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M Judd 
Book of the 2nd American Chess Congress, Cleveland (1871)    
Max Judd
Number of games in database: 175
Years covered: 1870 to 1904
Overall record: +80 -71 =23 (52.6%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      1 exhibition game, odds game, etc. is excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (37) 
    C67 C80 C78 C60 C65
 Scotch Game (13) 
    C45
 Ruy Lopez, Open (10) 
    C80 C83
 French Defense (10) 
    C01 C00 C11 C15
 French (5) 
    C00 C11
 Giuoco Piano (5) 
    C50
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (23) 
    C77 C80 C84 C62 C78
 French Defense (11) 
    C11 C13 C01 C14
 French (7) 
    C11 C13
 King's Pawn Game (7) 
    C44 C20
 Ruy Lopez, Open (7) 
    C80
 Evans Gambit (5) 
    C51
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   M Judd vs J A Congdon, 1874 1-0
   M Judd vs F Bock, 1874 1/2-1/2
   M Judd vs A Roberts, 1876 1-0
   Bird vs M Judd, 1876 0-1
   H Harding vs M Judd, 1871 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   7th American Chess Congress (1904)
   3rd American Chess Congress (1874)
   Philadelphia (1876)
   2nd American Chess Congress (1871)
   5th American Chess Congress (1880)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   New York 1889 by suenteus po 147
   New York 1880 by suenteus po 147
   Cleveland 1871 by crawfb5
   Philadelphia 1876 by suenteus po 147
   St. Louis 1904 by crawfb5
   Showalter - Judd 1890 match by crawfb5
   Chicago 1874 by suenteus po 147
   US Open 1903, Chicago = 4th Western Champ. by Phony Benoni

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MAX JUDD
(born Dec-27-1851, died May-07-1906, 54 years old) Poland (federation/nationality United States of America)

[what is this?]
Max Judd (Maximlian Judkiewich) was born in Cracow and emigrated to America in 1862. He was an American cloak manufacturer, consul-general in Vienna, and chess master. In 1881, he lost a chess match with George Henry Mackenzie for the US chess championship (+5-7=3), held in St. Louis. In 1887 Judd defeated Albert Hodges (+5-2=2) in a non-title match http://graeme.50webs.com/chesschamp..., held in St, Louis. In 1888, Judd took last place in the 1st United States Chess Association tournament, held in Cincinnati (won by Jackson Whipps Showalter). In 1890, Judd defeated US chess champion Jackson Whipps Showalter in a match http://graeme.50webs.com/chesschamp... in St. Louis (+7-3=0), but did not claim the title. In 1892, Judd lost to Jackson Whipps Showalter in a match in St, Louis (+4-7=3). In 1899, he lost a match against Harry Nelson Pillsbury in St. Louis (+1-4=0) http://graeme.50webs.com/chesschamp.... In 1903 he won the Western Chess Congress (US Open) in Chicago. At one time he was offered to play in Ajeeb, the Automaton in New York, but he did not want to leave St. Louis. The job was then offered to Albert Hodges. Judd had the habit of sucking on a lemon when it was his opponent’s move. He was founder and president of the St. Louis Chess Club. He was appointed by President Cleveland as the U.S. Consul General to Austria. Judd played in six successive American Chess Congress tournaments: 2nd American Chess Congress (1871) - 4th, 3rd American Chess Congress (1874) - 3rd, Philadelphia (1876) - 2nd, 5th American Chess Congress (1880) - 5th, 6th - placed 8th, and the 7th - placed 2nd.

http://graeme.50webs.com/chesschamp.... In 1904, Judd tried to arrange the Seventh American Chess Congress in St. Louis, with the stipulation that the US title be awarded to the winner. Harry Nelson Pillsbury objected to Judd’s plans, so the stipulation was not accepted. Frank James Marshall won the 7th American Congress in St. Louis in 1904.

