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Efim Bogoljubov
Number of games in database: 1,041
Years covered: 1909 to 1952

Overall record: +484 -246 =301 (61.5%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 10 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Orthodox Defense (53) 
    D63 D52 D55 D56 D64
 Ruy Lopez (53) 
    C68 C65 C77 C98 C83
 Queen's Gambit Declined (45) 
    D37 D30 D35 D39 D06
 French Defense (42) 
    C11 C13 C12 C17 C15
 Nimzo Indian (33) 
    E21 E42 E37 E23 E38
 Queen's Pawn Game (33) 
    D02 A45 A46 E10 A50
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (62) 
    C91 C68 C77 C64 C87
 Orthodox Defense (46) 
    D52 D51 D63 D60 D64
 Queen's Pawn Game (46) 
    A46 D05 A40 A45 D02
 Sicilian (45) 
    B40 B83 B80 B20 B73
 Nimzo Indian (32) 
    E38 E36 E20 E34 E24
 Slav (31) 
    D10 D11 D17 D16 D13
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Bogoljubov vs J Mieses, 1925 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs Alekhine, 1929 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs H Mueller, 1934 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs NN, 1952 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs Spielmann, 1919 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs N I Grekov, 1914 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs Ed. Lasker, 1924 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs Rubinstein, 1920 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs Tarrasch, 1925 1-0
   Bogoljubov vs Alekhine, 1942 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Alekhine - Bogoljubov World Championship Match (1929)
   Alekhine - Bogoljubov World Championship Rematch (1934)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Bad Pistyan (1922)
   Breslau (1925)
   USSR Championship (1924)
   Moscow (1925)
   Karlsbad (1923)
   Bled (1931)
   Oldenburg (1949)
   Gothenburg (1920)
   San Remo (1930)
   Baden-Baden (1925)
   Zurich (1934)
   Munich (1941)
   London (1922)
   Berne (1932)
   New York (1924)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Veliki majstori saha 17 BOGOLJUBOV (Petrovic) by Chessdreamer
   Super Bogo 2 by policrates
   Super Bogo 1 by Nimzophile
   Super Bogo 1 by policrates
   Super Bogo 3 by policrates
   Bogo's Best Games by backrank
   Forgoten Gems by Yopo
   the rivals 1 by ughaibu
   Bled 1931 international tournament by cuendillar
   Bled 1931 by JoseTigranTalFischer
   Bled 1931 by Benzol
   Rubinstein vs World Champions Decisive Games by visayanbraindoctor

   Ilyin-Zhenevsky vs Lasker, 1925
   Rubinstein vs Maroczy, 1920
   Lasker vs Spielmann, 1925
   Reti vs Rubinstein, 1919
   B Verlinsky vs Lasker, 1925

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Efim Bogoljubov
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(born Apr-14-1889, died Jun-18-1952, 63 years old) Ukraine (federation/nationality Germany)
[what is this?]

Efim Dimitrievich Bogoljubov was born in Stanislavchyk, Kiev. After being a prisoner in Germany during the First World War, he was 1st at Berlin 1919 His first great international success came at Bad Pistyan (1922). After sharing 1st with Alexander Alekhine and Geza Maroczy at Karlsbad (1923), he won both the USSR Championship (1924) and the USSR Championship (1925). He then relocated to Germany. His greatest international victory came at Moscow (1925), where he finished 1.5 points ahead of a field that included Emanuel Lasker as well as Jose Raul Capablanca, the former and current World champions. At Bad Kissingen (1928), he again won first prize ahead of Capablanca, and in 1929 Alekhine - Bogoljubov World Championship Match (1929) and 1934 Alekhine - Bogoljubov World Championship Rematch (1934) he played two World Championship matches with Alekhine, losing both times.

After World War II he only played in a few tournaments. FIDE first awarded the International Grandmaster title in 1950, but denied the title to Bogoljubov because they claimed he had been an ardent supporter of Hitler. FIDE awarded him the title the following year.

