more game, but lost two and drew four in the second half of the tournament. His blunder in Gligoric vs Stoltz, 1946 in Round 10 must have been especially painful. Trifunovic started poorly, with losses to Gosta Stoltz and Foltys in the first two rounds. He lost no further games, scoring seven wins and four draws, catching up enough to finish equal second with Stoltz. Stoltz also began slowly, winning only two games while losing two and drawing three in the first seven rounds. He finished strongly, winning five and drawing one. Najdorf started well, losing only one game (Gligoric vs Najdorf, 1946) while winning six in the first seven rounds. Najdorf's draw in Round 12 (Stoltz vs Najdorf, 1946) clinched sole first place with one round left to play. He won convincingly at Prague, but in the political climate of postwar Europe his hopes of inclusion in a world championship tournament were disappointed.

N S T G F G P S K K Z G O R 1: Najdorf X = = 0 = 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10.5 (+9 -1 =3) 2: Stoltz = X 1 1 = 1 0 1 = 0 1 1 1 = 9 (+7 -2 =4) 3: Trifunovic = 0 X = 0 = = 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9 (+7 -2 =4) 4: Gligoric 1 0 = X = 1 1 1 = 1 0 1 = = 8.5 (+6 -2 =5) 5: Foltys = = 1 = X 1 0 1 1 = 0 = 1 1 8.5 (+6 -2 =5) 6: Golombek 0 0 = 0 0 X = = 0 1 1 1 1 1 6.5 (+5 -5 =3) 7: Pachman 0 1 = 0 1 = X 1 = = 0 0 0 1 6 (+4 -5 =4) 8: Sajtar 0 0 0 0 0 = 0 X = 1 1 1 1 1 6 (+5 -6 =2) 9: Katetov 0 = 0 = 0 1 = = X = 1 0 0 1 5.5 (+3 -5 =5) 10: Kottnauer 0 1 0 0 = 0 = 0 = X 1 = = 1 5.5 (+3 -5 =5) 11: Zita 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 X = 1 0 4.5 (+4 -8 =1) 12: Guimard 0 0 0 0 = 0 1 0 1 = = X 1 0 4.5 (+3 -7 =3) 13: Opocensky 0 0 0 = 0 0 1 0 1 = 0 0 X = 3.5 (+2 -8 =3) 14: Rohacek 0 = 0 = 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 = X 3.5 (+2 -8 =3)

1) http://www.olimpbase.org/1939/1939i... 2) Winter, "Interregnum" http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/... 3) Lissowski, Mikhalchishin, & Najdorf (2005) Najdorf: Life and games 4) NY Times, 10/7/1946, p. S8

Round 1 -- 4 Oct 1946
Najdorf vs Pachman, 1946 
(E32) Nimzo-Indian, Classical, 47 moves, 1-0

P Trifunovic vs Stoltz, 1946
(B39) Sicilian, Accelerated Fianchetto, Breyer Variation, 42 moves, 0-1

Gligoric vs Guimard, 1946 
(C14) French, Classical, 60 moves, 1-0

Golombek vs Foltys, 1946
(A22) English, 53 moves, 0-1

Sajtar vs F Zita, 1946
(D51) Queen's Gambit Declined, 35 moves, 1-0

M Katetov vs I V Rohacek, 1946
(E19) Queen's Indian, Old Main line, 9.Qxc3, 40 moves, 1-0

Opocensky vs C Kottnauer, 1946
(D30) Queen's Gambit Declined, 42 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round 2 -- 5 Oct 1946
Stoltz vs M Katetov, 1946
(D38) Queen's Gambit Declined, Ragozin Variation, 31 moves, 1/2-1/2

Guimard vs Najdorf, 1946 
(D29) Queen's Gambit Accepted, Classical, 41 moves, 0-1

Foltys vs P Trifunovic, 1946
(D48) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, Meran, 40 moves, 1-0

Opocensky vs Gligoric, 1946
(E10) Queen's Pawn Game, 40 moves, 1/2-1/2

F Zita vs Golombek, 1946
(B14) Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack, 41 moves, 0-1

Pachman vs Sajtar, 1946
(A07) King's Indian Attack, 40 moves, 1-0

C Kottnauer vs I V Rohacek, 1946
(A13) English, 57 moves, 1-0

Round 3 -- 6 Oct 1946
Najdorf vs Opocensky, 1946 
(E17) Queen's Indian, 41 moves, 1-0