Wikipedia article: Max Judd


 page 1 of 7; games 1-25 of 175  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. M Judd vs H D Smith  1-040 1870 MatchC23 Bishop's Opening
2. H D Smith vs M Judd  1-036 1870 Casual gameC51 Evans Gambit
3. M Judd vs H D Smith  1-021 1870 Casual gameC00 French Defense
4. M Judd vs Mackenzie 0-149 1871 2nd American Chess CongressC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
5. M Judd vs P Ware  1-047 1871 2nd American Chess CongressC01 French, Exchange
6. H Hosmer vs M Judd  ½-½38 1871 2nd American Chess CongressC77 Ruy Lopez
7. A Johnston vs M Judd  0-124 1871 2nd American Chess CongressB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
8. M Judd vs H Hosmer  0-172 1871 2nd American Chess CongressB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
9. P Ware vs M Judd 0-166 1871 2nd American Chess CongressD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
10. H D Smith vs M Judd  1-039 1871 2nd American Chess CongressB40 Sicilian
11. M Judd vs F H Elder  1-026 1871 2nd American Chess CongressC01 French, Exchange
12. M Judd vs A Johnston  1-074 1871 2nd American Chess CongressC78 Ruy Lopez
13. H Harding vs M Judd 0-119 1871 2nd American Chess CongressA00 Uncommon Opening
14. M Judd vs H Harding  ½-½39 1871 2nd American Chess CongressC70 Ruy Lopez
15. M Judd vs H D Smith  1-053 1871 2nd American Chess CongressC45 Scotch Game
16. M Judd vs H Hosmer 0-139 1871 2nd American Chess CongressB40 Sicilian
17. Mackenzie vs M Judd 1-063 1871 2nd American Chess CongressC77 Ruy Lopez
18. F H Elder vs M Judd  1-028 1871 2nd American Chess CongressC77 Ruy Lopez
19. A Johnston vs M Judd  ½-½39 1871 2nd American Chess CongressA20 English
20. M Judd vs H Harding 1-028 1871 2nd American Chess CongressC70 Ruy Lopez
21. M Judd vs F Perrin 1-026 1874 3rd American Chess CongressC01 French, Exchange
22. M Judd vs F Bock ½-½62 1874 3rd American Chess CongressC78 Ruy Lopez
23. M Judd vs J A Congdon 1-050 1874 3rd American Chess CongressC42 Petrov Defense
24. Mackenzie vs M Judd ½-½44 1874 3rd American Chess CongressC78 Ruy Lopez
25. H Hosmer vs M Judd  0-156 1874 3rd American Chess CongressC45 Scotch Game
 page 1 of 7; games 1-25 of 175  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Judd wins | Judd loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Oct-07-08  Karpova: Jeremy Spinrad in an addendum on page 4 of his May 2008 edition of "New Stories about Old Chessplayers" titled <Animals and Chess>: http://www.chesscafe.com/text/spinr...

Spinrad: <The number of little mysteries like this raised by old newspaper reports is (fortunately for us amateur chess historians) very large. One surprised me, since it refers to possible United States Championship events that are not reported in Soltis & McCormick's supposedly authoritative book "The United States Chess Championship", 1845-1996. The "Chicago Daily Tribune" of May 19, 1890 reports that Max Judd and Jackson Showalter opened their contest for the "American Championship" and a purse of $500. On June 4, 1890, the same paper reports that Judd won the seventh and final game for "the chess championship of the United States." The "Brooklyn Eagle" of the same day also says this is for the championship of the United States. On July 9, the "Eagle" says that Showalter wants to challenge Judd again; it is clear in the context of the article that Judd is considered to be the champion. This match is mentioned briefly by Soltis, but he says that the title was not at stake. A second match between the same players, won by Showalter, was played over late 1891 to early 1892, and is called a championship match in the "New York Times", Jan 7, 1892, but is not mentioned by Soltis and McCormick at all.>

Oct-07-08  Karpova: Jeremy Spinrad's three articles on Max Judd from February March and April:

Part 1: http://www.chesscafe.com/text/spinr...

Part 2: http://www.chesscafe.com/text/spinr...

Part 3: http://www.chesscafe.com/text/spinr...

