chessgames.com
Members · Prefs · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing

  
Charles Jaffe
Number of games in database: 204
Years covered: 1904 to 1939
Overall record: +63 -98 =39 (41.2%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      4 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Queen's Pawn Game (35) 
    D02 A46 D05 A40
 Ruy Lopez (14) 
    C77 C87 C86 C70 C83
 Queen's Gambit Declined (8) 
    D37 D38
 Semi-Slav (4) 
    D44 D46
 French Defense (4) 
    C14 C10 C01
With the Black pieces:
 Orthodox Defense (19) 
    D51 D52
 Queen's Pawn Game (13) 
    D00 D02 D04 D05
 Ruy Lopez (13) 
    C70 C88 C84 C68 C63
 Semi-Slav (10) 
    D46 D44 D47
 Queen's Gambit Declined (8) 
    D37 D30 D35
 Sicilian (8) 
    B40 B45 B30
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Capablanca vs C Jaffe, 1913 0-1
   Leonhardt vs C Jaffe, 1911 0-1
   C Jaffe vs Capablanca, 1910 1/2-1/2
   Janowski vs C Jaffe, 1917 0-1
   C Jaffe vs Capablanca, 1911 1/2-1/2
   C Jaffe vs Marshall, 1909 1/2-1/2

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Marshall - Jaffe (1909)
   Jaffe - Janowski (2) (1917)
   Jaffe - Janowski (1916)
   22nd New York State Chess Association Championship (1909)
   American National (1913)
   New York Masters (1911)
   Havana (1913)
   7th American Chess Congress (1904)
   Karlsbad (1911)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Second American National Tournament (NY 1913) by Phony Benoni
   1911 New York Masters by crawfb5
   Chicago Masters Tournament, 1926 by Phony Benoni
   Atlantic City 1921 by crawfb5
   Bath Beach 1909 by Phony Benoni
   000 --- Reshevsky's first tournament by crawfb5

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Charles Jaffe
Search Google for Charles Jaffe


CHARLES JAFFE
(born Apr-25-1879, died Jul-12-1941, 62 years old) Russia (federation/nationality United States of America)

[what is this?]

Charles Jaffe was born in Dubrouna*. He moved to America in 1896 and worked as a silk-mill merchant until he became a professional chess player in 1910. He was 3rd at New York 1913 and his career included a victory over Jose Raul Capablanca and match wins over Oscar Chajes and Jacques Mieses.

In 1909-10, Jaffe began a concerted attempt to build a professional chess career. In February 1909, he challenged Marshall to a match, losing by 3.5 to 5.5 - Marshall - Jaffe (1909). He came third in the 22nd New York State Chess Association Championship (1909), July 26-30, 1909, where he defeated Marshall - Marshall vs C Jaffe, 1909. He was third equal behind Capablanca and Marshall Game Collection: 1911 New York Masters (January 1911), but then his deficiencies were painfully laid bare in his first taste of elite chess, at Karlsbad (1911). Having raised his fare by a public subscription, he found himself outclassed, sharing last place with (+8 -16 =1).

In October 1912, he lost a three game match against Capablanca by 0.5 to 2.5.

Capablanca later made a public allegation that at the Havana (1913) tournament Jaffe had thrown a game against Marshall enableing the latter to win the tournament. Capablanca and his powerful supporters in the East Coast American chess establishment, Hartwig Cassel and Hermann Helms, concerted this damagingembargo on Jaffe.

Jaffe played Janowski in a match twice. Game Collection: Jaffe - Janowski where he lost narrowly by 6-7, then in a return match November 1917 to January 1918 he lost by 8-10. At the Rye Beach Tournament (July 1918) he was equal third behind perennial rivals Chajes and Kupchik.

Although he won the 1920 Rice Progressive Chess Club Championship ahead of Chajes and Kupchik, then took second place to Marshall at the Atlantic City Tournament (July 1920), he was never a rival to Marshall. In the late 1920s Jaffe stopped playing regularly in tournaments.

