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Vladimir Petrov
Vladimir Petrov 
 
Number of games in database: 188
Years covered: 1922 to 1942

Overall record: +79 -49 =59 (58.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 1 exhibition game, blitz/rapid, odds game, etc. is excluded from this statistic.

MOST PLAYED OPENINGS
With the White pieces:
 Queen's Pawn Game (14) 
    D02 D05 D04 E00 A45
 Slav (9) 
    D15 D17 D12 D11
 Catalan (9) 
    E02 E01 E06
 Sicilian (7) 
    B63 B25 B40 B80 B62
 Nimzo Indian (6) 
    E46 E33 E44 E49 E47
 Queen's Gambit Declined (5) 
    D30 D06 D31
With the Black pieces:
 French Defense (17) 
    C10 C11 C18 C01 C05
 Sicilian (14) 
    B74 B84 B58 B70 B56
 Queen's Pawn Game (12) 
    D02 D04 A40 A46 E00
 Nimzo Indian (8) 
    E34 E23 E37 E22
 French (8) 
    C10 C11 C13 C00
 Slav (7) 
    D19 D10 D15 D16 D13
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Vladimir Petrov vs Alekhine, 1938 1-0
   Vladimir Petrov vs R Grau, 1939 1-0
   Rellstab vs Vladimir Petrov, 1937 0-1
   Vladimir Petrov vs V Mikenas, 1939 1-0
   K Treybal vs Vladimir Petrov, 1933 0-1
   K Richter vs Vladimir Petrov, 1936 1/2-1/2
   G Page vs Vladimir Petrov, 1933 0-1
   Stahlberg vs Vladimir Petrov, 1938 0-1
   Vladimir Petrov vs Fine, 1937 1-0
   Vladimir Petrov vs Alekhine, 1939 1/2-1/2

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Rosario (1939)
   Kemeri (1937)
   Margate (1938)
   Semmering/Baden (1937)
   Podebrady (1936)
   USSR Championship (1940)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Vladimirs Petrovs Tournaments/Matches 1923-1942 by jessicafischerqueen
   Vladimirs Petrovs Chess Biography by jessicafischerqueen
   Lodz 1938 (Petrov's games) by jessicafischerqueen
   Buenos Aires Olympiad 1939 (Petrov's games) by jessicafischerqueen
   Munich Unofficial Olympiad 1936 (Petrovs' games) by jessicafischerqueen
   Margate 1938 by sneaky pete
   Prague Olympiad 1931 (Petrov's games) by jessicafischerqueen
   Rosario 1939 by Tabanus
   Stockholm Olympiad 1937 (Petrov's games) by jessicafischerqueen
   Folkstone Olympiad 1933 (Petrov's games) by jessicafischerqueen


Search Sacrifice Explorer for Vladimir Petrov
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VLADIMIR PETROV
(born Sep-27-1907, died Aug-26-1943, 35 years old) Latvia

[what is this?]

Vladimir Petrov (Latvian spelling: Vladimirs Petrovs) was born in Riga, Latvia, on 27th September 1907 (some sources list 1908 as the birth year).* Although he joined the ranks of the world chess elite in 1937, he is perhaps less well known than he should be, due to his being arrested by the NKVD in 1942 and imprisoned for the rest of his life.(1) He was subsequently expunged from Soviet chess history. Most of his colleagues in the Soviet bloc, with the notable exceptions of Alexander Koblents and Paul Keres, avoided publishing his games, or even mentioning his name in public.(2) Consequently, little was heard about Petrovs in the west until long after his career and life had ended. The political turmoil of the USSR kept him from being as well known as he deserved. He notched a lifetime 50% score against both Alexander Alekhine and Jose Raul Capablanca, and defeated an impressive list of international masters including Alekhine, Keres, Samuel Reshevsky, Reuben Fine, Rudolf Spielmann, Isaac Boleslavsky, Gideon Stahlberg, Savielly Tartakower, Grigory Levenfish, Erich Eliskases, Vladas Mikenas, Karel Treybal, Georgy Lisitsin, Vladimir Andreevich Makogonov, and Alexander Kotov.

