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Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian
Petrosian 
 
Number of games in database: 1,921
Years covered: 1942 to 1983
Highest rating achieved in database: 2660

Overall record: +691 -156 =1057 (64.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 17 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 King's Indian (117) 
    E92 E81 E80 E91 E60
 English (96) 
    A15 A10 A13 A16 A14
 Queen's Indian (78) 
    E12 E14 E19 E17 E15
 Nimzo Indian (77) 
    E41 E40 E46 E55 E53
 Queen's Gambit Declined (66) 
    D37 D30 D35 D31 D38
 Queen's Pawn Game (57) 
    A46 D02 A40 E10 D05
With the Black pieces:
 French Defense (139) 
    C07 C16 C11 C18 C15
 Sicilian (128) 
    B40 B52 B81 B94 B92
 Caro-Kann (77) 
    B18 B17 B11 B14 B12
 King's Indian (73) 
    E67 E95 E81 E63 E60
 Nimzo Indian (57) 
    E54 E32 E56 E58 E46
 French Tarrasch (53) 
    C07 C05 C03 C09
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Petrosian vs Spassky, 1966 1-0
   Petrosian vs Pachman, 1961 1-0
   Spassky vs Petrosian, 1966 0-1
   Petrosian vs Botvinnik, 1963 1-0
   Kasparov vs Petrosian, 1981 0-1
   E Terpugov vs Petrosian, 1957 0-1
   Petrosian vs Fischer, 1971 1-0
   Fischer vs Petrosian, 1959 1/2-1/2
   Keres vs Petrosian, 1959 0-1
   Fischer vs Petrosian, 1959 0-1

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Petrosian - Botvinnik World Championship Match (1963)
   Petrosian - Spassky World Championship Match (1966)
   Petrosian - Spassky World Championship Rematch (1969)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   USSR Championship 1961a (1961)
   USSR Championship (1959)
   Curacao Candidates (1962)
   USSR Championship (1951)
   USSR Championship (1969)
   San Antonio (1972)
   Stockholm Interzonal (1952)
   Bled-Zagreb-Belgrade Candidates (1959)
   Bled (1961)
   USSR Championship (1960)
   Stockholm Interzonal (1962)
   USSR Championship (1976)
   Palma de Mallorca (1968)
   Zurich Candidates (1953)
   USSR Championship (1957)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Match Petrosian! by amadeus
   Petrosian Games Only by fredthebear
   Python Strategy (Petrosian) by Qindarka
   Biggest Heritor of Nimzo by Gottschalk
   Tigran Petrosian's Best Games by KingG
   Veliki majstori saha 27 PETROSJAN (Marovic) by Chessdreamer
   Tigran, Tigran, burning bright by sleepyirv
   Power Chess - Petrosian by Anatoly21
   Road to the Championship - Tigran Petrosian by suenteus po 147
   Exchange sacs - 1 by obrit
   MY TRIBUTE TO THE "IRON TIGER" by Malacha
   Petrosian v. the Elite by refutor
   P.H.Clarke: Petrosian's Best games by setuhanu01
   Move by Move - Petrosian (Engqvist) by Qindarka


Search Sacrifice Explorer for Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian
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TIGRAN VARTANOVICH PETROSIAN
(born Jun-17-1929, died Aug-13-1984, 55 years old) Georgia (federation/nationality Armenia)
PRONUNCIATION:
[what is this?]

Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian was the World Champion from 1963 until 1969. He was born in Tiflis (modern day Tbilisi) in Georgia to Armenian parents, but eventually relocated to Armenia in 1946 before moving to Moscow in 1949.