*Wikipedia article: Dubroŭna

Wikipedia article: Charles Jaffe


 page 1 of 9; games 1-25 of 204  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. L R Eisenberg vs C Jaffe  1-037 1904 7th American Chess CongressB30 Sicilian
2. E Kemeny vs C Jaffe  1-031 1904 7th American Chess CongressB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
3. C Jaffe vs Marshall 0-135 1904 7th American Chess CongressD08 Queen's Gambit Declined, Albin Counter Gambit
4. E Shrader vs C Jaffe  0-132 1904 7th American Chess CongressB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
5. S Mlotkowski vs C Jaffe  0-152 1904 7th American Chess CongressC25 Vienna
6. C Jaffe vs E F Schrader  0-140 1904 7th American Chess CongressD52 Queen's Gambit Declined
7. G Schwietzer vs C Jaffe  ½-½47 1904 7th American Chess CongressD02 Queen's Pawn Game
8. C Jaffe vs G Schwietzer  1-047 1904 7th American Chess CongressC14 French, Classical
9. C Jaffe vs M Judd  ½-½53 1904 7th American Chess CongressA84 Dutch
10. M Judd vs C Jaffe  1-040 1904 7th American Chess CongressA07 King's Indian Attack
11. C Jaffe vs J Mieses 1-036 1907 New York mD02 Queen's Pawn Game
12. J Mieses vs C Jaffe  0-150 1907 New York mC28 Vienna Game
13. J Mieses vs C Jaffe  ½-½62 1907 New York exgC27 Vienna Game
14. C Jaffe vs Marshall  ½-½36 1909 Marshall - JaffeD02 Queen's Pawn Game
15. Marshall vs C Jaffe 1-045 1909 Marshall - JaffeA83 Dutch, Staunton Gambit
16. C Jaffe vs Marshall  ½-½28 1909 Marshall - JaffeD02 Queen's Pawn Game
17. Marshall vs C Jaffe  0-145 1909 Marshall - JaffeD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
18. C Jaffe vs Marshall  0-155 1909 Marshall - JaffeD02 Queen's Pawn Game
19. Marshall vs C Jaffe  1-052 1909 Marshall - JaffeA83 Dutch, Staunton Gambit
20. C Jaffe vs Marshall 1-045 1909 Marshall - JaffeD02 Queen's Pawn Game
21. Marshall vs C Jaffe  ½-½47 1909 Marshall - JaffeA83 Dutch, Staunton Gambit
22. C Jaffe vs Marshall 0-153 1909 Marshall - JaffeD02 Queen's Pawn Game
23. Capablanca vs C Jaffe 1-040 1909 CasualC88 Ruy Lopez
24. W Moorman vs C Jaffe 1-050 1909 22nd New York State Chess Association ChampionshipB40 Sicilian
25. C Jaffe vs H Daly 1-021 1909 22nd New York State Chess Association ChampionshipA40 Queen's Pawn Game
 page 1 of 9; games 1-25 of 204  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Jaffe wins | Jaffe loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
May-21-05
Premium Chessgames Member
  Caissanist: Yes, I remember that Andy Soltis published it in Chess Life some years ago. I think it was about 1990, but can't be more specific than that.
May-21-05
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: <Caissanist> Capablanca was angry about something that Jaffe did. I doubt it was just the games with Marshall. He had knowledge of a deal being offered. Whether it was to Capa himself or to another player, we will probably never know.

Also, the bio claims 2 wins over Capablanca. I only know of one.

Dec-17-05
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: <Calli> I believe you're right so I've corrected the bio accordingly.
Apr-19-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: I always thought of Jaffe as a hustler as described in Kreymbourg's article (mentioned by Cassianist above). Does anyone know how he came to participate in the Karlsbad 1911 tournament?
Apr-19-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: <Does anyone know how he came to participate in the Karlsbad 1911 tournament?> Jaffe was of Polish origin in the era when Pan-Slavism was a popular concept in the land that felt to be under German (Habsburk) opression for close to 300 years. That may have gotten him the nod. Just a guess, but the same pedigree (American master of Polish origin) holds also for Chajes who also trailed together with Jaffe, Alapin, and Fahrni the tournament table at Karlsbad, 1911 .
May-18-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Caissanist: Edward Winter on Jaffe: http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...