Genesis of a Master

Petrovs' father ran a modest cobbler's shop in Riga, while his mother worked as a housekeeper. In 1919 Petrovs was accepted at the prestigious Lomonosov High School, where he received a first rate liberal arts education. In that same year the streets of Riga were barricaded as nationalists fought Bolshevik and German armies to retain Latvian independence, which had been declared in 1918. Such concerns seemed far from Petrovs' mind, however, as he enjoyed a vibrant school life centered largely around music, soccer, and gambling at cards with his friends. He and his friends grew bored with cards, and were introduced to chess by Viktors Rosenbergs , who offered to help hone their skills. Petrovs soon challenged him to a 100 game chess match, which he ultimately won. In 1923 he won the school championship and joined the Riga-2 chess club, and a year later went on to win the reserves section of the first Latvian Chess Congress earning the first category title. His optimism and spark in almost everything he tried earned him the nickname "Successful like Petka," and he was indeed successful in gaining admission to the Riga School of Jurisprudence in 1925, although he wouldn't graduate for another 16 years. In 1926 he won the strong Riga City Championship, which prompted him to devote almost all of his time to a quest to become a chess master.

Chess Olympian

Setting law books aside, Petrovs instead immersed himself in the games of Latvia's strongest players, Hermanis Karlovich Mattison and Fricis Apsenieks. In his own games he favored Mattisons' positional style, and soon became an expert at knowing exactly when to trade down to a winning endgame, a characteristic he would retain throughout his career. His star rose quickly as he finished shared 2nd in the 1926 Latvian Chess Congress, and earned his Latvian master title by winning the 1930-1931 Latvian Chess Congress. Petrovs played 3rd board for Latvia at the inaugural FIDE Chess Olympiad at The Hague 1928, and went on to play for Latvia in all the Chess Olympiads up to 1939, garnering a gold medal on 3rd board at Prague 1931, and a bronze medal on 1st board at Buenos Aires 1939. He won his first Latvian Championship in 1930, and tied Apsenieks in the 1934 edition. Petrovs had his heart set on playing 1st board for the Olympic team, so instead of a playoff match to decide the Latvian championship, Petrovs struck a deal with Apsenieks: he would concede the title in exchange for 1st board in all subsequent Chess Olympiads.

Joining the Elite

Petrovs won another Latvian championship in 1935, and gave a creditable performance on 1st board at the Warsaw 1935 Olympiad, scoring 55% and defeating both the Lithuanian and Argentine champions, Vladas Mikenas and Roberto Grau. On the strength of these results Petrovs was invited to his first major international tournament, the Czech Championship in Podebrady (1936). Despite a disappointing 10th place finish, Petrovs was included in another top event, this time in his home city of Riga. At Kemeri (1937) he stunned the chess world by finishing shared 1st with Reshevsky and Salomon Flohr, ahead of both Alekhine and Keres. Reshevsky and Flohr decided that it was most fitting that Petrovs should accept the tournament prize from Latvian president Karlis Ulmanis. In addition, he was also awarded a silver cup donated by the Aron Nimzowitsch family, honoring the "best result by a Latvian against a foreign master" for this brilliancy with the black pieces- Rellstab vs Vladimir Petrov, 1937. Petrovs also earned the title of Grandmaster, due to a widely recognized convention in European chess at this time that if a home town player won a tournament in which at least six foreign Grandmasters participated, then that player would also be recognized as a Grandmaster. Petrovs' surprise victory at Kemeri created a stir among European chess journals, which now began referring to him as a "Latvian Grandmaster."(3) He also received laudatory notices from prominent peers such as Max Euwe, Emanuel Lasker and Alexander Alekhine.

More invitations to premier events were forthcoming, but Petrovs lacked consistency at the top level and he logged uneven international results from 1937-1939. He finished dead last at Semmering/Baden (1937) against a very tough field, featuring Capablanca, Keres, Fine, Reshevsky and Flohr. Petrovs fared much better at Talinn 1938 in the Latvia-Estonia team match, leading his side to victory by defeating Keres 1.5-.5 on first board. He then finished a respectable third at Margate (1938), surprising Alekhine by almost checkmating him in the middle of the board- Vladimir Petrov vs Alekhine, 1938. After disappointing his Latvian fans with a dismal eighth place at Kemeri 1939, Petrovs rebounded yet again with a bronze medal performance on 1st board at the Buenos Aires 1939 Olympiad. He scored 71% without losing a game, prompting Harry Golombek to remark "Petrov played the best chess at Buenos Aires."

