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World Junior Championship Tournament

William Lombardy11/11(+11 -0 =0)[games]
Mathias Gerusel9/11(+9 -2 =0)[games]
Alexander Jongsma8.5/11(+8 -2 =1)[games]
Vladimir Selimanov8/11(+7 -2 =2)[games]
Rodolfo Tan Cardoso6.5/11(+6 -4 =1)[games]
Ralph Hallerod5/11(+2 -3 =6)[games]
Francois Jobin4.5/11(+4 -6 =1)[games]
Jorge Aldrete Lobo4/11(+4 -7 =0)[games]
Timo O Makelainen3.5/11(+2 -6 =3)[games]
Bernard Rabinowitz2.5/11(+0 -6 =5)[games]
Ibrahim M Bahgat2/11(+0 -7 =4)[games]
Peter Bates1.5/11(+0 -8 =3)[games] Chess Event Description
World Junior Championship (1957)

The World Junior Championship is open to players younger than 20 on January 1 of the year in which the tournament is played. The first World Junior was held in 1951, and it was held biennially thereafter. The 1957 event, played in Toronto, Canada, was the fourth. Since 1973 the tournament has been held annually. See Wikipedia article: World Junior Chess Championship. Four World Junior Champions (Boris Spassky, Anatoly Karpov, Garry Kasparov, and Viswanathan Anand) have gone on to become World Champions.

The 1957 tournament included 12 players from 11 countries (Canada, Egypt, Finland, Mexico, the Netherlands, the Philippines, South Africa, Sweden, USA, USSR, and West Germany). Canada, as the host country, was allowed two representatives. The players from the Soviet Union, the Philippines, and Mexico were accompanied by seconds: Grandmaster Igor Bondarevsky, future FIDE President Florencio Campomanes, and Dr. R. Sernas, respectively.

The participants were a varied lot. The tournament book reflects that William Lombardy of the United States was studying biochemistry at CCNY and would enter medicine in two years. (In fact, he entered the priesthood.) He had already had considerable success as a player, including winning the 1954 New York State Championship, tying for first at the 1956 Canadian Open, and narrowly losing a 1956 match to Samuel Reshevsky. Mathias Gerusel of West Germany was studying mathematics. Dutchman Alexander Jongsma was a first-class table tennis player, who also played lawn tennis, swam, played the piano, and participated in ballroom dancing. The Soviet, Vladimir Selimanov, was the stepson of reigning World Champion Vasily Smyslov and planned to study literature and philosophy in college. Rodolfo Tan Cardoso had played for the Philippines in the 1956 Chess Olympiad, winning the silver medal on fourth board. The month after this tournament, he played the Fischer - Cardoso (1957) match against American wunderkind Robert James Fischer. Ralph Hallerod of Sweden was in his last year of high school and planned to study engineering at university. Canadian Francois Jobin had completed his first year of university and planned to become a physician. The Mexican representative, Jorge Aldrete Lobo, had just learned the game in 1953, but had won the Mexican Junior Championship in 1955 and 1957. He was an avid sportsman and planned to study chemical engineering. Timo O Makelainen of Finland planned to enter the University of Helsinki next year. Bernard Rabinowitz of South Africa had competed in the 1955 Johannesburg International Tournament, drawing former World Champion Max Euwe in B Rabinowitz vs Euwe, 1955. An actuary student, on the sea voyage to Canada "he put his actuarial knowledge to good account each evening by a careful and remunerative calculation of the odds on the 'horse races'!" Ibrahim M Bahgat of Egypt, a pharmacy student at the University of Texas, was an avid stamp collector and weightlifter. Having bench-pressed 250 pounds, "Undoubtedly he was the strongest player in the tournament." The second Canadian, Peter Bates, intended to study mathematics in college.

Shortly before the tournament began, the tournament organizer, Bernard Freedman, received word that Selimanov would arrive a day late because of a delay in getting his Canadian visa. Freedman decided to permit him to play; the tournament book reflects that this decision "was favourably received by practically every contestant." Selimanov's game against Lombardy, scheduled for Round 1, was played on the rest day between rounds 4 and 5. Lombardy won, giving him a 4-0 score and a one-point lead over Gerusel, whom he had routed in 18 moves in Round 3. M Gerusel vs Lombardy, 1957.

No one could stop Lombardy, who won game after game. After six rounds, his lead had increased to two points over Gerusel and at least 2½ over everyone else. Gerusel won his remaining five games, but that was not enough, as Lombardy did the same. That gave Lombardy a perfect 11-0 score and the title of World Junior Champion. Gerusel was second at 9-2, and Jongsma took the bronze with 8½ points. Cardoso won the brilliancy prize for his game R Cardoso vs M Gerusel, 1957.

Perfect scores are very rarely seen in any significant chess tournament or match. See Wikipedia article: List of world records in chess#Perfect tournament and match scores. Lombardy's perfect score has never been matched in any World Junior Championship before or since, as everyone else has ceded at least two draws. The closest approaches have been by Karpov in 1969 (10/11 in the finals, 90.9%); Spassky in 1955 (8/9 in the finals, 88.9%); and Kiril Georgiev in 1983 (11.5/13, 88.5%).