Petrosian was an avid student of Aron Nimzowitsch 's theories. His play was renowned for its virtually impenetrable defence and patient manoeuvring, a technique that earned him the nickname “Iron Tigran”. Despite this, his capacity for dealing with tactical complications when the need arose prompted Boris Spassky to comment that: ”It is to Petrosian's advantage that his opponents never know when he is suddenly going to play like Mikhail Tal ”, and Robert James Fischer to observe that "He has an incredible tactical view, and a wonderful sense of the danger... No matter how much you think deep... He will 'smell' any kind of danger 20 moves before!" Petrosian’s pioneering use of the positional exchange sacrifice underscored both his positional and tactical grasp of the game. Moreover, he has two major opening systems named after him: the Petrosian Variation of the King's Indian Defence (1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.e4 d6 5.Nf3 O-O 6.Be2 e5 7.d5) and the Petrosian System in the Queen's Indian Defence (1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.a3).

National Championships: Petrosian's first major win was the championship of Georgia in 1945 when he was 16. He won the 5th USSR Junior Championship in 1946 with a score of 14/15, won or came equal first in the championships of Armenia held in 1946, 1948, 1974, 1976 and 1980, won the Moscow championship in 1951; and shared first place with Vladimir Simagin and David Bronstein in the 1956 and 1968 Moscow Championships respectively. He gained his International Master title in the 1951 Soviet Championships, and went on to win the Soviet championship outright three times in 1959, 1961, and 1975, sharing the title with Lev Polugaevsky in 1969.

World championships: Petrosian won his Grandmaster title when he came equal second in the 1952 Interzonal tournament in Stockholm, which also qualified him for the 1953 Candidates tournament in Zurich. An eight time Candidate for the World Championship in 1953, 1956, 1959, 1962, 1971, 1974, 1977 and 1980, he won the Curacao Candidates Tournament of 1962 without losing a single game. The following year, he won the Petrosian - Botvinnik World Championship Match (1963) to become the 9th official World Chess Champion. He retained his title by winning the Petrosian - Spassky World Championship Match (1966), the first time since the Alekhine - Bogoljubov World Championship Rematch (1934) that the World Champion had succeeded in winning a title match. This feat was not repeated until Anatoly Karpov ’s success at the Karpov - Korchnoi World Championship Match (1978). He also advanced to the Fischer - Petrosian Candidates Final (1971) semifinals, but lost, thereby losing the opportunity to qualify to the 1972 championship.

Team Play: Petrosian played in ten consecutive Soviet Olympiad teams from 1958 to 1978, winning nine team gold medals, one team silver medal, and six individual gold medals. His overall performance in Olympiad play was +78 =50 −1, the only loss being to Robert Huebner. He also played for the Soviet team in every European Team Championship from 1957 to 1983, winning eight team gold medals, and four board gold medals.

Classical Tournaments: Soon after becoming champion, he shared first place with Paul Keres in the first Piatagorsky Cup in Los Angeles in 1963. He won the tournaments at Biel and Lone Pine in 1976, the Keres Memorial in 1979, and took second place in Tilburg in 1981, half a point behind the winner Alexander Beliavsky. He was ranked among the top 20 players in the world until he died in 1984.

"Chess is a game by its form, an art by its content and a science by the difficulty of gaining mastery in it. Chess can convey as much happiness as a good book or work of music can. However, it is necessary to learn to play well and only afterwards will one experience real delight." - Tigran Petrosian

References: (1) http://www.ac-iccd.org/ (Petrosian often required a hearing aid during his tournaments), (2) Wikipedia article: Tigran Petrosian