Life as a Soviet Master

Shortly after a harrowing return journey from Buenos Aires through mine-filled seas, the Olympic bronze medalist was faced with a new challenge. Not only was Europe at war, but in 1940 the Soviet Union invaded Latvia and established a puppet communist government. No more would Latvia field Olympic teams, and Petrovs was no longer allowed to participate as an organizer of Latvian chess events. At first, however, Petrovs was guardedly optimistic about this upheaval. Although he had always been dubious and wary about the Bolshevik life in Russia, he and his wife Galina had long been members of what might be termed Latvia's Russian cultural intelligentsia. Though both considered themselves Latvian, they were steeped in Russian music, literature, theatre, and dance, and frequently attended such cultural events in Riga. Even better, after Latvia became the Latvian SSR (Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic), Petrovs was awarded the title of Soviet master and seeded into the 12th USSR Championship (1940). Petrovs did well to finish in the middle of the field, behind future world champions Mikhail Botvinnik and Vasily Smyslov, but ahead of Grigory Levenfish, who had won the 1937 USSR Championship, and Alexander Kotov, who had finished 2nd in the 1939 Championship. In addition, he defeated both Levenfish and Kotov in their individual games. Petrovs also drew both of the event's co-winners, Andre Lilienthal and Igor Bondarevsky.

On his return to Riga to rejoin his family and play in the inaugural Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic (SSR) Championship, Petrovs found his wife worrying about the current Bolshevik regime. She reported that availability of food and other materials in Riga was already scarce, and even worse, local government purges and general deportations were well underway. Petrovs, now employed by the Soviet TASS news agency, had experienced no particular trouble during his trip to Russia, and he tried to assuage her fears. Nonetheless, as he left again for the USSR Championship Semi-finals in Rostov-on-Don, she pressed a photo of herself and their child into his palm for "good luck." He never saw either of them again. After six rounds of the Semi-finals had been completed, in Petrovs' section only Alexander Kazimirovich Tolush had a better score, and it seemed that he was destined to qualify for his second USSR Championship.(4) However, the Semi-final was abandoned on 23 June 1941 when news reached the tournament that the Germans had invaded the Soviet Union. There was a mad rush as the players attempted to reach home. Petrovs, accompanied by Latvian chess colleagues Alexander Koblents and Janis Fride, was halted at a customs station near Abrene, in the Latvian district of Latgale. They were informed that they could travel no further, as the German army had already overrun Latvia. Petrovs was forced to return to Moscow, but soon left for Gorky to volunteer in the Russian-Latvian Rifle Division. He was summoned back to Moscow in the winter of 1941, where he finished second to Isaak Mazel, ahead of Vasily Panov and Vladimir Alatortsev in the Moscow City Championship. Petrovs then took a position as Assistant Commandant in the Moscow council "Dynamo," devoted to organizing logistics and defense in a city many feared would soon be under siege. Despite the German advance into the heart of Russia, however, the Soviet Chess Section still managed to keep organizing tournaments. At the Moscow national tournament in 1942 Petrovs finished 2nd behind Bondarevsky, ahead of Alatortsev, Mikenas, and Panov. Evacuated to Sverdlosk in 1942, Petrov competed in another national tournament, finishing second to Viacheslav Ragozin, ahead of Alexey Sokolsky, Boleslavsky, and Georgy Ilivitsky.

Gulag

Characteristically, Petrovs had a habit of speaking frankly to friends and colleagues about his impressions of life in Soviet Latvia and Russia, some of which were critical of the Bolshevik regime. According to both Galina Petrova and Russian historian Sergey Voronkov, three fellow chess masters denounced Petrovs to the authorities.(5) After Sverdlovsk, Vladas Mikenas recalls that he expected to see Petrovs participate at the next major tournament in Kuibishev, but he never showed up. On August 31, 1942, Petrovs was arrested and questioned for two weeks in Moscow at Lubyanka prison for violating "Article 58," a catch-all law that forbade any kind of anti-Soviet statements or activities. He was subsequently transferred to Moscow's notorious Butyrka jail for a further five months of detention and interrogation. On February 3, 1943 Petrovs was sentenced to ten years in Vorkuta Gulag for criticizing decreased living standards in Latvia after the Soviet annexation of 1940. According to a death certificate released by the KGB in 1989, Petrov died of pneumonia in, or en route to, the gulag on August 26, 1943.(5)