Toronto, Canada, 3-17 August 1957

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 1 Lombardy * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11.0 2 Gerusel 0 * 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9.0 3 Jongsma 0 0 * ½ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8.5 4 Selimanov 0 0 ½ * 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 1 1 8.0 5 Cardoso 0 1 0 0 * 0 1 1 1 ½ 1 1 6.5 6 Hallerod 0 0 0 ½ 1 * ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 5.0 7 Jobin 0 0 0 0 0 ½ * 0 1 1 1 1 4.5 8 Aldrete Lobo 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 * 0 1 1 1 4.0 9 Makelainen 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 1 * ½ ½ 1 3.5 10 Rabinowitz 0 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 0 ½ * ½ ½ 2.5 11 Bahgat 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½ ½ * ½ 2.0 12 Bates 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 0 ½ ½ * 1.5

Progressive Scores:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 1 Lombardy 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 2 Gerusel 1 2 2 3 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 3 Jongsma 1 2 2½ 2½ 2½ 3½ 4½ 5½ 6½ 7½ 8½ 4 Selimanov 0 0 ½ 1½ 2½ 3½ 4 5 6 7 8 5 Cardoso 1 1½ 2½ 2½ 3½ 3½ 3½ 4½ 5½ 5½ 6½ 6 Hallerod ½ ½ 1 2 2½ 3 3½ 3½ 3½ 4½ 5 7 Jobin 1 2 2½ 2½ 2½ 3½ 4½ 4½ 4½ 4½ 4½ 8 Aldrete Lobo 0 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 9 Makelainen 0 0 0 1 1½ 2 2 3 3½ 3½ 3½ 10 Rabinowitz 0 ½ 1 1½ 2 2 2 2 2½ 2½ 2½ 11 Bahgat ½ ½ ½ 1 1½ 1½ 1½ 1½ 1½ 2 2 12 Bates 0 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1½


First Prize: William Lombardy $200 and trophy Second Prize: Mathias Gerusel $100 Third Prize: Alexander Jongsma $50 Fourth Prize: Vladimir Selimanov $40 Fifth Prize: Rodolfo Tan Cardoso $30 Sixth Prize: Ralph Hallerod $15 Seventh Prize: Francois Jobin $10

Source: Frank Ross Anderson and Keith Kerns, Fourth Biennial World Junior Chess Championship: August 3-17, 1957, Toronto, Canada.

Original Collection: Game Collection: World Junior Championship, Toronto 1957 by User: FSR.

 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 66  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. R Cardoso vs J Aldrete Lobo  1-0331957World Junior ChampionshipC16 French, Winawer
2. M Gerusel vs T Makelainen  1-0401957World Junior ChampionshipE37 Nimzo-Indian, Classical
3. I Bahgat vs R Hallerod  ½-½311957World Junior ChampionshipE90 King's Indian
4. P Bates vs F Jobin  0-1401957World Junior ChampionshipA07 King's Indian Attack
5. A Jongsma vs B Rabinowitz  1-0371957World Junior ChampionshipD78 Neo-Grunfeld, 6.O-O c6
6. B Rabinowitz vs R Cardoso  ½-½621957World Junior ChampionshipC00 French Defense
7. Lombardy vs R Hallerod 1-0241957World Junior ChampionshipE40 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3
8. J Aldrete Lobo vs P Bates  1-0521957World Junior ChampionshipB07 Pirc
9. F Jobin vs I Bahgat  1-0421957World Junior ChampionshipD50 Queen's Gambit Declined
10. V Selimanov vs M Gerusel  0-1401957World Junior ChampionshipE42 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 c5, 5.Ne2 (Rubinstein)
11. T Makelainen vs A Jongsma 0-1231957World Junior ChampionshipA34 English, Symmetrical
12. R Hallerod vs F Jobin  ½-½351957World Junior ChampionshipD60 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
13. P Bates vs B Rabinowitz ½-½241957World Junior ChampionshipE42 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 c5, 5.Ne2 (Rubinstein)
14. I Bahgat vs J Aldrete Lobo  0-1421957World Junior ChampionshipD45 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
15. R Cardoso vs T Makelainen  1-0401957World Junior ChampionshipE10 Queen's Pawn Game
16. A Jongsma vs V Selimanov  ½-½791957World Junior ChampionshipA05 Reti Opening
17. M Gerusel vs Lombardy 0-1181957World Junior ChampionshipE33 Nimzo-Indian, Classical
18. M Gerusel vs A Jongsma  1-0661957World Junior ChampionshipA61 Benoni
19. Lombardy vs F Jobin 1-0221957World Junior ChampionshipE66 King's Indian, Fianchetto, Yugoslav Panno
20. B Rabinowitz vs I Bahgat  ½-½331957World Junior ChampionshipD60 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
21. V Selimanov vs R Cardoso  1-0411957World Junior ChampionshipE56 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Main line with 7...Nc6
22. J Aldrete Lobo vs R Hallerod  0-1431957World Junior ChampionshipA45 Queen's Pawn Game
23. T Makelainen vs P Bates  1-0531957World Junior ChampionshipE69 King's Indian, Fianchetto, Classical Main line
24. V Selimanov vs Lombardy 0-1401957World Junior ChampionshipC96 Ruy Lopez, Closed
25. A Jongsma vs Lombardy 0-1341957World Junior ChampionshipA16 English
 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 66  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jan-18-14  Calli: <FSR> I was undecided as to which spelling to use, but it seemed like something William might have said after a sweep. <Redshield> might want to read the Wiki article as the John Wayne story might just be a myth.
Sep-05-14  posoo: FSR, what do you MEAN you were responsible for dis torns?! I DONT UNDERSTAND
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: <posoo> I collected the games for the games collection, found and submitted all the games that were missing, and wrote the accompanying text.
Sep-05-14  posoo: GO, fusser, GO!
Sep-06-14  torrefan: Who among these guys are still alive?
Premium Chessgames Member
  alexmagnus: <Who among these guys are still alive?>