Bogoljubov was famous for his optimism at the board: "Here we recall the "bon mot", which we quoted in a report from his match with Euwe in the magazine of the NIS 8., with which we typified Bogoljubov's optimism and his rock-solid confidence: While Euwe sat thinking, Bogoljubov walked back and forth outside the playing area, taking me through a bridge game from the previous evening, a game which at the time he hardly could be called a master. In order to get him back to his match with our national champion, I interrupted his speech, asking him how his game stood. This provoked a mind-boggling response: "Ach, ja, die Partie! Der Herr doctor steht etwas besser, aber ich glaube, ich gewinne". (Ah yes, the game! The Doctor (Euwe) stands a little better, but I think I shall win"). (1)

Wikipedia article: Efim Bogoljubov

(1). "Bataviaasch Nieuwsblad" (Holland) 20th February 1932

Last updated: 2018-10-06 22:27:12

 page 1 of 42; games 1-25 of 1,041  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. V Omeliansky vs Bogoljubov 0-1341909Championship Of KievC70 Ruy Lopez
2. Rotlewi vs Bogoljubov 1-0251910WTZGSz 10th anniversary tournamentA53 Old Indian
3. Bogoljubov vs S Rozental 1-0391911PetersburgD33 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
4. Hromadka vs Bogoljubov 0-1311912All Russian Amateur TtC45 Scotch Game
5. Bogoljubov vs S A Langleben  1-0321912All Russian Amateur TtA82 Dutch, Staunton Gambit
6. Bogoljubov vs Taubenhaus 1-0481913PetersburgC68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
7. Bogoljubov vs N I Grekov 1-0111914KievD02 Queen's Pawn Game
8. Bogoljubov vs I Rabinovich 1-0371914BadenC66 Ruy Lopez
9. Bogoljubov vs S Vainshtein  ½-½281914BadenC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
10. Flamberg vs Bogoljubov 0-1241914Triberg (Germany)C80 Ruy Lopez, Open
11. A Rabinovich vs Bogoljubov 0-1321914Baden Baden opC33 King's Gambit Accepted
12. Flamberg vs Bogoljubov  1-0201914All-Russian ChampionshipC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
13. Salwe vs Bogoljubov 0-1401914All-Russian ChampionshipA53 Old Indian
14. Bogoljubov vs Nimzowitsch 0-1291914All-Russian ChampionshipC11 French
15. S Von Freymann vs Bogoljubov 1-0221914All-Russian ChampionshipA02 Bird's Opening
16. M Lowcki vs Bogoljubov 1-0541914All-Russian ChampionshipD55 Queen's Gambit Declined
17. Bogoljubov vs Alapin  ½-½521914All-Russian ChampionshipD11 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
18. Alekhine vs Bogoljubov 0-1271914All-Russian ChampionshipC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
19. Marshall vs Bogoljubov ½-½271914MannheimD63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
20. Bogoljubov vs Duras 0-1461914MannheimB16 Caro-Kann, Bronstein-Larsen Variation
21. P Krueger vs Bogoljubov ½-½351914MannheimC66 Ruy Lopez
22. Bogoljubov vs A E Post 1-0321914MannheimD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
23. Breyer vs Bogoljubov 0-1271914MannheimD01 Richter-Veresov Attack
24. Bogoljubov vs Carls 1-0201914MannheimD15 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
25. Alekhine vs Bogoljubov 1-0421914MannheimC26 Vienna
 page 1 of 42; games 1-25 of 1,041  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Bogoljubov wins | Bogoljubov loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Bogo!
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Bogo - Think Big.
Apr-14-16  Gottschalk: <Philfeeley>

Full game in pgn
[Event "Stockholm"]
[Site "Stockholm"]
[Date "1930.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Efim Bogoljubow"]
[Black "Ludwig Rellstab"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "D37"]
[PlyCount "93"]
[EventDate "1930.??.??"]
[Source "Orselli & Pezzi"]
[SourceDate "2005.10.27"]