Rehabilitation

Galina Petrova lost contact with her husband in 1942, and spent the rest of her life trying to find out what happened to him. Galina was given conflicting reports of his arrest and detention, so she moved to Siberia in an attempt to find any record he had been at a gulag. After Stalin's death in 1954, Nikita Khrushchev rehabilitated the names of thousands who had died during "The Terror," but the conviction against Petrovs was upheld. It would not be until the era of Glasnost that Mikhail Gorbachev finally rehabilitated Vladimir Petrovs' name with an official pardon in March 1989.

Notes

(*) There are conflicting sources on the birth year of Vladimirs Petrovs. The Russian Wikipedia article, for example, gives *both* 1907 and 1908 as the birth year: Wikipedia article: %D0%9F%D0%B5%D1%82%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2, %D0%92%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%B4%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%B8%D1%80 %D0%9C%D0%B8%D1%85%D0%B0%D0%B9%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87 (%D1%88%D0%B0%D1%85%D0%BC%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B8%D1%81%D1%82) In the kibbitzing section below, you can read a detailed account of which sources favor which birth year.

(1) The NKVD (Peoples Commissariat for Internal Affairs) was a predecessor of the KGB.

(2) Andris Fride <Vladimirs Petrovs: A Chessplayer's Story - From Greatness to the Gulags>, Caissa Editions, 2004.

(3) Vladimir Dedkov, ed. <Star Extinguished Before its Time> Riga, 2008

(4) At Rostov-on-Don 1941, the USSR Championship semifinal was organized into four separate sections. When the tournament abruptly ended, Petrov sat second in his section, a half point behind Tolush.

(5) Alexei Shirov, with Sergey Voronkov and Vladimir Dedkov <"Restoring the Annals of Latvian Chess History"> (ru) http://chess-news.ru/node/5341

Sources

Andris Fride <Vladimirs Petrovs: A Chessplayer's Story - From Greatness to the Gulags>, Caissa Editions, 2004.

Vladimir Dedkov, ed. <Star Extinguished Before its Time> Riga, 2008

Sergey Grodzensky <The Lubyanka Gambit>, Olympia Press, Moscow 2004

Alexei Shirov, with Sergey Voronkov and Vladimir Dedkov <"Restoring the Annals of Latvian Chess History"> (ru) http://chess-news.ru/node/5341

