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Gyula Breyer
Breyer 
 
Number of games in database: 202
Years covered: 1911 to 1921

Overall record: +80 -54 =44 (57.3%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 24 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (22) 
    C84 C90 C82 C87 C83
 Queen's Pawn Game (19) 
    D00 A40 A45 D01 D05
 French Defense (14) 
    C11 C01 C14 C12 C13
 French (9) 
    C11 C12 C10 C00 C13
 Ruy Lopez, Closed (9) 
    C84 C90 C87
 Caro-Kann (6) 
    B15 B16 B13 B10 B12
With the Black pieces:
 French Defense (17) 
    C10 C01 C14 C11 C13
 Ruy Lopez (11) 
    C68 C77 C63 C78 C82
 French (8) 
    C10 C11 C13
 Queen's Pawn Game (7) 
    D02 A40 A41 D04 A46
 Sicilian (6) 
    B39 B23 B32 B21 B73
 Slav (5) 
    D10 D13 D15
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Breyer vs J Esser, 1917 1-0
   K Havasi vs Breyer, 1917 0-1
   Lasker vs Breyer, 1911 0-1
   Euwe vs Breyer, 1921 0-1
   J Mieses vs Breyer, 1914 0-1
   Breyer vs Tarrasch, 1914 1-0
   Breyer vs Tarrasch, 1920 1-0
   Breyer vs K Havasi, 1918 1-0
   L Asztalos vs Breyer, 1913 0-1
   K Sterk vs Breyer, 1913 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Berlin (1920)
   Mannheim (1914)
   Baden-bei-Wien (1914)
   Scheveningen (1913)
   Bad Pistyan (1912)
   18th DSB Kongress (1912)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Scheveningen 1913 by Phony Benoni
   Junge and Breyer: Great Talents Cut Short by Runemaster
   Berlin 1920 by sneaky pete
   Kassa 1918 by Tabanus


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GYULA BREYER
(born Apr-30-1893, died Nov-09-1921, 28 years old) Hungary

[what is this?]

Gyula (Julius) Breyer was born in Budapest. At Cologne 1911, he finished in sixth place, but in the Hungarian Championship at Temesvar (Timișoara) 1912 he was victorious, ahead of Lajos Asztalos, Zoltan von Balla, Kornel Havasi and Richard Reti.

After the First World War, at Berlin (1920), Breyer came first, ahead of Efim Bogoljubov, Savielly Tartakower, Reti, Geza Maroczy, Jacques Mieses, Siegbert Tarrasch, Friedrich Saemisch, Paul Saladin Leonhardt, and Rudolf Spielmann.

A leading player among the hypermodern school, Breyer made contributions to opening theory, and would have undoubtedly gone further, had heart disease not cut his career and life short.

Breyer died in Bratislava in 1921.