P Trifunovic vs F Zita, 1946
(A46) Queen's Pawn Game, 29 moves, 1-0

I V Rohacek vs Stoltz, 1946
(A07) King's Indian Attack, 68 moves, 1/2-1/2

Gligoric vs C Kottnauer, 1946
(E29) Nimzo-Indian, Samisch, 46 moves, 1-0

M Katetov vs Foltys, 1946
(E21) Nimzo-Indian, Three Knights, 40 moves, 0-1

Golombek vs Pachman, 1946
(A30) English, Symmetrical, 37 moves, 1/2-1/2

Sajtar vs Guimard, 1946
(A95) Dutch, Stonewall, 50 moves, 1-0

Round 4 -- 9 Oct 1946
Gligoric vs Najdorf, 1946 
(B85) Sicilian, Scheveningen, Classical, 51 moves, 1-0

Pachman vs P Trifunovic, 1946
(C82) Ruy Lopez, Open, 62 moves, 1/2-1/2

C Kottnauer vs Stoltz, 1946
(E06) Catalan, Closed, 5.Nf3, 35 moves, 1-0

Foltys vs I V Rohacek, 1946
(E33) Nimzo-Indian, Classical, 50 moves, 1-0

Guimard vs Golombek, 1946
(E16) Queen's Indian, 58 moves, 0-1

Opocensky vs Sajtar, 1946
(D94) Grunfeld, 60 moves, 0-1

F Zita vs M Katetov, 1946
(C73) Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, 47 moves, 0-1

Round 5 -- 10 Oct 1946
Najdorf vs C Kottnauer, 1946 
(E17) Queen's Indian, 39 moves, 1-0

P Trifunovic vs Guimard, 1946
(A46) Queen's Pawn Game, 32 moves, 1-0

Stoltz vs Foltys, 1946
(D45) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 30 moves, 1/2-1/2

Sajtar vs Gligoric, 1946
(D23) Queen's Gambit Accepted, 61 moves, 0-1

Golombek vs Opocensky, 1946
(A30) English, Symmetrical, 42 moves, 1-0

M Katetov vs Pachman, 1946
(D95) Grunfeld, 33 moves, 1/2-1/2

I V Rohacek vs F Zita, 1946
(C15) French, Winawer, 43 moves, 1-0

Round 6 -- 11 Oct 1946
Najdorf vs Sajtar, 1946 
(E69) King's Indian, Fianchetto, Classical Main line, 57 moves, 1-0

Opocensky vs P Trifunovic, 1946
(D14) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Exchange Variation, 49 moves, 0-1

F Zita vs Stoltz, 1946
(B73) Sicilian, Dragon, Classical, 71 moves, 0-1

Gligoric vs Golombek, 1946
(B10) Caro-Kann, 63 moves, 1-0

C Kottnauer vs Foltys, 1946
(E32) Nimzo-Indian, Classical, 30 moves, 1/2-1/2

Pachman vs I V Rohacek, 1946
(E17) Queen's Indian, 41 moves, 1-0

Guimard vs M Katetov, 1946
(D74) Neo-Grunfeld, 6.cd Nxd5, 7.O-O, 58 moves, 1-0

Round 7 -- 12 Oct 1946
Golombek vs Najdorf, 1946 
(E72) King's Indian, 64 moves, 0-1

P Trifunovic vs Gligoric, 1946
(C47) Four Knights, 53 moves, 1/2-1/2

Stoltz vs Pachman, 1946
(D45) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 69 moves, 0-1

Foltys vs F Zita, 1946
(B10) Caro-Kann, 63 moves, 0-1

Sajtar vs C Kottnauer, 1946 
(E26) Nimzo-Indian, Samisch, 32 moves, 1-0

M Katetov vs Opocensky, 1946
(E34) Nimzo-Indian, Classical, Noa Variation, 46 moves, 0-1

I V Rohacek vs Guimard, 1946
(C13) French, 42 moves, 1-0

Round 8 -- 13 Oct 1946
Najdorf vs P Trifunovic, 1946 
(D19) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Dutch, 38 moves, 1/2-1/2

Guimard vs Stoltz, 1946
(D30) Queen's Gambit Declined, 37 moves, 0-1

Gligoric vs M Katetov, 1946
(C11) French, 65 moves, 1/2-1/2

Pachman vs Foltys, 1946
(B84) Sicilian, Scheveningen, 37 moves, 1-0

Sajtar vs Golombek, 1946
(E38) Nimzo-Indian, Classical, 4...c5, 25 moves, 1/2-1/2