Biographical Game Collections

1.Game Collection: Vladimirs Petrovs Tournaments/Matches 1923-1942

2.Game Collection: Vladimirs Petrovs Chess Biography

Last updated: 2018-08-28 13:59:56

 page 1 of 8; games 1-25 of 188  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. V Rosenbergs vs Vladimir Petrov 1-0151922Blitz MatchB10 Caro-Kann
2. Vladimir Petrov vs A Strautmanis  ½-½381925Russian Secondary-City Gymnasium matchC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
3. Vladimir Petrov vs Indrikis Strazdins 1-02219262nd Latvian Chess CongressD60 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
4. Vladimir Petrov vs J Turn  1-0641928Match Riga univ. - Tartu univ.B02 Alekhine's Defense
5. Movse Feigin vs Vladimir Petrov  0-1311928Latvian Team Select Control TournamentC14 French, Classical
6. Vladimir Petrov vs K Makarczyk 1-0481928OlympiadD64 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox, Rubinstein Attack
7. Vladimir Petrov vs W A T Schelfhout  ½-½261928OlympiadD92 Grunfeld, 5.Bf4
8. J Turn vs Vladimir Petrov  0-1311929Match Tartu univ. - Riga univ.D35 Queen's Gambit Declined
9. Vladimir Petrov vs J Turn  ½-½651929Match Riga univ. - Tartu univ.D52 Queen's Gambit Declined
10. Vladimir Petrov vs Gerz Gladstein  1-0351929Match Latvia-LithuaniaD06 Queen's Gambit Declined
11. Tartakower vs Vladimir Petrov 0-1321930Hamburg ol (Men)A45 Queen's Pawn Game
12. Marshall vs Vladimir Petrov 1-0161930Hamburg ol (Men)E11 Bogo-Indian Defense
13. Vladimir Petrov vs S Landau  1-0511930Hamburg ol (Men)E60 King's Indian Defense
14. Vladimir Petrov vs A Pokorny  1-0391930Hamburg ol (Men)E11 Bogo-Indian Defense
15. V Mikenas vs Vladimir Petrov  1-04119311st Baltic championshipE23 Nimzo-Indian, Spielmann
16. L Hanssen vs Vladimir Petrov  0-1431931Prague ol (Men)B74 Sicilian, Dragon, Classical
17. G A Thomas vs Vladimir Petrov  1-0381931Prague ol (Men)B74 Sicilian, Dragon, Classical
18. W Rivier vs Vladimir Petrov  0-1641931Prague ol (Men)B56 Sicilian
19. Vladimir Petrov vs A Cruusberg  1-0531931Prague ol (Men)C11 French
20. Vladimir Petrov vs A Vajda  1-0351931Prague ol (Men)B13 Caro-Kann, Exchange
21. J Rejfir vs Vladimir Petrov 1-0521931Prague ol (Men)D51 Queen's Gambit Declined
22. A Gromer vs Vladimir Petrov  0-1541931Prague ol (Men)B74 Sicilian, Dragon, Classical
23. Vladimir Petrov vs K Kullberg  1-0271931Prague ol (Men)B40 Sicilian
24. K Treybal vs Vladimir Petrov 0-1431933OlympiadB58 Sicilian
25. Vladimir Petrov vs E Gilfer  1-0321933OlympiadA22 English
 page 1 of 8; games 1-25 of 188  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Vladimir Petrov wins | Vladimir Petrov loses  
 

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 29 OF 29 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Sep-17-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen:

<Tab> I have already submitted the replacement game, the one I posted in here and on <Emilis'> page.

Speaking only for myself, I'm inclined to wait until the replacement game gets uploaded to cg.com before trying to get those <Tenis games> moved over to the <Tenis> page. Or the <Federer> page, whichever new management thinks makes more sense.

Sep-17-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: <jess> Best to wait. The dob, dod, country of origin, bio and <kibbutzing> will not go away then.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gf-...

Sep-17-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: <JFQ> After I didn't get response to the last email with pgn's I sent to Daniel, I stopped to submitting <Petrov's> games.
Sep-17-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: "Segodnia", July 22, 1939, p. 8:

Members of Latvian chess team who left yesterday for the Olympics in Argentina. From left to right: Apsenieks, Petrov, Milda Laubert and Melngailis. Behind them - Feigin and Endzelins.

https://www.dropbox.com/s/tzadw7363...

http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/t...

Sep-17-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen:

<hemy> that is a much more beautiful photo of the team than the one that is currently on the internet. It is a very good shot of <Tenis Melngailis> in particular.

Sep-18-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: Photo of A. Strautmanis.

"Deutsche Zeitung im Ostland", March 27, 1943, p.4:

Winner of Riga 1943 championship A. Strautmanis.

https://www.dropbox.com/s/g10jcjmhy...

http://periodika.lv/periodika2-view...

Sep-18-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen:

<hemy> excellent photo, thank you- I put it in my Latvian chess folder, which is looking more and more robust each day thanks to your research.

I have a translation question. At the moment there is no (0) biography for Tenis Melngailis , so I am trying to put one together.

T. Melngailis won a tournament for 1st category players at <Riga 1946>, which looks to be the time when he hit his prime playing strength.

My question is this- according to his Latvian Wikipedia bio, <1946. gadā viņš izcīna uzvaru I kategorijas turnīrā Rīgā un kļūst par PSRS sporta meistarkandidātu.>

I find the Google English translation to be a little cryptic, and I think it should be viewed with caution at the best of times:

<In 1946 he won the 1st category tournament in Riga and became the USSR sports medalist.>

Does this mean that he was awarded the Latvian (Soviet) master title?

If you put the Latvian word <meistarkandidātu> into the google translator by itself, it says <the master card.>

Could this mean "Candidate master"?

Sep-18-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen:

<hemy> Also, T. Melngailis' Latvian Wikipedia page calls this a "National Selection tournament": <Riga 1940> http://al20102007.narod.ru/nat_tour...