Wikipedia article: Gyula Breyer

Last updated: 2017-04-16 14:50:25

 page 1 of 9; games 1-25 of 202  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Breyer vs Z von Balla 0-1351911BudapestC77 Ruy Lopez
2. J Barton vs Breyer  0-1261911Keulen AC10 French
3. S Von Freymann vs Breyer  ½-½391911Cologne-AD02 Queen's Pawn Game
4. Breyer vs M Brody  0-1261911BudapestC01 French, Exchange
5. Breyer vs N Tereshchenko  ½-½331911Cologne-AC70 Ruy Lopez
6. Breyer vs Hromadka  1-0491911Cologne-AC78 Ruy Lopez
7. Rotlewi vs Breyer  ½-½311911Cologne-AC84 Ruy Lopez, Closed
8. M Lowcki vs Breyer  1-0411911Cologne-AD61 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox, Rubinstein Attack
9. Breyer vs Chodera  1-0281911Cologne-AC82 Ruy Lopez, Open
10. J Szekely vs Breyer  1-0221911BudapestC10 French
11. Breyer vs Ziolo 1-0481911Keulen AB15 Caro-Kann
12. F Chalupetzky vs Breyer  1-0441911BudapestD61 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox, Rubinstein Attack
13. G Nyholm vs Breyer 1-0491911Keulen AC10 French
14. Lasker vs Breyer 0-1251911Simul, 30bC21 Center Game
15. Reti vs Breyer 1-0461911Main Tt Hun Chess FedD31 Queen's Gambit Declined
16. Breyer vs G Foldes  1-0561912TemesvarC10 French
17. Breyer vs Z von Balla  ½-½551912TemesvarC50 Giuoco Piano
18. A Tyroler vs Breyer  0-1531912TemesvarD10 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
19. Breyer vs B Dalmy  1-0431912TemesvarC14 French, Classical
20. Breyer vs K Sterk  1-0341912TemesvarC55 Two Knights Defense
21. J Szekely vs Breyer ½-½441912TemesvarC50 Giuoco Piano
22. L Asztalos vs Breyer  ½-½481912TemesvarA43 Old Benoni
23. B Steiner vs Breyer  0-1391912TemesvarC29 Vienna Gambit
24. M Neumann vs Breyer  0-1261912BudapestD15 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
25. Breyer vs L Merenyi  ½-½311912TemesvarC12 French, McCutcheon
 page 1 of 9; games 1-25 of 202  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Breyer wins | Breyer loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 5 OF 5 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Nov-12-12  Olavi: In the Intro of <L.S. Blackstock's Ruy Lopeaz: Breyer System (1976)> the editor O'Donnell suggests <Becsi Magyar Ujsag> as the most likely source for further historical research. There's no mention of 1911 but the back cover says that Blackstock published two previous works on the Breyer.
Nov-13-12  thomastonk: Thank you very much, <Olavi>! Bottlik gives a lot of references to <Bécsi Magyar Újság>, and so it seems that he has checked this source.
Apr-30-13
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: R.I.P. master Breyer.
Jun-26-13  KlingonBorgTatar: Sometime ago, I read somewhere that Breyer invented this combined maneuver of pawn to R4 then p - R5 , then N(B3) - R4 to N6. (I am using the old English Descriptive notation as Breyer may have been white or black, or may have done this in the Q's or K's wing) .I am in the process of searching his <cg> collection and would like to ask if someone can point me to that game if that game really existed. My interest in Breyer lies more in his novel positional moves, retrograde moves, guerilla tactics, trench warfare, maneuvering behind the frontline, and sudden explosive conversions of the closed game to an open one.Anyone know of games along these lines aside from the above Notable Games?

Thanks on advance! :-)

Dec-04-13  parisattack: Hi <KlingonBorgTatar>

I'll check the Streeter/Buschke manuscript, see if I can find that maneuver in any games. Did you find any here in the CG.com database? I know it occurs in the Sokolsky but not sure what other openings would qualify.

I have a relative of a local Hungarian friend who is (as time permits) doing some research on Breyer out of Budapest - newspapers, periodicals, ancestry. I would still very much like to see a good Breyer book in English!

(I read your Profile; seems we have a lot in common, chessically.)

If you haven't already - check out Leonid Stein's games. I call his style 'dynamodern' - dynamic with a shot of hypermodernism.

Dec-23-13  Karpova: Winter tournament (probably 1915) of the Budapest Chess Club:

1. Jul. Breyer 7.0
2. Havasi 6.0
3. S. Barasz 5.5
4-5. J. Gajdos 5.0
4-5. L. Merenyi 5.0
6. L. Zobel 3.5
7. J. Szivos 3.0
8. L. Seböck 1.0
9. B. Krivoss 0.0

All prizes taken together were 815 K, but half of that sum was donated to the Red Cross.

Source: Page 74 of the March-April 1915 'Wiener Schachzeitung'

Dec-23-13  parisattack: The only Breyer-Havasi 1915 I show in the Streeter/Buschke manuscript is the consultation game they played together -

Breyer / A Havasi vs Asztalos / Barasz, 1915

Budapest 02-13-15. Perhaps around the time of the tournament?