1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nf3 Nf6 4. Nc3 Nbd7 5. Bf4 c6 6. e3 Nh5 7. Bg3 Nxg3 8. hxg3 f5 9. Bd3 Nf6 10. Qc2 Bd6 11. Ne2 Qa5+ 12. Kf1 Bd7 13. Nf4 O-O 14. a3 Rae8 15. Rc1 b5 16. c5 Bb8 17. Rh4 Ne4 18. Qd1 Qd8 19. Ne5 Bxe5 20. dxe5 g5 21. Rxh7 Nd2+ 22. Ke1 Nf3+ 23. Qxf3 g4 24. Rxd7 Qxd7 25. Qe2 Qc7 26. Bb1 Rf7 27. Nd3 Rh7 28. Kd2 Kf7 29. Rf1 Reh8 30. f3 gxf3 31. Qxf3 Ke8 32. g4 Rf7 33. gxf5 Rxf5 34. Nf4 Rff8 35. Qg4 Qxe5 36. Nd3 Qe4 37. Qxe4 dxe4 38. Rxf8+ Rxf8 39. Nb4 Rf2+ 40. Kc3 Rxg2 41. Bxe4 Re2 42. Bxc6+ Ke7 43. Bxb5 Rxe3+ 44. Kd2 Rh3 45. Nc6+ Kd7 46. Nxa7+ Kc7 47. Bc4 1-0

Jun-02-16  Caissanist: Batgirl (aka gives an updated version of Bohatirchuk's wartime memories of Bogo: .
Premium Chessgames Member
  diagonal: <Caissanist> thanks for the link, it is always worth to dip into Batgirl's history archives, her inspirational and well researched articles on the secrets of chess are generally recommended:
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: "Biography of Bogoljubov" is quite a good tongue-twister.
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Biographers - why does the intro say

<After World War II his chess career was discontinued until 1949.>

given all the games he played in 1947 and 1948?

(Was he detained immediately after WWII? Was he constrained to local German play? When did Germany start hosting chess tournaments after WWII?)

Dec-17-16  Retireborn: <z> According to CB, the first German international tournament after WWII was as early as January 1946 (Augsburg, won by Unzicker). They also had a Junge memorial in December 1946 (Regenburg, won by Bohatirchuk) but Bogo didn't play in either of these. His first international tournament post-WWII was Oldenburg 1949 (he shared first prize), but it wasn't until Southsea 1950 that he played outside of Germany.

I don't think he was detained but it seems likely that FIDE had a veto on him playing outside Germany for a few years.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Bogoljubov also has 17 games from Lüneburg 1947 in the database here. And one game from Kassel 1947.
Dec-17-16  Retireborn: <Tab> CB Big 2002 doesn't have either of those tournaments, I expect the games are from yellow Gillam booklets published at a later date. It looks as if Kassel was an international tournament.
Premium Chessgames Member

<Retireborn> I see Gillam has a book on Kessel 1947. On Lüneburg I believe there is a book by Werner Laaser.

Dec-17-16  Retireborn: Laaser, Harms....maybe not the strongest players, but they have great names!
Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Thanks <RB>/<Tab> for the info.

I'd like to see what, if anything, BCM had to say about his appearance in Birmingham (1951).

Dec-18-16  Paarhufer: <Aug-17-13 motiff:
Can anyone starting facilitate Bogoljubov vs T Schuster 1952 in Stuttgart?.

Bogoljubov played one match against T Schuster of two games, the last two of his life before dying from liver cancer. The game G Schuster vs Bogoljubov is known and is in the database of games, but the other not.>

Bogoljubov died from a heart attack. The two serious games with Theodor Schuster were played 26 & 27 March 1952. Schuster published the second game, see T Schuster vs Bogoljubov, 1952, and a fragment of the first one:

click for larger view

1... Rxf3+ 2. Kxf3 Ne5+ 3. Ke3 Nxg6 Draw.