Do you think this could be a tournament meant to choose a Latvian national team, for matches against other countries, or future Olympiads? Or could it be a "selection" tournament meant to award the winner a Latvian (Soviet) master title?

Sep-18-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen:

<hemy>

I noticed that the Tenis Melngailis page was not only missing games that had been put into his father's bio- Emilis Melngailis , but also that <Tenis Menlgainis> had a blank biography. Nothing there at all. So I started looking into his record, and found that he was in fact a significant European player, not just Latvian player, so I started to write a proper bio for him.

In the course of doing this, I started this collection here: Game Collection: Tenis Melngailis Life and Games

While working on this, I found mistakes in the photo array of round numbers/dates for <Kemeri 1939> https://i.imgur.com/dlYz6WC.jpg?1

I believe there are two mistakes in the photo, but they appear to be only in the last round photo.

The first mistake is that the white players for <Petrovs v Bezrucko 1-0> and <Hazenfus v Melngalis 1-0> seem to have been switched.

It should be <Petrovs v Melngalis 1-0> and <Hazenfus v Bezrucko 1-0>.

The second mistake seems to be the score for <Apsenieks v Koblents 1-0> given in your photo.

The Chess 365 pgn shows 1/2 for this game, as does the <Kemeri 1939> crosstable: Game Collection: Kemeri 1939

I made a comparative diagram below to show you what I mean. In the diagram, I put in the game results taken from Chess 365 in brackets- <Kemeri 1939 "result">

https://www.365chess.com/tournament...

##################

<COMPARATIVE DIAGRAM>

<Round 15 from hemy's photo>:

Feigins v Szabo 1-0 <Kemeri 1939 1-0>

Ozols v Bogoljubov 0-1 <Kemeri 1939 0-1>

Hazenfus v Melngalis 1-0 <Kemeri 1939 0-1>

Petrovs v Bezrucko 1-0 <Kemeri 1939 1-0>

Solmanis v Stahlbergs 1/2 <Kemeri 1939 1/2>

Flors v Mikenas 1-0 <Kemeri 1939 1-0>

Dreibergs v Book 0-1 <Kemeri 1939 0-1>

Apsenieks v Koblents 1-0 <Kemeri 1939 1/2>

###################################

<Round 15 from Berger list>:

Feigins-Szabo

Ozols-Bogoljubov

Hasenfuss-Bezruchko

Solmanis-Stahlberg

Flohr-Mikenas

Dreibergs-Book

Petrovs-Melngailis

Apsenieks-Koblents

##############################

<Round 4 from hemy's photo:>

Hasenfuss- Melngalis 0-1 <Kemeri 1939 0-1>

<Round 11 from hemy's photo:>

Petrovs v Bezrucko 1-0 <Kemeri 1939 1-0>

###################################

<Round 4 from Berger list:>

Hasenfuss-Melngailis

<Round 11 from Berger list:>

Petrovs-Bezrucko

####################

Sep-18-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: <Could this mean "Candidate master"?> Absolutely. It was a rank before "sport master" in USSR. Many of "candidate masters" (CM) were very strong players, but didn't have opportunity to get the master title. "Latvian" titles were no more valid in USSR.

<Do you think this could be a tournament meant to choose a Latvian national team, for matches against other countries, or future Olympiads? Or could it be a "selection" tournament meant to award the winner a Latvian (Soviet) master title?>

The title of this tournament in Latvian language was "Latvijas izlases kandidātu šaha turnīrā". (https://lv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teodo...)

I would translate this as a "Tournament of Latvian Soviet Republic team candidates". The tournament's target was to choose the best players for republic team for the matches with other Soviet republic teams and in very rare instances with "friendly socialist countries" teams. This tournament was not matching the requirements for getting "master" title.

To participate in <future Olympiads> as an Latvian team will take time. It will happen in 1992, in Manila.

Sep-18-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: <JFQ> The last round segment in the photo array of round numbers/dates fixed:

https://www.dropbox.com/s/qsyfioipn...

Sep-18-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen:

Aha- ok thanks <hemy> this is very helpful:

<I would translate this as a "Tournament of Latvian Soviet Republic team candidates".>

Sep-18-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Riga URS according to Game Collection: Eastern country codes 1918-1991, since it was after 16 June 1940.
Sep-18-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen:

Thank you <Tab>!