Jan-23-14  Karpova: II. Hungarian Chess Congress, Temesvar, 1912

Mixed Master tournament, 15 rounds, single round robin:

1. Breyer 10.5
2. Asztalos 9.5
3-4. von Balla 9.0
3-4. Merenyi Junior 9.0
5. Tyroler 8.5
6. Mayer 8.0
7-8. Szekely 7.5
7-8. Barasz 7.5
9. K Havasi 7.0
10. Sterk 6.5
11-12. Reti 6.0
11-12. Földes 6.0
13. Dalmy 4.0
14-15. Pesitz 3.0
14-15. B Steiner 3.0

Prizes (<Kronen>): Breyer 500, Asztalos 400, von Balla and Merenyi junior share 300 + 200, Tyroler 150, Mayer 100, Szekely and Barasz share 80 + 50.

Breyer scored +7 -0 =7 and was leading the event from start to finish. Dr. Asztalos scored +6 -1 =7, von Balla +6 -2 =6 and Merenyi Junior +7 -3 =4.

The Master tournament commenced on August 10 and almost all of the best Hungarian chessplayers participated. Exceptions were Maroczy (who had retired from chess and back then it looked as if he would never return, organising and writing on chess instead. He would make a comeback after WWI), Forgacs (professional duties), and Dr. Brody got married.

Dr. Asztalos also became Master of the Hungarian Chess Federation (<Er erlangte hiermit auch die Meisterwürde des Ungarischen Schachbundes.>). Merenyi junior only shared 3rd-4th place, although he was in 2nd place for most of the tournament - but then he lost 3 in a row in rounds 11, 12 and 13. The good performances of Szekely, Barasz, Sterk and Reti were taken as a sign that Hungary had many good talents.

Source: Pages 271-272 of the September-Oktober 1912 'Wiener Schachzeitung'

Jul-31-14  dark.horse: For a guy who said "after the first move 1.e4 White's game is in the last throes" he sure opened a lot of games with the e-pawn.
Oct-24-14
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: It is a pity so few of Breyer's games are available here.

Must be because he began making ice cream and could not always play in chess tournaments.

Jun-04-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  PhilFeeley: Wikipedia quotes Barden (1963) giving the 1911 date for the Breyer variation:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gyula_...

Apr-30-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Gyula Breyer.

I may write a book about you.

Apr-10-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <THE DEMISE OF GYULA BREYER.

Just a year ago, in Berlin, Gyula Breyer of Hungary achieved the ambition which fires every young master in an international tournament—the winning of first prize and the world-wide renown that goes with it. This was fully reported in the Bulletin for January, 1920. Now we have to record the sudden death of this promising young expert at the early age of 28, his demise occurring at Pressburg on November 11. A very complete summary of his tournament record appeared in the London "Field," from which we quote:

"Breyer had a very fine tournament record. The first masters' tournament in which he competed was at Postyen, in 1912, when he tied for the seventh prize. In the same year he tied for the eighth prize at Breslau, and won the first prize in the Hungarian National Tournament. At Scheveningen, in 1913, he won the sixth prize, and in the Gambit tournament at Baden, near Vienna, in 1914, he was fourth. In 1914 he played at Mannheim, and when the tournament was brought to an abrupt conclusion by the outbreak of war, he stood fourth. In the Kassa (Hungary) tournament of 1918 he tied for third prize. At Gothenburg, in 1920, he did not do so well, winning only one game, losing three, and drawing nine. However, he drew with the first two prize winners, Reti and Rubenstein. His crowning success was at Berlin in 1920, when he secured the first prize with a score of six and a half games out of nine, beating Bogoljuboff, Reti, Maroczy, Tarrasch, Leonhardt and Spielman, drawing with. Samisch and losing to TarHakower and Mieses. In his last tournament, Vienna, May, 1921, he won the third prize. He was a very original player, and was exceptionally good at blindfold play. At Kassa (Hungary), in January, 1921, he played simultaneously, without seeing the boards, no fewer than twenty-five games (a world's record), winning fifteen, drawing seven and losing only three."
>

ACB v18 (1921) p207

Aug-13-17  parisattack: At last! Jimmy Adams' Breyer tome -

https://www.newinchess.com/en_US/ca...