 page 1 of 77; games 1-25 of 1,921  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Petrosian vs Flohr 1-0451942TbilisiA52 Budapest Gambit
2. Petrosian vs Kopelevic 1-0241942TbilisiC97 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin
3. Petrosian vs Nersesov 1-0161944Tbilisi (Georgia)C42 Petrov Defense
4. Bakhtadze vs Petrosian 0-1271944Tbilisi (Georgia)A28 English
5. Petrosian vs V Mikenas 0-1411944TbilisiB05 Alekhine's Defense, Modern
6. Petrosian vs N Sorokin 1-0231944TbilisiD33 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
7. Petrosian vs A A Smorodsky ½-½401944GEO-chA28 English
8. Petrosian vs Mirtsaev 1-0411945Final I Category TournamentE00 Queen's Pawn Game
9. Aganalian vs Petrosian 0-1341945TbilisiA54 Old Indian, Ukrainian Variation, 4.Nf3
10. Seceda vs Petrosian 0-1571945Tbilisi (Georgia)A49 King's Indian, Fianchetto without c4
11. Petrosian vs Dzaparidze 1-0141945TbilisiC36 King's Gambit Accepted, Abbazia Defense
12. A Blagidze vs Petrosian ½-½401945Final I Category TournamentE40 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3
13. Petrosian vs N Sorokin 1-0391945TbilisiD14 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Exchange Variation
14. Petrosian vs Zeinalli 1-0201945Leningrad (Russia)A33 English, Symmetrical
15. Petrosian vs N Grigoriev 1-0131945TbilisiB29 Sicilian, Nimzovich-Rubinstein
16. Lolua vs Petrosian ½-½361945TbilisiC34 King's Gambit Accepted
17. Petrosian vs Chachua 1-0361945Training TournamentD05 Queen's Pawn Game
18. Petrosian vs Y Rudakov 1-0321945Leningrad (Russia)D10 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
19. Grigoriev vs Petrosian 0-1261945TbilisiB00 Uncommon King's Pawn Opening
20. Petrosian vs M V Shishov ½-½511945Tbilisi-chE06 Catalan, Closed, 5.Nf3
21. Petrosian vs A Reshko 1-0391945Leningrad (Russia)C07 French, Tarrasch
22. Petrosian vs Kelendzheridze 1-0191945Training TournamentC17 French, Winawer, Advance
23. Petrosian vs V Korolkov 1-0181945LeningradE10 Queen's Pawn Game
24. Dunaev vs Petrosian 0-1321946USSRB84 Sicilian, Scheveningen
25. Kasparian vs Petrosian ½-½471946ARM-ch mA02 Bird's Opening
 page 1 of 77; games 1-25 of 1,921  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Petrosian wins | Petrosian loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 87 OF 87 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Aug-11-17  EdZelli: "During tournament analysis sessions players all speak at once, but whenever Petrosian said anything, everyone would shut up and listen." – Yasser Seirawan

This is perhaps from Seirawan's observation at Lone Pine in 1970's.

https://en.chessbase.com/post/iron-...

Oct-21-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Apparently he was born in the village of Mulki in the Aparan region of Armenia.

That village is now known as Kayk (in Armenian, Կայք) and it is in the Aragatsotn Province of Armenia.

Tigran's family moved to Georgia when he was 2.

Oct-22-17  MadFaqirOfSwat: Interesting articles
Nov-01-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Poor Tigran certainly died much too young. If any of you have read <Cancer Ward> By Solzhenitsyn you'll be aware that Soviet scientists were ahead of the west in curing cancer. Solzhenitsyn was cured.

I have said before that if Petrosian had lived and stayed healthy I am certain he would have out-Smysloved Smyslov and been rattling the Candidates' cages aged 64+. He had that special chess nous that is everlasting.

Nov-03-17  Howard: It's been noted about Petrosian that he was either a Candidate or the WC for TEN consecutive cycles (1952-1980). That record has never been surpassed.

When he played in the 1982 interzonal at Las Palmas, he came fairly close to qualifying, but he didn't quite make it that time.

On a final note, I still remember that his death was briefly noted in both Time and Newsweek magazines. That actually surprised me a bit--just how many Americans back in '84 would have known who the hell he was?

But, I was more than pleased that his passing was noted!

Feb-06-18  todicav23: "Armenia honours its World Chess Champion Tigran Petrosian with a banknote. The likeness of the 9th World Chess Champion graces the new 2000 dram which has recently been issued for the first time in the country, as part of a new series of notes. "

https://en.chessbase.com/post/tigra...