Dec-18-16  Paarhufer: These are Bogoljubov's tournaments after Salzburg 1943 until 1949 according to Brinckmann:

Lüneburg (1st place, 18 players)
Kassel (1st, 10)
Stuttgart (6th/7th, 12)
Hanau (3rd, 15)
Flensburg (1st, 11)
Heringen (2nd, 11)

Bad Pyrmont (1st, 36)
Oldenburg (1st/2nd, 18)

(None in 1944-46 or 1948.)

Hanau 1947 is the first one in this list with a significant number of foreign participants (baltic refugees): Endzelins, Zemgalis, Tautvaisas, Ozols, Selesniew, Dreibergs, Arlauskas, Zirnis, et al.


Brinckmann's list is not complete. Bogoljubov played also in the first three chess congresses in South-Baden:

1947: Endingen (1st, 14)
1948: Konstanz (1st, 10)
1949: Haslach (1st, 10),
and a match with Grob in Zurich (+4, =1, -1) (and team championships).

These small congresses left a mark in opening theory. In Konstanz the game Diemer v Bogoljubov begun as follows: 1. d4 d5 2. e4 dxe4 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. f3 c5 5. d5 exf3 6. Nxf3 g6 (0-1, 28).

In Haslach, Bogoljubov let his opponents decide about the opening. So he begun the game with Schuppler with 1.h4, which he lost. But he won the other games, though he played 1.e4 f6 against Erps, and 1.e4 g6 2.h4 c5 3.h5 g5 against Geis (White). With Diemer he played again the Blackmar-Diemer-Gambit, and this time the variation which bears his name, see E J Diemer vs Bogoljubov, 1949 .

Premium Chessgames Member
  Pawn and Two: <Paarhufer> Sergei Solovio, in "Bogoljubow The Fate of a Chess Player", lists two other tournaments Bogoljubov participating in after Salzburg 1943: 5th General Government - Krynitza - Nov.-Dec. 1943 - 2nd/3rd place with Kuppe - 1st place Lokvenc, and the 6th General Government - Radom - Feb. 1944 - 1st place.

In Wikipedia, the two above tournaments are listed as the 4th & 5th General Government tournaments. Solovio shows these tournaments as the 5th & 6th General Government tournaments, and the tournament in Radom in January 1943, won by Bogoljubov, as the 4th General Government tournament.

Dec-18-16  Paarhufer: <Pawn and Two> Many thanks!


<zanzibar: I'd like to see what, if anything, BCM had to say about his appearance in Birmingham (1951).>

Bogoljubov's first post-war appearance in England seems to be at the Second Stevenson Memorial at the second S.C.C.U. Congress at Southsea in April 1950. He finished 6th, a half point outside the prizes (1./2. Bisguier, Tartakower, 3.-5. Golombek, Penrose(!) and L.Schmid; a Swiss tournament).

The BCM wrote: <It was generally expected that Bogoljubow would be a strong contestant for first prize, but it was soon clear that he was not in best form. Though it might be said that he is not quite the man who won the great tournaments of Moscow, 1925, and Bad Kissingen, 1928, still his fine run of successes in the last few years in German tournaments has shown he retains all the powers of a great master. He himself says that he never plays well in England and attributes his poor form to the dampness of the climate. Our weather would appear to be an asset after all.>

Premium Chessgames Member
  zanzibar: Thanks <Paarhufer> for that quotation. It's a bit humorous, especially in contrast to Bohatirchuk's portrayal (which I already quoted in the Bistro, and <caissanist> referenced above):

<After the Allied victory I did not hear about Bogoliubov for two years. Later on, I learned he ad some difficulties in clearing himself in a denazification board. Finally he was screened and allowed chess activity. I was very glad because I knew very well how far Bogoliubov had been from any political activity, especially of the side of Hitler.