Aug-13-17  Magpye: <TheFocus: Happy birthday, Gyula Breyer. I may write a book about you.>

Too late.

Aug-13-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: How can Amazon run such a deep discount already?

https://www.amazon.com/Gyula-Breyer...

Or is this just par for the course?

.

Aug-14-17  Magpye: I've seen good deals by Amazon.

A $10 savings is nice.

Jan-19-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: <<switch> ... But if modern experts can't do better than 1.e4?, then there's something very wrong with the game of chess.>

Is this a serious statement?! Hmmm...

Jan-19-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: From Adams book on Breyer I found this excerpt of excerpts....

<

Finally, an article from the beginning of 1923 taken from <Tijdschrift van de Nederlandse Schaakbond>, from the content of which we might say: how Breyer influenced Reti - and Alekhine!

<Alekhine's Opening> - by Richard Reti

In 1918 Gyula Breyer published in <Magyar Sakkvilag> a humorous article, <"The test move">, in which he gives advice if you have to play against an unknown opponent and want to know promptly how he would respond if you met his 1.e4 with 1...Nf6.

Breyer said that if the opponent replies quickly 2.e5 without thinking then you can expect to have to deal with someone who might make an incorrect piece sacrifice later on in the game; however, if he plays 2.e5 only after some thought, it will be more difficult because you would then have to deal with a positional player!

<<>>>

p788

OK, where can we find online access to the relevant <Magyar Sakkvilag> or <Tijdschrift van de Nederlandse Schaakbond> issues? Or even find the "The test move" article?

Jan-20-18  sneaky pete: <zanzibar> Here is rhe Réti article in the February 1923 issue of the Tijdschrift:

https://www.delpher.nl/nl/tijdschri...

Jan-20-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Thanks <sneaky>, I'll be sure to have a look at it.

Kind of foolish of me, but I mostly thought of <delpher> in the kranten-sense. Good tip.

Jan-21-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Breyer's DSZ obit:

https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt...

DSZ v76 N11 (Nov 1921) p262-3

<

Human Interest,
Gyula Breyer +.
At the age of only 28 is the Hungarian Grandmaster Gyula Breyer recently died. This sad news is coming unfortunately not unexpected, because Breyer had been suffering for a long time. Immediately after the Berlin tournament in 1920, from which he emerged in a brilliant manner as the first winner - the greatest success of his life - he suffered a hemorrhage. At the age of 18, he guided his mental rich game in the main tournament in Cologne in 1911 attracted the attention world on itself. A year later he fought in the championship tournaments of Pistyan and Wroclaw. Already at that time Schlechter noticed in the "D. Schachz ": "Jungmeister Breyer's game makes one guess the future grandmaster." In Košice In 1918 he was fourth prize winner. He scored in Gothenburg in 1920 only a respectable success. Breyer's game type was highly original. The bizarre maneuvers for which he had a fondness, were always deeply thought out and therefore, even if they had a hole, hard on the board contrary
lay. When you played with Breyer, you never really needed it to think about what train he'll do, because you can do it could not guess. - In his appearance and in his whole Being, Breyer offered a striking resemblance to his ingenious compatriot Charousek, whose tragic fate he has now shared, because this one too After all, when she was young she succumbed to the same malicious illness. The Chess world and especially the Hungarian chess circles have Breyers Death suffered a heavy blow.

>

Jan-21-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Here are some comments on Adams book by Winter:

C.N. 10554

And, in return, a four-part rebuttal by Adams himself:

http://www.kingpinchess.net/2017/11...

http://www.kingpinchess.net/?s=%22g...

Who's behind kingpinchess.net? What exactly is that website about?

Jan-22-18  JimNorCal: The CN 10554 link did not work for me. If other readers experience same they may wish to try

http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/...

Jan-22-18  JimNorCal: That 4 part Kingpin series is amazing!
Thanks for bringing it to our attention.
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