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Bio: Adolf Anderssen
Compiled by Penguincw
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♔ Karl Ernst Adolf Anderssen ♔

★★★ 1810s ★★★

Adolf Anderssen was born on July 6th, 1818.

★★★ 1820s ★★★

When Anderssen was 9 years old, his father taught him how to play chess.

★★★ 1840s ★★★

In 1842, Anderssen published a collection of 60 puzzles.

Example: White to move, mate in 4


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Solution: 1.♗h5 ♔xh5 2.♔g7 h6 3.♔f6 ♔h4 4.♔g6# 1-0


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In 1848, Anderssen drew a match against Daniel Harrwitz (+3,=0,-3) (see Anderssen - Harrwitz (1848) for games and more info).

★★★ 1850s ★★★

In 1851, Anderssen participated in the first international tournament, London 1851 (see London (1851) for games and more info ). He won the first match against Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix Kieseritzky (+2,=1,-0), the second match against Jozsef Szen (+4,=0,-2), the third match against Howard Staunton (+4,=0,-1), and the fourth and final match against Marmaduke Wyvill (+4,=1,-2). He won first prize (which was about 335, $55 CAD in 1851 money). After winning the tournament, many people regarded him to be the best player in Europe and was even the considered the world's leading player.

In 1852, Anderssen published a second collection of puzzles.

In 1858, Anderssen played a famous match in Paris against Paul Morphy. He lost +2,=2,-7 (see Anderssen - Morphy (1858) for games and more info). After the match, Morphy was then regarded as the world's top player. In 1859, Morphy retired from professional chess allowing him to re-gain the "title" of being the world's leading player.

After losing the Morphy match, Anderssen played two matches against Ignatz von Kolisch. The first match was drawn (+5,=1,-5). However, he won the second match (+4,=2,-3) (see Anderssen - Kolisch (1861) for games and more info).

★★★ 1860s ★★★

In 1862, Anderssen participated in the first international round-robin (in which each player plays each other player once) which took place in London (see Game Collection: London 1862 for games and more info). He won first prize (+12,=0,-1), a full two points ahead of Louis Paulsen who took second place. He only lost once to John Owen (see Owen vs Anderssen, 1862). The prize for first place was 100 (about $158 CAD).

In 1864, Anderssen played a match against Berthold Suhle (+3,=2,-3) which ended up being drawn.

In 1866, Anderssen played a match against Wilhelm Steinitz in which he lost (+6,=0,-8) (see Anderssen - Steinitz (1866) for games and more info). This made Steinitz the world's leading player.

★★★ 1870s ★★★

In 1870, Anderssen participated and won the very strong Baden-Baden chess tournament (see Baden-Baden (1870) for games and more info) which took place in France. He won (+10,=2,-4) by half a point ahead of second place winner, Steinitz. The first place prize was 3,000 francs (about $3,350 CAD).

In 1873, Anderssen placed third place (+17,=4,-9) in the Vienna tournament of 1873, which was quite good, considering he was 55 at the time. He took home 300 francs (see Vienna (1873) for games and more info).

In 1877, Anderssen played in Leipzig (see Leipzig (1877) for games and more info). He finished second. He was almost sixty at the time.

Adolf Anderssen died on March 13th, 1879 at age 60.

★★★ OPENINGS ★★★

Anderssen Opening
1.a3


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Opening Explorer

Famous match and single-round tournaments results for Anderssen :

Morphy-Anderssen,1858
Anderssen 1 1/2 0 0 0 0 0 1/2 0 1 0 (2 wins, 2 draws, 7 losses) <27.3% score> <Lost>

Steinitz-Anderssen,1866
Anderssen 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 (6 wins, 0 draws, 8 losses)<42.9% score> <Lost>

Baden-Baden,1870
Anderssen 1 1/2 1 - 1 1 0 - - 1/2 1 1 0 - 1 1/2 1 - (8 wins, 3 draws, 2 losses, 5 non-played games) <73.1% score> <1st>

Vienna,1873
Anderssen 1/2 1/2 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 - 1/2 1 1 0 0 - 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1/2 1 1 (17 wins, 4 draws, 9 losses, 2 non-played games) <67.9% score> <3rd>

Below are the final positions of Anderssen's ten best games according to the chessgames.com database.

The Final Position of Anderssen vs Kieseritzky, 1851 1-0


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The Final Position of Anderssen vs Dufresne, 1852 1-0


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The Final Position of J Rosanes vs Anderssen, 1863 1-0


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The Final Position of Anderssen vs Zukertort, 1869 1-0


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The Final Position of J Rosanes vs Anderssen, 1862 0-1


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The Final Position of Anderssen vs B Suhle, 1860 1-0


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The Final Position of Mayet vs Anderssen, 1859 0-1


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The Final Position of Anderssen vs Morphy, 1858 1-0


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The Final Position of (bad chessgames.com link) 0-1


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The Final Position of Anderssen vs Kieseritzky, 1851 1-0


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★★★ CREDITS ★★★

Main Sources:

http://www.wikipedia.org

Chessgames Home Page

♔ Karl Ernst Adolf Anderssen ♔

Schulten could not survive against Anderssen
J Schulten vs Kieseritzky, 1850 
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 18 moves, 0-1

The Immortal Game
Anderssen vs Kieseritzky, 1851  
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 23 moves, 1-0

Kieseritzky loses again to Anderssen
Anderssen vs Kieseritzky, 1851 
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 40 moves, 1-0

The Evergreen Game downs Jean Dufresne
Anderssen vs Dufresne, 1852 
(C52) Evans Gambit, 24 moves, 1-0

Anderssen intoduces the Anderssen's Opening
Anderssen vs Morphy, 1858 
(A00) Uncommon Opening, 77 moves, 1-0

Anderssen takes out Mayet in 15 moves
Mayet vs Anderssen, 1859 
(C64) Ruy Lopez, Classical, 15 moves, 0-1

Anderssen sacs a queen and rook for mate
Anderssen vs B Suhle, 1860 
(C51) Evans Gambit, 23 moves, 1-0

Rosanes falls in a KGA
J Rosanes vs Anderssen, 1862 
(C31) King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit, 19 moves, 0-1

Anderssen crushes Rosanes in a KGA again
J Rosanes vs Anderssen, 1863 
(C39) King's Gambit Accepted, 23 moves, 0-1

Zuk goes down in 28 moves with an Evans Gambit
Anderssen vs Zukertort, 1869 
(C51) Evans Gambit, 29 moves, 1-0

10 games

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