May-18-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: I've never seen that picture of the players at Havana 1913 before. Is S Capablanca a relation of J R?
May-18-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: A reasonable guess for S. Capablanca would be his brother Salvador (1885-1940). Capablanca was one of eight children.
May-20-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: Thanks <Calli>.
Aug-18-07  Karpova: <1916: Charles Jaffe v Hartwig Cassel (C.N. 1105)

From the BCM, June 1916, page 200:

‘When chessplayers go to law on some matter connected with the game, there is usually a touch of the ridiculous. In the Bronx Municipal Court, on 4 April, a case came up in which Charles Jaffe sued Hartwig Cassel, one of the editors of the American Chess Bulletin, for $700 – over £140 – for work alleged to have been done in analysing the Rice Gambit. Last year Professor Isaac J. [sic – L. would be correct] Rice invited a number of strong American players to Utica to test his gambit once more, and it was agreed that their investigations should be continued. Jaffe, however, broke away from the rest and decided to analyse by himself. The others concluded their joint work, which is to appear in a book entitled Twenty Years of the Rice Gambit, while Mr Julius Finn, who was appointed referee in the matter, declared Jaffe’s work not acceptable. Hence the lawsuit, Mr Cassel being brought in as having acted in an advisory capacity for the late professor in chess matters. The witnesses at the trial included Marshall (who considered Jaffe’s claim not unreasonable), Julius Finn, Albert B. Hodges, and J. Rosenthal. The verdict was in favour of Mr Cassel. The chief amusement seems to have been when Jaffe was in the witness-box on his own behalf, and expressed his opinion of the chess strength of a number of noted players in the court – not unqualified by their attitude towards him in the case.’

A detailed account of the case appeared on pages 124-125 of the May-June 1916 American Chess Bulletin.> http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...

Nov-06-07  Karpova: A three-cornered tournament almost nothing is known about:

<Dan Scoones (Coquitlam, BC, Canada) sends the following extract from a report on page 19 of the New York Times, 20 July 1919:

‘By invitation of the I.L. Rice Progressive Chess Club, Metropolitan League champions, Oscar Chajes, Charles Jaffe and Boris Kostić started a short three-cornered tournament at that club yesterday. The pairings brought together Jaffe and Kostić in the first round, Kostić winning the toss for move and selecting the Ruy López. The Serbian brought about an early exchange of queens, Jaffe being left in possession of two bishops. The latter won a pawn at his 24th turn, and playing in excellent style thereafter, brought about Kostić’s resignation after 48 moves had been recorded. Jaffe will play against Chajes in the next round.’>

There is another game Jaffe-Kostic, New York 1919 but it doesn't fit the description and it's unclear so I won't submit it until further information appear. But that's the game:

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 d5 5.exd5 Na5 6.Bb5+ c6 7.dxc6 bxc6 8.Bd3 Bd6 9.c3 h6 10.Ne4 Nxe4 11.Bxe4 O-O 12.d4 f5 13.dxe5 fxe4 14.Qxd6 Qh4 15.Be3 Ba6 16.Nd2 Rad8 17.Qb4 Rxd2 18.Kxd2 Rxf2+ 19.Kc1 Rxg2 20.Qxa5 Bc8 21.Rd1 Qh3 22.Qd8+ Kh7 23.Qd4 Qf3 24.Re1 c5 25.Qd5 Rxh2 26.Bd2 Bf5 27.e6 e3 28.Qxf3 exd2+ 29.Kd1 Bc2+ 30.Kxc2 dxe1(Q)+ 31.Kb3 Qxe6+ 32.c4 Qb6+ 33.Kc3 Qxb2+ 34.Kd3 Qd4# 0-1

http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...

Mar-13-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Jaffe and Chajes were like ... have you ever read The Castle by Franz Kafka? They were like Arthur and Jeremiah. K said that it was impossible to tell them apart and he could not be bothered to remember which one was which - so he called them both by one name.
Jan-08-09  myschkin: . . .

"The Crown Prince of East Side Chess"

"Jaffe was famous for his poverty", and "his style was "inimitably coffeehouse".*

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charle...

*The World of Chess, by Anthony Saidy and Norman Lessing, 1974, New York, Random House, pp. 190-191

May-17-11  Imposter: He was once mugged by thieves who demanded money. Apparently he shrugged and invited them to search him and to let him know if they found anything, cause he sure couldn't. Apparently the would be thieves were charmed by the guy and took him to a tavern and treated him to a beer.

Not sure if it's true, but this story has been around for a while and it adds to the legend of the man.

