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Fritz Englund
Number of games in database: 54
Years covered: 1897 to 1913
Overall record: +20 -27 =7 (43.5%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.

Repertoire Explorer
Most played openings
B01 Scandinavian (6 games)
C29 Vienna Gambit (3 games)
C21 Center Game (3 games)
C01 French, Exchange (3 games)
A07 King's Indian Attack (3 games)
C63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense (2 games)
C42 Petrov Defense (2 games)
C50 Giuoco Piano (2 games)
A03 Bird's Opening (2 games)
D63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense (2 games)

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FRITZ ENGLUND
(born Feb-22-1871, died Jan-14-1933) Sweden

[what is this?]
Fritz Carl Anton Englund entered the Stockholm chess circles as a young man, and soon became a friend of Ludvig Collijn, and publisher of Collijn's books. Englund was also a noted problemist, and an editor of Tidskrift för Schack and its problem column. After 30 years of promoting chess, in 1927 he became the 4th honorary member of the Swedish Chess Federation.

He played in most of the main Scandinavian events: Stockholm 1897 (11th), Copenhagen 1899 (9th), Gothenburg 1901 (4th), Hannover 1902 (22nd), Oslo 1903 (5th), Stockholm 1905 (5th), Barmen "Main" A 1905 (8th=), Stockholm 1906 (8th=), Copenhagen B 1907 (1st=), Stockholm 1912 (7th=), Scheveningen 1913 (9th=), Stockholm 1913 (8th=), Stockholm 1916 (5th=) and Stockholm 1917 (5th=). His peak as a player was around 1906.

He is remembered today primarily for the Englund Gambit (1.d4 e5?!). The gambit had been played long before, e.g. by the Australian Henry Charlick (1845-1916), who preferred 1.d4 e5 2.dxe5 d6. The Latvian Karl Behting (1867-1943, best known for the Latvian Gambit), published his analysis Königsbauer gegen Damenbauer of the opening in Deutsche Schachzeitung 1930. Two years later Englund sponsored a thematic tournament held at Stockholm in late 1932 and 1933. Every game had to begin with Behting's main line (1.d4 e5 2.dxe5 Nc6 3.Nf3 Qe7 4.Qd5). Perhaps because Behting's article had already been forgotten, or because Englund died shortly afterwards, when chess magazines reported his death they rarely failed to mention "Englund's Gambit Tournament" (which was won by Gosta Stoltz). So the name stuck, and Englund, though not the opening's inventor, got the glory!

Main sources: Wikipedia article: Englund Gambit and http://www.chesscafe.com/text/kaiss.... Historical rating: http://www.edochess.ca/players/p577... or http://www.chessmetrics.com/cm/CM2/...


 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 54  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. F Englund vs H Langborg  0-121 1897 Nordic Congress 1stC21 Center Game
2. V Nielsen vs F Englund 1-048 1899 Nordic Congress 2ndC21 Center Game
3. L Svenonius vs F Englund  1-021 1902 StockholmC42 Petrov Defense
4. G Exner vs F Englund  1-019 1902 HauptturnierC78 Ruy Lopez
5. J Moeller vs F Englund 0-135 1903 Nordic CongressC63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense
6. F Englund vs Gajdos  0-140 1905 Barmen Main A, GERC67 Ruy Lopez
7. F Benima vs F Englund 0-143 1905 Barmen Main A, GERD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
8. F Englund vs K Petzold  1-031 1905 Barmen Main A, GERC50 Giuoco Piano
9. Duras vs F Englund 1-016 1905 Barmen Main A, GERC63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense
10. F Englund vs Rubinstein 0-155 1905 Barmen Main A, GERC01 French, Exchange
11. R K Kieseritsky vs F Englund  0-169 1905 Barmen Main A, GERD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
12. F Englund vs E Cohn 0-112 1905 Barmen (Germany)C29 Vienna Gambit
13. E Heilmann vs F Englund  0-127 1905 Barmen Main A, GERC44 King's Pawn Game
14. Vidmar vs F Englund 1-025 1905 Barmen Main A, GERC42 Petrov Defense
15. F Englund vs A Sartori  1-030 1905 Barmen Main A, GERB41 Sicilian, Kan
16. E E Middleton vs F Englund  0-125 1905 Barmen Main A, GERC50 Giuoco Piano
17. F Englund vs L Loewy Sr  0-136 1905 Barmen Main A, GERC82 Ruy Lopez, Open
18. Moewig vs F Englund  ½-½40 1905 Barmen Main A, GERC79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred
19. F Englund vs D Bleijkmans  0-150 1905 Barmen Main A, GERC29 Vienna Gambit
20. W Kunze vs F Englund  0-130 1905 Barmen Main A, GERC79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred
21. F Englund vs V Sjoberg  1-029 1906 StockholmD63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
22. H Suechting vs F Englund  1-017 1906 StockholmB01 Scandinavian
23. Loman vs F Englund  1-038 1906 StockholmB01 Scandinavian
24. J Moeller vs F Englund  1-038 1906 StockholmD31 Queen's Gambit Declined
25. J Giersing vs F Englund  0-152 1906 StockholmD31 Queen's Gambit Declined
 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 54  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Englund wins | Englund loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Mar-07-04  uponthehill: Fritz Carl Anton Englund, 22.II.1871-14.I.1933, Swedish chessplayer.

He is considered a creator of an opening idea called "Englund's countergambit":

1. d4 e5

Black sacrifice a pawn for an accelerated development. But in the opinion of theoreticians after 2. de5 Nc6 3. Nf3 Qe7 4. Qd5 f6 5. ef6 Nf6 6. Qb3 they don't have sufficient recompensate for given material.

Strange thing that here is no game of Englund opened with his gambit. Maybe that name was misgiven? I've heard that it is not known if Philidor played ever Philidor's defence...

Oct-05-04
Premium Chessgames Member
  fasting: Yes it is strange, I was also looking through his games to find the Englund gambit... but I asume that the database is missing some games?!
Oct-13-07
Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: A photo from Stockholm 1906:
http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/... (scroll down to 5221)
Apr-21-08  Knight to f6: This guy's record isn't actually that bad, he's got 11 out of 29 and a draw against a young Alekhine. Losing to Ed isn't that bad, he was about the same playing strength (though Ed had more brilliant combinations on his record).
Apr-02-12
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Sth. 1906: http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...

He does not seem to have played his gambit much, if at all. Still he deserves a picture, anyone?

Sep-30-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  Karpova: The result of the thematic tournament in Stockholm, ending in 1933, mentioned in the biography:

1. G Stoltz 7.0
2. E Lundin 6.0
3. G Danielsson 5.5
4. R Spielmann 5.0
5. Nyholm 3.5
6. Sjöstam 3.0

Apparently, Englund had been suffering from a severe sickness long before his death (<Er ist inzwischen am 14. Jänner 1933 nach langem, schwerem Siechtum im 66. Lebensjahr gerstorben.>).

From page 45 of the February 1933 'Neue Wiener Schachzeitung'.

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