Feb-06-18  john barleycorn: stay away from strong magnets with that 2000 dram bill in your pocket.
Feb-06-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  thegoodanarchist: <whiteshark: Quote of the Day

< One must beware of unnecessary excitement. >

-- Petrosian>

Well, judging from the photo, mission accomplished.

He looks like he's watching his house burn down...

Feb-25-18  tgyuid: maybe that was it; maybe he looked especially and particularly mean that day....
Mar-03-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: Volkswagen has a new car out called the Tiguan. Do you know what it runs on?

Tiguan petroleum.

Apr-22-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  Ulhumbrus: Bobby Fischer said during the early 1960s that Petrosian would be the strongest player in the world if he played more boldly.

Fischer also said that he liked the play of Petrosian more than that of Tal, Spassky or Botvinnik.

It may be that Fischer understood Petrosian better than most, as one could expect from Fischer.

It may be that Fischer considered Petrosian's play in the course of a game to be more in accordance with the true state of balance or the true evaluation of the position than the play of Tal, Spassky or Botvinnik.

It may be that in Fischer's opinion Tal was unsound, Spassky was over optimistic and Botvinnik was insufficiently flexible, to a degree which Petrosian was not.

Apr-22-18  RookFile: Sort of humorous, considering that Petrosian was the world champion for most of the 1960's and had a successful title defense. A Petrosian vs. Fischer match in 1966 may have been a toss up. Of course, we'll never know.
Apr-22-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: On the other hand, Spassky on top form was unable to overcome the only man to successfully defend the title with an outright match victory in a long stretch (after the Alekhine-Bogo rematch in 1934 until Karpov-Korchnoi '78).
May-09-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: I have noticed that 54/55 is a worryingly frequent age for chess players to die. Is the word <mode>?

If you are a chess player, and you can get past 55 and then 64, you are assured of a long life.

May-09-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  alexmagnus: Two World champions died at 53, two at 55, two at 64, one at 72, one at 80, one at 83 and one at 89. For a median of 64 and average of 67, if I didn't miscalculate.
May-09-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  alexmagnus: Steinitz, 64, heart attack
Lasker, 72, renal infection
Capablanca, 53, cerebral hemmorrhage
Alekhine, 53, asphyxia
Euwe, 80, heart attack
Botvinnik, 83, pancreatic cancer
Smyslov, 89, heart failure
Tal, 55, upper gastrointestinal bleeding
Petrosian, 55, stomach cancer
Fischer, 64, renal failure
May-09-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  alexmagnus: Hemorrhage *
May-09-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: When I said 54/55 I meant to include the Gregorian calendar, so that's 53 as well.

But I'm not just talking about World Champions! I mean all strong players represented at chessgames, like the great Daniel Yarnton Mills.

Jun-17-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  andrewjsacks: Happy birthday to a worthy World Champion. We thank you for visiting and playing in the U.S. more than once.
Jun-17-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  Diocletian: Tigran Petrosian. Prettiest name among the champions.
Jun-17-18  Brain Gremlin: If Fischer hadn't walked out of the Sousse Interzonal in '67 he could have been the challenger instead of Spassky. I think Petrosian vs Fischer in '69 would have been a much more competitive match than Spassky vs Fischer in '72.
Jun-17-18  ughaibu: Brain Gremlin: What's your argument for the implicit claim that Fischer would've beaten Spassky in the 1968 candidates?
Jun-17-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <Brain Gremlin: If Fischer hadn't walked out of the Sousse Interzonal in '67 he could have been the challenger instead of Spassky....>

Could have, yes; but by no means is it clear that Fischer would have, though. Spassky was on top form throughout that cycle and showed his class convincingly in demolishing Korchnoi in the final.

Jun-17-18  ewan14: Spassky was probably extremely tired by the 1966 match due to the number of games he had to play to get there

And no pre arranged draws

Jun-17-18  ewan14: Fischer did play Petrosian in 1970
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