May-17-11  MaxxLange: I had only known of him as the person who lost this miniature:

Capablanca vs C Jaffe, 1910

He sounds like quite a colorful character.

Apr-25-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: R.I.P. Master Jaffe.
Mar-09-14  Karpova: Dr. Emanuel Lasker, Berlin, January 24:

<Sein Gegner zwar ist nicht von erstem Range. Es ist derselbe Jaffe, der vor einigen Jahren sich erfolglos in einem europäischen Meisterturniere, ich glaube Karlsbad versucht hat. Aber die schachliche Persönlichkeit des Kubaners ist von solchem Interesse, daß, in Ermangelung von etwas Besserem, auch diese Partien Aufmerksamkeit erregen. Enthüllen sie doch, wenigstens von seiner Seite, einen Stil.>

(His opponent indeed is not of first rank. It is the same Jaffe who unsuccessfully dabbled in a European master tournament, I believe it was Karlsbad, a few years ago. But the chess personality of the Cuban is of such interest, that also games like these create interest. They reveal, at least from his side, a style.)

Source: 'Pester Lloyd', 1913.01.26, p. 11

The context: Dr. Lasker annotates C Jaffe vs Capablanca, 1912 as there had been few games of Capablanca, thereby providing this short assessment of Jaffe.

Mar-09-14  sakredkow: <It is the same Jaffe who unsuccessfully dabbled in a European master tournament>

Early version of "chess tourist."

Apr-25-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  SteinitzLives: Jaffe was the American equivalent of Janowski, only with less talent, and more personality. Thanks for the stories Charlie!
Apr-25-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: Charles Jaffe turns 50 (more or less): C Jaffe vs Kashdan, 1933
Nov-11-15  Avun Jahei: ‘Apropos is the story of the game between the invincible Capablanca and Charles Jaffe, pride of the East Side. Capa forgot he was invincible: he lost. A reporter who was present asked the Cuban, “How far do you see ahead?” Capa replied impressively, “About ten moves”. Then the reporter went over to Jaffe: “How far do you see ahead?” Much to everyone’s surprise, the reply was, “Only one move”. This didn’t make sense. “How could a player who can see only one move ahead defeat another who can delve so deeply?” Here Jaffe explained: “I see only one move ahead, but always the best move.” That is sufficient.’

Al Horowitz

Apr-25-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Charles Jaffe.
Apr-26-16  Hodor: Hodor!
Apr-26-16  AlicesKnight: Perhaps the strangest game he played is <Kostic-Jaffe, Karlsbad 1911> - the ending, though one-sided, presents a curious picture.
Aug-20-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <Frank J. Marshall has a number of local engagements, beginning with a lecture at the rooms of the Jaffa Chess Club, 123 Essex Street, this evening. Next Saturday, the same evening on which the Manhattan Chess Club dinner will be held at the Hotel Brevoort, he will give a simultaneous exhibition at the Brooklyn Institute Chess Club, and on April 13, he is scheduled for a similar performance at the New York City Chess Club.

The Jaffe Chess Club, with Charles Jaffe as director and Instructor, was opened at Kotlitzki's Conditorel, 123 Essex Street, last Saturday, when Jaffe played nine, consultation games simultaneously, in which nearly 70 players took part. The expert won 7, drew 1, and lost 1, which latter was to members of the Brownsville Chess Club to whom prizes were awarded.>

<Evening Post, Sat. 1917-03-17 p14(?)>

< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
NOTE: You need to pick a username and password to post a reply. Getting your account takes less than a minute, totally anonymous, and 100% free--plus, it entitles you to features otherwise unavailable. Pick your username now and join the chessgames community!
If you already have an account, you should login now.
Please observe our posting guidelines:
  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, or profane language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, or duplicating posts.
  3. No personal attacks against other members.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No posting personal information of members.
Blow the Whistle See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform an administrator.


NOTE: Keep all discussion on the topic of this page. This forum is for this specific player and nothing else. If you want to discuss chess in general, or this site, you might try the Kibitzer's Café.
Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of Chessgames.com, its employees, or sponsors.
Spot an error? Please suggest your correction and help us eliminate database mistakes!


home | about | login | logout | F.A.Q. | your profile | preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | new kibitzing | chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | privacy notice | advertising | contact us
Copyright 2001-2016, Chessgames Services LLC
Web design & database development by 20/20 Technologies