Sep-18-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen:

<hemy> On the fixed 15th round panel in the <Kemeri 1939> round pairings photo, that is fine for using as a private reference tool, but I don't think it should ever be published the way it is now. People will naturally think that the newspaper had the facts correct in that panel, when in fact it did not.

I was thinking of a way we could still publish your revised photo without misdirecting people who might see it-

Is it possible to edit the whole photo with a text note along the bottom of the photo, that says something like

<The 15th round panel of this composite photo has been altered from the original in order to correct a mistake>?

Sep-18-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: <Is it possible to edit the whole photo with a text note along the bottom of the photo ...?>

Yes we can!

https://www.dropbox.com/s/qsyfioipn...

Sep-18-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen:

<Yes we can!> would be a good nickname for you, because in all cases it seems you <can!>.

Thanks <hemy> just perfect.

Sep-19-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: <Riga 1929 (28-29 December) First Riga vs. Kaunas Match>

Photo of the both team players from "Jaunakas zinas", December 30, 1929, p. 10:

http://data.lnb.lv/nba01/JaunakasZi... Similar photo was published in Lithuanian newspaper "Lietuvos Aidas", January 3, 1930, p.5:

https://www.dropbox.com/s/83jxu9cwo...

Sitting from left to right: Macht, A. Kolodnas, Gladštein, Žilevičius, Jeglin, Z. Kolodnas, Luckis, Matisson and Bething.

Staying from left: Berg, Feigin, Apšenieks, Petrov, Strautmanis and both teams officials. The 4th from right - Head of Lithuanian team - S. Z. Griliches. 1st from the right - A. Kalninsch.

Sep-19-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: Photo from "Padomju Latvija", September 25, 1940, p.12: Petrov-Levenfish, Moscow 1940, 12th USSR Championship.

https://www.dropbox.com/s/7fnf6x2yg...

http://periodika.lv/periodika2-view...

Sep-19-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: Photos from "Atpūta", September 20, 1040, p. 23 (12th USSR Championship, Moscow 1940):

https://www.dropbox.com/s/l23cum844...

http://periodika.lv/periodika2-view...

Sep-19-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen:

<hemy> I just submitted your documentation, and also documentation from olimpbase, to https://www.365chess.com/ explaining that <Tenis Melngailis> played all of the games currently attributed to <Emilis Melngailis>. I wonder if they will correct their database?

Thank you, and also thank you for the great new group photo key and your latest new photos!!

Sep-19-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen:

Well that was fast. Congratulations <hemy> on another of many instances in which you have exposed and corrected chess history mistakes.

From https://www.365chess.com/

<Hi Jessica

You're right, there was an error in these games. We fixed the issue, thank you for your report !!

Kind regards,
365Chess.com Team>

Sep-19-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen:

Now I will look for the "contact" button at Chessbase to see if we can get <Tenis Melngailis> games rehabilitated, because they are misrepresented there too.

Sep-19-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  jessicafischerqueen:

I just clicked on some of the <365Chess> links and all the ones I checked have been corrected, including on the tournament pages, individual game pages, and the pgn files. Kind of.

<hemy> I sent <365Chess> all your round and date documentation for <Kemeri 1939>, but they didn't enter that data into their corrected pgns. At least they changed the player name though:

[Event "Kemeri"]
[Site "Kemeri"]
[Date "1939.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Book, Eero"]
[Black "Melngailis, Tenis"]
[Result "1-0"]
[WhiteElo "0"]
[BlackElo "0"]
[ECO "C10"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nd2 dxe4 4. Nxe4 Nd7 5. Nf3 Be7 6. Bd3 Ngf6 7. Nxf6+ Bxf6 8. c3 c5 9. Bc2 Qc7 10. O-O b6 11. d5 exd5 12. Re1+ Kf8 13. Qxd5 Bb7 14. Qf5 Kg8 15. Bf4 Qc8 16. Rad1 Nf8 17. Qxc8 Rxc8 18. Bf5 Ra8 19. Ne5 Ng6 20. Bxg6 hxg6 21. Nxf7 Rh4 22. g3 Rh5 23. Nd6 Bc6 24. Ne4 Be7 25. h4 Rd5 26. Nd2 Bf6 27. Nc4 Rad8 28. Rxd5 Bxd5 29. Nd2 Kf7 30. f3 Rd7 31. a3 Bc6 32. Kf2 Rd5 33. Ne4 Be7 34. Bg5 Bf8 35. Bd2 Be7 36. Bf4 Rd7 37. Nd2 Rd3 38. Ke2 Rd7 39. Rc1 Bf6 40. Kf2 Be7 41. Rh1 Rd5 42. Nc4 Bf6 43. Ke3 Rd8 44. Nd6+ Ke6 45. Ne4 Rd7 46. Nf2 Kd5 47. Ne4 Ke6 48. Re1 Be7 49. Kf2 Kf7 50. Ke2 Bb5+ 51. Ke3 Rd3+ 52. Kf2 Bc6 53. Rc1 Rd7 54. Ke1 Ba4 55. Be5 Ke6 56. Bxg7 Bxh4 57. gxh4 Rxg7 1-0

On the <cg.com> pgn file for this game, we have the correct round and dated entered, but we still have the incorrect player lol:

[Event "Kemeri"]
[Site "Kemeri"]
[Date "1939.03.15"]
[EventDate "?"]
[Round "11"]
[Result "1-0"]
[White "Eero Einar Book"]
[Black "Emilis Melngailis"]
[ECO "C10"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "114"]

1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nd2 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nd7 5.Nf3 Be7 6.Bd3 Ngf6 7.Nxf6+ Bxf6 8.c3 c5 9.Bc2 Qc7 10.O-O b6 11.d5 exd5 12.Re1+ Kf8 13.Qxd5 Bb7 14.Qf5 Kg8 15.Bf4 Qc8 16.Rad1 Nf8 17.Qxc8 Rxc8 18.Bf5 Ra8 19.Ne5 Ng6 20.Bxg6 hxg6 21.Nxf7 Rh4 22.g3 Rh5 23.Nd6 Bc6 24.Ne4 Be7 25.h4 Rd5 26.Nd2 Bf6 27.Nc4 Rad8 28.Rxd5 Bxd5 29.Nd2 Kf7 30.f3 Rd7 31.a3 Bc6 32.Kf2 Rd5 33.Ne4 Be7 34.Bg5 Bf8 35.Bd2 Be7 36.Bf4 Rd7 37.Nd2 Rd3 38.Ke2 Rd7 39.Rc1 Bf6 40.Kf2 Be7 41.Rh1 Rd5 42.Nc4 Bf6 43.Ke3 Rd8 44.Nd6+ Ke6 45.Ne4 Rd7 46.Nf2 Kd5 47.Ne4 Ke6 48.Re1 Be7 49.Kf2 Kf7 50.Ke2 Bb5+ 51.Ke3 Rd3+ 52.Kf2 Bc6 53.Rc1 Rd7 54.Ke1 Ba4 55.Be5 Ke6 56.Bxg7 Bxh4 57.gxh4 Rxg7 1-0

I guess we will have to be patient and keep our fingers crossed that this website will actually survive, and have an actual owner(s), and have an actual administrator who can understand <Daniel's> code, and has time to do some administrating.

Or maybe <365Chess> and <cg.com> could merge, because if you merged these two pgns it would make one pgn with the correct player names, date and round number.

Sep-19-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  hemy: <JFQ>
The name <T. Melngailis> was mentioned in many articles about Kemeri 1939.

"Rīts", February 17, 1939, p. 4:
"The Second International Chess tournament will be held in Kemeri in March. The following candidates were nominated for the tournament from ours: V. Petrov, I. Apšenieks. V. Hazenfuss, J. Bezručko, T. Melngailis, K. Ozols, I. Dreibergs and L. Endzelīns."

"Sporta Pasaule", March 2, 1939, p. 3 and "Rīts", March 2, 1939, p. 4: "Kemeri International Chess tournament will start on Saturday at 5 pm. Latvia will be presented by V. Petrovs, Fr. Apšenieks, Dr. Hāzenfūss, J. Bezručko, T. Melngailis, K. Ozols and L. Dreibergs."

His name was also mentioned in "Latvijas Kareivis", March 5, 1939, p. 6, "Atpūta", March 10, 1939, p. 20 and many others.

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