An excerpt from Part 1:

<Max Judd, on the other hand, was one of the most serious figures in American chess. Judd was successful in business, did as much as anyone to promote American chess at that time, and as we will see, even figured in international politics of the 19th century. The mockery seems particularly unjust, since I will argue that rather than making dubious claims for championships he was not entitled to, Judd is remarkable for not claiming a championship he 'had' earned!>

Please note, that the article I referred to in my previous post is from May 2008 and therefore more up-to-date regarding the US Championship.

Oct-07-08  Petrosianic: Yeah, the NY Times coverage is very spotty (I could only find one or two articles when I checked it several years back), but given the existence of that second Showalter-Judd match, it seems clear that the title had been on the line in the first one, and therefore that Judd was a US Title holder.
Oct-07-08  Petrosianic: <The mockery seems particularly unjust, since I will argue that rather than making dubious claims for championships he was not entitled to, Judd is remarkable for not claiming a championship he 'had' earned!>

I don't know if it's an Either/Or situation. Although it does seem that Judd beat Showalter for the title at one point, and it's not clear how strongly he pressed his claim (just because it's not remembered now doesn't mean he didn't).

But it's also true that he tried to, more or less hijack the title at least twice, once in 1887, then again in 1904. The (possible) fact that he didn't do something in 1890 doesn't mean that he never did it at any other time in his life.

Dec-27-09  BIDMONFA: Max Judd

JUDD, Max
http://www.bidmonfa.com/judd_max.htm
_

Jan-12-11  Dredge Rivers: Any relation to Ashley?
Jan-25-11  ughaibu: I suggest the biography be edited.
Dec-27-12  Kikoman: Rest In Peace Sir Max Judd.
Jul-13-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  wwall: Newspapers reported that Max Judd died of a heart attack, superinduced by excitement over the chess tournament being held in St. Louis at the time. He had been warned by physicians not to participate.
Mar-25-15  HeMateMe: Hey Judd! Don't make it bad.

Take a sad song and, well, you know...

Mar-25-15  Raisin Death Ray: <HeMateMe> Judd/Jude? You're still not funny. Never will be.
Mar-25-15  HeMateMe: Hi ray. you're not a ray of hope or sunshine. Say hello to your mother for me.
Apr-05-15  zanzibar: I'd like to see references for the lemon and the heart both.
Apr-06-15  zanzibar: Judd and P. Ware played a 5-game match in 1875, four of the games appear here:

https://books.google.com/books?id=m...

Apr-06-15  zanzibar: There is notice in <Dubuque Chess Journal Aug 1873 p486> Item 965 that Max Judd left the midwest to live in San Francisco.

Sensible fellow.

Apr-06-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: <zanzibar> Quite interesting, did he move back to Mid-West? Wiki page entry have his death at May 7, 1906, St. Louis.

The reason I brought this up, was looking at the date of death, and thinking of the great earthquake and fire in SF.

Made me wonder if he was injured during the earthquake/fire and that led to his passing.

Apr-06-15  zanzibar: From <Dubuque Chess Journal Nov 1875 p533-4> comes this:

<1803. This is the answer received in reply to yours that the match must be played in St. Louis, and for a consideration:

"In reference to what I wrote you about playing with Max Judd, and your answer that he would play only for what the old miser in one of Scott's novels calls 'a consideration.' I have to say that I do not gamble at any game, and if I should begin I don't think the remnant of conscience I might have left would permit me to put so noble a mental exercise as Chess to so vile a use. I should not mind playing in a general tourney where prizes were given the successful, but to play with one man, for so much current coin of the realm—No 1 I am neither a Swiss, nor a Hessian, nor yet a gladiator to stake my blood for money. "1 had rather be a dog and bay the moon," than such a Chess-player.

