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AVRO Tournament

Paul Keres8.5/14(+3 -0 =11)[view games]
Reuben Fine8.5/14(+6 -3 =5)[view games]
Mikhail Botvinnik7.5/14(+3 -2 =9)[view games]
Alexander Alekhine7/14(+3 -3 =8)[view games]
Max Euwe7/14(+4 -4 =6)[view games]
Samuel Reshevsky7/14(+3 -3 =8)[view games]
Jose Raul Capablanca6/14(+2 -4 =8)[view games]
Salomon Flohr4.5/14(+0 -5 =9)[view games]
* Chess Event Description
AVRO (1938)
In November 1938, a Dutch radio company AVRO (1) organized and sponsored what was up to that time the strongest tournament (2) ever held. AVRO (Algemeene Vereeniging voor Radio Omroep - literally the General Association for Radio Broadcasting) brought together the World Champion and every one of his major challengers. It ran from the 6th to the 27th of November 1938 with the players based in Amsterdam and each successive round played in a different Dutch town.

This tournament schedule proved rigorous for the older competitors and Capablanca and Alekhine did not fare as well as might have been expected. In the end, Keres and Fine finished in joint first place with Keres declared the winner as a result of a better tie-break score.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 Keres ** 1 1 1 8 2 Fine 0 ** 1 11 10 10 1 8 3 Botvinnik 0 ** 1 0 1 1 7 4 Alekhine 00 0 ** 1 1 1 7 5 Euwe 01 1 0 ** 0 01 1 7 6 Reshevsky 0 01 0 1 ** 1 7 7 Capablanca 0 0 0 10 ** 1 6 8 Flohr 0 0 0 0 0 ** 4

The main source for this collection was A.V.R.O. 1938 Chess Tournament 'B.C.M.' Classic Reprint No. 12. ISBN 900846 10 0.

References: (1), (2) Wikipedia article: AVRO 1938 chess tournament.

Original Collection: Game Collection: AVRO 1938, by User: Benzol.

 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 56  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves Year Event/LocaleOpening
1. Alekhine vs Reshevsky ½-½60 1938 AVROE20 Nimzo-Indian
2. Flohr vs Capablanca ½-½41 1938 AVROD19 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Dutch
3. Fine vs Botvinnik 1-031 1938 AVROC17 French, Winawer, Advance
4. Euwe vs Keres ½-½40 1938 AVROE00 Queen's Pawn Game
5. Capablanca vs Alekhine ½-½48 1938 AVROE17 Queen's Indian
6. Reshevsky vs Fine 0-137 1938 AVROE10 Queen's Pawn Game
7. Keres vs Botvinnik ½-½26 1938 AVROE17 Queen's Indian
8. Euwe vs Flohr 1-032 1938 AVROE11 Bogo-Indian Defense
9. Alekhine vs Euwe 1-041 1938 AVROD14 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Exchange Variation
10. Flohr vs Keres  ½-½23 1938 AVROE12 Queen's Indian
11. Botvinnik vs Reshevsky 1-037 1938 AVROA25 English
12. Fine vs Capablanca ½-½44 1938 AVROC17 French, Winawer, Advance
13. Keres vs Reshevsky 1-044 1938 AVROC79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred
14. Capablanca vs Botvinnik ½-½26 1938 AVROD93 Grunfeld, with Bf4 & e3
15. Flohr vs Alekhine  ½-½23 1938 AVROE15 Queen's Indian
16. Euwe vs Fine 0-144 1938 AVROD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
17. Botvinnik vs Euwe ½-½41 1938 AVROA13 English
18. Fine vs Flohr 1-028 1938 AVROC17 French, Winawer, Advance
19. Reshevsky vs Capablanca ½-½56 1938 AVROE37 Nimzo-Indian, Classical
20. Alekhine vs Keres ½-½42 1938 AVROE58 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Main line with 8...Bxc3
21. Euwe vs Reshevsky 0-156 1938 AVROD70 Neo-Grunfeld Defense
22. Keres vs Capablanca 1-038 1938 AVROC09 French, Tarrasch, Open Variation, Main line
23. Flohr vs Botvinnik ½-½42 1938 AVROD84 Grunfeld, Grunfeld Gambit Accepted
24. Alekhine vs Fine 0-168 1938 AVROC83 Ruy Lopez, Open
25. Capablanca vs Euwe 1-040 1938 AVROE34 Nimzo-Indian, Classical, Noa Variation
 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 56  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 9 OF 9 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Apr-24-15  ughaibu: Capablanca's +8 at New York 1927 was a 70% performance, Lasker's +6 in the final at Saint Petersburg 1914 was an 87% performance. I think "+" scores are pretty meaningless, as they disregard the total number of games.