C Kottnauer vs F Zita, 1946
(E46) Nimzo-Indian, 30 moves, 1-0

Opocensky vs I V Rohacek, 1946
(E17) Queen's Indian, 107 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round 9 -- 16 Oct 1946
M Katetov vs Najdorf, 1946 
(D23) Queen's Gambit Accepted, 41 moves, 0-1

P Trifunovic vs Sajtar, 1946
(E72) King's Indian, 60 moves, 1-0

Golombek vs C Kottnauer, 1946
(A17) English, 52 moves, 1-0

Stoltz vs Opocensky, 1946
(E40) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, 70 moves, 1-0

I V Rohacek vs Gligoric, 1946
(C47) Four Knights, 38 moves, 1/2-1/2

Foltys vs Guimard, 1946
(A95) Dutch, Stonewall, 37 moves, 1/2-1/2

F Zita vs Pachman, 1946
(B50) Sicilian, 38 moves, 1-0

Round 10 -- 17 Oct 1946
Gligoric vs Stoltz, 1946 
(E44) Nimzo-Indian, Fischer Variation, 5.Ne2, 30 moves, 0-1

Najdorf vs I V Rohacek, 1946 
(E26) Nimzo-Indian, Samisch, 20 moves, 1-0

Golombek vs P Trifunovic, 1946
(A13) English, 36 moves, 1/2-1/2

Opocensky vs Foltys, 1946
(D03) Torre Attack (Tartakower Variation), 56 moves, 0-1

C Kottnauer vs Pachman, 1946
(D51) Queen's Gambit Declined, 28 moves, 1/2-1/2

Sajtar vs M Katetov, 1946
(D59) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower, 24 moves, 1/2-1/2

Guimard vs F Zita, 1946
(D46) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 43 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round 11 -- 18 Oct 1946
Stoltz vs Najdorf, 1946 
(D56) Queen's Gambit Declined, 31 moves, 1/2-1/2

P Trifunovic vs C Kottnauer, 1946
(E32) Nimzo-Indian, Classical, 62 moves, 1-0

Foltys vs Gligoric, 1946
(E00) Queen's Pawn Game, 61 moves, 1/2-1/2

M Katetov vs Golombek, 1946 
(B76) Sicilian, Dragon, Yugoslav Attack, 21 moves, 1-0

Pachman vs Guimard, 1946
(C04) French, Tarrasch, Guimard Main line, 29 moves, 0-1

I V Rohacek vs Sajtar, 1946
(B02) Alekhine's Defense, 55 moves, 0-1

F Zita vs Opocensky, 1946
(C00) French Defense, 32 moves, 1-0

Round 12 -- 19 Oct 1946
Sajtar vs Stoltz, 1946
(D22) Queen's Gambit Accepted, 42 moves, 0-1

Najdorf vs Foltys, 1946 
(D45) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 121 moves, 1/2-1/2

P Trifunovic vs M Katetov, 1946
(E00) Queen's Pawn Game, 29 moves, 1-0

Gligoric vs F Zita, 1946
(E49) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Botvinnik System, 83 moves, 0-1

Golombek vs I V Rohacek, 1946
(A14) English, 41 moves, 1-0

Opocensky vs Pachman, 1946
(D94) Grunfeld, 28 moves, 1-0

C Kottnauer vs Guimard, 1946
(A95) Dutch, Stonewall, 24 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round 13 -- 22 Oct 1946
F Zita vs Najdorf, 1946 
(D75) Neo-Grunfeld, 6.cd Nxd5, 7.O-O c5, 8.dxc5, 46 moves, 0-1

I V Rohacek vs P Trifunovic, 1946
(C47) Four Knights, 77 moves, 0-1

Stoltz vs Golombek, 1946
(E16) Queen's Indian, 49 moves, 1-0

Pachman vs Gligoric, 1946 
(E11) Bogo-Indian Defense, 54 moves, 0-1

Foltys vs Sajtar, 1946
(B73) Sicilian, Dragon, Classical, 38 moves, 1-0

M Katetov vs C Kottnauer, 1946
(A34) English, Symmetrical, 31 moves, 1/2-1/2

Guimard vs Opocensky, 1946
(E15) Queen's Indian, 21 moves, 1-0

91 games

 » View all game collections by crawfb5 PGN Download
 » Search entire game collection library
 » Clone this game collection (copy it to your account)
 » FAQ: Help with Game Collections
Home | About | Login | Logout | F.A.Q. | Profile | Preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | New Kibitzing | Chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | Notable Games | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | Privacy Notice | Contact Us

Copyright 2001-2020, Chessgames Services LLC