If we go with the bios here, all but three players, but it may be possible one or another death date is missing

Dead are: Jongsma (died 2013), Selimanov (died 1960), Cardoso (died 2013),

Sep-09-14  Moszkowski012273: Lombardy still comes by Union Square late at night and will sit and comment on the games being played... He's quite a character.
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: I used to see Bill Lombardy at the Chess Shop on Thompson St. Once in awhile he would watch me playing blitz, and smile. I don't know if he was smiling because I had made a good move, or was playing horribly. Probably the latter. There is still a little chess going on at the Chess Forum, on the other side of Thompson; I would see him there, too.

He's a bit cranky, though, if you plan to ask him questions.

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <HMM> Met Bill at the '84 NY Open, then we played two years later. Had a post-mortem but spent more time talking about things other than the game.
Sep-27-15  RookFile: $200 for winning. But, they can't take the title of champ away from you.
Sep-27-15  TheFocus: But in 1957 dollars, yes?
Dec-09-15  tjipa: Where are the Soviets? Where are Larsen, Portish of the same age? Against this opposition 11/11 is no big deal.
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <tjipa: Where are the Soviets?>

Tal had scored his first gold medal in a Soviet championship less than six months before and Spassky was a candidate the year before--why would the Soviets care about sending them to this event?

May-17-17  nummerzwei: It's curious that most participants here went on to play at amateur level. Both earlier and later World Juniors have been much stronger.
Jul-05-17  siggemannen: Why doesn't Lombardy have a first name here? Was he the Prince or Madonna of chess?
Oct-16-17  PhilFeeley: Who knows any of the players he defeated for this victory? Have any of them turned up in any tournaments since this one?
Oct-17-17  offramp: I believe Jorge Aldrete Lobo became a sheriff.
Oct-17-17  offramp: <PhilFeeley: Who knows any of the players he defeated for this victory? Have any of them turned up in any tournaments since this one?>

Only Cardoso made any sort of mark in the chess world. He won and drew against some of the very best in the world.

Many of the others are represented here at by 11 games: the games of this tournament.

The most tragic was Smyslov's stepson Vladimir Selimanov. A very sad story.

Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: Gerusel became an IM.
Sep-05-19  pazzed paun: Lombardy felt that FIDE should have retroactively awarded him the grandmaster title for his win at this tournament
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: <pazzed paun> Sounds good to me. It's not as though anyone else in history has equalled Lombardy's feat at the World Junior, or even come close. Lombardy was extremely strong. It's amazing that he never won the U.S. Championship. Of course, you could say the same about Fine, who was a serious contender for the real world championship.
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: The standings are completely screwed up. I gather that's not unique to this page.
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <FSR>, indeed not; this is the third tournament page I have viewed with the same problem.

If one clicks on the link to a player's games, all of them will be displayed, despite the absence of many from the table.

Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: <tjipa: Where are the Soviets?>

The Soviet was Vladimir Selimanov. His stepfather was Vasily Smyslov, the reigning world champion. He finished fourth.

<Where are Larsen, Portish of the same age?>

Bent Larsen was 22. Since the tournament is only open to players under 20, he was ineligible. Larsen played in the 1951 World Junior, tying for 4th-6th with Peter A Harris (England) and S. Nyren (South Africa). He tried again in 1953. That time he tied for last (5th-8th) in the A Final.

Portisch was young enough, it's true. He had played in the prior (1955) World Junior, finishing fourth behind Boris Spassky, Edmar Mednis, and Miguel Farre Mallofre. In 1957, as today, not every age-eligible young star plays in the World Junior Championship (e.g. Fischer, Tal, Carlsen, MVL, etc.).

<Against this opposition 11/11 is no big deal.>

Easy for you to say. No one before or since has come close to sweeping the World Junior. Everyone else gave up at least two draws, including Boris Spassky, who ceded two draws in the 1955 Finals.

Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: There have been 58 World Junior Champions, beginning in 1951. Remarkably, I believe that all but three (Lombardy, Miles, and Diesen) are still alive.
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