The above have always been our sentiments, and this puts us in mind of a St. Louis Chess-player that fourteen years ago, would only play with us at ten dollars a game he said, and now he has just lost a 8200 match in New York State. We have yet (and we are nearly fifty years old) to see any good come from gambling. It unsteadies the mind, makes a man miserable, craving, dissatisfied, like all illgotten gains it brings its own punishment.>

Apr-06-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: So, we have found <chrisowen>'s great-great-great-great grand father...
Apr-06-15  zanzibar: <wannabe> I don't know, I'm doing a lot of posting of items I find while searching out other items. So Judd was a bit of a detour for me really.

Your suggestion is quite possible.

A search for contemporaneous sources of his obituary would be the place to look.

Apr-06-15  zanzibar: From <San Francisco Call, Volume 73, Number 123, 2 April 1893> comes this news item:

<OBJECT TO JUDD.

Anti-Semitism Has Run Mad in the Austrian Empire.

Vienna, April 1.— The anti-Semites and clericals are agitated over the appointment by Cleveland of Max Judd of Missouri as Consul-General of the United States at Vienna, the opposition to Judd being based upon the ground that he is a Hebrew and is therefore an undesirable person for the office. A petition is being prepared, addressed to the Emperor Francis Joseph an to the Austrian Foreign Offlce asking the Imperial officers to refuse to accent Judd as American Consul-General.>

I don't think it was an April Fool's joke.

Apr-06-15  zanzibar: And I forgot to mention, that he was back in Missouri by 1893 - so <wannabe>'s theory is unlikely.

The proximity of the date of his death and the SF earthquake are likely just a coincidence.

(Also, I did find his obit in BCM - and he was supposed to participate in Cambridge Springs but had to withdraw due to ill health. Sounds likely his health was poor in the years just before his death).

Apr-06-15  zanzibar: A long write-up by Pollack of Judd-Showalter 1892 has been transcribed by Batgirl:

http://www.chess.com/blog/batgirl/s...

This has the best photo of Judd that I've seen, and I'll resubmit it to <CG>.

Apr-06-15  zanzibar: His obituary, from <BCM v26 July 1906 p287>:

<OBITUARY.

The New Orleans Times Democrat of May 20th records the death of Mr. Max Judd, of St. Louis, one of the strongest of America's amateur chess players. In the course of a lengthy obituary notice our contemporary says :—" Mr. Judd was born in 1852, and during the past thirty-six years took part in nearly every American chess congress, and contributed generously to Caissa's cause.

In 1871 he won fourth prize at the Cleveland International Tourney; third at Chicago, in 1874; second at Philadelphia, in 1876; fifth at New York, in 1880; a special prize at New York, in 1889; second in the St. Louis, or seventh American Congress of two years ago. In 1903 he won the Championship Tourney of the Western Chess Association, and was selected to participate in the Cambridge Springs Tourney, but ill-health prevented his playing. For several years he was President of the St. Louis Chess Club, and it was mainly through his untiring efforts that the sixth and seventh American Chess Congresses were made possible. In none of his matches against St. Louis players was Mr. Judd ever defeated. In 1874 he won a match from the then well-known Italian master, Alberoni, by the score of six games to three; in 1884 he defeated A. B. Hodges with five wins to the two of his opponent, no games being drawn; in 1890 he defeated J. W. Showalter by seven points to his adversary's three.

Taking into account all the characteristics of Mr. Max Judd's play—its solidity, it's depth, its quick grasp of the strategic possibilities of a position, and so, too, its frequently manifested capacity for the achievement of the brilliant in the game—there could be no question but that he belonged to the ranks of the undoubted masters. Had he, like certain others with a similar natural aptitude for chess, made it the business of his life, instead of merely its recreation, it is not hazarding too much to say that he would have occupied a very much higher rank in the history of the game—fully on a plane with Weiss, English, Kolisch, Zukertort, and even Steinitz, all of his own Jewish race and faith. But that he chose wisely in resting content with a strictly amateur status it is very sure that none can fairly doubt">

(PP's added)

Apr-06-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: <zanzibar> Thanks, my man.
Apr-08-15  zanzibar: I have <BCM v2 1882 p358> giving the dob as Tues Dec 26, 1851.

What is the source of the Dec 27 dob?

Wiki points to another web page which in turn points to a stale web page.

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