About AVRO 1938, the winners got just over 60%, compare that with the world championship 1948: 70%, candidates 1950: 67%, 1953: 64%, 1956: 66%, 1959: 71% and 1963: 67%.

Apr-25-15  A.T PhoneHome: <Karposian> Of course you can and you did! :P and I appreciate everything you guys have to say. Thanks for the input.
Apr-26-15  Everett: Petrosianic: <The best aged tournament performance has got to be a 55 year old Lasker winning by a substantial margin over a field containing Capablanca and Alekhine at New York 1924> <Possibly, although two other candidates leap to mind:

1) Smyslov making it to the Candidates Final at age 63.

2) Lasker going undefeated at Moscow 1935, at age 66.>

Says <tournament> performance, quite clearly. Not match.

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: My favourite tournament performance is Kasparov's at Linares (1999).
Apr-27-15  A.T PhoneHome: Kasparov was, by his own admission, at his peak in 1999. 10.5/14 is a very strong feat against the field he was facing!
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Am I alone in thinking that Kasparov is a better politician than he is a chess player?
Apr-27-15  A.T PhoneHome: I don't affiliate myself with politics so can't really say. Anyways, what makes you conclude such (not saying you're dead-wrong, just interested)?

I guess his attitude as a player is one thing.

May-20-15  Everett: <Apr-27-15
member offramp: Am I alone in thinking that Kasparov is a better politician than he is a chess player?>

You are indeed alone! ;-)

Premium Chessgames Member
  RookFile: Lasker going 16 out of 20 at New York 1924. Forget about it, nothing else by a senior equals that in tournament play.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Whenever I hear the name AVRO I think of the English AVRO, the aeroplane company, and not the Dutch AVRO. It's a pity that AVRO the English company didn't sponsor Margate (1938). That would have been excellent!!
Premium Chessgames Member

<AVRO> - your game.
<AVRO> - You see this name, you think dirty. There's a bit of <AVRO> in all of us.


Premium Chessgames Member
  AylerKupp: <<offramp> Am I alone in thinking that Kasparov is a better politician than he is a chess player?>

You probably aren't. But you and others who share the same opinion should consider that if Kasparov was a better politician than he is a chess player he would be the President of Russia.

Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <AylerKupp: <<offramp> Am I alone in thinking that Kasparov is a better politician than he is a chess player?> You probably aren't. >

Don't encourage him!

<offramp> Hell yes.

Sep-18-15  The Kings Domain: Considering the results a changing of the guard really, a passing of the torch.
Feb-27-16  rgr459: If I could go back in time to see any tournament in history, it would be this one.
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Hastings 1895 for me. August on the English coast.
Feb-28-16  rgr459: 4 world champions - just think how much chess history was in that tournament. From Capablanca to Keres, players in this tournament were at the top of world chess from the 1900's-70's.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Het Aamsteldamiske Vereenigingen Rijksmuseeum Oranjeboom.

That's AVRO.

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: You don't mess around with The Big Oranje, lemme tell ya.
Premium Chessgames Member
  diceman: <offramp: Am I alone in thinking that Kasparov is a better politician than he is a chess player?>

What would make you think that?
He's been the World Champion as one, and unemployed as the other.

Maybe that is a "better" politician! :)

Apr-04-16  ughaibu: 50% world champions here, as at St. Petersburg (1895/96). 60% in the final at St Petersburg (1914), but, how about the 50th World Champions Jubilee Tournament (2003)?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: 60% also at FIDE World Championship Tournament (1948).

There must be some over-the-board tournaments, especially in more recent times with more active world champions around, that can beat 60%.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: Case in point: Las Palmas (1996) with either 67% or 83%, depending on if y ou count Topalov.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: Pity there isn't a page for the 1966 Soviet Team Championship. IIRC Botvinnik, Petrosian, Smyslov, Tal and Spassky all played in that one.
Apr-04-16  ughaibu: Phony Benoni: Yes, I can't imagine how I forgot about the 1948 championship tournament, and 67% is pretty good without any jokes about Topalov.

Benzol, I guess I take your meaning but wouldn't that require us to ignore all but the first board players?

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