Bogoliubov was very greatly offended by the refusal of FIDE (this time dominated by the Soviet delegation) to recognize him as a grandmaster and to allow him to participate in international tournaments (a decision that was only canceled in 1951).

In vain I tried to explain the obvious reasons for this decision —such injustice he could not accept. "Ask everyone in Germany- let anyone prove my adherence to the Nazi for other than formal reasons, and I will obey, but now it is clear that the only reason is the revenge of the Soviets." This refusal hurt him financially because it took away one of his sources of his earnings.

The last time I met the later Bogoliubov was at a small international tournament in Kassel in 1947. He finished first. But his health had already deteriorated. It was clear he was in need of serious treatment. But his financial situation was very bad; he had to support his family—and consequently he worked, playing, playing and playing. I imagine how he longed to be over with his play every day, every hour. But he always kept his humor and took it all very easy.>

(Thanks to batgirl for the link)

Jan-13-17  Helios727: Did the Soviets allow him emigrate or did he escape from them?
Premium Chessgames Member
  thegoodanarchist: <offramp: "Biography of Bogoljubov" is quite a good tongue-twister.>

I found that <Bogoljubov> is quite a good tongue-twister, without the other stuff! ;)

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Efim Bogoljubov. Had it not been for Alekhine, you might have been king!!
Jun-17-17  BUNA: Flohr to Gennady Sosonko about Bogoljubov (in 1983):

"Do you know when I last saw Bogoljubov? I can recall it exactly: On the 18th of march 1939 at the tournament in Riga (Kemeri). I remember this day because on the 15th of march the germans had taken Prague, Bogoljubov was glowing and telling everyone that finally order will be imposed. He adored the Führer at the time.

So we had to play three days later and you can imagine how I wanted to win. By the end of the game he was red like a lobster. When he resigned I had just one thought: This is for Prague."


Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: It's probably been raised before - I trust not by me - but what's the source for the above biographical photo of 'young Bogo'?
Oct-06-18  Retireborn: I remember seeing that photo in a book I owned - either London 1922 or Hastings 4 Masters 1922 books.
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: In May 1947 Bogoljubow won the "Kasseler Zeitung" international chess tournament in Kassel, Germany.

1. Jefim Bogoljubow 7.5/9
2. Paul Felix Schmidt 6/9
3-4. Wolfgang Unzicker, Paul Tröger 5/9
5-7. Lucius Endzelins, Fedor Bohatirchuk, Albert Nonnenmacher 4/9 8. Georg Heinrich 3.5/9 9-10. Walter Niephaus, Tautvaišas 3/9

More about the tournament:
Paul Tautvaisas (kibitz #21)

[Event "Kasseler Zeitung international"]
[Site "Kassel"]
[Date "1947.05.25"]
[Round "1"]
[White "Schmidt, Paul Felix"]
[Black "Bogoljubow, Jefim"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "D66"]
[PlyCount "63"]
[EventDate "1947.05.??"]
[Source "'Mūsu šachmatai', 1947, Nr. 5, p. 4"]

1. Nf3 Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 d5 4. d4 Be7 5. Bg5 h6 6. Bh4 O-O 7. e3 Nbd7 8. Rc1 c6 9. Bd3 dxc4 10. Bxc4 b5 11. Bd3 Bb7 12. O-O a6 13. a4 Re8 14. Bb1 Nb6 15. Qc2 Nxa4 16. Nxa4 bxa4 17. Ne5 Qd5 18. Bxf6 Bxf6 19. Qh7+ Kf8 20. Be4 Qd6 21. Bxc6 Bxe5 22. dxe5 Qxc6 23. Rxc6 Bxc6 24. Rc1 Rac8 25. Qh8+ Ke7 26. Qxg7 Rg8 27. Qf6+ Ke8 28. Qf3 Bd7 29. Rxc8+ Bxc8 30. Qc6+ Ke7 31. Qd6+ Ke8 32. Qc7 1-0

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